Books : “The Dirt We Eat” and “Fake Truth”

Two Projects

Many questioned me “What is Propel Steps? What are you doing now? that too in a small town!”

I believe in Einstein’s saying “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t understand it well enough.”

So I answered them “I am building an organization to bring social changes via Education. Propel Steps will enable students and the society by educating them on what is not taught in the current education system!”

Explaining any issue can be simple, but solving the issue is complex. I aimed to do the both via ‪#‎PropelSteps‬. After almost two years of home work, learning and hard work. Now I am changing the gears.

Propel Steps : Education is Everything is shaping up at a great pace and magnitude now.

“The Dirt We Eat” and “Fake Truth” the unique twin projects will be our second milestone after the completion of Voice Of Little Hearts.

I need your support friends. Whatever may be your expertise you can share your knowledge to make this society better. That is what education is all about.

Join us if you like us. We shall make new roads.

Statistical Study : Poor Farmers & Dirty Indian Politics

India farmer kills himself at Delhi AAP rally

cartoon_politics_india2This is the most debated news on Indian media now! Maybe for this week, till we get another sensational news. Political parties are taking their respective pickings to do politics. Blaming one another and trying to follow their traditional strategy to make people fools. None of the political parties ever tried to resolve the agricultural issues on a serious move. So many projects are been dragged for political and business reasons. Meanwhile, farmers are continuing to commit suicide across the country. When the media covered a single farmer’s suicide on daylight, the politicians are ‘ullu banaving’ making fool of us.

Delhi BJP demands AAP Govt to give compensation of Rs 5 crore to farmer’s family – What about thousands of farmers who died without making a political impact as the farmer who committed suicide in Delhi recently? Our politicians are exposing themselves by making such statements and irresponsible blaming on each other.

Why no Indian Political party is focusing on the solution to end this? They are fighting over how to acquire lands from farmers by various laws to favours industries. Why no one is talking about Indian Rivers Inter-link project?

The Indian Rivers Inter-link is a proposed large-scale civil engineering project that aims to link India‘s rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals and so reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts of India. Which can address the causes of farmer suicides and also enrich the Environment of the whole country!

The raw truth is, projects like inter-linking rivers would unite the people of India together. Maybe while executing the project some politics may happen but once the project gets completed the whole nation will get the benefits of it. People will come together ahead of their regional and states differences. Which will revamp agriculture, India will become more of a Green Nation than an industrial nation. This of course, will prevent Industrialists to an extent and prevent politicians’ tie up with Industries and they cannot make easy money. That’s why such effective projects are kept on hold or progressing at snail pace!

As of 2013, a total of 296,438 farmers had killed themselves in India since 1995.[4] Most farm suicides have been linked to debt, a sharp rise in input costs, serious water crises, price volatility and crop failure due to pest attacks and disease. India is an agrarian country with around 60% of its people depending directly or indirectly upon agriculture. Farmer suicides account for 11.2% of all suicides in India.[1]

In Britain farmers are taking their own lives at a rate of one a week. ƒ In India, one farmer committed suicide every 32 minutes between 1997 and 2005. Read more from UN’s article here 

The following data is bit old, but shared here for analytical purpose.

Reasons for farm suicides.
(in 2002)[27]
Percent
(of suicides)
Habits like drinking, gambling, etc. 20.35
Failure of crops 16.81
Other reasons (e.g. chit fund) 15.04
Family problems with spouse, others 13.27
Chronic illness 9.73
Marriage of daughters 5.31
Political affiliation 4.42
Property disputes 2.65
Debt burden 2.65
Price crash 2.65
Borrowing too much (e.g. for house construction) 2.65
Losses in non-farm activities 1.77
Failure of bore well 0.88
Note: “Reasons were given by close relatives and friends. There are multiple reasons for suicides. Not even one case was given only one reason.”[27]

Indian Politicians must understand that people are no fools and we can read their minds so well! Instead of blaming one another, they must act upon solutions. Shame on them if they continue doing politics with Farmers and commoners of this country.


Courtesy and Sources : Source 1, Source 2, Source 3, Source 4

Know : Countrywise Percentage of Arable Land

Arable land is land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.

Non-arable land: Land which is unsuitable for arable farming usually has at least one of the following deficiencies: no source of fresh water; too hot (desert); too cold (Arctic); too rocky; too mountainous; too salty; too rainy; too snowy; too polluted; or too nutrient poor. Clouds may block the sunlight plants need for photosynthesis, reducing productivity. Starvation and nomadism often exists on marginally arable land. Non-arable land is sometimes called wasteland, badlands,worthless or no man’s land.

A permanent crop is one produced from plants which last for many seasons, rather than being replanted after each harvest. Traditionally, “arable land” included any land suitable for the growing of crops, even if it was actually being used for the production of permanent crops such as grapesor peaches. Modern agriculture—particularly organizations such as the CIA and FAO—prefer the term of art permanent cropland to describe such “cultivable land” that is not being used for annually-harvested crops such as staple grains. In such usage, permanent cropland is a form of “agricultural land” that includes grasslandsand shrublands used to grow grape vines or coffee; orchards used to grow fruit or olives; and forested plantations used to grow nuts or rubber. It does not include, however, tree farms intended to be used for wood or timber.

Arable_land_percent_world

Arable_land_percent_world

Country / Region Area (km²) Arable Land % Permanent Crops  Arable Land (km²)
European Union* 7708000 25%  2.75 1920063
United States 9826675 16.29%  0.26% 1600765
India 3287590 47.87%  3.74% 1573769
Russia 17098242 7.11%  0.1% 1215685
China 9615767 11.62%  1.53% 1117352
Brazil 8515767 8.45%  0.83% 719582
Australia 7692024 6.16%  0.05% 473829
Canada 9889000 4.30%  0.49% 425227
Argentina 2780400 13.68%  0.36% 380359
Nigeria 923768 38.97%  3.46% 359992
Ukraine 603628 53.85%  1.48% 325054
Mexico 1964375 12.98%  1.36% 254976
Kazakhstan 2717300 8.82%  0.03% 239666
Indonesia 1904556 12.34%  10.5% 235022
France 675417 33.45%  1.86% 225927
Pakistan 803940 26.02%  1.05% 209185
Turkey 780580 26.21%  3.94% 204590
Iran 1648000 10.05%  1.08% 165624
Thailand 514000 30.71%  8.77% 157849
Niger 1267000 11.79%  0.05% 149379
Ethiopia 1127127 13.19%  1.01% 148668
Sudan 1861484 6.76%  0.07% 125836
Spain 504781 24.75%  9.29% 124933
South Africa 1219912 9.87%  0.34% 120405
Germany 357021 33.25%  0.56% 118709
Tanzania 947303 12.25%  1.79% 116045
Poland 312685 35.49%  1.25% 110972
Myanmar 678500 15.94%  2.16% 108153
Romania 237500 37.73%  1.86% 89609
Morocco 446550 17.79%  2.6% 79441
Bangladesh 147570 52.97%  6.25% 78168
Afghanistan 647500 11.95%  0.18% 77376
Algeria 2381740 3.15%  0.38% 75025
Mali 1240000 5.53%  0.1% 68572
Democratic Republic of the Congo 2345410 2.90%  0.32% 68017
Italy 301230 22.57%  8.37% 67988
Uganda 241038 27.94%  9.11% 67346
Vietnam 329560 19.64% 11.18% 64726
Cameroon 475440 13.04%  2.94% 61997
United Kingdom 243610 24.88%  0.18% 60610
Rwanda 126338 46.32%  9.49% 58520
Burkina Faso 274200 20.79%  0.24% 57006
Belarus 207600 26.63%  0.59% 55284
Kenya 581309 9.48%  1.12% 55108
Philippines 300000 18.00% 17.33% 54000
Mozambique 801590 6.51%  0.25% 52184
Chad 1284000 3.82%  0.02% 49049
Ghana 238540 20.12% 11.74% 47994
Syria 185180 24.90%  5.69% 46110
Hungary 93030 47.24%  1.97% 43947
Uzbekistan 447400 9.61%  0.8% 42995
Japan 377835 11.26%  0.81% 42544
Angola 1246700 3.29%  0.23% 41016
Zimbabwe 390580 10.49%  0.31% 40972
Iraq 437072 9.19%  0.48% 40167
Cambodia 181035 22.09%  0.86% 39991
Paraguay 406750 9.59%  0.22% 39007
Senegal 196190 19.57%  0.28% 38394
Bolivia 1098580 3.49%  0.2% 38340
Peru 1285220 2.84%  0.66% 36500
Malawi 118480 30.38%  1.1% 35994
Madagascar 587040 5.96%  1.02% 34988
Zambia 752614 4.52%  0.05% 34018
Serbia 88361 37.28%  3.41% 32941
Cuba 100860 32.31%  3.55% 32588
Bulgaria 110910 29.28%  1.44% 32474
Czech Republic 78867 40.12%  0.96% 31641
Saudi Arabia 2149690 1.45%  0.11% 31171
Ivory Coast 322460 8.99% 13.65% 28989
Egypt 1001450 2.87%  0.79% 28742
Guinea 245857 11.59%  2.81% 28495
Tunisia 163610 17.35% 14.63% 28386
Sweden 449964 5.80%  0.02% 26098
Venezuela 912050 2.85%  0.71% 25993
Benin 112620 22.48%  2.61% 25317
Togo 56785 44.20%  3.7% 25099
Greece 131940 18.95%  8.73% 25003
Denmark 43094 57.99%  0.09% 24990
Nepal 147181 16.00%  0.8% 23549
North Korea 120540 19.08%  1.7% 22999
Finland 337030 6.65%  0.01% 22412
Colombia 1197411 1.84%  1.66% 22032
Lithuania 65201 33.48%  0.47% 21829
Turkmenistan 488100 3.89%  0.12% 18987
Nicaragua 129494 14.57%  1.76% 18867
Azerbaijan 86600 21.78%  2.62% 18861
Moldova 33843 53.47%  8.77% 18096
Uruguay 176220 10.25%  0.22% 18063
Central African Republic 622984 2.89%  0.13% 18004
Malaysia 329750 5.44% 17.49% 17938
Libya 1759540 0.99%  0.19% 17419
Guatemala 108890 13.78%  8.68% 15005
South Korea 98480 14.93%  2.06% 14703
Laos 236800 5.91%  0.42% 13995
Slovakia 48845 28.36%  0.41% 13852
Austria 83858 16.25%  0.77% 13627
Chile 756950 1.74%  0.6% 13171
Ecuador 283560 4.51%  5.38% 12789
Kyrgyzstan 198500 6.38%  0.37% 12664
Sri Lanka 65611 18.29% 14.94% 12000
Yemen 527970 2.20%  0.55% 11615
Latvia 64589 17.96%  0.11% 11600
Sierra Leone 72740 15.33%  1.88% 11151
Somalia 637657 1.73%  0.05% 11031
Ireland 71273 15.11%  0.01% 10769
Portugal 88267 11.88%  7.71% 10486
Netherlands 41526 25.08%  0.88% 10415
Honduras 112090 9.07%  3.91% 10167
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51129 19.63%  1.99% 10037
Haiti 27750 36.04% 10.09% 10001
Burundi 27834 33.06% 14.37% 9202
Croatia 56542 15.85%  1.47% 8962
Belgium 32545 27.06%  0.72% 8807
Taiwan 36193 24%  1% 8686
Tajikistan 143100 5.96%  0.91% 8529
Norway 324220 2.52%  0.01% 8170
Dominican Republic 48730 16.44%  9.25% 8011
Namibia 825418 0.97%  0.01% 8007
Eritrea 121320 5.87%  0.02% 7121
El Salvador 21040 31.61% 10.93% 6651
Estonia 45226 13.97%  0.13% 6318
Albania 28748 21.63%  2.57% 6218
Mongolia 1565000 0.39%  0% 6104
Panama 78201 7.16%  2.51% 5599
Republic of the Congo 342000 1.46%  0.18% 4993
New Zealand 269190 1.76%  0.27% 4738
Mauritania 1030700 0.44%  0.01% 4535
The Gambia 11300 39.82%  0.44% 4500
Liberia 111370 4.04%  1.62% 4499
Armenia 29800 14.47%  1.8% 4312
Guyana 214970 1.95%  0.13% 4192
China 35980 11.62%  1.53% 4181
Georgia 69701 5.94%  1.65% 4140
Macedonia 25333 16.10%  1.36% 4079
Switzerland 41210 9.80%  0.57% 4039
Israel 26990 13.68%  3.69% 3692
Gabon 267667 1.21%  0.64% 3239
Lesotho 30355 10.14%  0.13% 3078
Papua New Guinea 462840 0.65%  1.51% 3008
Guinea-Bissau 36120 8.30%  6.92% 2998
Botswana 600370 0.45%  0% 2702
Costa Rica 51100 4.89%  6.46% 2499
Jordan 92300 1.97%  0.95% 1818
Swaziland 17363 10.08%  0.86% 1750
Montenegro 13812 12.45%  1.16% 1720
Slovenia 20253 8.31%  1.33% 1683
Fiji 18270 9.17%  4.65% 1675
East Timor 15007 10.09%  4.03% 1514
Equatorial Guinea 28051 4.63%  2.5% 1299
Iceland 103000 1.19%  0% 1226
Jamaica 10990 10.92%  9.1% 1200
Bhutan 47000 2.49%  0.46% 1170
Lebanon 10452 10.72% 12.06% 1120
Comoros 2170 44.06% 31.17% 956
Cyprus 9250 9.06%  3.54% 838
Belize 22966 3.27%  1.39% 751
Mauritius 1860 38.24%  1.96% 711
Luxembourg 2586 23.90%  0.58% 618
Puerto Rico 9104 6.76%  4.51% 615
Suriname 163270 0.36%  0.04% 588
United Arab Emirates 82880 0.61%  0.5% 506
Cape Verde 4033 11.66%  0.74% 470
West Bank 5640 7.39% 10.96% 417
Oman 309500 0.10%  0.12% 310
Isle of Man 572 43.86%  0% 251
Trinidad and Tobago 5128 4.87%  4.29% 250
Vanuatu 12200 1.64% 10.25% 200
Solomon Islands 28450 0.62%  2.25% 176
Tonga 748 21.33% 14.67% 160
Qatar 11437 1.21%  0.17% 138
Barbados 430 27.91%  2.33% 120
Kuwait 17820 0.62%  0.28% 110
São Tomé and Príncipe 1001 9.06% 40.62% 91
Bahamas 13940 0.65%  0.29% 91
Malta 316 28.12%  4.06% 89
Samoa 2860 2.82%  7.75% 81
New Caledonia 18576 0.38%  0.27% 71
Dominica 754 8.00%  24% 60
Hong Kong 1104 5.05%  1.01% 56
Western Sahara 266000 0.02%  0% 53
Saint Kitts and Nevis 261 19.23%  0.38% 50
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389 12.82%  7.69% 50
Curacao 444 10%  0% 44
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 394 10.26%  0% 40
Antigua and Barbuda 442 9.09%  2.27% 40
Liechtenstein 160 21.88%  0% 35
Faroe Islands 1399 2.15%  0% 30
Saint Lucia 620 4.84% 11.29% 30
Brunei 5770 0.52%  0.87% 30
Maldives 300 10.00%  10% 30
Grenada 340 8.82% 20.59% 30
French Polynesia 4167 0.68%  6.28% 28
Gaza Strip 360 7.39% 10.96% 27
Andorra 468 5.32%  0% 25
Aruba 193 11.11%  0% 21
Montserrat 102 20%  0% 20
Marshall Islands 181 11.11% 44.44% 20
Micronesia 702 2.86% 24.29% 20
Cook Islands 240 8.33%  4.17% 20
Djibouti 22000 0.09%  0% 20
American Samoa 199 9.50%  15% 19
Kiribati 717 2.47% 39.51% 18
Bahrain 665 1.79%  3.95% 12
Northern Mariana Islands 475 2.17%  2.17% 10
San Marino 61 16.67%  0% 10
Wallis and Futuna 142 7.14% 35.71% 10
Guam 541 1.85% 16.67% 10
Niue 260 3.85% 11.54% 10
Palau 458 2.17%  4.35% 10
Seychelles 455 2.17%  4.35% 10
Bermuda 53 14.80%  0% 8
Turks and Caicos Islands 616 1.05%  0% 6
Singapore 693 0.89%  0.14% 6
Greenland 2166086 0%  0% 0
Tuvalu 26 0.00%  60% 0
Nauru 21 0.00%  20% 0
Gibraltar 7 0%  0% 0
Monaco 2 0.00%  1% 0
Vatican City 0 0.00%  0% 0
World 510072000 10.43%  1.15% 53200510

Courtesy & Source: Wikipedia and The World Factbook

Know : TomTato – Tomato and Potato on the same plant

By combining the genes of tomatoes and potatoes they were able to create a “TomTato”, which is essentially a plant that grows tomatoes and potatoes at the same time. This is the creation of Thompson and Morgan.

TomTato (4)

TomTato (1) TomTato (2) TomTato (3)  TomTato (5)

Courtesy: Thompson and Morgan (For more details please visit their website, we shared this on our blog for educational and non-profit purposes only.


Know: Gene splicing is a post-transcriptional modification in which a single gene can code for multiple proteins. Gene Splicing is done in eukaryotes, prior to mRNA translation, by the differential inclusion or exclusion of regions of pre-mRNA. Gene splicing is an important source of protein diversity. During a typical gene splicing event, the pre-mRNA transcribed from one gene can lead to different mature mRNA molecules that generate multiple functional proteins. Thus, gene splicing enables a single gene to increase its coding capacity, allowing the synthesis of protein isoforms that are structurally and functionally distinct. Gene splicing is observed in high proportion of genes. In human cells, about 40-60% of the genes are known to exhibit alternative splicing.

Alert! : River Pollution in India

India is a blessed country when we consider its rich natural sources of water in the form of numerous rivers and lakes. The country has rightly been referred to as the “Land of Rivers” and the people worship the rivers as gods and goddesses. But what is ironical is that in spite of our profound respect and reverence for our rivers, we have not been able to maintain their purity, cleanliness and the physical well-being. Be it Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra or Kaveri or any other river flowing in the soil of our motherland, not a single river is free from pollution. River pollution has been causing serious water-borne diseases and health problems affecting human population as well as animals, fish, and birds in the environment.

Causes of river pollution

River pollution is increasing day by day. In spite of various governmental projects going on in many rivers, there is no sign of water pollution being prevented or stopped. Whom do we blame? Lots of factors lead to water pollution and reducing overall quality of river water. Some of the most serious contributing factors are:

  • Industrial wastes, mixtures of chemicals, heavy metals are all discharged in water and these are difficult to clean up.
  • Agricultural wastes, chemicals, feritilisers, pesticides used in agriculture have made the river water bodies contaminated.
  • Nature’s rain also brings with it pollutants as it falls through polluted air. We call this acid rain, which when reached the soil, releases harmful substances.
  • Domestic wastes from households and the sewage that we throw into rivers increases the pollution levels.
  • Regular disposal of plastic bags and plastic objects, solid wastes, flowers, garlands is another cause of pollution.
  • People responding to nature’s call in open spaces near the water bodies also contribute to river pollution.
  • Animals washing, car washing, clothes washing are other causes.
  • Another cause of river pollution is the dumping of human remains, partially burned bodies, dead bodies, which pose serious health threats.

Some hard facts about river pollution

Surveys undertaken by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) have come up with some hard facts on river pollution, in terms of statistical figures, which makes it a matter of really serious concern:

  • Out of the 445 rivers surveyed, not even a quarter of them are fit for bathing.
  • Indian cities generate 10 billion gallons or 38 billion litres of municipal waste water every day, out of which only 29% of it is treated.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board also stated that there were only 160 sewerage systems and sewage treatment plants in nearly 8,000 towns surveyed in 2011.
  •  Only 20% out of nearly 40,000 million litres of sewage produced daily in Indian cities are treated.

Extreme cases of pollution in river Ganga and Yamuna

  • Yamuna has become a garbage dump area with more than 57 % of Delhi’s waste thrown into it.
  • Only 55% of Delhi’s residents are connected to a proper sewerage system.
  • According to the CSE, around 80% of Yamuna’s pollution is due to raw sewage.
  • Ganga is considered to be the most polluted river in India.
  • Approximately 1 billion litres of raw, untreated sewage is dumped in Ganga regularly.
  • Ganga contains 60,000 faecal coliform bacteria per 100 ml, which is a threat to human health.

Effects of river pollution

River pollution is a big menace to the economy, the environment and, of course, human health and the other living organisms. It is a big contributor to a number of health problems and disorders in humans. River pollution also affects aquatic life, leading to growth of unhealthy fish unsuitable for human consumption and also mass fish death. Polluted river waters have affected the lives of animals and birds as well, sometimes threatening their very existence. In the long term, continuous river pollution can lead to loss of biodiversity and even extinction of some species and can disrupt the ecosystem as a whole.


Courtesy and Credits : This article was written by  originally here and she discusses about possible solutions as well. Shared here on our blog for educational purposes only.