Know : Top 60 Green Economy Countries

This 4th edition of the GGEI is an in-depth look at how 60 countries perform in the global green economy, as well as how expert practitioners rank this performance and ranks based on perception.

Global Green Economy Index

Performance Rank

SCORE

1 Sweden 68.1
2 Norway 65.9
3 Costa Rica 64.2
4 Germany 63.6
5 Denmark 63.2
6 Switzerland 63.1
7 Austria 63
8 Finland 62.9
9 Iceland 62.6
10 Spain 59.2
11 Ireland 59
12 New Zealand 58.8
13 France 56.4
14 Colombia 56.1
15 Portugal 55.8
16 Peru 55.8
17 Kenya 55.4
18 Brazil 55.3
19 Chile 55.1
20 United Kingdom 54.6
21 Netherlands 54.2
22 Uruguay 54.1
23 Mauritius 51.5
24 Zambia 51.3
25 Italy 51.2
26 Ethiopia 50.6
27 Rwanda 50.4
28 United States 50.1
29 Canada 49.6
30 Taiwan 47.5
31 Mexico 47.4
32 Philippines 47.2
33 Israel 47
34 South Africa 46.8
35 Malaysia 46.4
36 Tanzania 46.2
37 Australia 46.1
38 Czech Republic 46
39 South Korea 45.6
40 United Arab Emirates 45.6
41 Burkina Faso 45.2
42 Cambodia 44.9
43 Turkey 44.8
44 Japan 44.6
45 Thailand 44.5
46 Ghana 44.5
47 Belgium 44.1
48 Argentina 43.8
49 India 43.4
50 Slovakia 43
51 Panama 41.5
52 Morocco 41.5
53 Mozambique 41
54 Indonesia 40.3
55 China 40.1
56 Poland 37.1
57 Senegal 33.4
58 Qatar 33.3
59 Vietnam 32.2
60 Mongolia 29.5

India Green Rank

Climate Change Performance

The perception survey for the 2014 GGEI was conducted from June through August 2014, and polled targeted respondents on how they assessed national green performance on the four main dimensions of Leadership & Climate Change, Efficiency Sectors, Markets & Investment, and Environment & Natural Capital.

Perception Rank

SCORE

1 Germany 93.6
2 Denmark 92.8
3 Sweden 90.2
4 Norway 84.8
5 Netherlands 84
6 United States 76.2
7 Japan 72.4
8 United Kingdom 71.6
9 Finland 70.2
10 Switzerland 67.8
11 Australia 66.3
12 Canada 63
13 China 61.6
14 Costa Rica 60.4
15 Brazil 59.7
16 India 56.1
17 Austria 55.1
18 New Zealand 52
19 Iceland 49.1
20 France 48.5
21 Spain 46.7
22 South Africa 45.8
23 South Korea 44.1
24 Israel 41.1
25 United Arab Emirates 40.3
26 Kenya 40
27 Malaysia 39.3
28 Mexico 37.1
29 Italy 36.1
30 Belgium 36
31 Indonesia 35.3
32 Peru 35
33 Ireland 34.3
34 Mauritius 34
35 Chile 33.5
36 Tanzania 33.3
37 Ethiopia 33.1
38 Philippines 33
39 Morocco 32.6
40 Portugal 32.5
41 Colombia 31.6
42 Poland 31.5
43 Qatar 31.2
44 Turkey 31.2
45 Vietnam 31.1
46 Taiwan 30.7
47 Argentina 30.2
48 Rwanda 30.1
49 Zambia 30
50 Mozambique 29.8
51 Thailand 29.3
52 Czech Republic 29.2
53 Cambodia 28.9
54 Ghana 28.7
55 Burkina Faso 28.5
56 Slovakia 28.2
57 Mongolia 27.7
58 Uruguay 27.6
59 Panama 27.4
60 Senegal 27.3

Germany (perception) and Sweden (performance) top the 2014 GGEI, confirming a trend observed in prior editions of strong results by Germany and the Nordic states. Besides performing well on both the economic and environmental areas of the GGEI, these nations display consistent green leadership and receive global recognition for it.

Covered for the first time in this edition, Costa Rica performs extremely well, ranking third on the GGEI performance measure behind Sweden and Norway and receiving strong recognition on the perception survey, an impressive result for such a small country.

Like in 2012, Copenhagen is the top green city as ranked by our survey of global experts, reinforcing the continued strength of the Danish green brand. Tracked for the first time this year, Vancouver and Singapore also rank in the top 10 of green cities.

Many of the fastest growing economies in the world rank poorly on the GGEI performance measure, highlighting an urgent need to reorient their economies to greener

growth pathways. Regionally, these countries are mostly in Africa (Ghana), the Gulf (Qatar, United Arab Emirates), and Asia (Cambodia, China, Thailand, Vietnam)

There are concerning results related to more developed countries as well – notably Australia, Japan, the Netherlands and the United States – where perceptions of their green economic performance dramatically exceed their actual performance on the GGEI. These countries appear to receive more credit than they deserve, an information gap that requires further exploration.

Despite its leadership founding the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), South Korea continues not to register as a green country brand on our survey and performs poorly, ranked 39th out of 60 on this year’s GGEI. Despite better perception results, Japan also performs poorly on the 2014 GGEI, ranked 44th out of 60.

While the United Kingdom performs adequately in most areas of the GGEI, it doesn’t excel on any one topic, possibly due to inconsistent political rhetoric and policy related to green economy there. While gradually improving in each successive GGEI edition, the UK still lags behind its northern European and Nordic competitors.

Five European nations – Austria, Iceland, Ireland, Portugal and Spain – reveal performance scores that exceed their perception ones significantly – signaling an urgent need for better strategic communications and information exchange of their green merits and associated investment opportunities.

The GGEI results reveal a similar observation for a variety of non-European states – including Ethiopia, Mauritius, Rwanda in Africa and Colombia, Chile and Peru in Latin America – again suggesting a need for these states to better position their green economies on the international stage.


Courtesy and Source : GGEI-Report 2014 by DUAL CITIZEN LLC

Disclaimer: All the rights of the data and the study belong to DUAL CITIZEN LLC. We have shared the info here for educational purposes only. We do not own any info above or the rights.


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Know : List of Countries using Nuclear Energy

Nuclear_power_station

Nuclear_label

Nuclear power stations operate in 31 countries. Of the thirty countries in which nuclear power plants operate, only France, Belgium, Hungary and Slovakia use them as the primary source of electricity, although many other countries have a significant nuclear power generation capacity. According to the World Nuclear Association, a nuclear power advocacy group, over 45 countries are giving “serious consideration” to introducing a nuclear power capability, with Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey,Vietnam, Belarus, and Jordan at the forefront. China, South Korea and India are pursuing ambitious expansions of their nuclear power capacities

As of June 2011, Germany and Switzerland are phasing-out nuclear power which will be replaced mostly by fossil fuels, and a smaller part renewable energy.

Rank Country Capacity (MW)
(2014)
Nuclear share of
electricity production, 2013
1 United States United States 99,081 19.4%
2 France France 63,130 73.3%
3 Japan Japan 42,388 1.7%
4 Russia Russia 23,643 17.5%
5 South Korea South Korea 20,721 27.6%
6 China China 17,978 2.1%
7 Canada Canada 13,538 16.0%
8 Ukraine Ukraine 13,107 43.6%
9 Germany Germany 12,068 15.4%
10 Sweden Sweden 9,474 42.7%
11 United Kingdom United Kingdom 9,243 18.3%
12 Spain Spain 7,121 19.7%
13 Belgium Belgium 5,927 52.1%
14 India India 5,308 3.5%
15 Taiwan Taiwan 5,032 19.1%
16 Czech Republic Czech Republic 3,884 35.9%
17 Switzerland Switzerland 3,308 36.4%
18 Finland Finland 2,752 33.3%
19 Bulgaria Bulgaria 1,906 30.7%
20 Hungary Hungary 1,889 50.7%
21 Brazil Brazil 1,884 2.8%
22 South Africa South Africa 1,860 5.7%
23 Slovakia Slovakia 1,815 51.7%
24 Argentina Argentina 1,627 4.4%
25 Mexico Mexico 1,570 4.6%
26 Romania Romania 1,300 19.8%
27 Iran Iran 915 1.5%
28 Pakistan Pakistan 690 4.4%
29 Slovenia Slovenia 688 33.6%
30 Netherlands Netherlands 482 2.8%
31 Armenia Armenia 375 29.2%
World 374,704

Courtesy & Source: “Nuclear power station” by Ichabod Paleogene, Krzysztof Kori. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Know : Countrywise Percentage of Arable Land

Arable land is land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.

Non-arable land: Land which is unsuitable for arable farming usually has at least one of the following deficiencies: no source of fresh water; too hot (desert); too cold (Arctic); too rocky; too mountainous; too salty; too rainy; too snowy; too polluted; or too nutrient poor. Clouds may block the sunlight plants need for photosynthesis, reducing productivity. Starvation and nomadism often exists on marginally arable land. Non-arable land is sometimes called wasteland, badlands,worthless or no man’s land.

A permanent crop is one produced from plants which last for many seasons, rather than being replanted after each harvest. Traditionally, “arable land” included any land suitable for the growing of crops, even if it was actually being used for the production of permanent crops such as grapesor peaches. Modern agriculture—particularly organizations such as the CIA and FAO—prefer the term of art permanent cropland to describe such “cultivable land” that is not being used for annually-harvested crops such as staple grains. In such usage, permanent cropland is a form of “agricultural land” that includes grasslandsand shrublands used to grow grape vines or coffee; orchards used to grow fruit or olives; and forested plantations used to grow nuts or rubber. It does not include, however, tree farms intended to be used for wood or timber.

Arable_land_percent_world

Arable_land_percent_world

Country / Region Area (km²) Arable Land % Permanent Crops  Arable Land (km²)
European Union* 7708000 25%  2.75 1920063
United States 9826675 16.29%  0.26% 1600765
India 3287590 47.87%  3.74% 1573769
Russia 17098242 7.11%  0.1% 1215685
China 9615767 11.62%  1.53% 1117352
Brazil 8515767 8.45%  0.83% 719582
Australia 7692024 6.16%  0.05% 473829
Canada 9889000 4.30%  0.49% 425227
Argentina 2780400 13.68%  0.36% 380359
Nigeria 923768 38.97%  3.46% 359992
Ukraine 603628 53.85%  1.48% 325054
Mexico 1964375 12.98%  1.36% 254976
Kazakhstan 2717300 8.82%  0.03% 239666
Indonesia 1904556 12.34%  10.5% 235022
France 675417 33.45%  1.86% 225927
Pakistan 803940 26.02%  1.05% 209185
Turkey 780580 26.21%  3.94% 204590
Iran 1648000 10.05%  1.08% 165624
Thailand 514000 30.71%  8.77% 157849
Niger 1267000 11.79%  0.05% 149379
Ethiopia 1127127 13.19%  1.01% 148668
Sudan 1861484 6.76%  0.07% 125836
Spain 504781 24.75%  9.29% 124933
South Africa 1219912 9.87%  0.34% 120405
Germany 357021 33.25%  0.56% 118709
Tanzania 947303 12.25%  1.79% 116045
Poland 312685 35.49%  1.25% 110972
Myanmar 678500 15.94%  2.16% 108153
Romania 237500 37.73%  1.86% 89609
Morocco 446550 17.79%  2.6% 79441
Bangladesh 147570 52.97%  6.25% 78168
Afghanistan 647500 11.95%  0.18% 77376
Algeria 2381740 3.15%  0.38% 75025
Mali 1240000 5.53%  0.1% 68572
Democratic Republic of the Congo 2345410 2.90%  0.32% 68017
Italy 301230 22.57%  8.37% 67988
Uganda 241038 27.94%  9.11% 67346
Vietnam 329560 19.64% 11.18% 64726
Cameroon 475440 13.04%  2.94% 61997
United Kingdom 243610 24.88%  0.18% 60610
Rwanda 126338 46.32%  9.49% 58520
Burkina Faso 274200 20.79%  0.24% 57006
Belarus 207600 26.63%  0.59% 55284
Kenya 581309 9.48%  1.12% 55108
Philippines 300000 18.00% 17.33% 54000
Mozambique 801590 6.51%  0.25% 52184
Chad 1284000 3.82%  0.02% 49049
Ghana 238540 20.12% 11.74% 47994
Syria 185180 24.90%  5.69% 46110
Hungary 93030 47.24%  1.97% 43947
Uzbekistan 447400 9.61%  0.8% 42995
Japan 377835 11.26%  0.81% 42544
Angola 1246700 3.29%  0.23% 41016
Zimbabwe 390580 10.49%  0.31% 40972
Iraq 437072 9.19%  0.48% 40167
Cambodia 181035 22.09%  0.86% 39991
Paraguay 406750 9.59%  0.22% 39007
Senegal 196190 19.57%  0.28% 38394
Bolivia 1098580 3.49%  0.2% 38340
Peru 1285220 2.84%  0.66% 36500
Malawi 118480 30.38%  1.1% 35994
Madagascar 587040 5.96%  1.02% 34988
Zambia 752614 4.52%  0.05% 34018
Serbia 88361 37.28%  3.41% 32941
Cuba 100860 32.31%  3.55% 32588
Bulgaria 110910 29.28%  1.44% 32474
Czech Republic 78867 40.12%  0.96% 31641
Saudi Arabia 2149690 1.45%  0.11% 31171
Ivory Coast 322460 8.99% 13.65% 28989
Egypt 1001450 2.87%  0.79% 28742
Guinea 245857 11.59%  2.81% 28495
Tunisia 163610 17.35% 14.63% 28386
Sweden 449964 5.80%  0.02% 26098
Venezuela 912050 2.85%  0.71% 25993
Benin 112620 22.48%  2.61% 25317
Togo 56785 44.20%  3.7% 25099
Greece 131940 18.95%  8.73% 25003
Denmark 43094 57.99%  0.09% 24990
Nepal 147181 16.00%  0.8% 23549
North Korea 120540 19.08%  1.7% 22999
Finland 337030 6.65%  0.01% 22412
Colombia 1197411 1.84%  1.66% 22032
Lithuania 65201 33.48%  0.47% 21829
Turkmenistan 488100 3.89%  0.12% 18987
Nicaragua 129494 14.57%  1.76% 18867
Azerbaijan 86600 21.78%  2.62% 18861
Moldova 33843 53.47%  8.77% 18096
Uruguay 176220 10.25%  0.22% 18063
Central African Republic 622984 2.89%  0.13% 18004
Malaysia 329750 5.44% 17.49% 17938
Libya 1759540 0.99%  0.19% 17419
Guatemala 108890 13.78%  8.68% 15005
South Korea 98480 14.93%  2.06% 14703
Laos 236800 5.91%  0.42% 13995
Slovakia 48845 28.36%  0.41% 13852
Austria 83858 16.25%  0.77% 13627
Chile 756950 1.74%  0.6% 13171
Ecuador 283560 4.51%  5.38% 12789
Kyrgyzstan 198500 6.38%  0.37% 12664
Sri Lanka 65611 18.29% 14.94% 12000
Yemen 527970 2.20%  0.55% 11615
Latvia 64589 17.96%  0.11% 11600
Sierra Leone 72740 15.33%  1.88% 11151
Somalia 637657 1.73%  0.05% 11031
Ireland 71273 15.11%  0.01% 10769
Portugal 88267 11.88%  7.71% 10486
Netherlands 41526 25.08%  0.88% 10415
Honduras 112090 9.07%  3.91% 10167
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51129 19.63%  1.99% 10037
Haiti 27750 36.04% 10.09% 10001
Burundi 27834 33.06% 14.37% 9202
Croatia 56542 15.85%  1.47% 8962
Belgium 32545 27.06%  0.72% 8807
Taiwan 36193 24%  1% 8686
Tajikistan 143100 5.96%  0.91% 8529
Norway 324220 2.52%  0.01% 8170
Dominican Republic 48730 16.44%  9.25% 8011
Namibia 825418 0.97%  0.01% 8007
Eritrea 121320 5.87%  0.02% 7121
El Salvador 21040 31.61% 10.93% 6651
Estonia 45226 13.97%  0.13% 6318
Albania 28748 21.63%  2.57% 6218
Mongolia 1565000 0.39%  0% 6104
Panama 78201 7.16%  2.51% 5599
Republic of the Congo 342000 1.46%  0.18% 4993
New Zealand 269190 1.76%  0.27% 4738
Mauritania 1030700 0.44%  0.01% 4535
The Gambia 11300 39.82%  0.44% 4500
Liberia 111370 4.04%  1.62% 4499
Armenia 29800 14.47%  1.8% 4312
Guyana 214970 1.95%  0.13% 4192
China 35980 11.62%  1.53% 4181
Georgia 69701 5.94%  1.65% 4140
Macedonia 25333 16.10%  1.36% 4079
Switzerland 41210 9.80%  0.57% 4039
Israel 26990 13.68%  3.69% 3692
Gabon 267667 1.21%  0.64% 3239
Lesotho 30355 10.14%  0.13% 3078
Papua New Guinea 462840 0.65%  1.51% 3008
Guinea-Bissau 36120 8.30%  6.92% 2998
Botswana 600370 0.45%  0% 2702
Costa Rica 51100 4.89%  6.46% 2499
Jordan 92300 1.97%  0.95% 1818
Swaziland 17363 10.08%  0.86% 1750
Montenegro 13812 12.45%  1.16% 1720
Slovenia 20253 8.31%  1.33% 1683
Fiji 18270 9.17%  4.65% 1675
East Timor 15007 10.09%  4.03% 1514
Equatorial Guinea 28051 4.63%  2.5% 1299
Iceland 103000 1.19%  0% 1226
Jamaica 10990 10.92%  9.1% 1200
Bhutan 47000 2.49%  0.46% 1170
Lebanon 10452 10.72% 12.06% 1120
Comoros 2170 44.06% 31.17% 956
Cyprus 9250 9.06%  3.54% 838
Belize 22966 3.27%  1.39% 751
Mauritius 1860 38.24%  1.96% 711
Luxembourg 2586 23.90%  0.58% 618
Puerto Rico 9104 6.76%  4.51% 615
Suriname 163270 0.36%  0.04% 588
United Arab Emirates 82880 0.61%  0.5% 506
Cape Verde 4033 11.66%  0.74% 470
West Bank 5640 7.39% 10.96% 417
Oman 309500 0.10%  0.12% 310
Isle of Man 572 43.86%  0% 251
Trinidad and Tobago 5128 4.87%  4.29% 250
Vanuatu 12200 1.64% 10.25% 200
Solomon Islands 28450 0.62%  2.25% 176
Tonga 748 21.33% 14.67% 160
Qatar 11437 1.21%  0.17% 138
Barbados 430 27.91%  2.33% 120
Kuwait 17820 0.62%  0.28% 110
São Tomé and Príncipe 1001 9.06% 40.62% 91
Bahamas 13940 0.65%  0.29% 91
Malta 316 28.12%  4.06% 89
Samoa 2860 2.82%  7.75% 81
New Caledonia 18576 0.38%  0.27% 71
Dominica 754 8.00%  24% 60
Hong Kong 1104 5.05%  1.01% 56
Western Sahara 266000 0.02%  0% 53
Saint Kitts and Nevis 261 19.23%  0.38% 50
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389 12.82%  7.69% 50
Curacao 444 10%  0% 44
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 394 10.26%  0% 40
Antigua and Barbuda 442 9.09%  2.27% 40
Liechtenstein 160 21.88%  0% 35
Faroe Islands 1399 2.15%  0% 30
Saint Lucia 620 4.84% 11.29% 30
Brunei 5770 0.52%  0.87% 30
Maldives 300 10.00%  10% 30
Grenada 340 8.82% 20.59% 30
French Polynesia 4167 0.68%  6.28% 28
Gaza Strip 360 7.39% 10.96% 27
Andorra 468 5.32%  0% 25
Aruba 193 11.11%  0% 21
Montserrat 102 20%  0% 20
Marshall Islands 181 11.11% 44.44% 20
Micronesia 702 2.86% 24.29% 20
Cook Islands 240 8.33%  4.17% 20
Djibouti 22000 0.09%  0% 20
American Samoa 199 9.50%  15% 19
Kiribati 717 2.47% 39.51% 18
Bahrain 665 1.79%  3.95% 12
Northern Mariana Islands 475 2.17%  2.17% 10
San Marino 61 16.67%  0% 10
Wallis and Futuna 142 7.14% 35.71% 10
Guam 541 1.85% 16.67% 10
Niue 260 3.85% 11.54% 10
Palau 458 2.17%  4.35% 10
Seychelles 455 2.17%  4.35% 10
Bermuda 53 14.80%  0% 8
Turks and Caicos Islands 616 1.05%  0% 6
Singapore 693 0.89%  0.14% 6
Greenland 2166086 0%  0% 0
Tuvalu 26 0.00%  60% 0
Nauru 21 0.00%  20% 0
Gibraltar 7 0%  0% 0
Monaco 2 0.00%  1% 0
Vatican City 0 0.00%  0% 0
World 510072000 10.43%  1.15% 53200510

Courtesy & Source: Wikipedia and The World Factbook

Know : TomTato – Tomato and Potato on the same plant

By combining the genes of tomatoes and potatoes they were able to create a “TomTato”, which is essentially a plant that grows tomatoes and potatoes at the same time. This is the creation of Thompson and Morgan.

TomTato (4)

TomTato (1) TomTato (2) TomTato (3)  TomTato (5)

Courtesy: Thompson and Morgan (For more details please visit their website, we shared this on our blog for educational and non-profit purposes only.


Know: Gene splicing is a post-transcriptional modification in which a single gene can code for multiple proteins. Gene Splicing is done in eukaryotes, prior to mRNA translation, by the differential inclusion or exclusion of regions of pre-mRNA. Gene splicing is an important source of protein diversity. During a typical gene splicing event, the pre-mRNA transcribed from one gene can lead to different mature mRNA molecules that generate multiple functional proteins. Thus, gene splicing enables a single gene to increase its coding capacity, allowing the synthesis of protein isoforms that are structurally and functionally distinct. Gene splicing is observed in high proportion of genes. In human cells, about 40-60% of the genes are known to exhibit alternative splicing.

Alert! : River Pollution in India

India is a blessed country when we consider its rich natural sources of water in the form of numerous rivers and lakes. The country has rightly been referred to as the “Land of Rivers” and the people worship the rivers as gods and goddesses. But what is ironical is that in spite of our profound respect and reverence for our rivers, we have not been able to maintain their purity, cleanliness and the physical well-being. Be it Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra or Kaveri or any other river flowing in the soil of our motherland, not a single river is free from pollution. River pollution has been causing serious water-borne diseases and health problems affecting human population as well as animals, fish, and birds in the environment.

Causes of river pollution

River pollution is increasing day by day. In spite of various governmental projects going on in many rivers, there is no sign of water pollution being prevented or stopped. Whom do we blame? Lots of factors lead to water pollution and reducing overall quality of river water. Some of the most serious contributing factors are:

  • Industrial wastes, mixtures of chemicals, heavy metals are all discharged in water and these are difficult to clean up.
  • Agricultural wastes, chemicals, feritilisers, pesticides used in agriculture have made the river water bodies contaminated.
  • Nature’s rain also brings with it pollutants as it falls through polluted air. We call this acid rain, which when reached the soil, releases harmful substances.
  • Domestic wastes from households and the sewage that we throw into rivers increases the pollution levels.
  • Regular disposal of plastic bags and plastic objects, solid wastes, flowers, garlands is another cause of pollution.
  • People responding to nature’s call in open spaces near the water bodies also contribute to river pollution.
  • Animals washing, car washing, clothes washing are other causes.
  • Another cause of river pollution is the dumping of human remains, partially burned bodies, dead bodies, which pose serious health threats.

Some hard facts about river pollution

Surveys undertaken by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) have come up with some hard facts on river pollution, in terms of statistical figures, which makes it a matter of really serious concern:

  • Out of the 445 rivers surveyed, not even a quarter of them are fit for bathing.
  • Indian cities generate 10 billion gallons or 38 billion litres of municipal waste water every day, out of which only 29% of it is treated.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board also stated that there were only 160 sewerage systems and sewage treatment plants in nearly 8,000 towns surveyed in 2011.
  •  Only 20% out of nearly 40,000 million litres of sewage produced daily in Indian cities are treated.

Extreme cases of pollution in river Ganga and Yamuna

  • Yamuna has become a garbage dump area with more than 57 % of Delhi’s waste thrown into it.
  • Only 55% of Delhi’s residents are connected to a proper sewerage system.
  • According to the CSE, around 80% of Yamuna’s pollution is due to raw sewage.
  • Ganga is considered to be the most polluted river in India.
  • Approximately 1 billion litres of raw, untreated sewage is dumped in Ganga regularly.
  • Ganga contains 60,000 faecal coliform bacteria per 100 ml, which is a threat to human health.

Effects of river pollution

River pollution is a big menace to the economy, the environment and, of course, human health and the other living organisms. It is a big contributor to a number of health problems and disorders in humans. River pollution also affects aquatic life, leading to growth of unhealthy fish unsuitable for human consumption and also mass fish death. Polluted river waters have affected the lives of animals and birds as well, sometimes threatening their very existence. In the long term, continuous river pollution can lead to loss of biodiversity and even extinction of some species and can disrupt the ecosystem as a whole.


Courtesy and Credits : This article was written by  originally here and she discusses about possible solutions as well. Shared here on our blog for educational purposes only.