Food We Eat : List of Edible Seeds (Gallery)

This list of edible seeds includes seeds that are directly foodstuffs, rather than yielding derived products. A variety of species can provide edible seeds. Of the six major plant parts, seeds are the dominant source of human calories and protein.Most edible seeds are angiosperms, but a few are gymnosperms. The most important global seed food source, by weight, is cereals, followed by legumes, and nuts.

Edible Seeds List

Beans and other legumes are protein-rich soft seeds.

Bambara groundnut

File:Bambara nut unearthed..JPG
Chickpea

File:India - Varanasi green peas - 2714.jpg
Cowpeas

File:BlackEyedPeas.JPG

Dry beans, including Common bean several species of Vigna, such as the lentil
Fava or broad bean

File:Broad-beans-after-cooking.jpg

Hyacinth bean

File:Lablab purpureus Steve Hurst 1.jpg

Lupin

File:Lupinus albus.JPG

Moringa 

File:Starr 080609-7915 Moringa oleifera.jpg
Pea

File:Peas in pods - Studio.jpg

Peanut, also known as groundnut

File:Peanut 9417.jpg

Pigeon pea

File:Cajanus cajan Steve Hurst 1.jpg
Sterculia species

Velvet bean

File:Mucuna-pruriens-seeds.jpg

Winged bean

File:Japanese Psophocarpus tetragonolobus.jpg

Yam beans

Yam beans

Soybean

File:Soybeanvarieties.jpg

Although some beans can be consumed raw, some need to be heated before consumption. In certain cultures, beans that need heating are initially prepared as a seed cake. Beans that need heating include:


 

Cereals (or grains) are grass-like crops that are harvested for their dry seeds. These seeds are often ground to make flour. Cereals provide almost half of all calories consumed in the world. Botanically, true cereals are members of the Poaceae, the true grass family.
Pseudocereals are cereal crops that are not grasses.

True cereals are the seeds of certain species of grass. Maize, wheat, and rice account for about half of the calories consumed by people every year. Grains can be ground into flour for breadcakenoodles, and other food products. They can also be boiled or steamed, either whole or ground, and eaten as is. Many cereals are present or past staple foods, providing a large fraction of the calories in the places that they are eaten.

Cereals include:

Barley

File:BarleyEars.JPG

Fonio

Fonio
Maize (corn)

File:Corncobs.jpg

Pearl millet

File:Pennisetum glaucum MHNT.BOT.2013.22.56.jpg

Oats

File:Haverkorrels Avena sativa.jpg
Palmer’s grass

Rice

Brown-Rice-INSIDE

Rye

File:Secale cereale - cereal rye - Steve Hurst USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database.jpg

Sorghum

File:Sorghum.jpg

Spelt

File:2009-06-20 Silvolde 02 dinkel.jpg

Teff

File:Teff pluim Eragrostis tef.jpg

Triticale

File:Triticale.jpg

Wheat

File:Wheat close-up.JPG

Wild rice

File:Wildricecooked.jpg

Other grasses with edible seeds include:

Pseudocereals

Breadnut

File:Ramon nuts 05.jpg

Buckwheat

Buck wheat

Cattail

Cattail Chia

File:Semillas de Chía.jpg

Flax

File:Flax seeds.jpg

Grain amaranth

amaranth Kañiwa

KAniwa Pitseed goosefoot

Quinoa

File:Harvested seeds of homegrown Chenopodium quinoa.jpg

Sesame

File:Sa white sesame seeds.jpg

 


Nuts are botanically a specific type of fruit, but the term is also applied to many edible seeds that are not nuts in a botanical sense.
Gymnosperms produce nut-like seeds but neither flowers nor fruits.

According to the botanical definition, nuts are a particular kind of seed. Chestnuts, hazelnuts, and acorns are examples of nuts under this definition. In culinary terms, however, the term is used more broadly to include fruits that are not botanically qualified as nuts, but that have a similar appearance and culinary role. Examples of culinary nuts include almonds, coconuts, and cashews.

List of Nuts

Acorn

File:Acorns small to large.jpg

Almond

File:Mandel Gr 99.jpg

Beech

File:Beechnuts in an autumn.jpg

Brazil nut

File:Brazil nuts.jpg

Candlenut

File:Starr 020803-0119 Aleurites moluccana.jpg

Cashew

File:CashewSnack.jpg

Chestnuts, including:

File:Aesculus hippocastanum fruit.jpg

File:Chestnuts.jpg

Chilean hazel

File:Gevuina avellana-fruto (avellana).JPG
Coconut

File:Coconut.png
Egusi and other melon seeds, including:Colocynth

File:EGUSI UNSHELLED.JPG

Malabar gourd
Pepita

File:Pumpkin seeds in hand.jpg

Ugu

File:Telfairia occidentalis.jpg

Hazelnuts, including:

File:Owoce Orzech laskowy.jpg

Hickory, including:

File:Hickory nuts 6060.JPG

Indian beech

Kola nut

File:Kolanut.jpg

Macadamia

File:Macadamia nuts on tree.JPG

Malabar almond

File:Terminalia catappa fruits at various stages of ripeness-1.JPG

Malabar chestnut

File:Pachira aquatica (fruit) edit1.jpg

Mamoncillo

File:Melicoccus bijugatus.jpg

Mongongo

File:Mongongo nut2.png

Ogbono

File:OGBONO.JPG

Paradise nut

File:Sapucaia1.jpg

Pili

File:Pili nut (Canarium ovatum).jpg

Pistachio

File:Pistachios in shells.jpg

Walnuts, including:

File:Black Walnut Juglans nigra Nut 2400px.jpg

Water chestnut

File:Trapa natans seeds.jpg

Nut-like gymnosperm seeds

Cycads

File:Cycas circinalis.jpg

Ginkgo

File:Gingko fg01.jpg

Gnetum

File:Gnetum gnemon BotGardBln1105C.JPG

Juniper

File:Juniperseeds.jpg

Monkey-puzzle

File:Araucaria araucana0.jpg
Pine nuts, including

File:KoreanPineSeeds.jpg

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