Know: ‘The Most Hated Tree’ in the World

Prosopis juliflora

There is no harmful living being in this earth and nature created everything with specific roles to play, in order to balance the ecosystem. But sometimes a few living beings can be regarded as harmful to some other species.

Would you hate a tree which can grow in any extremely arid environment, saline soil and stay ever green? Most importantly it can grow fast on its own! Are we supposed to hate such a tree? If I say ‘Yes’ you would feel that I am insane. But there are people who hate such special trees! 

You must have seen this Tree in your villages, even urban bushes or alongside roads.Prosopis juliflora” also called as  algarrobe,cambróncashawépinardmesquitemostrenco, or mathenge is probably the most hated tree in the world now. Many countries declared this a weed and prohibited them planting this. Destruction campaigns are actively happening in many parts of the world to weed out these trees.

Why people hate this tree?

Prosopis juliflora Commonly called as “Mesquite” is a shrub or small tree. It is native to Mexico, South America and the Caribbean. It has become established as an invasive weed in Africa, Asia, Australia and elsewhere.

It has become an invasive weed in several countries where it was introduced. It is considered a noxious invader in Ethiopia, in Hawaii, in Sri Lanka, Jamaica, the Middle East, India, Nigeria, Sudan, Somalia, Senegal and southern Africa. It is also a major weed in the southwestern United States. It is hard and expensive to remove as the plant can regenerate from the roots. Its aggressive growth leads to a monoculture, denying native plants water and sunlight, and not providing food for native animals and cattle.

Prosopis juliflora2

DEVIL TREE : Grazing areas are scarce and vegetation sparse. In recent years this precious grazing land has been invaded by an aggressive, thorny plant called Prosopis (Prosopis juliflora), known to locals as the devil tree. – Farm Africa

A mature tree can produce hundreds of thousands of seeds. Seeds remain viable for up to 10 years. The tree reproduces by way of seeds, not vegetatively. Seeds are spread by cattle and other animals that consume the seed pods and spread the seeds in their droppings.

Prosopis juliflora Seeds

Its roots are able to grow to a great depth in search of water: in 1960, they were discovered at a depth of 53 meters (175 feet) at an open-pit mine near Tucson, Arizona, putting them among the deepest known roots.

In Australia, mesquite has colonized more than 800,000 hectares of arable land, having severe economic and environmental impacts. With its thorns and many low branches it forms impenetrable thickets which prevent cattle from accessing watering holes, etc. It also takes over pastoral grasslands and uses scarce water. Livestock which consume excessive amounts of seed pods are poisoned. It causes land erosion due to the loss of the grasslands that are habitats for native plants and animals. 

In Sri Lanka this mesquite was planted in the 1950s near Hambantota as a shade and erosion control tree. It then invaded the grass lands in and around Hambantota.

In the Arabian Peninsula where P. juliflorais invasive has strong negative impacts on native species despite increases in the concentrations of some nutrients in sub-canopy soil.[Source]

The Survivor:

Scientists say P. juliflora has survived where other tree species have failed.

The concern in the 1970s and 1980s about deforestation, desertification and fuel wood shortage prompted a wave of projects, leading to the introduction of the species on a large-scale manner in the State and elsewhere.

They say the invasion by this species is going in several areas. The growth and spread of Prosopis is tremendous mainly due to its inbuilt mechanism to overcome adverse conditions. The ‘proline’ content in Prosopis is high under stress conditions, which helped the plant to thrive under extreme drought. – Courtesy : The Hindu

Prosopis was introduced in India during the 1870s to meet the fuel wood demand and in Tamil Nadu the 1960

It is called bayahonda blanca in Spanish, bayarone Français in French, in Hindi it is called angaraji babulKabuli kikarvilayati babulvilayati khejra or vilayati kikar. In Gujarati it is called gando baval, in Marwari, baavlia, in Kannada it is known as “Ballaari Jaali” and in Tamil language it is known as cheemai karuvel (சீமைக்கருவேலை)

Every species has it’s role to play as we mentioned earlier. This Tree has nothing to consider it as evil or to hate it. The only this is that it has spread in wrong habitats. Just like letting Lions to live free in cities. Regardless of whatever the negatives that the people see in this tree, I consider this as a Solid Fighter and a Rock Tree to survive even in Deserts. Let these trees find its actual home, where no other trees or plants can grow. The nature will do the rest of its magic which many of us are reluctant to accept. Hope people see this from the nature’s perspective.


Courtesy : Wikipedia, The Hindu, Farm Africawww.fao.org

Know : World Population List and Facts

 

World_population 2014

What is the Total Population of the World?

Check out the list below, but here are some interesting facts about Population

World population refers to the total number of humans living in the world. The world population has been on a constant rise since the Great Famine and Black Death ended in 1350. With more humans born every year than dead, the earth is under increasing pressure to provide for their sustenance. Census is the exercise of counting the number of individuals living in a country. It is held by every country separately at regular intervals. The census come out with interesting facts and figures and some of them are listed below:

1. The world population is estimated to be more than 7.08 billion according the report of USCB (United States Census Bureau).

2. The highest growth rate of world population, ever recorded, was 2.2% back in 1963.

3. The rate of growth of world population reached its lowest level in recorded history during 2011 when it was just 1.1%.

4. The continent with highest population is Asia that accounts for 60% of world’s population. It has 4.2 billion inhabitants.

5. Antarctica is the only continent that does not have permanent inhabitants. Its population varies depending on the number of polar stations established there.

6. China is the most populous country of the world closely followed by India. China has a population of 1.35 billion whereas India closely follows it with a population of 1.21 billion. They, together, are home to 37% of world’s population.

7. Singapore is the most densely populated country of the world housing more than 7300 persons in an area of 1 square kilometer.

8. It is estimated that it took almost 123 years for the world’s population to reach 2 billion mark in 1927 from 1 billion in 1804 whereas it took only 13 years to reach 7 billion in 2012 form 6 billion in 1999.

9. The global sex ratio is 1010 males per 1000 females. This gender imbalance has been because of the severe imbalances present in Indian and Chinese populations.

10. The average life expectancy of the global population is 65.07 years. This means that an individual, on an average, dies at an age of 65.07 years.

11. Women have higher life expectancy of 69 years as compared to men who, on an average, live for only 65 years.

12. If the average weight of a person is considered to be 140 pounds then the total weight of the entire global population is estimated to be 287 million tonnes.

13. 12.44% of world’s population speaks Mandarin making it the most spoken language of the world. Mandarin is followed by Spanish (4.85%) and English (4.83%).

14. The global literacy rate is 85%. This means that 85 out of 100 people of the world which are aged 15 or more can read and write.

15. The number of individuals with age less than 15 years constitute 26.3% of the total population whereas those aged between 15 and 64 have a 65.9% share of the global .population. 7.9% of the world population has an age of 65 years or above.

Rank Continent Population
2013
±% p.a.
2010-2013
World 7,162,119,000 1.17%
1 Asia 4,298,723,000 1.06%
2 Africa 1,110,635,000 2.51%
3 Americas 972,005,000 1.03%
4 Europe 742,452,000 0.10%
5 Oceania 38,304,000 1.47%

Countrywise List

Note: All dependent territories are shown in italics.

Rank Country (or dependent territory) Population Date % of world
population
Source
1  China 1,364,430,000 May 14, 2014 19% Official population clock
2  India 1,244,050,000 May 14, 2014 17.4% Population clock
3  United States 318,036,000 May 14, 2014 4.44% Official population clock
4  Indonesia 247,424,598 July 1, 2013 3.45% Official estimate
5  Brazil 202,554,000 May 14, 2014 2.83% Official population clock
6  Pakistan 186,444,000 May 14, 2014 2.6% Official population clock[9]
7  Nigeria 173,615,000 July 1, 2013 2.42% UN projection[6]
8  Bangladesh 152,518,015 July 16, 2012 2.13% Official estimate
9  Russia 143,700,000 January 1, 2014 2.04% Official estimate
10  Japan 127,140,000 April 1, 2014 1.78% Monthly official estimate
11  Mexico 119,713,203 July 1, 2014 1.67% CONAPO Official projection
12  Philippines 99,559,300 May 14, 2014 1.39% Official population clock
13  Vietnam 89,708,900 July 1, 2013 1.25% Official estimate
14  Ethiopia 86,613,986 July 1, 2013 1.21% Official estimate
15  Egypt 86,452,000 May 14, 2014 1.21% Official population clock
16  Germany 80,716,000 September 30, 2013 1.13% Monthly official estimate
17  Iran 77,430,000 May 14, 2014 1.08% Official population clock
18  Turkey 76,667,864 December 31, 2013 1.07% Official estimate
19  Democratic Republic of the Congo 67,514,000 July 1, 2013 0.94% UN projection
20  France[10] 65,885,000 April 1, 2014 0.92% Monthly official estimate
21  Thailand 64,456,700 July 1, 2012 0.9% Official estimate
22  United Kingdom 63,705,000 July 1, 2012 0.89% Official estimate
23  Italy 60,021,955 November 30, 2013 0.84% Monthly official estimate
24  Burma 53,259,000 July 1, 2013 0.74% UN projection
25  South Africa 52,981,991 July 1, 2013 0.74% Official estimate
26  South Korea 50,423,955 July 1, 2014 0.7% Official projection
27  Colombia 47,590,000 May 14, 2014 0.66% Official population clock
28  Spain 46,609,700 July 1, 2013 0.65% Annual official estimate
29  Ukraine 45,395,604 March 1, 2014 0.63% Monthly official estimate
30  Tanzania 44,928,923 August 26, 2012 0.63% 2012 census result
31  Kenya 44,354,000 July 1, 2013 0.62% UN projection
32  Argentina 42,669,500 July 1, 2014 0.6% Official annual projection
33  Algeria 38,700,000 January 1, 2014 0.54% Official estimate
34  Poland 38,496,000 December 31, 2013 0.54% Official estimate
35  Sudan 37,289,406 July 1, 2014 0.52% Official annual projection
36  Uganda 35,357,000 July 1, 2013 0.49% Annual official estimate
37  Canada 35,344,962 January 1, 2014 0.49% Official estimate
38  Iraq 34,035,000 July 1, 2012 0.48% Annual official estimate
39  Morocco 33,258,800 May 14, 2014 0.46% Official population clock
40  Peru 30,475,144 June 30, 2013 0.43% Annual official estimate
41  Uzbekistan 30,183,400 July 1, 2013 0.42% Official estimate
42  Malaysia 30,114,000 May 14, 2014 0.42% Official population clock
43  Saudi Arabia 29,994,272 July 1, 2013 0.42% Official estimate
44  Venezuela 28,946,101 October 30, 2011 0.4% Preliminary 2011 census result
45    Nepal 26,494,504 June 22, 2011 0.37% Final 2011 census result
46  Afghanistan 25,500,100 January 1, 2013 0.36% Official estimate
47  Yemen 25,235,000 July 1, 2013 0.35% Official estimate
48  North Korea 24,895,000 July 1, 2013 0.35% UN projection
49  Ghana 24,658,823 September 26, 2010 0.34% Final 2010 census result
50  Mozambique 23,700,715 July 1, 2012 0.33% Official estimate
51  Australia 23,489,400 May 14, 2014 0.328% Official population clock
52  Taiwan 23,382,948 April 30, 2014 0.33% Monthly official estimate
53  Ivory Coast 23,202,000 July 1, 2012 0.32% Official estimate
54  Syria 21,898,000 July 1, 2013 0.31% UN projection
55  Madagascar 21,263,403 July 1, 2012 0.3% Annual official estimate
56  Angola 20,609,294 July 1, 2012 0.29% Official estimate
57  Cameroon 20,386,799 July 1, 2012 0.28% Annual official estimate
58  Sri Lanka 20,277,597 March 21, 2012 0.28% Preliminary 2012 census result
59  Romania 20,121,641 October 20, 2011 0.28% Final 2011 census result
60  Chile 17,620,000 July 1, 2013 0.25% UN projection
61  Burkina Faso 17,322,796 July 1, 2013 0.24% Official estimate
62  Kazakhstan 17,221,000 April 1, 2014 0.24% Monthly official estimate
63  Niger 17,138,707 December 10, 2012 0.24% Preliminary 2012 census result
64  Netherlands 16,850,400 May 14, 2014 0.24% Official population clock
65  Malawi 16,363,000 July 1, 2013 0.23% UN projection
66  Guatemala 15,806,675 June 30, 2014 0.22% Official estimate
67  Ecuador 15,739,500 May 14, 2014 0.22% Official population clock
68  Mali 15,302,000 July 1, 2013 0.21% UN projection
69  Cambodia 15,135,000 July 1, 2013 0.21% UN projection
70  Zambia 14,580,290 July 1, 2013 0.2% Official estimate
71  Zimbabwe 13,061,239 August 17, 2012 0.18% 2012 Census Result
72  Senegal 12,873,601 November 19, 2013 0.18% Preliminary 2013 census result
73  Chad 12,825,000 July 1, 2013 0.18% UN projection
74  South Sudan 11,296,000 July 1, 2013 0.16% UN projection
75  Belgium 11,190,649 March 1, 2014 0.16% Monthly official estimate
76  Cuba 11,167,325 September 15, 2012 0.16% Preliminary 2012 census result
77  Tunisia 10,886,500 July 1, 2013 0.15% Official estimate
78  Guinea 10,824,200 July 1, 2010 0.15% Official estimate
79  Greece 10,815,197 May 24, 2011 0.15% Final 2011 census result
80  Rwanda 10,537,222 August 15, 2012 0.15% Preliminary 2012 census result
81  Czech Republic 10,512,400 December 31, 2013 0.15% Official quarterly estimate
82  Somalia 10,496,000 July 1, 2013 0.15% UN projection
83  Portugal 10,477,800 December 31, 2013 0.15% Annual official estimate
84  Haiti 10,413,211 July 1, 2012 0.15% Official estimate
85  Bolivia 10,027,254 November 21, 2012 0.14% 2012 census result
86  Benin 9,988,068 July 1, 2014 0.14% Official annual projection
87  Hungary 9,879,000 January 1, 2014 0.14% Annual official estimate
88  Sweden 9,666,871 March 31, 2014 0.13% Monthly official estimate
89  Azerbaijan 9,477,100 December 31, 2013 0.13% Official estimate
90  Belarus 9 467,000 April 1, 2014 0.13% Monthly official estimate
91  Dominican Republic 9,445,281 December 1, 2010 0.13% Final 2010 census result
92  Burundi 9,420,248 July 1, 2013 0.13% Official estimate
93  United Arab Emirates 9,346,000 July 1, 2013 0.13% UN projection
94  Honduras 8,555,072 July 1, 2013 0.12% Annual official estimate
95  Austria 8,504,850 January 1, 2014 0.12% Official quarterly estimate
96  Israel 8,169,700 March 31, 2014 0.11% Official Monthly Estimate
97  Tajikistan 8,160,000 January 1, 2014 0.11% Official estimate
98   Switzerland 8,136,700 December 31, 2013 0.11% Annual provisional figure
99  Papua New Guinea 7,398,500 July 1, 2013 0.103% Annual official estimate
100  Bulgaria 7,245,677 December 31, 2013 0.101% Official estimate
101  Hong Kong (China) 7,219,700 December 31, 2013 0.101% Official estimate
102  Serbia 7,181,505 January 1, 2013 0.1% Annual official estimate
103  Paraguay 6,783,374 2013 0.095% Official estimate
104  Jordan 6,582,890 May 14, 2014 0.0919% Official population clock
105  Laos 6,580,800 July 1, 2013 0.092% Annual official estimate
106  El Salvador 6,340,000 July 1, 2013 0.089% UN projection
107  Eritrea 6,333,000 July 1, 2013 0.088% UN projection
108  Libya 6,202,000 July 1, 2013 0.087% UN projection
109  Togo 6,191,155 November 6, 2010 0.086% Final 2010 census result
110  Sierra Leone 6,190,280 2013 0.086% Official estimate
111  Nicaragua 6,071,045 June 30, 2012 0.085% Official estimate
112  Kyrgyzstan 5,776,570 2014 0.081% Official estimate
113  Denmark 5,634,437 April 1, 2014 0.079% Quarterly official estimate
114  Finland 5,453,784 February 28, 2014 0.076% Monthly official estimate
115  Slovakia 5,415,949 December 31, 2013 0.076% Official estimate
116  Singapore 5,399,200 July 1, 2013 0.075% Official estimate
117  Turkmenistan 5,240,000 July 1, 2013 0.073% UN projection
118  Norway 5,109,056 January 1, 2014 0.071% Quarterly official estimate
119  Lebanon 4,822,000 July 1, 2013 0.067% UN projection
120  Costa Rica 4,667,096 July 1, 2013 0.065% Official estimate
121  Central African Republic 4,616,000 July 1, 2013 0.064% UN projection
122  Ireland 4,593,100 April 1, 2013 0.064% Annual official estimate
123  New Zealand 4,529,170 May 14, 2014 0.063% Official population clock
124  Georgia 4,490,500 January 1, 2014 0.063% Annual official estimate
125  Republic of the Congo 4,448,000 July 1, 2013 0.062% UN projection
126  Palestine 4,420,549 July 1, 2013 0.062% Official estimate
127  Liberia 4,294,000 July 1, 2013 0.06% UN projection
128  Croatia 4,290,612 March 31, 2011 0.114% 2011 census result
129  Moldova 4,062,800 January 1, 2014 0.05% Official estimate
130  Oman 4,018,000 April 30, 2014 0.056% Monthly official estimate
131  Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,791,622 October 15, 2013 0.053% Preliminary 2013 census result
132  Puerto Rico (USA) 3,615,086 July 1, 2013 0.05% Official estimate
133  Mauritania 3,461,041 July 1, 2013 0.048% Annual official estimate
134  Panama 3,405,813 May 16, 2010 0.048% Final 2010 census result
135  Uruguay 3,286,314 September 30, 2011 0.046% Final 2011 census result
136  Kuwait 3,065,850 July 1, 2011 0.043% Official estimate
137  Armenia 3,017,400 December 31, 2013 0.042% Quarterly official estimate
138  Lithuania 2,939,431 March 1, 2014 0.041% Monthly official estimate
139  Mongolia 2,931,300 December 31, 2013 0.041% Official preliminary result
140  Albania 2,821,977 October 1, 2011 0.039% 2011 census result
141  Jamaica 2,711,476 December 31, 2012 0.038% Annual official estimate
142  Qatar 2,155,446 April 30, 2014 0.301% Monthly official estimate
143  Namibia 2,113,077 August 28, 2011 0.03% Final 2011 census result
144  Lesotho 2,074,000 July 1, 2013 0.029% UN projection
145  Slovenia 2,062,601 May 14, 2014 0.029% Official population clock
146  Macedonia 2,062,294 December 31, 2012 0.029% Official estimate
147  Botswana 2,024,904 August 22, 2011 0.028% Final 2011 census result
148  Latvia 2,003,000 March 1, 2014 0.028% Monthly official estimate
149  Gambia 1,882,450 April 15, 2013 0.026% Preliminary 2013 census result
150  Kosovo 1,815,606 December 31, 2012 0.025% Official estimate
151  Guinea-Bissau 1,704,000 July 1, 2013 0.024% UN projection
152  Gabon 1,672,000 July 1, 2013 0.023% UN projection
153  Equatorial Guinea 1,622,000 July 1, 2010 0.023% Annual official estimate
154  Trinidad and Tobago 1,328,019 January 9, 2011 0.019% 2011 census result
155  Estonia 1,311,870 January 1, 2014 0.018% Official estimate
156  Mauritius 1,257,900 July 3, 2011 0.018% 2011 census result
157  Swaziland 1,250,000 July 1, 2013 0.017% UN projection
158  Bahrain 1,234,571 April 27, 2010 0.017% Final 2010 census result
159  Timor-Leste 1,066,409 July 11, 2010 0.015% Final 2010 census result
160  Djibouti 873,000 July 1, 2013 0.012% UN projection
161  Cyprus 865,878 December 31, 2012 0.012% Official estimate
162  Fiji 858,038 July 1, 2012 0.012% Annual official estimate
163  Réunion (France) 840,974 January 1, 2013 0.012% Official annual estimate
164  Guyana 784,894 July 1, 2010 0.011% Annual official estimate
165  Bhutan 747,290 May 14, 2014 0.0104% Official population clock
166  Comoros 743,798 July 1, 2013 0.0104% Official estimate
167  Montenegro 620,029 April 1, 2011 0.0087% Final 2011 census result
168  Macau (China) 607,500 December 31, 2013 0.0084% Official quaterly estimate
169  Solomon Islands 581,344 July 1, 2013 0.0081% Annual official estimate
170  Western Sahara 567,000 July 1, 2013 0.0079% UN projection
171  Luxembourg 549,700 December 31, 2013 0.0075% Annual official estimate
172  Suriname 534,189 August 13, 2012 0.0075% Preliminary 2012 census result
173  Cape Verde 491,875 June 16, 2010 0.0069% Final 2010 census result
174  Malta 416,055 November 20, 2011 0.0058% Preliminary 2011 census result
175  Guadeloupe (France) 405,739 January 1, 2013 0.0057% Official annual estimate
176  Brunei 393,162 June 20, 2011 0.0055% Preliminary 2011 census result
177  Martinique (France) 392,291 January 1, 2011 0.0055% Official annual estimate
178  Bahamas 351,461 May 3, 2010 0.0049% Final 2010 census result
179  Belize 349,728 July 1, 2013 0.0049% Official estimate
180  Iceland 326,340 March 31, 2014 0.0045% Quarterly official estimate
181  Maldives 317,280 July 1, 2010 0.0044% Official estimate
182  Barbados 285,000 July 1, 2013 0.004% Official estimate
183  French Polynesia (France) 268,270 August 22, 2012 0.0037% Preliminary 2012 census result
184  Vanuatu 264,652 July 1, 2013 0.0037% Annual official estimate
185  New Caledonia (France) 258,958 July 1, 2013 0.0036% Annual official estimate
186  French Guiana (France) 237,549 January 1, 2011 0.0033% Official annual estimate
187  Mayotte (France) 212,645 August 21, 2012 0.003% 2012 census result
188  Samoa 187,820 November 7, 2011 0.0026% Final 2011 census result
189  São Tomé and Príncipe 187,356 May 13, 2012 0.0026% 2012 census result
190  Saint Lucia 180,000 May 10, 2013 0.0025% Preliminary 2010 census result
191  Guam (USA) 159,358 April 1, 2010 0.0022% Final 2010 census result
192  Curaçao (Netherlands) 150,563 March 26, 2011 0.0021% 2011 census result
193  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,000 July 1, 2013 0.0015% UN projection
194  Kiribati 106,461 July 1, 2013 0.0015% Annual official estimate
195  United States Virgin Islands (USA) 106,405 April 1, 2010 0.0015% Final 2010 census result
196  Grenada 103,328 May 12, 2011 0.0014% 2011 census result
197  Tonga 103,036 November 30, 2011 0.0014% 2011 census result
198  Aruba (Netherlands) 101,484 September 29, 2010 0.0014% 2010 census result
199  Federated States of Micronesia 101,351 July 1, 2013 0.0014% Annual official estimate
200  Jersey (UK) 99,000 December 31, 2012 0.0014% 2011 census result
201  Seychelles 90,945 August 26, 2010 0.0013% Final 2010 census result
202  Antigua and Barbuda 86,295 May 27, 2011 0.0012% Preliminary 2011 census result
203  Isle of Man (UK) 84,497 March 27, 2011 0.0012% 2011 census result
204  Andorra 76,098 July 1, 2013 0.0011% Annual official estimate
205  Dominica 71,293 May 14, 2011 0.001% Preliminary 2011 census result
206  Bermuda (UK) 64,237 May 20, 2010 0.0009% Final 2010 census result
207  Guernsey (UK) 63,085 March 31, 2012 0.00088% Annual official estimate
208  Greenland (Denmark) 56,483 July 1, 2013 0.00079% Annual official estimate
209  Marshall Islands 56,086 July 1, 2013 0.00078% Annual official estimate
210  American Samoa (USA) 55,519 April 1, 2010 0.00078% Final 2010 census result
211  Cayman Islands (UK) 55,456 October 10, 2010 0.00077% Final 2010 census result
212  Saint Kitts and Nevis 54,000 July 1, 2013 0.00075% UN projection
213  Northern Mariana Islands (USA) 53,883 April 1, 2010 0.00075% Final 2010 census result
214  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 48,308 January 1, 2014 0.00067% Monthly official estimate
215  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 37,429 January 1, 2010 0.00052% Official estimate
216  Liechtenstein 37,132 December 31, 2013 0.00052% Semi annual official estimate
217  Saint Martin (France) 36,979 January 1, 2010 0.00052% Official estimate
218  Monaco 36,950 December 31, 2013 0.0005% Annual official estimate
219  San Marino 32,646 March 31, 2014 0.00046% Monthly official estimate
220  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 31,458 January 25, 2012 0.00044% 2012 census result
221  Gibraltar (UK) 30,001 December 31, 2012 0.00042% Annual official estimate
222  British Virgin Islands (UK) 29,537 July 1, 2010 0.00041% Annual official estimate
223  Åland Islands (Finland) 28,502 December 31, 2012 0.0004% Official estimate
224  Caribbean Netherlands (Netherlands) 23,296 January 1, 2013 0.00033% Official estimate
225  Palau 20,901 July 1, 2013 0.00029% Annual official estimate
226  Cook Islands (NZ) 14,974 December 1, 2011 0.00021% Final 2011 census result
227  Anguilla (UK) 13,452 May 11, 2011 0.00019% Preliminary 2011 census result
228  Wallis and Futuna (France) 13,135 July 1, 2013 0.00018% Annual official estimate
229  Tuvalu 11,323 July 1, 2013 0.00016% Annual official estimate
230  Nauru 9,945 October 30, 2011 0.00014% 2011 census result
231  Saint Barthélemy (France) 8,938 January 1, 2010 0.00012% Official estimate
232  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 6,081 January 1, 2010 0.000085% Official estimate
233  Montserrat (UK) 4,922 May 12, 2011 0.000069% 2011 census result
234  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 4,000 July 1, 2013 0.000056% UN projection
235  Falkland Islands (UK) 3,000 July 1, 2013 0.000042% UN projection
236  Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Norway) 2,655 September 1, 2012 0.000037% Official estimate
237  Norfolk Island (Australia) 2,302 August 9, 2011 0.000032% 2011 census result
238  Christmas Island (Australia) 2,072 August 9, 2011 0.000029% 2011 census result
239  Niue (NZ) 1,613 September 10, 2011 0.000023% Final 2011 census result
240  Tokelau (NZ) 1,411 October 18, 2011 0.000020% Final 2011 census result
241   Vatican City 839 July 1, 2012 0.000012% Official estimate
242  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 596 January 14, 2014 0.0000083% 2011 census result
243  Pitcairn Islands (UK) 56 February 1, 2013 0.00000078% Official estimate

Know : List of International Airlines Ratings

Beautiful Airlines

Do you know how many airlines have 5 star ratings in the world? Just 7 airlines from China, Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, Qatar, Singapore, South Korea holds 5 Star Rated Airlines!

The only one airline to hold a single star rating is North Korean Airline. How many Indian Airlines are there?  Find the complete list below.

Airline Rating is based on detailed Quality analysis of more than 800 different items across an airline’s front-line product and staff service standards, applied to the Airport and Cabin Service environments.

Source: Skytrax World Airline Rating is the global airline rating system established in 1999. Skytrax Airline Star Ratings are recognised as a global Benchmark of airline standards, developed with the unique Skytrax expertise and experience of the world airline industry.

*Data Sorted Country-wise

STAR RATING AIRLINE COUNTRY REGION
3 Star Rating Air Algerie Algeria Africa
3 Star Rating TAAG Angola Airlines Angola Africa
3 Star Rating Aerolineas Argentinas Argentina South America
0 Star Rating Armavia Armenia Central Asia
3 Star Rating JetStar Airways Australia Australia/Oceania
4 Star Rating Qantas Airways Australia Australia/Oceania
4 Star Rating Virgin Australia Australia Australia/Oceania
4 Star Rating Austrian Airlines Austria Europe
0 Star Rating Lauda Air Austria Europe
3 Star Rating Azerbaijan Airlines Azerbaijan Europe
3 Star Rating SATA Air Azores Azores Europe
2 Star Rating Bahamasair Bahamas North America
0 Star Rating Bahrain Air Bahrain Middle East
3 Star Rating Gulf Air Bahrain Middle East
2 Star Rating Biman Bangladesh Bangladesh Asia
3 Star Rating Brussels Airlines Belgium Europe
3 Star Rating GOL Linhas Aereas Brazil South America
3 Star Rating TAM Airlines Brazil South America
3 Star Rating Royal Brunei Airlines Brunei Asia
2 Star Rating Bulgaria Air Bulgaria Europe
4 Star Rating Air Canada Canada North America
3 Star Rating Air Transat Canada North America
4 Star Rating Porter Airlines Canada North America
3 Star Rating Westjet Canada North America
3 Star Rating TACV Cabo Verde Airlines Cape Verde Africa
3 Star Rating LAN Airlines Chile South America
3 Star Rating Air China China Asia
3 Star Rating China Eastern Airlines China Asia
4 Star Rating China Southern Airlines China Asia
2 Star Rating China United Airlines China Asia
https://i1.wp.com/www.airlinequality.com/Airlines/5airport.gif Rating Hainan Airlines China Asia
3 Star Rating Juneyao Airlines China Asia
3 Star Rating Okay Airways China Asia
3 Star Rating Shandong Airlines China Asia
3 Star Rating Shanghai Airlines China Asia
3 Star Rating Shenzhen Airlines China Asia
3 Star Rating Sichuan Airlines China Asia
3 Star Rating Spring Airlines China Asia
4 Star Rating Tianjin Airlines China Asia
3 Star Rating Xiamen Airlines China Asia
3 Star Rating Avianca Colombia South America
3 Star Rating Croatia Airlines Croatia Europe
2 Star Rating Cubana Airlines Cuba Central America/Caribbean
3 Star Rating Cyprus Airways Cyprus Europe
3 Star Rating Czech Airlines Czech Republic Europe
2 Star Rating SmartWings Czech Republic Europe
3 Star Rating SAS Scandinavian Airlines Denmark/Norway/Sweden Europe
3 Star Rating Egyptair Egypt Africa
3 Star Rating TACA El Salvador Central America/Caribbean
3 Star Rating Estonian Air Estonia Europe
3 Star Rating Ethiopian Airlines Ethiopian Africa
3 Star Rating Fiji Airways Fiji Australia/Oceania
0 Star Rating Air Finland Finland Europe
0 Star Rating Blue1 Finland Europe
4 Star Rating Finnair Finland Europe
4 Star Rating Air France France Europe
3 Star Rating Air Caraibes French Caribbean Central America/Caribbean
3 Star Rating Gambia Bird Airlines Gambia Africa
3 Star Rating Air Berlin Germany Europe
3 Star Rating Condor Airlines Germany Europe
0 Star Rating Eurowings Germany Europe
3 Star Rating Germanwings Germany Europe
4 Star Rating Lufthansa Germany Europe
3 Star Rating NIKI Germany Europe
3 Star Rating Aegean Airlines Greece Europe
3 Star Rating Olympic Air Greece Europe
https://i1.wp.com/www.airlinequality.com/Airlines/5airport.gif Rating Cathay Pacific Airways Hong Kong Asia
4 Star Rating Dragonair Hong Kong Asia
3 Star Rating Wizz Air Hungary Europe
3 Star Rating Icelandair Iceland Europe
3 Star Rating WOW air Iceland Europe
3 Star Rating Air India India Asia
3 Star Rating Jet Airways India Asia
0 Star Rating Kingfisher Airlines India Asia
4 Star Rating Garuda Indonesia Indonesia Asia
2 Star Rating Lion Air Indonesia Asia
0 Star Rating Merpati Nusantara Airlines Indonesia Asia
3 Star Rating Tigerair Mandala Indonesia Asia
2 Star Rating Iran Air Iran Middle East
2 Star Rating Mahan Air Iran Middle East
3 Star Rating Aer Lingus Ireland Europe
3 Star Rating CityJet Ireland Europe
2 Star Rating Ryanair Ireland Europe
3 Star Rating El Al Israel Airlines Israel Middle East
4 Star Rating Air Dolomiti Italy Europe
2 Star Rating Air Italy Italy Europe
3 Star Rating Alitalia Italy Europe
3 Star Rating Meridiana Italy Europe
https://i1.wp.com/www.airlinequality.com/Airlines/5airport.gif Rating ANA All Nippon Airways Japan Asia
4 Star Rating Japan Airlines Japan Asia
3 Star Rating Royal Jordanian Airlines Jordan Middle East
4 Star Rating Air Astana Kazakhstan Central Asia
3 Star Rating Kenya Airways Kenya Africa
3 Star Rating Jazeera Airways Kuwait Middle East
3 Star Rating Kuwait Airways Kuwait Middle East
3 Star Rating Air Baltic Latvia Europe
3 Star Rating Middle East Airlines Lebanon Middle East
0 Star Rating Afriqiyah Airways Libya Africa
3 Star Rating Luxair Luxembourg Europe
3 Star Rating Air Macau Macau Asia
3 Star Rating AirAsia Malaysia Asia
3 Star Rating AirAsia X Malaysia Asia
https://i1.wp.com/www.airlinequality.com/Airlines/5airport.gif Rating Malaysia Airlines Malaysia Asia
3 Star Rating Air Malta Malta Europe
3 Star Rating Air Mauritius Mauritius Africa
3 Star Rating Aeromexico Mexico North America
3 Star Rating Interjet Mexico North America
3 Star Rating Moldavian Airlines Moldova Europe
3 Star Rating MIAT Mongolian Airlines Mongolia Asia
0 Star Rating Atlas Blue Morocco Africa
3 Star Rating Royal Air Maroc Morocco Africa
3 Star Rating LAM Mozambique Airlines Mozambique Africa
3 Star Rating Air Bagan Myanmar Asia
3 Star Rating Myanmar Airways International Myanmar Asia
3 Star Rating Air Namibia Namibia Africa
2 Star Rating Nepal Airlines Nepal Asia
3 Star Rating Arkefly Netherlands Europe
4 Star Rating KLM Royal Dutch Airlines Netherlands Europe
3 Star Rating Transavia Airlines Netherlands Europe
3 Star Rating Aircalin New Caledonia Australia/Oceania
4 Star Rating Air New Zealand New Zealand Australia/Oceania
3 Star Rating Arik Air Nigeria Africa
1 Star Rating Air Koryo North Korea Asia
3 Star Rating Norwegian Norway Europe
4 Star Rating Oman Air Oman Middle East
3 Star Rating Pakistan International Pakistan Asia
3 Star Rating Copa Airlines Panama Central America/Caribbean
3 Star Rating Air Niugini Papua New Guinea Australia/Oceania
3 Star Rating Cebu Pacific Philippines Asia
3 Star Rating Philippine Airlines Philippines Asia
3 Star Rating LOT Polish Airlines Poland Europe
3 Star Rating TAP Air Portugal Portugal Europe
https://i1.wp.com/www.airlinequality.com/Airlines/5airport.gif Rating Qatar Airways Qatar Middle East
3 Star Rating Tarom Romania Europe
3 Star Rating Aeroflot Russian Airlines Russia Europe
0 Star Rating Avianova Russia Europe
2 Star Rating Rossiya Airlines Russia Europe
3 Star Rating S7 Siberia Airlines Russia Europe
3 Star Rating Transaero Airlines Russia Europe
3 Star Rating Air Austral R�union Africa
3 Star Rating Saudia Arabian Airlines Saudia Arabia Middle East
3 Star Rating Air Serbia Serbia Europe
4 Star Rating Air Seychelles Seychelles Africa
3 Star Rating Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore Asia
3 Star Rating Scoot Singapore Asia
4 Star Rating Silk Air Singapore Asia
https://i1.wp.com/www.airlinequality.com/Airlines/5airport.gif Rating Singapore Airlines Singapore Asia
3 Star Rating Tigerair Singapore Asia
3 Star Rating Adria Airways Slovenia Europe
4 Star Rating South African Airways South Africa Africa
https://i1.wp.com/www.airlinequality.com/Airlines/5airport.gif Rating Asiana Airlines South Korea Asia
4 Star Rating Korean Air South Korea Asia
3 Star Rating Air Europa Spain Europe
3 Star Rating Air Nostrum Spain Europe
3 Star Rating Iberia Spain Europe
3 Star Rating Vueling Airlines Spain Europe
3 Star Rating SriLankan Airlines Sri Lanka Asia
2 Star Rating Sudan Airways Sudan Africa
4 Star Rating Edelweiss Air Switzerland Europe
4 Star Rating Swiss International Air Lines Switzerland Europe
2 Star Rating Syrianair Syria Middle East
3 Star Rating Air Tahiti Nui Tahiti Australia/Oceania
4 Star Rating China Airlines Taiwan Asia
4 Star Rating EVA Airways Taiwan Asia
3 Star Rating Far Eastern Air Transport Taiwan Asia
2 Star Rating Tajik Air Tajikistan Central Asia
4 Star Rating Bangkok Airways Thailand Asia
3 Star Rating Nok Air Thailand Asia
4 Star Rating Thai Airways Thailand Asia
3 Star Rating Caribbean Airlines Trinidad & Tobago Central America/Caribbean
3 Star Rating Tunisair Tunisia Africa
2 Star Rating Onur Air Turkey Europe
2 Star Rating Pegasus Airlines Turkey Europe
4 Star Rating Turkish Airlines Turkey Europe
2 Star Rating Turkmenistan Airlines Turkmenistan Asia
3 Star Rating Air Arabia UAE Middle East
4 Star Rating Emirates UAE Middle East
4 Star Rating Etihad Airways UAE Middle East
0 Star Rating Aerosvit Airlines Ukraine Europe
2 Star Rating Ukraine Int’l Airlines Ukraine Europe
4 Star Rating British Airways United Kingdom Europe
3 Star Rating easyJet United Kingdom Europe
3 Star Rating FlyBe United Kingdom Europe
3 Star Rating Jet2.com United Kingdom Europe
3 Star Rating Monarch Airlines United Kingdom Europe
3 Star Rating Thomas Cook Airlines United Kingdom Europe
4 Star Rating Virgin Atlantic Airways United Kingdom Europe
3 Star Rating Alaska Airlines USA North America
3 Star Rating Allegiant Air USA North America
3 Star Rating American Airlines USA North America
3 Star Rating Delta Air Lines USA North America
3 Star Rating Frontier Airlines USA North America
3 Star Rating Hawaiian Airlines USA North America
4 Star Rating JetBlue Airways USA North America
3 Star Rating Southwest Airlines USA North America
2 Star Rating Spirit Airlines USA North America
3 Star Rating United Airlines USA North America
3 Star Rating US Airways USA North America
4 Star Rating Virgin America USA North America
3 Star Rating Uzbekistan Airways Uzbekistan Central Asia
3 Star Rating Vietnam Airlines Vietnam Asia
2 Star Rating Yemenia Yemen Middle East

Courtesy : Wikipedia and www.airlinequality.com

Disclaimer : We do represent any of the Airlines or brands and we just shared the ratings for educational purposes only.

 

Know : Bicycle Sharing System and Available Countries

Eco bicycle

bicycle sharing system, or bike share scheme, is a service in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals on a very short term basis. The main purpose is transportation: bike share allows people to depart from point “A” and arrive at point “B” free from the worries of ownership.

File:Helsinki city bikes.jpg

Helsinki city bikes

Bike-share has seen explosive, global growth over recent years. As of April 2013 there were around 535 bike-sharing programmes around the world, made of an estimated fleet of 517,000 bicycles. In May 2011 there were around 375 schemes comprising 236,000 bikes So those two years saw a doubling of bike share globally.

File:Vélo'v station 5002 - Place des Compagnons de la chanson.jpg

Vélo’v in Lyon

Many bike-share systems offer subscriptions that make the first 30–45 minutes of use very inexpensive, encouraging their use as transportation. In most bike-share cities, people seeking a bicycle for casual riding over several hours or days are better served by bicycle rental than by bike-share.

File:CityBikesStockholm.jpg

Stockholm City Bikes, Sweden

Bike-share use is made more predictable with Smartphone mapping apps which show where nearby stations are located and how many bikes are available at each station. This is also important for riders looking to return a bike; they need to know if there is a dock open at a certain station, since stations can fill up with bikes. So using bike-share to get around a city is made far easier with real-time, GPS-based smartphone apps with bike-share station information overlaid on a city map.

File:Paris 06 2012 Velib 2883.JPG

Most of the latest systems use advanced information technologies (IT) for bicycle reservations, pick-up, drop-off, and information tracking.

The reasons people use bike-share vary considerably. In some cities, people who might use their own bicycle as transportation don’t do so because of concerns about theft or vandalism. In addition, many bike-share users find bike-share extremely liberating. A rider can seamlessly transfer to public transit or to a car without concern about leaving a bike behind: a person can ride to meet someone in a city, leave the bike-share bike then walk with them, tourists go from hotel to museum to show, citizens can take visiting friends or family to local attractions with bike-share, users may take public transit to work on a rainy day then ride home afterwards when the weather improves… the flexibility of not having to always park and own a bicycle make life freer and easier for the growing number of bike-share users globally.

The Wuhan and Hangzhou Public Bicycle bike-share programmes in China are the largest in the world, with around 90,000 and 60,000 bicycles respectively. In Hangzhou there are over 2,400 stations. The Vélib’ in Paris, which comprises around 20,000 bicycles and 1,450 bicycle stations, is the largest outside of China. The countries with the most systems are Spain (132), Italy (104), and China (79). The systems with the higher market penetration are both operating in France, the Parisian Velib’ with 1 bike per 97 inhabitants and Vélo’v in Lyon with 1 bike per 121 residents.

Bicycle sharing systems can be divided into two general categories: “Community Bike programmesorganised mostly by local community groups or non-profit organisations; and “Smart Bike programmes” implemented by government agencies, sometimes in a public-private partnership. The central concept of these systems is to provide free or affordable access to bicycles for short-distance trips in an urban area as an alternative to motorised public transport or private vehicles, thereby reducing traffic congestion, noise, and air pollution. Bicycle sharing systems have also been cited as a way to solve the “last mile” problem and connect users to public transit networks.

File:Bike share.jpg

BikeMi, Milan, Italy

Public bike sharing programmes address some of the primary disadvantages to bicycle ownership, including loss from theft or vandalism, lack of parking or storage, and maintenance requirements. However, by limiting the number of places where bicycles can be rented or returned, the service itself essentially becomes a form of public transit, and has therefore been criticised as less convenient than a privately owned bicycle capable of point-to-point transport. Government-run bicycle sharing programmes can also prove costly to the public unless subsidised by commercial interests, typically in the form of advertising on stations or the bicycles themselves.

File:Hubway.jpg

Boston’s Hubway is one of the first and largest bikeshare programs in the U.S.

Bike-sharing systems have undergone changes which can be categorised into three key phases, or generations. These include the first generation, called white bikes (or free bikes); the second generation of coin-deposit systems; and the third generation, or information technology(IT) based systems. Recent technological and operational improvements are also paving the way for a fourth generation, known as the demand-responsive, multimodal system.

List of Current bicycle sharing systems around the world (click on the link to know more)

File:Hangzhou bike sharing station.jpg

The Hangzhou Public Bicycle programme in China, the second largest bicycle sharing system in the world

File:Place de la République (Paris), réaménagement, 2012-04-05 39.jpg

The Vélib’ in Paris is the largest bikesharing programme outside of China

File:Witte fietsen de hoge veluwe.jpg

White bicycles for free use, in Hoge Veluwe national park, the Netherlands

File:Capital Bikeshare DC 09 2010 508.JPG

Bicycle station powered by solar panels

File:E53 St Citibike station loaded jeh.jpg

Citi Bike opened in New York City in May 2013 and is the largest bike sharing program in the U.S.

File:Boulder.bcycle.solar.jpg

Solar powered Boulder B-cycle station with double sided docks.

File:Capital Bikeshare DC 2010 10 539.JPG

Capital Bikeshare was launched in Washington, D.C. and Arlington County, Virginia in 2010

File:Bixi Montreal.JPG

Bixi Montreal, Canada

File:Estacio bicing bcn.jpg

Bicing in Barcelona

File:Velibvelo1.jpg

Velib’ bicycle station in Paris

File:Web-5.jpg

A station in Lausanne (Switzerland).

File:Barclayscyclehire.jpg

Barclays Cycle Hire, London, UK started in 2010

File:Esztergom - Ebi atadas 2013-09-20.jpg

The EBI in Esztergom, Hungary

File:Moscow 09-13 img19 rental bikes.jpg

VeloBike bicycles in Moscow, September 2013

File:Capital Bikeshare DC 09 2010 505.JPG

Capital Bikeshare services Washington, D.C., Arlington, Virginia and Alexandria, Virginia

File:Bike Rio 01 2013 5427.JPG

Bike Rio rental station located near Posto 9, Ipanema, in Rio de Janeiro city, Brazil.

File:Melbourne City Bikes.JPG

A bicycle sharing station in Swanston Street, Melbourne.


Courtesy : Wikipedia

 

Kisan Divas : Farmers Day, India, Dec 23.

Our Sincere thanks to farmers all around the globe who are supporting everyone to live and make living possible on the earth! Propel Steps salutes all Agriculturists!

Naveen's p h o t o g r a p h y

India is a land of villages and most of the population residing in villages are farmers. Agriculture employs more than half of the Indian population. Though, there was a time when approximately 75% of the Indian population were living on agricultural income. But the emergence of the service sector and strong manufacturing industry has helped in attracting people from agriculture to these sectors. Yet, agriculture is the main occupation of the country. India had an interesting agricultural journey. The green revolution changed the agricultural landscape of the nation. Productivity increased and India became self-reliant in many agro-commodities. States like Punjab thrive on agricultural income. However, a lot needs to be done in improving the state of the farmers.

Chaudhary-Charan-SinghFarmers are the backbone of the nation. India celebrates Farmers Day in the memory of Chaudhary Charan Singh, the ex-Prime Minister. He was primarily a farmer and his personal life-style was extremely simple. He was a son of the soil and contributed a lot to improve the situation of the Indian farmers. His brief stay at the top witnessed a slew of agricultural reforms and policies being introduced in India. Charan Singh’s peasantry background helped him understand real problems of the farmer and he did his best to help them.

Chaudhary Charan Singh is credited to formulate and implement the famous Zamindari Abolition Act. His passionate appeal and magnetic persona united all the farmers against the moneylenders and landlords. He was also a very effective writer and penned his thoughts on farmers and their problems and solutions. Charan Singh passed away on 29 May 1987. Kisan Divas is recognition of his valuable services rendered to the farmers of India. Entire India celebrates Farmers day on Dec 23. Farmers and members of rural community organize agricultural shows, functions and pay homage to their beloved leaders. New policies concerning farming, agriculture, seeds etc are also announced by the governments.