History : The Life of Alexander the Great

A Fascinating Documentary about The Life of Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great was a king of the Greek kingdom of Macedon. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, until by the age of thirty he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to Egypt and into present-day Pakistan. He was undefeated in battle and is considered one of history’s most successful commanders.

During his youth, Alexander was tutored by the philosopher Aristotle until the age of 16. When he succeeded his father to the throne in 336 BC, after Philip was assassinated, Alexander inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. He had been awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father’s military expansion plans. In 334 BC, he invaded the Achaemenid empire, ruled Asia Minor, and began a series of campaigns that lasted ten years. Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela. He subsequently overthrew the Persian King Darius III and conquered the entirety of the Persian Empire. At that point, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River.

Seeking to reach the “ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea”, he invaded India in 326 BC, but was eventually forced to turn back at the demand of his troops. Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC, the city he planned to establish as his capital, without executing a series of planned campaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia. In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in several states ruled by the Diadochi, Alexander’s surviving generals and heirs.

Alexander’s legacy includes the cultural diffusion his conquests engendered. He founded some twenty cities that bore his name, most notably Alexandria in Egypt. Alexander’s settlement of Greek colonists and the resulting spread of Greek culture in the east resulted in a new Hellenistic civilization, aspects of which were still evident in the traditions of the Byzantine Empire in the mid-15th century. Alexander became legendary as a classical hero in the mold of Achilles, and he features prominently in the history and myth of Greek and non-Greek cultures. He became the measure against which military leaders compared themselves, and military academies throughout the world still teach his tactics.


Courtesy : Wikipedia and The History Channel (via YouTube)

Five Thoughts for You : What World Demands?

What world wants

What World Demands?

5 . Gold vs Steel

So called precious metals Gold contribute more to the greed and imaginary pride than being an utility metal like iron or aluminum. Availability may vary, but that does not explain much about the basic logic of valuing some metal. For example, say we have the last 10 grams of Gold and 10 Kg of Steel, no further quantity available. Which one do you value more? If I am there, I will value Steel More than Gold, which may be useful for us than that 10 grams of gold. Now this happens in the reverse 10 grams of gold costs more than 10 kg of steel!, most of the metals which are high utility for us are valued cheaper than the Gold! Steel helps us in building strong shelters the basic need of human, where gold just creates greed and selfishness in the form of ornaments. 

4 . Supply – Demand Logic Flawed

One can give a supply demand logic as an explanation! But the fundamental flaw itself lies on what is our demand and why we demand something? Are we demanding for the necessities more or the prouder to show off? It may be a personal choice of decision for many. As individuals earn more they may spend more on what they wish for, their freedom I agree! They may be correct in their perspective, but individuals make family, families make society. So the link is always there between a rich man in India and a Poor starving family in Africa. A poor Chinese farmer is connected with some monopolistic business giant in the United States. 

3 . Neither Communism nor Spiritual Lecture

This is neither communism nor a spiritual lecture , but an attempt to expose the flaw in our system. That is made when we created demands and markets around it. When the demands of the society go to the right needs then there will be a sustainability of the economy as well as lifestyle. Almost everyone will have their basic needs like food, shelter and education fulfilled. There will be a possible equality too. But just look at our demands, most of the world craves for imaginary wealth acquisition, even lands are imaginary wealth. Thinking me a fool? Well ask Alexander the Great and Genghis Khan, their kingdoms are no more and they could not take a pinch of land with them. The only legacy is left behind! Even that legacy is built on an imaginary demand, which even the Alexander admitted before his death. But we are fighting over demands with advanced weaponries and far intelligent brains at work. The roots of err goes back to the dates when we invented paper money! (Will detail this later in a separate article)

2 . Boundary of our Selfishness

We are seeing through the spectacles of our own life and define our lives within our circle of people from whom we gain or loss directly, we hardly see beyond them or whom they are connected with. The Chain of wealth acquisition will connect everyone one of us to someone who is being exploited in the other end of the world. But the sad truth is we are having no control over this process, even if we are aware of it. We traveled a lot of distance on wrong roads, we cannot go back but we can make new routes from now. Though our visions are mostly blurred for an ideal future.

1 . A Picture of the Future

The world has enough knowledge and enough money (wealth) to prevent people dying like pity worms out of poverty, we can provide a great education to every kid in every country, we can change the fate of people killing one another by humanitarian measures and procedures. BUT WE WILL NOT DO IT. Because of our selfish demands to pride, greed and imaginary obsessions over things which do not deserve it.  WE WILL DO IT, only in a far far distant future where when we throw away all the countries, borders, religions, races and get unified as one global community of humans who appreciate all living beings and live in harmony. Not miles, light years to go! 🙂

– Words by Din

More Five Thoughts for You

Five Thoughts for You : Missing Characters in Children’s Life

Five Thoughts for You : Spiritual Self Realization

Five Thoughts for You : Prostitution

Five Thoughts for You : Parents

Five Thoughts For You : Parenting

Five Thoughts For You : Education

Inspirational Stories Collection (75) : Index 2 of 3 : (May-July 2013)

storytime

We just wanted to make it easy for you to browse our stories and find it easier. Releasing the index of second set of 25 stories from our posts till date. Just click the link to read the story 🙂 Hope you enjoy. We appreciate your comments…

26 Hold on your emotions : This may make you feel the importance of understanding
27 Inability is just a belief : Story of Elephants
28 Last three wishes of Alexander the Great : One of the Most Shared
29 Lesson to a Disciple Painter : Easy to point; hard to correct.
30 Make gifts for people : JOHN GREEN
31 Must Read : Inspirational Speech : Dalai Lama : Education & Warm Heart
32 Never Miss to Read this : A Miracle costs $1.11 : True Story
33 Old one but Evergreen story : True Love is Unique
34 One of the most inspired story : Boy and Butterfly
35 Our Life is Our Choice: Always do your best
36 Random Act of Kindness: True Story of Bill
37 Reach and Touch Others’ life with Kindness : Story of Waldorf-Astoria Hotel
38 Rich Dad Learns Lesson : Most shared story
39 Story : Last call of a Soldier-Son : Value Souls
40 Story : Sand Castles : A Young Child’s lesson for many of us
41 Story : Young Thief and his Mother
42 Story of Jenny : The Real Pearl Necklace
43 Story of Sally, Jimmy and FAITH in LIFE
44 Story: John D. Rockefeller and $500,000 : Confidence Within
45 Story: Man’s Questions and God’s Answers
46 Story: Son of Clothes Cleaner attends an Interview
47 Swimmers & Life : Are You Making Wise Choices?
48 Taking a Break is NOT an Excuse : Young Woodcutter’s Tale
49 Team Work Insights : Geese & V
50 The Beach Ride : Appearances are Deceptive
Click here for the stories list 1 – 26 

Last three wishes of Alexander the Great : One of the Most Shared

alex

Alexander the Great is known as the most powerful leader and conqueror of the ancient world. Before he turned 30 years old he conquered an empire stretching over 3,000 miles from Greece to India. He was born in 356 BC in Macedonia, known today as northern Greece.

Alexander, after conquering many kingdoms, was returning home. On the way, he fell ill and it took him to his death bed. With death staring him in his face, Alexander realized how his conquests,his great army, his sharp sword and all his wealth were of no consequence. He now longed to reach home to see his mother’s face and bid her his last adieu. But, he had to accept the fact that his sinking health would not permit him to reach his distant homeland. So, the mighty conqueror lay prostrate and pale, helplessly waiting to breathe his last.He called his generals and said, “I will depart from this world soon, I have three wishes, please carry them out without fail.”

With tears flowing down their cheeks, the generals agreed to abide by their king’s last wishes.

1) “My first desire is that”, said Alexander, “My physicians alone must” carry my coffin.”

2) After a pause, he continued, “Secondly, I desire that when my coffin is being carried to the grave, the path leading to the graveyard be strewn with gold, silver and precious stones which I have collected in my treasury”.

3) The king felt exhausted after saying this. He took a minute’s rest and continued. “My third and last wish is that both my hands be kept dangling out of my coffin”.

The people who had gathered there wondered at the king’s strange wishes. But no one dared bring the question to their lips.. Alexander’s favorite general kissed his hand and pressed them to his heart.

“O king, we assure you that all your wishes will be fulfilled. But tell us why do you make such strange wishes?”

At this Alexander took a deep breath and said:”I would like the world to know of the three lessons I have just learnt. Lessons to be learnt from last 3 wishes of King Alexander…I want my physicians to carry my coffin because people should realize that no doctor on this earth can really cure any body. They are powerless and cannot save a person from the clutches of death. So let not people take life for granted.

The second wish of strewing gold, silver and other riches on the path to the graveyard is to tell People that not even a fraction of gold will come with me. I spent all my life Greed of Power, earning riches but cannot take anything with me. Let people realize that it is a sheer waste of time to chase wealth.

About my third wish of having my hands dangling out of the coffin, I wish people to know that I came empty handed into this world and empty handed I go out of this world”.

With these words, the king closed his eyes.Soon he let death conquer him and breathed his last.

Remember, your Health is in your own hands, look after it. Wealth is only meaningful if you can share and also enjoy while you are still alive, kicking & healthy. What you do for yourself, dies with you. But what you do for others will live for ever.Leave the Legacy behind.