Know : List of Volcanoes in the World

Volcanoes

List of Volcanoes in the Countries / Region (Click on the Link, to see the list on Wikipedia)
Afghanistan
Antarctica
Argentina
Armenia
Ascension Island
Australia
Azerbaijan
Bolivia
Brazil
Burma
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
The Democratic Republic of The Congo
Costa Rica
Djibouti
Dominica
Ecuador
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Fiji
France
French Polynesia
French SouThern and Antarctic Lands
Georgia (country)
Germany
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Hawaii
Hong Kong
Honduras
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Italy
Japan
Kenya
Korea
Libya
Madagascar
Malaysia
Martinique
Mexico
Mongolia
Montserrat
The NeTherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
Norway
The Pacific Ocean
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Peru
The Philippines
Poland
Portugal
The Republic of Macedonia
Réunion
Russia
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and The Grenadines
Saudi Arabia
The Solomon Islands
South Africa
South Sandwich Islands
Spain
Sudan
Syria
Taiwan
Tanzania
Thailand
Tonga
Tristan da Cunha
Turkey
Uganda
The United Kingdom
The United States
Vanuatu
Vietnam
Wallis Islands
Western Samoa
Yemen
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Know : World Population List and Facts

 

World_population 2014

What is the Total Population of the World?

Check out the list below, but here are some interesting facts about Population

World population refers to the total number of humans living in the world. The world population has been on a constant rise since the Great Famine and Black Death ended in 1350. With more humans born every year than dead, the earth is under increasing pressure to provide for their sustenance. Census is the exercise of counting the number of individuals living in a country. It is held by every country separately at regular intervals. The census come out with interesting facts and figures and some of them are listed below:

1. The world population is estimated to be more than 7.08 billion according the report of USCB (United States Census Bureau).

2. The highest growth rate of world population, ever recorded, was 2.2% back in 1963.

3. The rate of growth of world population reached its lowest level in recorded history during 2011 when it was just 1.1%.

4. The continent with highest population is Asia that accounts for 60% of world’s population. It has 4.2 billion inhabitants.

5. Antarctica is the only continent that does not have permanent inhabitants. Its population varies depending on the number of polar stations established there.

6. China is the most populous country of the world closely followed by India. China has a population of 1.35 billion whereas India closely follows it with a population of 1.21 billion. They, together, are home to 37% of world’s population.

7. Singapore is the most densely populated country of the world housing more than 7300 persons in an area of 1 square kilometer.

8. It is estimated that it took almost 123 years for the world’s population to reach 2 billion mark in 1927 from 1 billion in 1804 whereas it took only 13 years to reach 7 billion in 2012 form 6 billion in 1999.

9. The global sex ratio is 1010 males per 1000 females. This gender imbalance has been because of the severe imbalances present in Indian and Chinese populations.

10. The average life expectancy of the global population is 65.07 years. This means that an individual, on an average, dies at an age of 65.07 years.

11. Women have higher life expectancy of 69 years as compared to men who, on an average, live for only 65 years.

12. If the average weight of a person is considered to be 140 pounds then the total weight of the entire global population is estimated to be 287 million tonnes.

13. 12.44% of world’s population speaks Mandarin making it the most spoken language of the world. Mandarin is followed by Spanish (4.85%) and English (4.83%).

14. The global literacy rate is 85%. This means that 85 out of 100 people of the world which are aged 15 or more can read and write.

15. The number of individuals with age less than 15 years constitute 26.3% of the total population whereas those aged between 15 and 64 have a 65.9% share of the global .population. 7.9% of the world population has an age of 65 years or above.

Rank Continent Population
2013
±% p.a.
2010-2013
World 7,162,119,000 1.17%
1 Asia 4,298,723,000 1.06%
2 Africa 1,110,635,000 2.51%
3 Americas 972,005,000 1.03%
4 Europe 742,452,000 0.10%
5 Oceania 38,304,000 1.47%

Countrywise List

Note: All dependent territories are shown in italics.

Rank Country (or dependent territory) Population Date % of world
population
Source
1  China 1,364,430,000 May 14, 2014 19% Official population clock
2  India 1,244,050,000 May 14, 2014 17.4% Population clock
3  United States 318,036,000 May 14, 2014 4.44% Official population clock
4  Indonesia 247,424,598 July 1, 2013 3.45% Official estimate
5  Brazil 202,554,000 May 14, 2014 2.83% Official population clock
6  Pakistan 186,444,000 May 14, 2014 2.6% Official population clock[9]
7  Nigeria 173,615,000 July 1, 2013 2.42% UN projection[6]
8  Bangladesh 152,518,015 July 16, 2012 2.13% Official estimate
9  Russia 143,700,000 January 1, 2014 2.04% Official estimate
10  Japan 127,140,000 April 1, 2014 1.78% Monthly official estimate
11  Mexico 119,713,203 July 1, 2014 1.67% CONAPO Official projection
12  Philippines 99,559,300 May 14, 2014 1.39% Official population clock
13  Vietnam 89,708,900 July 1, 2013 1.25% Official estimate
14  Ethiopia 86,613,986 July 1, 2013 1.21% Official estimate
15  Egypt 86,452,000 May 14, 2014 1.21% Official population clock
16  Germany 80,716,000 September 30, 2013 1.13% Monthly official estimate
17  Iran 77,430,000 May 14, 2014 1.08% Official population clock
18  Turkey 76,667,864 December 31, 2013 1.07% Official estimate
19  Democratic Republic of the Congo 67,514,000 July 1, 2013 0.94% UN projection
20  France[10] 65,885,000 April 1, 2014 0.92% Monthly official estimate
21  Thailand 64,456,700 July 1, 2012 0.9% Official estimate
22  United Kingdom 63,705,000 July 1, 2012 0.89% Official estimate
23  Italy 60,021,955 November 30, 2013 0.84% Monthly official estimate
24  Burma 53,259,000 July 1, 2013 0.74% UN projection
25  South Africa 52,981,991 July 1, 2013 0.74% Official estimate
26  South Korea 50,423,955 July 1, 2014 0.7% Official projection
27  Colombia 47,590,000 May 14, 2014 0.66% Official population clock
28  Spain 46,609,700 July 1, 2013 0.65% Annual official estimate
29  Ukraine 45,395,604 March 1, 2014 0.63% Monthly official estimate
30  Tanzania 44,928,923 August 26, 2012 0.63% 2012 census result
31  Kenya 44,354,000 July 1, 2013 0.62% UN projection
32  Argentina 42,669,500 July 1, 2014 0.6% Official annual projection
33  Algeria 38,700,000 January 1, 2014 0.54% Official estimate
34  Poland 38,496,000 December 31, 2013 0.54% Official estimate
35  Sudan 37,289,406 July 1, 2014 0.52% Official annual projection
36  Uganda 35,357,000 July 1, 2013 0.49% Annual official estimate
37  Canada 35,344,962 January 1, 2014 0.49% Official estimate
38  Iraq 34,035,000 July 1, 2012 0.48% Annual official estimate
39  Morocco 33,258,800 May 14, 2014 0.46% Official population clock
40  Peru 30,475,144 June 30, 2013 0.43% Annual official estimate
41  Uzbekistan 30,183,400 July 1, 2013 0.42% Official estimate
42  Malaysia 30,114,000 May 14, 2014 0.42% Official population clock
43  Saudi Arabia 29,994,272 July 1, 2013 0.42% Official estimate
44  Venezuela 28,946,101 October 30, 2011 0.4% Preliminary 2011 census result
45    Nepal 26,494,504 June 22, 2011 0.37% Final 2011 census result
46  Afghanistan 25,500,100 January 1, 2013 0.36% Official estimate
47  Yemen 25,235,000 July 1, 2013 0.35% Official estimate
48  North Korea 24,895,000 July 1, 2013 0.35% UN projection
49  Ghana 24,658,823 September 26, 2010 0.34% Final 2010 census result
50  Mozambique 23,700,715 July 1, 2012 0.33% Official estimate
51  Australia 23,489,400 May 14, 2014 0.328% Official population clock
52  Taiwan 23,382,948 April 30, 2014 0.33% Monthly official estimate
53  Ivory Coast 23,202,000 July 1, 2012 0.32% Official estimate
54  Syria 21,898,000 July 1, 2013 0.31% UN projection
55  Madagascar 21,263,403 July 1, 2012 0.3% Annual official estimate
56  Angola 20,609,294 July 1, 2012 0.29% Official estimate
57  Cameroon 20,386,799 July 1, 2012 0.28% Annual official estimate
58  Sri Lanka 20,277,597 March 21, 2012 0.28% Preliminary 2012 census result
59  Romania 20,121,641 October 20, 2011 0.28% Final 2011 census result
60  Chile 17,620,000 July 1, 2013 0.25% UN projection
61  Burkina Faso 17,322,796 July 1, 2013 0.24% Official estimate
62  Kazakhstan 17,221,000 April 1, 2014 0.24% Monthly official estimate
63  Niger 17,138,707 December 10, 2012 0.24% Preliminary 2012 census result
64  Netherlands 16,850,400 May 14, 2014 0.24% Official population clock
65  Malawi 16,363,000 July 1, 2013 0.23% UN projection
66  Guatemala 15,806,675 June 30, 2014 0.22% Official estimate
67  Ecuador 15,739,500 May 14, 2014 0.22% Official population clock
68  Mali 15,302,000 July 1, 2013 0.21% UN projection
69  Cambodia 15,135,000 July 1, 2013 0.21% UN projection
70  Zambia 14,580,290 July 1, 2013 0.2% Official estimate
71  Zimbabwe 13,061,239 August 17, 2012 0.18% 2012 Census Result
72  Senegal 12,873,601 November 19, 2013 0.18% Preliminary 2013 census result
73  Chad 12,825,000 July 1, 2013 0.18% UN projection
74  South Sudan 11,296,000 July 1, 2013 0.16% UN projection
75  Belgium 11,190,649 March 1, 2014 0.16% Monthly official estimate
76  Cuba 11,167,325 September 15, 2012 0.16% Preliminary 2012 census result
77  Tunisia 10,886,500 July 1, 2013 0.15% Official estimate
78  Guinea 10,824,200 July 1, 2010 0.15% Official estimate
79  Greece 10,815,197 May 24, 2011 0.15% Final 2011 census result
80  Rwanda 10,537,222 August 15, 2012 0.15% Preliminary 2012 census result
81  Czech Republic 10,512,400 December 31, 2013 0.15% Official quarterly estimate
82  Somalia 10,496,000 July 1, 2013 0.15% UN projection
83  Portugal 10,477,800 December 31, 2013 0.15% Annual official estimate
84  Haiti 10,413,211 July 1, 2012 0.15% Official estimate
85  Bolivia 10,027,254 November 21, 2012 0.14% 2012 census result
86  Benin 9,988,068 July 1, 2014 0.14% Official annual projection
87  Hungary 9,879,000 January 1, 2014 0.14% Annual official estimate
88  Sweden 9,666,871 March 31, 2014 0.13% Monthly official estimate
89  Azerbaijan 9,477,100 December 31, 2013 0.13% Official estimate
90  Belarus 9 467,000 April 1, 2014 0.13% Monthly official estimate
91  Dominican Republic 9,445,281 December 1, 2010 0.13% Final 2010 census result
92  Burundi 9,420,248 July 1, 2013 0.13% Official estimate
93  United Arab Emirates 9,346,000 July 1, 2013 0.13% UN projection
94  Honduras 8,555,072 July 1, 2013 0.12% Annual official estimate
95  Austria 8,504,850 January 1, 2014 0.12% Official quarterly estimate
96  Israel 8,169,700 March 31, 2014 0.11% Official Monthly Estimate
97  Tajikistan 8,160,000 January 1, 2014 0.11% Official estimate
98   Switzerland 8,136,700 December 31, 2013 0.11% Annual provisional figure
99  Papua New Guinea 7,398,500 July 1, 2013 0.103% Annual official estimate
100  Bulgaria 7,245,677 December 31, 2013 0.101% Official estimate
101  Hong Kong (China) 7,219,700 December 31, 2013 0.101% Official estimate
102  Serbia 7,181,505 January 1, 2013 0.1% Annual official estimate
103  Paraguay 6,783,374 2013 0.095% Official estimate
104  Jordan 6,582,890 May 14, 2014 0.0919% Official population clock
105  Laos 6,580,800 July 1, 2013 0.092% Annual official estimate
106  El Salvador 6,340,000 July 1, 2013 0.089% UN projection
107  Eritrea 6,333,000 July 1, 2013 0.088% UN projection
108  Libya 6,202,000 July 1, 2013 0.087% UN projection
109  Togo 6,191,155 November 6, 2010 0.086% Final 2010 census result
110  Sierra Leone 6,190,280 2013 0.086% Official estimate
111  Nicaragua 6,071,045 June 30, 2012 0.085% Official estimate
112  Kyrgyzstan 5,776,570 2014 0.081% Official estimate
113  Denmark 5,634,437 April 1, 2014 0.079% Quarterly official estimate
114  Finland 5,453,784 February 28, 2014 0.076% Monthly official estimate
115  Slovakia 5,415,949 December 31, 2013 0.076% Official estimate
116  Singapore 5,399,200 July 1, 2013 0.075% Official estimate
117  Turkmenistan 5,240,000 July 1, 2013 0.073% UN projection
118  Norway 5,109,056 January 1, 2014 0.071% Quarterly official estimate
119  Lebanon 4,822,000 July 1, 2013 0.067% UN projection
120  Costa Rica 4,667,096 July 1, 2013 0.065% Official estimate
121  Central African Republic 4,616,000 July 1, 2013 0.064% UN projection
122  Ireland 4,593,100 April 1, 2013 0.064% Annual official estimate
123  New Zealand 4,529,170 May 14, 2014 0.063% Official population clock
124  Georgia 4,490,500 January 1, 2014 0.063% Annual official estimate
125  Republic of the Congo 4,448,000 July 1, 2013 0.062% UN projection
126  Palestine 4,420,549 July 1, 2013 0.062% Official estimate
127  Liberia 4,294,000 July 1, 2013 0.06% UN projection
128  Croatia 4,290,612 March 31, 2011 0.114% 2011 census result
129  Moldova 4,062,800 January 1, 2014 0.05% Official estimate
130  Oman 4,018,000 April 30, 2014 0.056% Monthly official estimate
131  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,791,622 October 15, 2013 0.053% Preliminary 2013 census result
132  Puerto Rico (USA) 3,615,086 July 1, 2013 0.05% Official estimate
133  Mauritania 3,461,041 July 1, 2013 0.048% Annual official estimate
134  Panama 3,405,813 May 16, 2010 0.048% Final 2010 census result
135  Uruguay 3,286,314 September 30, 2011 0.046% Final 2011 census result
136  Kuwait 3,065,850 July 1, 2011 0.043% Official estimate
137  Armenia 3,017,400 December 31, 2013 0.042% Quarterly official estimate
138  Lithuania 2,939,431 March 1, 2014 0.041% Monthly official estimate
139  Mongolia 2,931,300 December 31, 2013 0.041% Official preliminary result
140  Albania 2,821,977 October 1, 2011 0.039% 2011 census result
141  Jamaica 2,711,476 December 31, 2012 0.038% Annual official estimate
142  Qatar 2,155,446 April 30, 2014 0.301% Monthly official estimate
143  Namibia 2,113,077 August 28, 2011 0.03% Final 2011 census result
144  Lesotho 2,074,000 July 1, 2013 0.029% UN projection
145  Slovenia 2,062,601 May 14, 2014 0.029% Official population clock
146  Macedonia 2,062,294 December 31, 2012 0.029% Official estimate
147  Botswana 2,024,904 August 22, 2011 0.028% Final 2011 census result
148  Latvia 2,003,000 March 1, 2014 0.028% Monthly official estimate
149  Gambia 1,882,450 April 15, 2013 0.026% Preliminary 2013 census result
150  Kosovo 1,815,606 December 31, 2012 0.025% Official estimate
151  Guinea-Bissau 1,704,000 July 1, 2013 0.024% UN projection
152  Gabon 1,672,000 July 1, 2013 0.023% UN projection
153  Equatorial Guinea 1,622,000 July 1, 2010 0.023% Annual official estimate
154  Trinidad and Tobago 1,328,019 January 9, 2011 0.019% 2011 census result
155  Estonia 1,311,870 January 1, 2014 0.018% Official estimate
156  Mauritius 1,257,900 July 3, 2011 0.018% 2011 census result
157  Swaziland 1,250,000 July 1, 2013 0.017% UN projection
158  Bahrain 1,234,571 April 27, 2010 0.017% Final 2010 census result
159  Timor-Leste 1,066,409 July 11, 2010 0.015% Final 2010 census result
160  Djibouti 873,000 July 1, 2013 0.012% UN projection
161  Cyprus 865,878 December 31, 2012 0.012% Official estimate
162  Fiji 858,038 July 1, 2012 0.012% Annual official estimate
163  Réunion (France) 840,974 January 1, 2013 0.012% Official annual estimate
164  Guyana 784,894 July 1, 2010 0.011% Annual official estimate
165  Bhutan 747,290 May 14, 2014 0.0104% Official population clock
166  Comoros 743,798 July 1, 2013 0.0104% Official estimate
167  Montenegro 620,029 April 1, 2011 0.0087% Final 2011 census result
168  Macau (China) 607,500 December 31, 2013 0.0084% Official quaterly estimate
169  Solomon Islands 581,344 July 1, 2013 0.0081% Annual official estimate
170  Western Sahara 567,000 July 1, 2013 0.0079% UN projection
171  Luxembourg 549,700 December 31, 2013 0.0075% Annual official estimate
172  Suriname 534,189 August 13, 2012 0.0075% Preliminary 2012 census result
173  Cape Verde 491,875 June 16, 2010 0.0069% Final 2010 census result
174  Malta 416,055 November 20, 2011 0.0058% Preliminary 2011 census result
175  Guadeloupe (France) 405,739 January 1, 2013 0.0057% Official annual estimate
176  Brunei 393,162 June 20, 2011 0.0055% Preliminary 2011 census result
177  Martinique (France) 392,291 January 1, 2011 0.0055% Official annual estimate
178  Bahamas 351,461 May 3, 2010 0.0049% Final 2010 census result
179  Belize 349,728 July 1, 2013 0.0049% Official estimate
180  Iceland 326,340 March 31, 2014 0.0045% Quarterly official estimate
181  Maldives 317,280 July 1, 2010 0.0044% Official estimate
182  Barbados 285,000 July 1, 2013 0.004% Official estimate
183  French Polynesia (France) 268,270 August 22, 2012 0.0037% Preliminary 2012 census result
184  Vanuatu 264,652 July 1, 2013 0.0037% Annual official estimate
185  New Caledonia (France) 258,958 July 1, 2013 0.0036% Annual official estimate
186  French Guiana (France) 237,549 January 1, 2011 0.0033% Official annual estimate
187  Mayotte (France) 212,645 August 21, 2012 0.003% 2012 census result
188  Samoa 187,820 November 7, 2011 0.0026% Final 2011 census result
189  São Tomé and Príncipe 187,356 May 13, 2012 0.0026% 2012 census result
190  Saint Lucia 180,000 May 10, 2013 0.0025% Preliminary 2010 census result
191  Guam (USA) 159,358 April 1, 2010 0.0022% Final 2010 census result
192  Curaçao (Netherlands) 150,563 March 26, 2011 0.0021% 2011 census result
193  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,000 July 1, 2013 0.0015% UN projection
194  Kiribati 106,461 July 1, 2013 0.0015% Annual official estimate
195  United States Virgin Islands (USA) 106,405 April 1, 2010 0.0015% Final 2010 census result
196  Grenada 103,328 May 12, 2011 0.0014% 2011 census result
197  Tonga 103,036 November 30, 2011 0.0014% 2011 census result
198  Aruba (Netherlands) 101,484 September 29, 2010 0.0014% 2010 census result
199  Federated States of Micronesia 101,351 July 1, 2013 0.0014% Annual official estimate
200  Jersey (UK) 99,000 December 31, 2012 0.0014% 2011 census result
201  Seychelles 90,945 August 26, 2010 0.0013% Final 2010 census result
202  Antigua and Barbuda 86,295 May 27, 2011 0.0012% Preliminary 2011 census result
203  Isle of Man (UK) 84,497 March 27, 2011 0.0012% 2011 census result
204  Andorra 76,098 July 1, 2013 0.0011% Annual official estimate
205  Dominica 71,293 May 14, 2011 0.001% Preliminary 2011 census result
206  Bermuda (UK) 64,237 May 20, 2010 0.0009% Final 2010 census result
207  Guernsey (UK) 63,085 March 31, 2012 0.00088% Annual official estimate
208  Greenland (Denmark) 56,483 July 1, 2013 0.00079% Annual official estimate
209  Marshall Islands 56,086 July 1, 2013 0.00078% Annual official estimate
210  American Samoa (USA) 55,519 April 1, 2010 0.00078% Final 2010 census result
211  Cayman Islands (UK) 55,456 October 10, 2010 0.00077% Final 2010 census result
212  Saint Kitts and Nevis 54,000 July 1, 2013 0.00075% UN projection
213  Northern Mariana Islands (USA) 53,883 April 1, 2010 0.00075% Final 2010 census result
214  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 48,308 January 1, 2014 0.00067% Monthly official estimate
215  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 37,429 January 1, 2010 0.00052% Official estimate
216  Liechtenstein 37,132 December 31, 2013 0.00052% Semi annual official estimate
217  Saint Martin (France) 36,979 January 1, 2010 0.00052% Official estimate
218  Monaco 36,950 December 31, 2013 0.0005% Annual official estimate
219  San Marino 32,646 March 31, 2014 0.00046% Monthly official estimate
220  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 31,458 January 25, 2012 0.00044% 2012 census result
221  Gibraltar (UK) 30,001 December 31, 2012 0.00042% Annual official estimate
222  British Virgin Islands (UK) 29,537 July 1, 2010 0.00041% Annual official estimate
223  Åland Islands (Finland) 28,502 December 31, 2012 0.0004% Official estimate
224  Caribbean Netherlands (Netherlands) 23,296 January 1, 2013 0.00033% Official estimate
225  Palau 20,901 July 1, 2013 0.00029% Annual official estimate
226  Cook Islands (NZ) 14,974 December 1, 2011 0.00021% Final 2011 census result
227  Anguilla (UK) 13,452 May 11, 2011 0.00019% Preliminary 2011 census result
228  Wallis and Futuna (France) 13,135 July 1, 2013 0.00018% Annual official estimate
229  Tuvalu 11,323 July 1, 2013 0.00016% Annual official estimate
230  Nauru 9,945 October 30, 2011 0.00014% 2011 census result
231  Saint Barthélemy (France) 8,938 January 1, 2010 0.00012% Official estimate
232  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 6,081 January 1, 2010 0.000085% Official estimate
233  Montserrat (UK) 4,922 May 12, 2011 0.000069% 2011 census result
234  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 4,000 July 1, 2013 0.000056% UN projection
235  Falkland Islands (UK) 3,000 July 1, 2013 0.000042% UN projection
236  Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Norway) 2,655 September 1, 2012 0.000037% Official estimate
237  Norfolk Island (Australia) 2,302 August 9, 2011 0.000032% 2011 census result
238  Christmas Island (Australia) 2,072 August 9, 2011 0.000029% 2011 census result
239  Niue (NZ) 1,613 September 10, 2011 0.000023% Final 2011 census result
240  Tokelau (NZ) 1,411 October 18, 2011 0.000020% Final 2011 census result
241   Vatican City 839 July 1, 2012 0.000012% Official estimate
242  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 596 January 14, 2014 0.0000083% 2011 census result
243  Pitcairn Islands (UK) 56 February 1, 2013 0.00000078% Official estimate

Documentary : Know Antarctica


Antarctica

Antarctica is Earth‘s southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole. It is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14.0 million km2(5.4 million sq mi), it is the fifth-largest continent in area after AsiaAfricaNorth America, and South America. For comparison, Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages at least 1.9 kilometres (1.2 mi) in thickness, which extends to all but the northernmost reaches of the Antarctic Peninsula.

Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents. Antarctica is considered a desert, with annual precipitation of only 200 mm (8 inches) along the coast and far less inland. The temperature in Antarctica has reached −89 °C (−129 °F). There are no permanent human residents, but anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 people reside throughout the year at the research stations scattered across the continent. Only cold-adapted organisms survive, including many types of algaebacteriafungiplantsprotista, and certain animals, such as mitesnematodespenguinsseals and tardigrades. Vegetation where it occurs is tundra.

Although myths and speculation about a Terra Australis (“Southern Land”) date back to antiquity, the Russian expedition of Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev on Vostok and Mirny first sighted a continental ice shelf in 1820. The continent, however, remained largely neglected for the rest of the 19th century because of its hostile environment, lack of resources, and isolation.

The Antarctic Treaty was signed in 1959 by 12 countries; to date, 49 countries have signed the treaty. The treaty prohibits military activities and mineral mining, prohibits nuclear explosions and nuclear waste disposal, supports scientific research, and protects the continent’s ecozone. Ongoing experiments are conducted by more than 4,000 scientists from many nations.


Bonus Documentary


Courtesy : Youtube : ExploreTravelWorldGeoff Head

6 pics for the 6th Sense : Penguins Vs Humans :)

Is this close enough!

Is this close enough!

Sorry, humans taught me to speak like this :P

Sorry, humans taught me to speak like this 😛

Surprise...

Surprise…

It's our land buddy

It’s our land buddy

Let's see Human's Earth through this...

Let’s see Human’s Earth through this…

Well, better you teach them Penguin

Well, better you teach them Penguin

 

More posts : 6 pics for the 6th Sense

 

Know : Antarctic Treaty

Flag of the Antarctic Treaty.

Flag of the Antarctic Treaty. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Antarctic Treaty System is the whole complex of arrangements made for the purpose of regulating relations among states in the Antarctic. At its heart is the Antarctic Treaty itself. The original Parties to the Treaty were the 12 nations active in the Antarctic during the International Geophysical Year of 1957-58. The Treaty was signed in Washington on 1 December 1959 and entered into force on 23 June 1961. The Consultative Parties comprise the original Parties and other States that have become Consultative Parties by acceding to the Treaty and demonstrating their interest in Antarctica by carrying out a substantial scientific activity there.

The primary purpose of the Antarctic Treaty is to ensure “in the interests of all mankind that Antarctica shall continue forever to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and shall not become the scene or object of international discord.” To this end it prohibits military activity, except in support of science; prohibits nuclear explosions and the disposal of nuclear waste; promotes scientific research and the exchange of data; and holds all territorial claims in abeyance. The Treaty applies to the area south of 60° South Latitude, including all ice shelves and islands.

The Treaty is augmented by Recommendations adopted at Consultative Meetings, by the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty (Madrid, 1991), and by two separate conventions dealing with the Conservation of Antarctic Seals (London 1972), and the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (Canberra 1980). The Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities (Wellington 1988), negotiated between 1982 and 1988, will not enter into force.

Signatories to the Antarctic Treaty

The Antarctic Treaty was signed in Washington on 1 December 1959 by 12 states, and entered into force for those states on 23 June 1961. Below are listed in chronological order the dates of ratification of the Treaty by the original signatories, the dates of accession or succession by other states, and the dates upon which acceding states became Consultative Parties.

OS = Original Signatory
CP = Consultative party
AS = Acceding State

  State Date Status Date when Acceding State became Consultative Party
1 United Kingdom 31 May 1960 OS/CP  
2 South Africa 21 June 1960 OS/CP  
3 Belgium 26 July 1960 OS/CP  
4 Japan 4 August 1960 OS/CP  
5 United States of America 18 August 1960 OS/CP  
6 Norway 24 August 1960 OS/CP  
7 France 16 September 1960 OS/CP  
8 New Zealand 1 November 1960 OS/CP  
9 Russia 1 2 November 1960 OS/CP  
10 Poland 8 June 1961 AS/CP 29 July 1977
11 Argentina 23 June 1961 OS/CP  
12 Australia 23 June 1961 OS/CP  
13 Chile 23 June 1961 OS/CP  
14 Czech Republic 2 14 June 1962 AS  
15 Slovak Republic 2 14 June 1962 AS  
16 Denmark 20 May 1965 AS  
17 Netherlands 30 March 1967 AS/CP 19 November 1990
18 Romania 15 September 1971 AS  
  German Democratic Republic 3 19 November 1974 AS/CP 5 October 1987
19 Brazil 16 May 1975 AS/CP 12 September 1983
20 Bulgaria 11 September 1978 AS/CP 25 May 1998
21 Germany, Federal Republic of 5 February 1979 AS/CP 3 March 1981
22 Uruguay 11 January 1980 AS/CP 7 October 1985
23 Papua New Guinea 4 16 March 1981 AS  
24 Italy 18 March 1981 AS/CP 5 October 1987
25 Peru 10 April 1981 AS/CP 9 October 1989
26 Spain 31 March 1982 AS/CP 21 September 1988
27 China, People’s Republic of 8 June 1983 AS/CP 7 October 1985
28 India 19 August 1983 AS/CP 12 September 1983
29 Hungary 27 January 1984 AS  
30 Sweden 24 April 1984 AS/CP 21 September 1988
31 Finland 15 May 1984 AS/CP 9 October 1989
32 Cuba 16 August 1984 AS  
33 Korea, Republic of 28 November 1986 AS/CP 9 October 1989
34 Greece 8 January 1987 AS  
35 Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of 21 January 1987 AS  
36 Austria 25 August 1987 AS  
37 Ecuador 15 September 1987 AS/CP 19 November 1990
38 Canada 4 May 1988 AS  
39 Colombia 31 January 1989 AS  
40 Switzerland 15 November 1990 AS  
41 Guatemala 31 July 1991 AS  
42 Ukraine 28 October 1992 AS/CP 17 June 2005
43 Turkey 25 January 1996 AS  
44 Venezuela 24 March 1999 AS  
45 Estonia 17 May 2001 AS  
46 Belarus 27 December 2006 AS  
47 Monaco 30 May 2008 AS  
48 Portugal 29 January 2010 AS  

Notes

1. Known as the Soviet Union until December 1990.
2. Succeeded to the Treaty as part of Czechoslovakia which separated into two republics on 1 January 1993.
3. Became united with the Federal Republic of Germany on 3 October 1990 (now known as Germany).
4. Succeeded to the Treaty after independence from Australia.
Courtesy : www.scar.org