Can you read this Poem? :) Test your English

language-chaos1

This is a classic English poem containing about 800 of the worst irregularities in English spelling and pronunciation.  “The Chaos” is a poem written by Gerard Nolst Trenité (1870-1946).

Try reading this poem, get puzzled “What? Is English that weird?” 🙂 So it’s always better to keep it simple, whatever the language we use 🙂

Dearest creature in creation
Studying English pronunciation,
   I will teach you in my verse
   Sounds like corpse, corps, horse and worse.

I will keep you, Susy, busy,
Make your head with heat grow dizzy;
   Tear in eye, your dress you’ll tear;
   Queer, fair seer, hear my prayer.

Pray, console your loving poet,
Make my coat look new, dear, sew it!
   Just compare heart, hear and heard,
   Dies and diet, lord and word.

Sword and sward, retain and Britain
(Mind the latter how it’s written).
   Made has not the sound of bade,
   Saysaid, paypaid, laid but plaid.

Now I surely will not plague you
With such words as vague and ague,
   But be careful how you speak,
   Say: gush, bush, steak, streak, break, bleak ,

Previous, precious, fuchsia, via
Recipe, pipe, studding-sail, choir;
   Woven, oven, how and low,
   Script, receipt, shoe, poem, toe.

Say, expecting fraud and trickery:
Daughter, laughter and Terpsichore,
   Branch, ranch, measles, topsails, aisles,
   Missiles, similes, reviles.

Wholly, holly, signal, signing,
Same, examining, but mining,
   Scholar, vicar, and cigar,
   Solar, mica, war and far.

From “desire”: desirableadmirable from “admire”,
Lumber, plumber, bier, but brier,
   Topsham, brougham, renown, but known,
   Knowledge, done, lone, gone, none, tone,

One, anemone, Balmoral,
Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel.
   Gertrude, German, wind and wind,
   Beau, kind, kindred, queue, mankind,

Tortoise, turquoise, chamois-leather,
Reading, Reading, heathen, heather.
   This phonetic labyrinth
   Gives moss, gross, brook, brooch, ninth, plinth.

Have you ever yet endeavoured
To pronounce revered and severed,
   Demon, lemon, ghoul, foul, soul,
   Peter, petrol and patrol?

Billet does not end like ballet;
Bouquet, wallet, mallet, chalet.
   Blood and flood are not like food,
   Nor is mould like should and would.

Banquet is not nearly parquet,
Which exactly rhymes with khaki.
   Discount, viscount, load and broad,
   Toward, to forward, to reward,

Ricocheted and crocheting, croquet?
Right! Your pronunciation’s OK.
   Rounded, wounded, grieve and sieve,
   Friend and fiend, alive and live.

Is your r correct in higher?
Keats asserts it rhymes Thalia.
   Hugh, but hug, and hood, but hoot,
   Buoyant, minute, but minute.

Say abscission with precision,
Now: position and transition;
   Would it tally with my rhyme
   If I mentioned paradigm?

Twopence, threepence, tease are easy,
But cease, crease, grease and greasy?
   Cornice, nice, valise, revise,
   Rabies, but lullabies.

Of such puzzling words as nauseous,
Rhyming well with cautious, tortious,
   You’ll envelop lists, I hope,
   In a linen envelope.

Would you like some more? You’ll have it!
Affidavit, David, davit.
   To abjure, to perjure. Sheik
   Does not sound like Czech but ache.

Liberty, library, heave and heaven,
Rachel, loch, moustache, eleven.
   We say hallowed, but allowed,
   People, leopard, towed but vowed.

Mark the difference, moreover,
Between mover, plover, Dover.
   Leeches, breeches, wise, precise,
   Chalice, but police and lice,

Camel, constable, unstable,
Principle, disciple, label.
   Petal, penal, and canal,
   Wait, surmise, plait, promise, pal,

Suit, suite, ruin. Circuit, conduit
Rhyme with “shirk it” and “beyond it”,
   But it is not hard to tell
   Why it’s pall, mall, but Pall Mall.

Muscle, muscular, gaol, iron,
Timber, climber, bullion, lion,
   Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, chair,
   Senator, spectator, mayor,

Ivy, privy, famous; clamour
Has the a of drachm and hammer.
   Pussy, hussy and possess,
   Desert, but desert, address.

Golf, wolf, countenance, lieutenants
Hoist in lieu of flags left pennants.
   Courier, courtier, tomb, bomb, comb,
   Cow, but Cowper, some and home.

Solder, soldier! Blood is thicker“,
Quoth he, “than liqueur or liquor“,
   Making, it is sad but true,
   In bravado, much ado.

Stranger does not rhyme with anger,
Neither does devour with clangour.
   Pilot, pivot, gaunt, but aunt,
   Font, front, wont, want, grand and grant.

Arsenic, specific, scenic,
Relic, rhetoric, hygienic.
   Gooseberry, goose, and close, but close,
   Paradise, rise, rose, and dose.

Say inveigh, neigh, but inveigle,
Make the latter rhyme with eagle.
   Mind! Meandering but mean,
   Valentine and magazine.

And I bet you, dear, a penny,
You say mani-(fold) like many,
   Which is wrong. Say rapier, pier,
   Tier (one who ties), but tier.

Arch, archangel; pray, does erring
Rhyme with herring or with stirring?
   Prison, bison, treasure trove,
   Treason, hover, cover, cove,

Perseverance, severance. Ribald
Rhymes (but piebald doesn’t) with nibbled.
   Phaeton, paean, gnat, ghat, gnaw,
   Lien, psychic, shone, bone, pshaw.

Don’t be down, my own, but rough it,
And distinguish buffet, buffet;
   Brood, stood, roof, rook, school, wool, boon,
   Worcester, Boleyn, to impugn.

Say in sounds correct and sterling
Hearse, hear, hearken, year and yearling.
   Evil, devil, mezzotint,
   Mind the z! (A gentle hint.)

Now you need not pay attention
To such sounds as I don’t mention,
   Sounds like pores, pause, pours and paws,
   Rhyming with the pronoun yours;

Nor are proper names included,
Though I often heard, as you did,
   Funny rhymes to unicorn,
   Yes, you know them, Vaughan and Strachan.

No, my maiden, coy and comely,
I don’t want to speak of Cholmondeley.
   No. Yet Froude compared with proud
   Is no better than McLeod.

But mind trivial and vial,
Tripod, menial, denial,
   Troll and trolley, realm and ream,
   Schedule, mischief, schism, and scheme.

Argil, gill, Argyll, gill. Surely
May be made to rhyme with Raleigh,
   But you’re not supposed to say
   Piquet rhymes with sobriquet.

Had this invalid invalid
Worthless documents? How pallid,
   How uncouth he, couchant, looked,
   When for Portsmouth I had booked!

Zeus, Thebes, Thales, Aphrodite,
Paramour, enamoured, flighty,
   Episodes, antipodes,
   Acquiesce, and obsequies.

Please don’t monkey with the geyser,
Don’t peel ‘taters with my razor,
   Rather say in accents pure:
   Nature, stature and mature.

Pious, impious, limb, climb, glumly,
Worsted, worsted, crumbly, dumbly,
   Conquer, conquest, vase, phase, fan,
   Wan, sedan and artisan.

The th will surely trouble you
More than r, ch or w.
   Say then these phonetic gems:
   Thomas, thyme, Theresa, Thames.

Thompson, Chatham, Waltham, Streatham,
There are more but I forget ’em
   Wait! I’ve got it: Anthony,
   Lighten your anxiety.

The archaic word albeit
Does not rhyme with eight-you see it;
   With and forthwith, one has voice,
   One has not, you make your choice.

Shoes, goes, does *. Now first say: finger;
Then say: singer, ginger, linger.
   Real, zeal, mauve, gauze and gauge,
   Marriage, foliage, mirage, age,

Hero, heron, query, very,
Parry, tarry fury, bury,
   Dost, lost, post, and doth, cloth, loth,
   Job, Job, blossom, bosom, oath.

Faugh, oppugnant, keen oppugners,
Bowing, bowing, banjo-tuners
   Holm you know, but noes, canoes,
   Puisne, truism, use, to use?

Though the difference seems little,
We say actual, but victual,
   Seat, sweat, chaste, caste, Leigh, eight, height,
   Put, nut, granite, and unite.

Reefer does not rhyme with deafer,
Feoffer does, and zephyr, heifer.
   Dull, bull, Geoffrey, George, ate, late,
   Hint, pint, senate, but sedate.

Gaelic, Arabic, pacific,
Science, conscience, scientific;
   Tour, but our, dour, succour, four,
   Gas, alas, and Arkansas.

Say manoeuvre, yacht and vomit,
Next omit, which differs from it
   Bona fide, alibi
   Gyrate, dowry and awry.

Sea, idea, guinea, area,
Psalm, Maria, but malaria.
   Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean,
   Doctrine, turpentine, marine.

Compare alien with Italian,
Dandelion with battalion,
   Rally with ally; yea, ye,
   Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, key, quay!

Say aver, but ever, fever,
Neither, leisure, skein, receiver.
   Never guess-it is not safe,
   We say calves, valves, half, but Ralf.

Starry, granary, canary,
Crevice, but device, and eyrie,
   Face, but preface, then grimace,
   Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass.

Bass, large, target, gin, give, verging,
Ought, oust, joust, and scour, but scourging;
   Ear, but earn; and ere and tear
   Do not rhyme with here but heir.

Mind the o of off and often
Which may be pronounced as orphan,
   With the sound of saw and sauce;
   Also soft, lost, cloth and cross.

Pudding, puddle, putting. Putting?
Yes: at golf it rhymes with shutting.
   Respite, spite, consent, resent.
   Liable, but Parliament.

Seven is right, but so is even,
Hyphen, roughen, nephew, Stephen,
   Monkey, donkey, clerk and jerk,
   Asp, grasp, wasp, demesne, cork, work.

A of valour, vapid vapour,
S of news (compare newspaper),
   G of gibbet, gibbon, gist,
   I of antichrist and grist,

Differ like diverse and divers,
Rivers, strivers, shivers, fivers.
   Once, but nonce, toll, doll, but roll,
   Polish, Polish, poll and poll.

Pronunciation-think of Psyche!-
Is a paling, stout and spiky.
   Won’t it make you lose your wits
   Writing groats and saying “grits”?

It’s a dark abyss or tunnel
Strewn with stones like rowlock, gunwale,
   Islington, and Isle of Wight,
   Housewife, verdict and indict.

Don’t you think so, reader, rather,
Saying lather, bather, father?
   Finally, which rhymes with enough,
   Though, through, bough, cough, hough, sough, tough??

Hiccough has the sound of sup
My advice is: GIVE IT UP!


Courtesy : http://ncf.idallen.com/

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Know : Grow and Shrink inside an Ames Room

Do you know how the normal sized humans transformed as Hobbits in the movie The Lord Of The Rings? You too can shrink and grow back as they did 🙂 Because they used several Ames room sets in Shire sequences to make the heights of the diminutively-sized hobbits correct when standing next to the taller Gandalf.

What is an Ames Room? Well before getting into the detailing watch this video by The Royal Institution

A diagram of the true and apparent position of a person in an Ames room, and the shape of that room

An Ames room is a distorted room that is used to create an optical illusion. Probably influenced by the writings of Hermann Helmholtz, it was invented by American ophthalmologist Adelbert Ames, Jr. in 1934, and constructed in the following year.

An Ames room is constructed so that from the front it appears to be an ordinary cubic-shaped room, with a back wall and two side walls parallel to each other and perpendicular to the horizontally level floor and ceiling. However, this is a trick of perspective and the true shape of the room is trapezoidal: the walls are slanted and the ceiling and floor are at an incline, and the right corner is much closer to the front-positioned observer than the left corner (or vice versa). (See overhead view diagram to the right)

As a result of the optical illusion, a person standing in one corner appears to the observer to be a giant, while a person standing in the other corner appears to be a dwarf. The illusion is so convincing that a person walking back and forth from the left corner to the right corner appears to grow or shrink.

Studies have shown that the illusion can be created without using walls and a ceiling; it is sufficient to create an apparent horizon (which in reality will not be horizontal) against an appropriate background, and the eye relies on the apparent relative height of an object above that horizon.


Courtesy : The Royal Institution via YouTube, Wikipedia

Know : About Daylight Saving Time

Daylight saving time (DST) or summer time is the practice of advancing clocks during the summer months that have more sunlight so that people get up later in the morning and go to bed later at night. Typically clocks are adjusted forward one hour near the start of spring and are adjusted backward in the autumn.

The modern idea of daylight saving was first proposed in 1895 by George Vernon Hudson, and it was first implemented by Germany and Austria-Hungary starting on 30 April 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, most consistently since the energy crisis of the 1970s.

DaylightSaving-World-Subdivisions

The practice has been both advocated and criticized. Putting clocks back benefits retailing, sports, and other activities that exploit sunlight after working hours, but can cause problems for evening entertainment and other activities tied to the sun (such as farming) or to darkness (such as firework shows). Although an early goal of DST was to reduce evening use of incandescent lighting (formerly a primary use of electricity), modern heating and cooling usage patterns differ greatly, and research about how DST currently affects energy use is limited or contradictory.

Other problems sometimes caused by DST clock shifts are: they complicate timekeeping, and can disrupt meetings, travel, billing, record keeping, medical devices, heavy equipment, and sleep patterns. Software can often adjust computer clocks automatically, but this can be limited and error-prone, particularly when DST dates are changed.

Country/Territory Continent Summer/Hemisphere DST start
(adjust clocks forward)
DST end
(adjust clocks backward)
Notes and other mentions
Afghanistan Asia Does not use DST
Akrotiri and Dhekelia(UK) Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October
Albania Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1940-1943, and since 1974.
Algeria Africa Observed DST in 1916-1921, in the autumn of 1939, in 1944-1945, 1971, 1977-1978 and 1980-1981 .
American Samoa (US) Oceania Does not use DST
Andorra Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST since 1985.
Angola Africa Does not use DST
Anguilla (UK) Central America Does not use DST
Antigua and Barbuda Central America Does not use DST
Argentina South America Observed DST in 1930-1969, 1974, 1988-2000, 2007-2009.
Armenia Europe Observed DST in 1981-1995, 1997-2011.
Aruba (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Australia Oceania Austral/South First Sunday October First Sunday April

DST used only in Australian Capital Territory,VictoriaNew South WalesTasmaniaSouth Australia and Lord Howe Island.

Austria Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1918, 1920, 1940-1948 and since 1980.
Azerbaijan Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1981-1992 and since 1996.Nagorno-Karabakh abolished DST in 2012.
Bahamas North America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST since 1964.
Bahrain Asia Does not use DST
Bangladesh Asia Observed DST in 2009.
Barbados Central America Observed DST from 1977-1980.
Belarus Europe Observed DST in 1941-1944, 1981-2010.
Belgium Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1940, 1942-1946 and since 1977.
Belize Central America Observed DST in 1973-1974 and 1982-1983.
Benin Africa Does not use DST
Bermuda (UK) North America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST since 1974.
Bhutan Asia Does not use DST
Bolivia South America Observed DST in 1931-1932.
Bonaire (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Botswana Africa Observed DST in 1943-1944.
Brazil South America Austral/South Third Sunday October Third Sunday February

DST end delays one week during Carnival week. Only these south and central states use DST: São PauloRio de JaneiroFederal District Brasilia,Santa CatarinaParanáGoiásRio Grande do Sul,Mato Grosso do SulEspírito SantoMinas Geraisand Mato Grosso (some exceptions).

British Virgin Islands(UK) Central America Does not use DST
Brunei Asia Does not use DST
Bulgaria Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1943-1944 and since 1979.
Burkina Faso Africa Does not use DST
Burma Asia Does not use DST
Burundi Africa Does not use DST
Cambodia Asia Does not use DST
Cameroon Africa Does not use DST
Canada North America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November

Some regions in Quebec, east of 63° westlongitude, most of SaskatchewanSouthampton Island and some areas in British Columbia do not observe DST. Saskatchewan however, observes Central Time even though it is located in the Mountain Time Zone, meaning it effectively observes DST year round.

Cape Verde Africa Observed DST in 1942-1945.
Cayman Islands (UK) Central America Does not use DST
Central African Republic Africa Does not use DST
Chad Africa Observed DST in winter 1979-1980.
Chile South America Austral/South Second Sunday September Last Sunday April Observed DST in 1927-1946 (excluding Easter Island which observed it in 1932-1946 ) and since 1968. Easter Island starts on Saturday to sync withChile
China Asia Observed DST in 1986-1991.
Christmas Island (AU) Asia Does not use DST
Cocos Island (AU) Asia Does not use DST
Colombia South America Observed DST in 1992-1993.
Comoros Africa Does not use DST
Congo Africa Does not use DST
Cook Islands (NZ) Oceania Observed DST in 1978-1991.
Costa Rica Central America Observed DST in 1954, 1979-1980 and 1991-1992.
Croatia Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Cuba Central America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST in 1928, 1940-1942, 1945-1946 and since 1965.
Curacao (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Cyprus Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST since 1975.
Czech Republic Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1918, 1940-1949 and since 1979.
Democratic Republic of Congo Africa Does not use DST
Denmark Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916, 1940-1948 and since 1980.
Djibouti Africa Does not use DST
Dominica Central America Does not use DST
Dominican Republic Central America Observed DST in 1966-1967, 1969-1974.
East Timor Asia Does not use DST
Ecuador South America Does not use DST
Egypt Africa/Asia Boreal/North Last Friday April Last Friday September Observed DST in 1940-1945 and 1957-2010. Re-introduces DST in 2014. DST is stopped during Ramadan
El Salvador Central America Observed DST in 1987-1988.
Equatorial Guinea Africa Does not use DST
Eritrea Africa Does not use DST
Estonia Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1918, 1940-1944 and since 1981.
Ethiopia Africa Does not use DST
Falkland Islands (UK) South America Keeps on continuous DST since 2011
Faroe Islands (DK) Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST since 1981.
Fiji Oceania Austral/South Last Sunday October Third Sunday January Observed DST in 1998-2000 and since 2009.
Finland Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1942 and since 1981.
France Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1945 and since 1976.
French Guyana (FR) South America Does not use DST
French Polynesia (FR) Oceania Does not use DST
French Southern and Antarctic Lands (FR) Antarctica Does not use DST
Gabon Africa Does not use DST
Gambia Africa Does not use DST
Georgia Europe Observed DST in 1981-2005.
Germany Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1918, 1940-1949, and since 1980.
Ghana Africa Observed DST from 1936-1942.
Greece Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1968 and since 1971.
Greenland North America Boreal/North 22:00 local time on Saturday before last Sunday March 23:00 local time on Saturday before last Sunday October Observed DST since 1980.Follows European Union practice, although not a member: hence start & end times correspond to 01:00 UTC on the respective Sunday. See Daylight saving time in the Americas—Greenland Qaanaaquses US and Canada rules. Danmarkshavn does not use DST.
Grenada Central America Does not use DST
Guadeloupe (FR) Central America Does not use DST
Guam (US) Oceania Does not use DST
Guatemala Central America Observed DST in 1973-1974, 1983, 1991 and 2006.
Guernsey (UK) Europe Boreal/North 01:00 GMT on last Sunday March 01:00 GMT on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1968 and since 1972.
Guinea Africa Does not use DST
Guinea-Bissau Africa Does not use DST
Guyana South America Does not use DST
Haiti Central America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST in 1983-1997, 2005-2006 and from 2012 onwards.
Heard and McDonald Islands (AU) Antarctica Does not use DST
Holy See Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
Honduras Central America Observed DST in 1987-1988 and 2006 .
Hong Kong Asia Observed DST in 1941, 1945-1976 and 1979.
Hungary Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1920, 1941-1950, 1954-1957 and since 1980.
Iceland Europe Observed DST in 1917-1918 and 1939-1968.
India Asia Observed DST in 1942-1945.
Indonesia Asia Does not use DST
Iran Asia Boreal/North March 21–22 September 21–22 Observed DST in 1977-1980, 1991-2005 and since 2008.
Iraq Asia Observed DST in 1982-2007.
Ireland Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1968 and since 1972.
Isle of Man (UK) Europe Boreal/North 01:00 GMT on last Sunday March 01:00 GMT on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1968 and since 1972.
Israel Asia Boreal/North Friday before last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1940-1946, 1948-1957, 1974-1975 and since 1985.
Italy Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
Ivory Coast Africa Does not use DST
Jamaica Central America Observed DST in 1974-1983.
Japan Asia Observed DST in 1948-1951.
Jersey (UK) Europe Boreal/North 01:00 GMT on last Sunday March 01:00 GMT on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1968 and since 1971.
Jordan Asia Boreal/North Last Friday March Last Friday October Returned again to UTC+2 on Dec, 20 2013, Previsible with DST
Kazakhstan Asia Observed DST in 1981-1990 and 1992-2004.
Kenya Africa Does not use DST
Kiribati Oceania Does not use DST
Kosovo Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST since 1983.
Kuwait Asia Does not use DST
Kyrgyzistan Asia Observed DST in 1981-2005.
Laos Asia Does not use DST
Latvia Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1918-1919, 1941-1944 and since 1981.
Lebanon Asia Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1920-1923, 1957-1961, 1972-1978 and since 1984.
Lesotho Africa Observed DST in 1943-1944.
Liberia Africa Does not use DST
Libya Africa Observed DST in 1951, 1955, 1957, 1982-1989,1997.and 2013.
Liechtenstein Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST since 1981.
Lithuania Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1944, 1981-1999 and since 2003.
Luxembourg Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1946 and since 1977.
Macao (CH) Asia Observed DST in 1961-1980.
Macedonia Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Madagascar Africa Observed DST in 1954.
Malawi Africa Does not use DST
Malaysia Asia Observed DST in 1933-1935.
Maldives Asia Does not use DST
Mali Africa Does not use DST
Malta Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
Marshall Islands Oceania Does not use DST
Martinica (FR) Central America Observed DST in 1980.
Mauritania Africa Does not use DST
Mauritius Africa Observed DST in 1982-1983 and 2008-2009.
Mexico North America Boreal/North First Sunday April Last Sunday October Observe DST since 1996, but Baja Californiaobserve DST since 1942. Sonora observed DST 1996–1997. Locations less than 20 km from the US border use US DST.
Micronesia Oceania Does not use DST
Midway (US) Oceania Observed DST in 1956.
Moldova Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1932-1944, 1981-1989 and since 1991.
Monaco Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1945 and since 1976.
Mongolia Asia Observed DST in 1983-1998 and 2001-2006.
Montenegro Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Montserrat (UK) Central America Does not use DST
Morocco Africa Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1939-1945, 1950, 1967, 1974, 1974-1976 and since 2008. DST stops during Ramadan.
Mozambique Africa Does not use DST
Namibia Africa Austral/South First Sunday September First Sunday April Observed DST in 1942-1943 and since 1994.
Nauru Oceania Does not use DST
Nepal Asia Does not use DST
Netherlands Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1945 and since 1977.
New Caledonia (FR) Oceania Observed DST in 1977-1979 and 1996-1997.
New Zealand Oceania Austral/South Last Sunday September First Sunday April Observed DST in 1927-1946 and since 1974.
Nicaragua Central America Observed DST in 1973-1975, 1979-1980, 1992-1994 and 2005-2006.
Niger Africa Does not use DST
Nigeria Africa Does not use DST
Niue (NZ) Oceania Does not use DST
North Korea Asia Does not use DST
Northern Mariana Islands (US) Oceania Does not use DST
Norway Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916, 1940-1945, 1959-1965 and since 1980.Follows European Union practice, although not a member.
Oman Asia Does not use DST
Pakistan Asia Observed DST in 1942-1945 (as belonging to India) and 2002.
Palau Oceania Does not use DST
Palestine Asia Boreal/North Last Friday March Last Friday September Observed DST in 1940-1946, 1957-1967, 1974-1975 and since 1985.
Panama Central America Does not use DST
Papua New Guinea Oceania Does not use DST
Paraguay South America Austral/South First Sunday October Fourth Sunday March Observed DST since 1975. Current start and end dates last updated in 2013.
Peru South America Observed DST in 1938-1940, 1986-1987, 1990 and 1994.
Philippines Asia Observed DST in 1936-1937, 1954, 1978 and 1990.
Pitcairn Islands (UK) Oceania Does not use DST
Poland Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1919, 1940-1949, 1957-1964 and since 1977.
Portugal Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1921, 1924, 1926-1929, 1931-1932, 1934-1949, 1951-1965 and since 1977.
Puerto Rico (US) Central America Observed DST in 1942-1945.
Qatar Asia Does not use DST
Romania Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1932-1939 and since 1979.
Russia Asia/Europe Observed DST in 1917-1919 and 1921 (some areas), 1981-2010 . Since 2011 abolishes DST.
Rwanda Africa Does not use DST
Saba (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Saint Barthélemy (FR) Central America Does not use DST
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) Africa/South America Does not use DST
Saint Kitts and Nevis Central America Does not use DST
Saint Lucia Central America Does not use DST
Saint Martin (FR) Central America Does not use DST
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FR) North America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST since 1987.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Central America Does not use DST
Samoa Oceania Austral/South Last Sunday September First Sunday April Observed DST since 2011
San Marino Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
Sao Tome and Príncipe Africa Does not use DST
Saudi Arabia Asia Does not use DST
Senegal Africa Does not use DST
Serbia Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Seychelles Africa Does not use DST
Sierra Leone Africa Observed DST in 1935-1942 and 1957-1962.
Singapore Asia Observed DST in 1933-1935 by adding 20 minutes to standard time. On January 1, 1936, country changed their time zone to UTC+7:20.
Sint Eustatius (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Sint Maarten (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Slovakia Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1918, 1940-1949 and since 1979.
Slovenia Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Solomon Islands Oceania Does not use DST
Somalia Africa Does not use DST
South Africa Africa Observed DST in 1942-1944.
South Georgia Islands(UK) Antarctica Does not use DST
South Korea Asia Observed DST in 1948-1951, 1955-1960 and 1987-1988.
South Sandwich Islands (UK) Antarctica Does not use DST
South Sudan Africa Observed DST in 1970-1985.
Spain Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1917-1919, 1924, 1926-1929, 1937-1946, 1949 and since 1974. On Canary Islands DST observed since 1980.
Sri Lanka Asia Observed DST in 1942-1945.
Sudan Africa Observed DST in 1970-1985.
Suriname South America Does not use DST
Swaziland Africa Does not use DST
Sweden Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST 15 May–30 September 1916, and since the first Sunday of April in 1980. Before 1996 it ended on the last Sunday of September.
Switzerland Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1942 and since 1980.Follows European Union practice, although not a member.
Syria Asia Boreal/North Last Friday March Last Friday October Observed DST in 1920-1923, 1962-1968 and since 1983.
Taiwan Asia Observed DST in 1945-1962, 1974, 1975 and 1979.
Tajikistan Asia Observed DST in 1981-1991.
Tanzania Africa Does not use DST
Thailand Asia Does not use DST
Togo Africa Does not use DST
Tokelau (NZ) Oceania Does not use DST
Tonga Oceania Observed DST from 1999-2002.
Trinidad and Tobago Central America Does not use DST
Tunisia Africa Observed DST in 1939-1945, 1977-1978, 1988-1990 and 2005-2008.
Turkey Asia/Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916, 1920-1922, 1924-1925, 1940-1942, 1945-1951, 1962, 1964, 1970-1983 and since 1985.Follows European Union practice, although not a member.
Turkmenistan Asia Observed DST in 1981-1991.
Turks and Caicos (UK) Central America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST since 1979.
Tuvalu Oceania Does not use DST
Uganda Africa Does not use DST
Ukraine Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1943, 1981-1989 and since 1992.The Crimean Supreme Council announced thatCrimea will switch to Moscow time (which does not observe DST) in March 2014 .
United Arab Emirates Asia Does not use DST
United Kingdom Europe Boreal/North 01:00 GMT on last Sunday March 01:00 GMT on last Sunday October
Main article: British Summer Time

Observed DST (British Summer Time (BST)) since 1916.Year-round Summer Time (BST) + Double Summer Time (BDST) 1940-1945. Two-stage Double Summer Time (BDST) 1947. Year-round Summer Time (BST) 1968-1971.

United States North America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November

Arizona (except the Navajo Nation Community) and Hawaii do not use DST.[10]

United States Virgin Islands (US) Central America Does not use DST
Uruguay South America Austral/South First Sunday October Second Sunday March Observed DST in 1923-1926, 1933-1943, 1959-1960, 1965-1970, 1972, 1974-1980, 1987-1993 and since 2004.
Uzbekistan Asia Observed DST in 1981-1991.
Vanuatu Oceania Observed DST in 1983-1993.
Venezuela South America Does not use DST
Vietnam Asia Does not use DST
Wallis and Futuna(FR) Oceania Does not use DST
Western Sahara Africa Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST since 2008. DST is stopped during Ramadan. Only areas controlled by Morocco uses DST.
Yemen Asia Does not use DST
Zambia Africa Does not use DST
Zimbabwe Africa Does not use DST

Courtesy : CGP Grey via Youtube and Wikipedia

Amazing Arts & Artists : Satirical Illustrations by Pawel Kuczynski

Pawel Kuczynski  is an amazing artist, you cannot just glance at his works, instead you will stop and start to think. 

Pawel is Polish artist that specializes in satirical illustration. Born in 1976 in Szczecin, Poland, he graduated with a graphics degree from the Fine Arts Academy in Poznan. Pawel has been focusing on satire since 2004 and has garnered nearly a hundred prizes and distinctions since then.

Much of his artwork deals with serious themes such as poverty, greed, politics and mortality. While his subject matter is stark, his illustrative style is whimsical and cartoonish. This provides great contrast and makes his work interesting to analyze.


Courtesy : Pawel Kuczynski and Images from Facebook Page

Game : Train Tasks : Logical Ability

This is an awesome game that will enhance your logical thinking ability using railway puzzle, the task is simple just route the locomotives and wagons as needed. (Wait for the flash to load)

 

 


Courtesy & Copyrights: Armour Games

Disclaimer: We do not claim any rights over this game. It is just shared here for educational purposes only. In case of any violation please let us know.