Know : Long list of Petroleum based Products

plasticThe environmental impact of petroleum has been often negative because it is toxic to almost all forms of life. The possibility of climate change exists. Petroleum, commonly referred to as oil, is closely linked to virtually all aspects of present society, especially for transportation and heating for both homes and for commercial activities. 

One 42-gallon barrel of oil creates 19.4 gallons of gasoline/petrol. The rest (over half) is used to make things classified as follows (This is just a few of over 6000 items that are made of petroleum based products)

 

Agriculture

 Plastic Ties
 Row Cover
 Irrigation Piping
 Polyethylene
 Polypropylene
 Bags And Packaging
 Pesticides And Herbicides
 Food Preservatives
 Fertilizers

Clothing And Textiles

 Ballet Tights
 Nylon Cord
 Everything Polyester: Blouses, Pants, Pajamas Etc.
 Everything Permanent Press: Shirts, Dresses Etc.
 Beads
 Bracelets
 Pantyhose
 Nylon Zippers
 Plastic Hangers
 Purses
 Thongs And Flip Flops
 Earrings
 Ribbons
 Fake Fur
 Windbreakers
 Sandals
 Garment Bags
 Shoe Laces
 Rain Coats
 Iron-On Patches
 Sneakers
 Sweaters
 Sofa Pillow Material
 Tote Bags
 Umbrellas

Infants And Children

 Acrylic Toys
 Baby Oil
 Laundry Baskets
 Waterproof Pants
 Baby Aspirin
 Bath Soap
 Mittens
 Pacifiers
 Baby Blankets
 Bibs
 Rattles
 Doubleknit Shirts
 Baby Bottles
 Disposable Diapers
 Baby Shoes
 Teething Rings
 Nipples And Binkies
 Dolls
 Stuffed Animals
 Baby Lotion

Medical

 Allergy Medication
 Cotton-Tipped Swabs
 Inhalers
 Liquid Pepto-Bismol
 Aspirin
 First Aid Cream
 Lancets
 Pill Cases
 Band Aids
 First Aid Kits
 Latex Gloves
 Prescription Bottles
 Burn Lotion
 Glycerin
 Mosquito Spray
 Rubbing Alcohol
 Chap Stick
 Heart Valve Replacement
 Nasal Decongestant
 Surgical Tape
 Syringes
 Vaseline
 Antiseptics
 Hearing Aids
 Anesthetics
 Artificial Limbs
 Eyeglasses And Sunglasses
 Antihistamines
 Cortisone
 Vaporizers
 Denture Adhesives
 Laxatives
 Bactine
 Oxygen Masks
 Stethoscopes
 Prescription Glasses
 Cough Syrup
 Hearing Aids

Kitchen And Household

 Vinegar Bottles
 Egg Cartons
 Meat Trays
 Trash Bags
 Breadboxes
 Freezer Containers
 Melamine Dishware
 Tumblers
 Cake Decorations
 Jars
 Microwave Dishes
 Utensils
 Candles
 Freezer Bags
 Milk Jugs
 Vacuum Bottles
 Coasters
 Gelatin Molds
 Nylon Spatulas
 Wax Paper
 Coffee Pots
 Ice Cream Scoops
 Oven Bags
 Mops
 Drinking Cups
 Ice Trays
 Plastic Containers
 Fabric Softener
 Detergent Bottles
 Plastic Table Service
 Drain Stoppers
 Dish Drainers
 Lunch Boxes
 Pudding Molds
 Sponges
 Dish Scrubbers
 Brushes
 Baggies
 Drinking Straws
 Styrofoam
 Paper Cup Dispensers
 Measuring Cups
 Teflon Coated Pans
 Table Cloths
 Refrigerator Shelves

Beauty

 Cologne
 Hair Brushes
 Lipstick
 Permanent Wave Curlers
 Perfume
 Hair Color
 Mascara Petroleum Jelly
 Comb
 Foam Rubber Curlers
 Shampoo
 Contact Lenses And Cases
 Hair Spray
 Hand Lotion
 Shaving Foam
 Hair Dryers
 Shoe Inserts
 Dentures
 Body Lotion
 Face Masks
 Skin Cleanser
 Deodorants
 Moisturizing Cream
 Soap Holders
 Disposable Razors
 Leather Conditioner
 Mouthwash
 Sunglasses
 Facial Toner
 Lens Cleanser
 Nail Polish
 Sunscreen
 Tooth Brushes
 Toothpaste Tubes
 Vitamins
 Synthetic Wigs
 Bubble Bath
 Soap Capsules

Furnishings

 Carpet Padding
 Naugahyde
 Venetian Blinds
 TV Cabinets
 Extension Cords
 Picture Frames
 Flocked Wallpaper
 Shower Doors
 Formica
 Refrigerator Lining
 Vinyl Wallpaper
 Curtains
 Kitchen Carpet
 Shag Carpet
 Welcome Mats
 Fan Blades
 Lamps
 Shower Curtain
 Patio Furniture
 Swings
 Linoleum
 Upholstery
 Rugs

Building And Home

 Caulking Material
 Light Switch Plates
 Plungers
 Faucet Washers
 Clotheslines
 Measuring Tape
 Polyurethane Stain
 Water Pipes
 Electric Saws
 Paintbrushes
 Propane Bottles
 Wood Floor Cleaner/Wax
 Vinyl Electrical Tape
 Plastic Pipe
 Shingles (Asphalt)
 Light Panels
 Garden Hoses
 Plastic Wood Spackling Paste
 Awnings
 Glazing Compound
 Plexiglas
 Spray Paint
 Enamel
 Epoxy Paint
 Artificial Turf
 Folding Doors
 Floor Wax
 Glue
 House Paint
 Paint Rollers
 Toilet Seats
 Water Pipes
 Putty
 Solvents
 Roofing Material
 Plywood Adhesive
 Sockets
 Propane

Automotive

 Antifreeze
 Flat Tire Fix
 Street Paving (Asphalt)
 Car Battery Cases
 Coolant
 Motor Oil
 Tires
 Loud Speakers
 Bearing Grease
 Sports Car Bodies
 Traffic Cones
 Car Enamel
 Brake Fluid
 Dashboards
 Windshield Wipers
 Visors
 Car Sound Insulation
 Oil Filters
 Car Seats
 Convertible Tops
 Fan Belts
 Gasoline

Miscellaneous

 Ash Trays
 Dog Food Dishes
 Toolboxes
 Cds And Dvds
 Balloons
 Dog Leashes
 Tape Recorders
 Synthetic Rubber
 Bubble Gum
 Dog Toys
 Flashlights
 Nylon Ropes
 Bungee Straps
 Flight Bags
 Disposable Lighters
 Cassette Player
 Flea Collars
 Flutes
 Lighter Fluid
 Cigarette Cases
 Electric Blankets
 Tool Racks
 Name Tags
 Cigarette Filters
 Ammonia
 Newspaper Tubes
 Calibrated Containers
 Insect Repellent
 Phonograph Records (Vinyl)
 Crayons
 Ice Buckets
 Dyes
 Pillows
 Credit Cards
 Flashlights
 Fly Swatters
 Plastic Cup Holders
 Dice
 Movie And Camera Film
 K-Resin
 Rain Bonnets
 Luggage
 Video Cassettes
 Charcoal Lighter
 Rayon
 Safety Glasses, Gloves, Hats
 Shoe Polish
 Signs
 Cassette Tapes
 Toys
 Watch Bands
 Waterproof Boots
 Shopping Bags
 Bedspreads
 Checkbooks
 Covers
 Tobacco Pouches
 Clothes Hangers
 Flea Collars
 Flavors
 Masking Tape
 Safety Flares
 Flags
 Butane
Around The Office
 Ball Point Pens
 Diskettes
 Thermometer
 Ink
 Computers
 Business Card Holders
 Copiers
 Waste Baskets
 Calculators
 Printer Cartridges
 Microfilm
 Name Tags
 Binders
 Erasers
 Rulers
 Scotch Tape
 Magic Markers
 Telephones
Sports, Hobbies And Games
 Backpacks
 Fishing Lures
 Air Mattresses
 Cameras
 Beach Balls
 Fishing Poles
 Hang Gliders
 Vinyl Cases
 Footballs
 Glue Containers
 Puzzles
 Darts
 Frisbees
 Golf Ball And Golf Bags
 Shotgun Shells
 Ear Plugs
 Knitting Needles
 Waterproof Clothing
 Stadium Cushions
 Earphones
 Yarn
 Kites
 Tennis Racquets
 Fabric Dye
 Decoys
 Lifejackets
 Nylon Strings
 Face Protectors
 Volley Balls
 Model Cars
 Plastic Water Guns
 Fishing Bobbers
 Soccer Balls
 Oil Paints
 Parachutes
 Fishing Cylume
 Light Sticks
 Earphones
 Playing Cards
 Photographs
 Monofilament Fishing Lines
 Diving Boards
 Poker Chips
 Goggles
 Rollerskate And Skateboard Wheels
 Whistles
 Guitar Strings
 Picks
 Rafts
 Ice Chests
 Tents
 Sleeping Bags
 Pole Vaulting Poles
 Motorcycle Helmets
 Skis, Water Skis
 Rubber Cement
 Plastic Flowerpots
 Hot Tub Covers
 Sails
 Snorkels
 Monkey Bars
 Photo Albums
 Wet Suits
 Flippers
 Tennis Balls
 Boats
 Insulated Boots

 

Always check the ingredients and avoid them as much as possible. We will come up with more data and facts on this soon.

Courtesy and Source : Illinois Oil and Gas Association

Alert! : World’s Top 10 Cities – Air Pollution

Some of the world’s largest and most densely populated cities have air that’s so polluted that people suffer from lung diseases at rates that are significantly above global averages. Birth defects in these cities are also at extraordinarily high levels, as are heart disease and cancer rates.

Many of these cities are among the fastest-growing in the world. And in some, residents burn wood and coal for warmth, releasing additional deadly pollution into the atmosphere.

But which cities have the world’s worst air? To compile such a list, 24/7 Wall St has reviewed several dozen studies on air quality conducted over the past few years, along with data from government websites and private sources. The review examined data about the following pollutants:

  • Sulfur dioxide: Produced when fossil fuels are burned and is the primary cause of acid rain. Exposure causes eye irritation, coughing, worsening of asthma and respiratory-tract infections.
  • Nitrogen dioxide: Produced by generators, power plants and motor vehicles. It has been shown to cause bronchitis and other pulmonary diseases.
  • Particulates: Refers to a variety of small pollutants, including lead, dust, ammonia, soot and pulverized minerals. They’re a leading cause of lung cancer. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mortality in cities with high levels of particulates “exceeds that observed in relatively cleaner cities by 15% to 20%.”

With that background, here are 24/7′s 10 cities with the worst air quality:

1) Beijing, China (tie)

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Beijing’s air quality has become so bad that the city has recently been engulfed in a hazardous haze. As a result, schools have been forced to cancel outdoor activities, and health experts have asked that children, the elderly and people with respiratory ailments stay indoors. The city recorded the world’s highest level of sulfur dioxide concentrations for 2000 to 2005 and has the third-highest level of nitrogen dioxide behind only Sao Paulo and Mexico City. Pollution improved in 2008 because officials banned roughly half of the city’s cars when it hosted the Olympic Games. Of course, the air got worse again after the games left town.

1) New Delhi, India (tie)

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According to WHO’s most recent findings, New Delhi ranks second in concentrations in particulates, at a level more than six times higher than what WHO considers safe. According to the Harvard International Review, two in every five of the city’s 13.8 million residents suffer from respiratory illness. The report says the main cause of New Delhi’s air pollution is car exhaust and dust kicked up from overcrowded roads. As a result, construction workers and taxi drivers are most at risk for debilitating illness or even early death.

3) Santiago, Chile

According to WHO, a city’s airborne particulate matter should not exceed 50 micro-grams per cubic meter. In Santiago, an alert is issued when the level hits 200 micro-grams. In 2008, on some days the city reached 444 micro-grams. Additionally, Santiago has the second-highest level of ground-level ozone, according to WHO.

4) Mexico City, Mexico

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According to researchers from the University of Salzburg, Mexico City has high concentrations of nearly every major harmful airborne pollutant, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide. By far the worst problem gripping the city is the massive cloud of smog that hangs over it almost every day. Mexico City has the highest level of ground-level ozone in the world, according to WHO.

5) Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar-Downtown-Mongolia-e1365874209989

In Ulaanbaatar, the annual average particulate matter concentrations are 14 times higher than WHO’s recommended level. The city’s poor air quality has caused high incidences of chronic bronchitis and cardiovascular diseases. A thick smog often blankets the city, and at times daytime visibility is so poor that cars must use their headlights.

6) Cairo, Egypt

Mosques of Sultan Hasan and al-Rifa'i Seen from the Citadel

The most recent WHO data ranked Cairo as having the second-highest levels of particulates in the world after New Delhi. Another WHO report, issued a few years ago, equated living in the city of 17.8 million to smoking a pack of cigarettes a day. Because Egypt doesn’t use unleaded gasoline, citizens are exposed to high levels of lead every day. On occasion, Cairo is also under what’s commonly called “the black cloud”: a dense, poisonous mass of smoke caused by the seasonal burning of rice ashes by local farmers.

7) Chongqing, China

Chongqing_China_02-e1365874460519

One of the fastest-growing cities in China, Chongqing has extremely high levels of air pollution because of coal-burning by power plants and industry. The poor air quality is sickening the city’s residents. Studies have found that 4.63% of children under 14 suffer from asthma, although prevalence in girls may be under-reported due to cultural bias. Levels of nitrogen oxide are rising because of vehicle emissions.

8) Guangzhou, China

Guangzhou-Skyline-China-e1365874554283

Guangzhou, a provincial capital, has a population of roughly 12 million and one of the worst levels of particulates in China. Total suspended particles, according to a 2007 study, were worse than in Beijing. Sulfur dioxide levels, according to the most recent WHO data, were second only to Beijing. As industrial production and traffic within Guangzhou continue to increase, more people are suffering from shortness of breath, coughing, dizziness, weakness and nausea.

9) Hong Kong

hong-kong_sightseeing-e1365874675691

Hong Kong features excessive levels of nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide. The Air Pollution Index, which rates the likelihood of people getting ill from breathing a city’s air, has recently reached 500, the highest possible level, for multiple parts of Hong Kong. This year saw the worst levels of pollution since 1995, prompting the government to warn people against doing outdoor activities. These levels were 12 to 14 times worse than WHO standards. No wonder a recent Gallup poll has shown that 70% of Hong Kong’s population are dissatisfied with their horrible air quality.

10) Kabul, Afghanistan

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Because of the war in Afghanistan, the nation’s capital has been flooded by refugees from the surrounding countryside. According to an NPR report, Kabul’s infrastructure is designed for about 500,000 residents, but it now supports more than 5 million. The overcrowded city is full of wood-burning stoves, and gas-powered generators are commonly used to supply electricity that a war-ravaged grid cannot provide. Cars use leaded gasoline, and residents sometimes burn plastic tires to stay warm. As a result of the increasingly high levels of dangerous particulates in the air, President Hamid Karzai has declared a state of emergency in the capital city. According to the director for the Ministry of Public Health, “Air pollution is a huge problem here, it leads to so many diseases — respiratory diseases, allergies, miscarriages and even cancer.”

Courtesy and Source : 24/7 Wall StDaily Finance

Earth our Home too : Bacteria : Trillions of Friends

When we think of bacteria we usually think of something harmful that makes us sick. This is wrong. Most bacteria are not harmful and many bacteria are beneficial. We cannot live without them. There are the bacteria around us and inside us. These are the good bacteria.

Bacteria are among the oldest living things on the Earth. Bacteria have been around for about 4 billion years. This means that bacteria were the dominating life form on Earth for about 3.5 billion years.

Many scientists still believe that bacteria are still the dominant life form. It is estimated that there kg by kg there are more bacteria on the Earth than all other life forms combined.  This includes trees and plants animals and humans, insects and fish.

There are bacteria all over the Earth. There are bacteria on land and in water.  There are bacteria in the soil and deep underground.  There are bacteria flying in the air. There are also bacteria in the food we eat. There are bacteria both on the outside and inside every animal, plant and tree. There are also bacteria on every living human being, both on the skin and in the guts. In short, life on Earth are embedded in bacterial life.

Most of these bacteria are good. Bacteria on the skin keep the skin healthy. Bacteria in the gut help digest the food. Bacteria in the soil help plants grow. Bacteria in the water help clean the water.

Bacteria are simple organisms that consist of one cell. They are among the smallest living things. Most bacteria measure from 0.3 to 2.0 microns in diameter and can only be seen through a microscope. (One micron equals 0.001 millimeter).

There are bacteria around that make us sick.These diseases include cholera, gonorrhea, leprosy, pneumonia, syphilis, tuberculosis, typhoid fever, and whooping cough. The bacteria enter a human being’s body through its natural openings, such as the nose or mouth, or through breaks in the skin. In addition, air, food, and water carry bacteria from one person to another.

Certain kinds of bacteria live in the intestines of human beings and other animals. These bacteria help in digestion and in destroying harmful organisms. Intestinal bacteria also produce some vitamins needed by the body. There are also bacteria on the skin. Many of these bacteria keep the skin healthy and protect us against fungus infections.

When we get sick and take penicillin, we kill the bacteria that make us sick. That is good. But we also kill the bacteria that keep us healthy. That is not good. This is the reason why we sometimes get upset stomach when we get penicillin.

Bacteria keeps the water clean. In the summer, when the sun shines, the still water like this will turn “green”. The green color comes from cyan bacteria, also called blue-green algae.

Bacteria in soil and water play a vital role in recycling carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and other chemical elements used by living things. Many bacteria help decompose (break down) dead organisms and animal wastes into chemical elements. Other bacteria help change chemical elements into forms that can be used by plants and animals. For example, certain kinds of bacteria convert nitrogen in the air and soil into nitrogen compounds that can be used by plants. This means that soil is alive. In good soil unharmed by destructive farming, as much as 25% of the weight consists of bacteria.

We will have to remember that bacteria are living things. The farmer fertilizes the soil with ammonia. He does that to make the crop grow better. It does, because the plants need ammonia to grow. What is forgotten in the process is that the bacteria in the soil are also killed. The ammonia kills them. The very ammonia the farmer applies to the soil to make the plants grow kills many of the bacteria that make ammonia for the plants. In this way the soil slowly dies.

Bacteria are living things. They are alive like us. The same things that poison bacteria are also poisonous to human beings. We are all alike. We are all part of life on this planet. We are all living together. Together we make this planet alive.

good-bacteria-vs-bad-bacteria
LIST OF GOOD BACTERIA

Probiotics— often called “friendly” or “good” bacteria– are live, lactic-acid producing microorganisms that are similar to those found in the human digestive tract. These beneficial bacteria are associated with numerous health benefits. They are also widely used in clinical nutrition and complementary alternative medicine. Experts at the National Institutes of Health note that probiotics show some promise in the treatment of diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, vaginal infections, tooth decay and skin disease.

Probiotics are found in commercial supplements, as well as fermented foods like tempeh, miso and yogurt. The majority of probiotic microbes are members of the Lactobacillus or Bifidobacterium genera, and many species, sub-species and strains exist within these two categories. Additionally, some food manufacturers use patented or proprietary strains that are unavailable through other sources.

Lactobaccilus Acidophilus
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L. acidophilus is one of the most common and versatile probiotics on the market. It is frequently used in yogurt cultures and hundreds of subspecies and strains have been developed. According to the National Institutes of Health, L. acidophilus’ most reliable use is in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis.

Lactobacillus Rhamnosus

Lactobacillus rhamnosus shows some medicinal effects similar to its relative, L. acidophilus, but it is more expensive and has not been subjected to the same amount of study. The “Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology” notes that it “has proven beneficial affects on intestinal immunity.”

Bacillus Coagulans

Once erroneously classified in the Lactobacillus genus, B. coagulans is relatively rare on the supplement market. Unlike Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species, B. coagulans has never been used in commercial foods.

Bifidobacterium Animalis

B. animalis is famed for its ability to improve digestive regularity. It is frequently used for people with irritable bowel syndrome or chronic constipation. One subspecies of B. animalis is used by the yogurt manufacturer Dannon, which markets strain under the patented name “Bifidus regularis.”

Escherichia Coli

While E. coli is rarely considered to be a “good” species of bacteria, some nonpathogenic strains actually hold therapeutic value. One Japanese study, published in 2005 by the journal “Inflammatory Bowel Disease,” found that friendly strains of E. coli can actually prevent and treat ulcerative colitis.

Lactococcus Lactis

L. lactis has only limited medicinal value compared to other probiotic species, but it offers extensive commercial and culinary value. Almost all forms of cheese and buttermilk are manufactured using appropriate strains of L. lactis.

Lactobacillus Reuteri

Sometimes called the universal probiotic, L. reuteri is found in the colons of most animals, where it can fight pathogenic bacteria. L. reuteri is found in human breast milk and may be responsible for some of the immunosupportive and anti-gas effects associated with breastfeeding.

bacteria

LIST OF BAD BACTERIA

Bacteria are microscopic organisms that live in the air, soil and water, on surfaces, and in and on the human body. They are the smallest free-living organisms, meaning they support their own growth and reproduction. These organisms are only about two-thousandth of a millimeter in size. Most bacteria are harmless and, in fact, perform useful functions. Many of the bacteria in the body protect against the harmful effects of other organisms. When they enter internal tissues, however, bacteria can cause disease, discomfort and even death.

Clostridia

Clostridia live harmlessly in soil and the intestines of humans and animals. Some types can infect wounds or cause illness. Clostridium perfringens causes gas gangrene or tissue death. Clostridium difficile can cause antibiotic-induced diarrhea. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, Clostridium is associated with gas gangrene and colitis caused by antibiotics.

Streptococci

Streptococcus pyogenes causes strep throat and many other infections and is a major cause of pneumonia and meningitis. According to Merck Manual of Medical Information, Streptococcus and Clostridia can cause necrotizing skin infections, or infections that cause tissue death, though a combination of bacterial strains may also be to blame for these infections.

Staphylococci

Staphylococci can cause skin infections, such as boils, pustules and abscesses and infections in bones, joints and wounds. Staphylococcus epidermidis normally lives harmlessly on the skin. If it enters artificial joints or heart valves during surgery, however, it can cause dangerous infections. According to the Cleveland Clinic, Staphylococcus aureus and less-frequently, Staphylococcus pyogenes, cause impetigo, a superficial, extremely contagious skin infection.

Listeria and Bacilli

If Listeria monocytogenes infects a pregnant woman, the fetus or newborn may be affected. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Listeria and Bacilli have infected people who have eaten contaminated cheese and cold cooked meats.

Bacilli can be found in soil and water; animals and insects are most often the carriers. Bacillus cereus can cause food poisoning. Bacillus anthracis causes anthrax, which can cause open sores on the skin.

Legionella

There are several species of Legionella bacteria. Legionella pneumophila causes Legionnaires’ disease, an often life-threatening form of pneumonia. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, these bacteria live and thrive in warm, moist environments such as large air conditioning systems.