Earth Our Home Too : Parrots

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The parrot is a medium sized group of birds, with the parrot being best known for it’s extremely brightly coloured feathers, and the ability of some parrot species to talk, as these species of parrots are able to mimic sounds made by other animals such as humans.

There are thought to be over 350 species of parrot worldwide, ranging across rainforest regions of the Southern Hemisphere. The parrot tends to inhabit densely forested areas, where the parrot hunts insects and small mammals, as well as eating nuts, seeds and fruits.

The parrot can grow between 8cm and 1m, depending on the parrot species. The pygmy parrot is the smallest species of parrot in the world, growing to around the same size as an adult human’s finger. The pygmy parrot is found in the jungles of Papua New Guinea. The Hyacinth Macaw is the largest species of parrot in the world, growing to more than a meter in height and native to the jungles of central and eastern South America. However, the endangered kakapoof New Zealand can often be heavier than the Hyacinth Macaw, with the kakapooften reaching more than 3kg in weight.

The parrot is believed to be one of the most intelligent of all the bird species, mainly in the sense that parrots are able to replicate (mimic) the noises made around them. Some parrots are able to mimic modern sounds and human voices to almost perfection. One African grey parrot was found to have a vocabulary of more than 800 words!

Nearly all of the different parrot species around the world are known to live for a long time, particularly in comparison to other species of bird (even other species of animal). The average lifespan of the parrot is around 60 years, although it is not uncommon for parrots be much older ages, as many parrot individuals have reached the age of 100.

Parrots are identifiable by a number of their features, the brightly coloured feathers of the parrot being the most obvious one. Parrots are known to have sharp, curved beaks which help parrots to crack nuts open more easily and to access fruits on the trees. Parrots also have strong legs, but are most well known for the fact that there are four toes on each of the parrot’s two feet, two of these toes faces forwards and the other two toes face backwards. These remarkable feet help the parrot not only to perch on tree branches more easily, but also aid the parrot in climbing tree trunks or clambering through the dense jungle foliage.

Parrot populations are rapidly declining mainly due to deforestation and therefore destruction of the parrot’s natural habitat. Parrots are also a popular animal in the exotic pet trade and are trapped in the wild to be delivered to homes around the world.

Parrots are found on all tropical and subtropical continents, including Australia and Oceania, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Central America, South America and Africa. Caribbean and some Pacific islands are home to endemic species. By far the greatest number of parrot species comes from Australasia and South America. 

Due to their large size (of the majority of parrot species) and intelligence, parrots have few natural predators in the wild. The human trapping and hunting parrots, is the main predator of the parrot along with monkeys, snakes and large birds of prey that tend to feed more on the eggs of the parrot rather than the bird itself.

The diet of parrots consists of seeds, fruit, nectar, pollen, buds, and sometimes arthropods and other animal prey. The most important of these for most true parrots and cockatoos are seeds; the evolution of the large and powerful bill can be explained primarily as an adaptation to opening and consuming seeds. 

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Courtesy : Google, Wikipedia, AtoZanimals.com

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Know : Life Span of Animals : List

Life Span of Animal : List

Animal

Average Life Span of Animal (Years)

African Grey Parrot

50

Alligator

68

Amazon Parrot

80

American Alligator

56

American Box Turtle

123

American Newt

3

American Toad

15

Angleworm

15

Anole

3

Ant (Queen)

3

Ant (Worker)

1/2

Asian elephant

40

B

 

Bare Eyed Cockatoo

40

Bat

24

Bear

40

Beaver

20

Bee (Queen)

5

Bee (Worker)

1

Binturong

18

Bison

30

Blackbird

18

Boa Constrictor

23

Bottlenose Dolphin

20

Box Turtle

123

Budgerigar

18

Bull

28

Bull Frog

16

Bull Snake

18

C

 

Caiman

28

Camel

50

Canada Goose

33

Canary

20

Canvasback duck

19

Capybara

12

Carp

100

Cat

25

Catfish

60

Chicken

15

Chinchilla

20

Chimpanzee

40

Chipmunk

12

Cicada

17

Civet

13

Cobra

28

Cockatiel

32

Common Goldeneye

17

Congo Eel

27

Conure

25

Cottonmouth Mocassin

21

Cottontail

10

Cow

22

Crocodile

45

D

 

Deer

35

Dog, large

10

Dog

22

Domestic Pigeon

26

Donkey

45

E

 

Eagle

55

Eclectus Parrot

20

Eel

55

Egyptian Goose

28

Elephant

70

Elk

22

English Sparrow

23

F

 

Fence Lizard

4

Ferret

12

Flying Squirrel

14

Fox

14

G

 

Galah

26

Galapagos Land Tortoise

193

Gerbil

5

Giant Salamander

55

Giant Tortoise

152

Goat 

15

Golden Hamster

4

Gorilla

20

Gouldian finch

6

Great Horned Owl

68

Green Frog

10

Grey Cheeked Parrot

15

Grey Squirrel

20

Grizzly bear

32

Grouse

10

Guinea Pig

8

H

 

Hare

10

Hellbender

29

Hippopotamus

45

Hog 

18

Horse

40

House Mouse

4

Human

70-80

Humming Bird

8

I

 

 

 

J

 

 

 

K

 

Kangaroo

9

Koala

8

L

 

Leopard

17

Leopard Frog

6

Lion 

35

Lobster

15

M

 

Macaw

50

Mallard

20

Mongoose

12

Mosquitofish

2

Mountain Lion

20

Mouse 

4

Mudpuppy

9

Muscrat

6

Mynah 

8

N

 

Newt

7

Norwegian Rat

4

Nutria 

15

O

 

Opossum

4

Ox 

20

P

 

Painted Turtle 

11

Parrot

80

Pea Fowl 

20

Pheasant 

18

Pig (wild) 

25

Pigeon 

11

Pionus Parrot 

15

Platypus 

10

Polar bear

20

Porcupine 

20

Prarie Dog 

10

Q

 

Quail 

6

R

 

Rabbit 

9

Rainbow Lorikeet

15

Rat Snake 

23

Rattlesnake 

22

Red Eared Turtle

7

Redhead Duck 

17

Rhinoceros 

40

Rosella 

15

S

 

Sea Lion

14

Sheep

15

Snapping Turtle

57

South African Clawed Toad

15

Squirrel

16

Sulphur Crested Cockatoo

40

Superb Parrot

36

Swan 

10-12

T

 

Tapir 

30

Tasmanian Tiger

7

Teal 

20

Tiger 

22

Tiger Salamander

11

Toad 

36

Toucan 

6

Tree Frog 

14

Trumpeter Swan

33

Turkey Buzzard

18

U

 

 

 

V

 

 

 

W

 

Whistling Duck

15

Wombat 

15

Wolf 

18

Woodchuck

15

X

 

 

 

Y

 

 

 

Z

 

Zebra Finch 

17

Note: Since this is just an average life expectancy, no doubt you will always have some exceptions. You will definitely have a few animals exceeding their life span.

Some animals life span might seem very short while others are reasonably long when compared to other animal species. However, the average life expectancy of a given animal is determined by factors such as genetic makeup, metabolic rate, body size, age of sexual maturity etc. It is important to note also that some domesticated animal can live longer or shorter than if they were living in their natural environment (habitat). The reason for this may due to conditions such as new lifestyle, change of diet, disease, predator (absent), etc. Therefore, in spite of the fact that many of these values given in the list below are based on the records taken from various sources, it should not be seen as the absolute maximum lifespan.

Courtesy and Source : My Universal Facts