Know : List of Plants – A

Here is the list of plants with their Common Name, Botanical Name and Pictures

This post features all plants with common names starting with ‘A’

Alder – Alnus

Alder is particularly noted for its important symbiotic relationship with Frankia alni, an actinomycete, filamentous, nitrogen-fixing bacterium. This bacterium is found in root nodules, which may be as large as a human fist, with many small lobes, and light brown in colour. The bacterium absorbs nitrogen from the air and makes it available to the tree. Alder, in turn, provides the bacterium with sugars, which it produces through photosynthesis. As a result of this mutually beneficial relationship, alder improves the fertility of the soil where it grows, and as a pioneer species, it helps provide additional nitrogen for the successional species which follow.

Varieties 


AlmondPrunus amygdalus

The almond is native to the Mediterranean climate region of the Middle East, eastward as far as the Indus. In India, it is known as badam. It was spread by humans in ancient times along the shores of the Mediterranean into northern Africa and southern Europe and more recently transported to other parts of the world, notably California, United States.


Ambrosia

This is an annual herb usually growing up to 2 meters tall, but known to reach 6 meters in rich, moist soils. The tough stems have woody bases and are branching or unbranched. This species is well known as a noxious weed, both in its native range and in areas where it is an introduced and ofteninvasive species. It is naturalized in some areas, and it is recorded as an adventive species in others. It grows in many types of disturbed habitat, such as roadsides, and in cultivated fields.


Amy root – Apocynum cannabinum

It is a poisonous plant: Apocynum means “poisonous to dogs”. All parts of the plant are poisonous and can cause cardiac arrest if ingested. The cannabinum in the scientific name and the common names Hemp Dogbane and Indian Hemp refer to its similarity to Cannabis as a fiber plant, rather than as a source of a psychoactive drug. A very strong and good quality fiber obtained from the bark is a flax substitute that does not shrink and retains its strength in water. It is used for making clothes,twine, bags, linen, paper, etc.The plant yields a latex which is a possible source of rubber.


Apple – Malus domestica

The apple tree was perhaps the earliest tree to be cultivated, and its fruits have been improved through selection over thousands of years. There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples. About 69 million tons of apples were grown worldwide in 2010, and China produced almost half of this total. The United States is the second-leading producer, with more than 6% of world production. Turkey is third, followed by Italy, India andPoland.


Apple of Sodom – Solanum carolinense

hnettle“Horsenettle” is also written “horse nettle” or “horse-nettle”. These plants can be found growing in pastures, roadsides, railroad margins, and in disturbed areas and waste ground. They grow to about 1 m tall, but are typically shorter, existing as sub shrubs. Bumblebees pollinate the flowers of this species. Fruits are eaten by a variety of native animals, including Ring-necked pheasant, Bobwhite, Wild Turkey, and Striped skunk. Most mammals avoid eating the stems and leaves due to both the spines and toxicity of the plant


ApricotPrunus armeniaca

Although the apricot is native to a continental climate region with cold winters, it can grow in Mediterranean climates if enough cool winter weather allows a proper dormancy. A dry climate is good for fruit maturation. The tree is slightly more cold-hardy than the peach, tolerating winter temperatures as cold as −30 °C (−22 °F) or lower if healthy.


Arfaj – Rhanterium epapposum

Native to the deserts of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait where it is known locally as Arfaj . The Arfajplant consists of a complicated network of branches scattered with small thorny leaves and bright yellow flowers about 1.5 cm wide. The Arfaj flower is also the national flower of Kuwait.


Arizona sycamorePlatanus wrighitii

Sycamore is a name which is applied at various times and places to several different types of trees, but with somewhat similar leaf forms


Arrowwood – Cornus florida


Ash – Fraxinus spp.

Ash is a hardwood and is hard, dense (within 20% of 670 kg/m³ for Fraxinus americana, and higher at 710 kg/m³ for Fraxinus excelsior), tough and verystrong but elastic, extensively used for making bows, tool handles, baseball bats, hurleys and other uses demanding high strength and resilience.

It is also often used as material for electric guitar bodies and, less commonly, for acoustic guitar bodies, known for its bright, cutting tone and sustaining quality. Some Fender Stratocasters and Telecasters are made of ash, as an alternative to the darker sounding alder. They are also used for making drum shells. Interior joinery is another common user of both European Ash and White Ash. Ash veneers are extensively used in office furniture. Ash is not used extensively outdoors due to the heartwood having a low durability to ground contact, meaning it will typically perish within five years.


Azolla – Azolla

As an additional benefit to its role as a paddy biofertilizer, Azolla spp. have been used to control mosquito larvae in rice fields. The plant grows in a thick mat on the surface of the water, making it more difficult for the larvae to reach the surface to breathe, effectively choking the larvae.

Azolla (mosquito fern, duckweed fern, fairy moss, water fern) floats on the surface of water by means of numerous, small, closely overlapping scale-like leaves, with their roots hanging in the water. They form a symbiotic relationship with the cyanobacterium Anabaena azollae, which fixes atmospheric nitrogen, giving the plant access to the essential nutrient. This has led to the plant being dubbed a “super-plant”, as it can readily colonise areas of freshwater, and grow at great speed – doubling its biomass every two to three days. The only known limiting factor on its growth is phosphorus, another essential mineral.

Know : List of Largest Producers of Vegetables and Fruits

Here are the lists of top two vegetables and fruits producing countries.

Note: Not all the vegetables and fruits are listed.

Vegetables

 

Vegetable Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Dry Bean  India  Brazil
Onion and Garlic  China  India
Cabbage  China  India
Green Bean  China  Indonesia
Chick peas  India  Pakistan
Pulses  India  Mozambique
Cauliflowers and Broccoli  China  India
Brinjal  China  India
Potato  China  India
Tomato  China  United States
Spinach  China  United States
Cassava  Nigeria  Thailand
Soybean  United States  Brazil
Carrot  China  Russia
Cucumber  China  Iran

Fruits

Fruit Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Apricot  Turkey  Iran
Banana  India  China
Mango  India  China
Coconut  Philippines  Indonesia
Sugar cane  Brazil  India
Grapes  China  Italy
Oranges  Brazil  United States
Papaya  India  Brazil
Peach  China  Italy
Apple  China  United States
Pineapples  Philippines  Thailand
Almond  United States  Spain
Sweet Potato  China  Tanzania
Lemon  Mexico  India
Raspberry  Russia  Poland
Stone fruits  Iran  China
Strawberry  United States  Spain
Blueberry  United States  Canada
Kiwifruit  Italy  New Zealand
Currant  Russia  Poland
Date  Egypt  Saudi Arabia
Cherry  Turkey  United States
Avocado  Mexico  Chile
Watermelon  China  Iran

Courtesy and Source : Wikipedia

 

 


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Food We Eat : List of Edible Seeds (Gallery)

This list of edible seeds includes seeds that are directly foodstuffs, rather than yielding derived products. A variety of species can provide edible seeds. Of the six major plant parts, seeds are the dominant source of human calories and protein.Most edible seeds are angiosperms, but a few are gymnosperms. The most important global seed food source, by weight, is cereals, followed by legumes, and nuts.

Edible Seeds List

Beans and other legumes are protein-rich soft seeds.

Bambara groundnut

File:Bambara nut unearthed..JPG
Chickpea

File:India - Varanasi green peas - 2714.jpg
Cowpeas

File:BlackEyedPeas.JPG

Dry beans, including Common bean several species of Vigna, such as the lentil
Fava or broad bean

File:Broad-beans-after-cooking.jpg

Hyacinth bean

File:Lablab purpureus Steve Hurst 1.jpg

Lupin

File:Lupinus albus.JPG

Moringa 

File:Starr 080609-7915 Moringa oleifera.jpg
Pea

File:Peas in pods - Studio.jpg

Peanut, also known as groundnut

File:Peanut 9417.jpg

Pigeon pea

File:Cajanus cajan Steve Hurst 1.jpg
Sterculia species

Velvet bean

File:Mucuna-pruriens-seeds.jpg

Winged bean

File:Japanese Psophocarpus tetragonolobus.jpg

Yam beans

Yam beans

Soybean

File:Soybeanvarieties.jpg

Although some beans can be consumed raw, some need to be heated before consumption. In certain cultures, beans that need heating are initially prepared as a seed cake. Beans that need heating include:


 

Cereals (or grains) are grass-like crops that are harvested for their dry seeds. These seeds are often ground to make flour. Cereals provide almost half of all calories consumed in the world. Botanically, true cereals are members of the Poaceae, the true grass family.
Pseudocereals are cereal crops that are not grasses.

True cereals are the seeds of certain species of grass. Maize, wheat, and rice account for about half of the calories consumed by people every year. Grains can be ground into flour for breadcakenoodles, and other food products. They can also be boiled or steamed, either whole or ground, and eaten as is. Many cereals are present or past staple foods, providing a large fraction of the calories in the places that they are eaten.

Cereals include:

Barley

File:BarleyEars.JPG

Fonio

Fonio
Maize (corn)

File:Corncobs.jpg

Pearl millet

File:Pennisetum glaucum MHNT.BOT.2013.22.56.jpg

Oats

File:Haverkorrels Avena sativa.jpg
Palmer’s grass

Rice

Brown-Rice-INSIDE

Rye

File:Secale cereale - cereal rye - Steve Hurst USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database.jpg

Sorghum

File:Sorghum.jpg

Spelt

File:2009-06-20 Silvolde 02 dinkel.jpg

Teff

File:Teff pluim Eragrostis tef.jpg

Triticale

File:Triticale.jpg

Wheat

File:Wheat close-up.JPG

Wild rice

File:Wildricecooked.jpg

Other grasses with edible seeds include:

Pseudocereals

Breadnut

File:Ramon nuts 05.jpg

Buckwheat

Buck wheat

Cattail

Cattail Chia

File:Semillas de Chía.jpg

Flax

File:Flax seeds.jpg

Grain amaranth

amaranth Kañiwa

KAniwa Pitseed goosefoot

Quinoa

File:Harvested seeds of homegrown Chenopodium quinoa.jpg

Sesame

File:Sa white sesame seeds.jpg

 


Nuts are botanically a specific type of fruit, but the term is also applied to many edible seeds that are not nuts in a botanical sense.
Gymnosperms produce nut-like seeds but neither flowers nor fruits.

According to the botanical definition, nuts are a particular kind of seed. Chestnuts, hazelnuts, and acorns are examples of nuts under this definition. In culinary terms, however, the term is used more broadly to include fruits that are not botanically qualified as nuts, but that have a similar appearance and culinary role. Examples of culinary nuts include almonds, coconuts, and cashews.

List of Nuts

Acorn

File:Acorns small to large.jpg

Almond

File:Mandel Gr 99.jpg

Beech

File:Beechnuts in an autumn.jpg

Brazil nut

File:Brazil nuts.jpg

Candlenut

File:Starr 020803-0119 Aleurites moluccana.jpg

Cashew

File:CashewSnack.jpg

Chestnuts, including:

File:Aesculus hippocastanum fruit.jpg

File:Chestnuts.jpg

Chilean hazel

File:Gevuina avellana-fruto (avellana).JPG
Coconut

File:Coconut.png
Egusi and other melon seeds, including:Colocynth

File:EGUSI UNSHELLED.JPG

Malabar gourd
Pepita

File:Pumpkin seeds in hand.jpg

Ugu

File:Telfairia occidentalis.jpg

Hazelnuts, including:

File:Owoce Orzech laskowy.jpg

Hickory, including:

File:Hickory nuts 6060.JPG

Indian beech

Kola nut

File:Kolanut.jpg

Macadamia

File:Macadamia nuts on tree.JPG

Malabar almond

File:Terminalia catappa fruits at various stages of ripeness-1.JPG

Malabar chestnut

File:Pachira aquatica (fruit) edit1.jpg

Mamoncillo

File:Melicoccus bijugatus.jpg

Mongongo

File:Mongongo nut2.png

Ogbono

File:OGBONO.JPG

Paradise nut

File:Sapucaia1.jpg

Pili

File:Pili nut (Canarium ovatum).jpg

Pistachio

File:Pistachios in shells.jpg

Walnuts, including:

File:Black Walnut Juglans nigra Nut 2400px.jpg

Water chestnut

File:Trapa natans seeds.jpg

Nut-like gymnosperm seeds

Cycads

File:Cycas circinalis.jpg

Ginkgo

File:Gingko fg01.jpg

Gnetum

File:Gnetum gnemon BotGardBln1105C.JPG

Juniper

File:Juniperseeds.jpg

Monkey-puzzle

File:Araucaria araucana0.jpg
Pine nuts, including

File:KoreanPineSeeds.jpg