Know : Top 60 Green Economy Countries

This 4th edition of the GGEI is an in-depth look at how 60 countries perform in the global green economy, as well as how expert practitioners rank this performance and ranks based on perception.

Global Green Economy Index

Performance Rank

SCORE

1 Sweden 68.1
2 Norway 65.9
3 Costa Rica 64.2
4 Germany 63.6
5 Denmark 63.2
6 Switzerland 63.1
7 Austria 63
8 Finland 62.9
9 Iceland 62.6
10 Spain 59.2
11 Ireland 59
12 New Zealand 58.8
13 France 56.4
14 Colombia 56.1
15 Portugal 55.8
16 Peru 55.8
17 Kenya 55.4
18 Brazil 55.3
19 Chile 55.1
20 United Kingdom 54.6
21 Netherlands 54.2
22 Uruguay 54.1
23 Mauritius 51.5
24 Zambia 51.3
25 Italy 51.2
26 Ethiopia 50.6
27 Rwanda 50.4
28 United States 50.1
29 Canada 49.6
30 Taiwan 47.5
31 Mexico 47.4
32 Philippines 47.2
33 Israel 47
34 South Africa 46.8
35 Malaysia 46.4
36 Tanzania 46.2
37 Australia 46.1
38 Czech Republic 46
39 South Korea 45.6
40 United Arab Emirates 45.6
41 Burkina Faso 45.2
42 Cambodia 44.9
43 Turkey 44.8
44 Japan 44.6
45 Thailand 44.5
46 Ghana 44.5
47 Belgium 44.1
48 Argentina 43.8
49 India 43.4
50 Slovakia 43
51 Panama 41.5
52 Morocco 41.5
53 Mozambique 41
54 Indonesia 40.3
55 China 40.1
56 Poland 37.1
57 Senegal 33.4
58 Qatar 33.3
59 Vietnam 32.2
60 Mongolia 29.5

India Green Rank

Climate Change Performance

The perception survey for the 2014 GGEI was conducted from June through August 2014, and polled targeted respondents on how they assessed national green performance on the four main dimensions of Leadership & Climate Change, Efficiency Sectors, Markets & Investment, and Environment & Natural Capital.

Perception Rank

SCORE

1 Germany 93.6
2 Denmark 92.8
3 Sweden 90.2
4 Norway 84.8
5 Netherlands 84
6 United States 76.2
7 Japan 72.4
8 United Kingdom 71.6
9 Finland 70.2
10 Switzerland 67.8
11 Australia 66.3
12 Canada 63
13 China 61.6
14 Costa Rica 60.4
15 Brazil 59.7
16 India 56.1
17 Austria 55.1
18 New Zealand 52
19 Iceland 49.1
20 France 48.5
21 Spain 46.7
22 South Africa 45.8
23 South Korea 44.1
24 Israel 41.1
25 United Arab Emirates 40.3
26 Kenya 40
27 Malaysia 39.3
28 Mexico 37.1
29 Italy 36.1
30 Belgium 36
31 Indonesia 35.3
32 Peru 35
33 Ireland 34.3
34 Mauritius 34
35 Chile 33.5
36 Tanzania 33.3
37 Ethiopia 33.1
38 Philippines 33
39 Morocco 32.6
40 Portugal 32.5
41 Colombia 31.6
42 Poland 31.5
43 Qatar 31.2
44 Turkey 31.2
45 Vietnam 31.1
46 Taiwan 30.7
47 Argentina 30.2
48 Rwanda 30.1
49 Zambia 30
50 Mozambique 29.8
51 Thailand 29.3
52 Czech Republic 29.2
53 Cambodia 28.9
54 Ghana 28.7
55 Burkina Faso 28.5
56 Slovakia 28.2
57 Mongolia 27.7
58 Uruguay 27.6
59 Panama 27.4
60 Senegal 27.3

Germany (perception) and Sweden (performance) top the 2014 GGEI, confirming a trend observed in prior editions of strong results by Germany and the Nordic states. Besides performing well on both the economic and environmental areas of the GGEI, these nations display consistent green leadership and receive global recognition for it.

Covered for the first time in this edition, Costa Rica performs extremely well, ranking third on the GGEI performance measure behind Sweden and Norway and receiving strong recognition on the perception survey, an impressive result for such a small country.

Like in 2012, Copenhagen is the top green city as ranked by our survey of global experts, reinforcing the continued strength of the Danish green brand. Tracked for the first time this year, Vancouver and Singapore also rank in the top 10 of green cities.

Many of the fastest growing economies in the world rank poorly on the GGEI performance measure, highlighting an urgent need to reorient their economies to greener

growth pathways. Regionally, these countries are mostly in Africa (Ghana), the Gulf (Qatar, United Arab Emirates), and Asia (Cambodia, China, Thailand, Vietnam)

There are concerning results related to more developed countries as well – notably Australia, Japan, the Netherlands and the United States – where perceptions of their green economic performance dramatically exceed their actual performance on the GGEI. These countries appear to receive more credit than they deserve, an information gap that requires further exploration.

Despite its leadership founding the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), South Korea continues not to register as a green country brand on our survey and performs poorly, ranked 39th out of 60 on this year’s GGEI. Despite better perception results, Japan also performs poorly on the 2014 GGEI, ranked 44th out of 60.

While the United Kingdom performs adequately in most areas of the GGEI, it doesn’t excel on any one topic, possibly due to inconsistent political rhetoric and policy related to green economy there. While gradually improving in each successive GGEI edition, the UK still lags behind its northern European and Nordic competitors.

Five European nations – Austria, Iceland, Ireland, Portugal and Spain – reveal performance scores that exceed their perception ones significantly – signaling an urgent need for better strategic communications and information exchange of their green merits and associated investment opportunities.

The GGEI results reveal a similar observation for a variety of non-European states – including Ethiopia, Mauritius, Rwanda in Africa and Colombia, Chile and Peru in Latin America – again suggesting a need for these states to better position their green economies on the international stage.


Courtesy and Source : GGEI-Report 2014 by DUAL CITIZEN LLC

Disclaimer: All the rights of the data and the study belong to DUAL CITIZEN LLC. We have shared the info here for educational purposes only. We do not own any info above or the rights.


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Know : List of Volcanoes in the World

Volcanoes

List of Volcanoes in the Countries / Region (Click on the Link, to see the list on Wikipedia)
Afghanistan
Antarctica
Argentina
Armenia
Ascension Island
Australia
Azerbaijan
Bolivia
Brazil
Burma
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
The Democratic Republic of The Congo
Costa Rica
Djibouti
Dominica
Ecuador
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Fiji
France
French Polynesia
French SouThern and Antarctic Lands
Georgia (country)
Germany
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Hawaii
Hong Kong
Honduras
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Italy
Japan
Kenya
Korea
Libya
Madagascar
Malaysia
Martinique
Mexico
Mongolia
Montserrat
The NeTherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
Norway
The Pacific Ocean
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Peru
The Philippines
Poland
Portugal
The Republic of Macedonia
Réunion
Russia
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and The Grenadines
Saudi Arabia
The Solomon Islands
South Africa
South Sandwich Islands
Spain
Sudan
Syria
Taiwan
Tanzania
Thailand
Tonga
Tristan da Cunha
Turkey
Uganda
The United Kingdom
The United States
Vanuatu
Vietnam
Wallis Islands
Western Samoa
Yemen

Know : National Trees List

Arbol de Artiga

Arbol de Artiga – Uruguay’s National Tree

Do you know? The Oak Tree(sub species included) is the national tree for 15 countries which is the most, followed by the Olive Tree which is the national tree for 4 countries. Almost all are officially announced except a few. Please find the complete list below.

Country Name of tree Scientific name Picture
 Albania Olive Olea europaea Olea europea 3.jpg  
 Antigua and Barbuda Whitewood Bucida buceras Starr 080530-4639 Bucida buceras.jpg
 Argentina Ceibo and Red Quebracho Erythrina crista-galliSchinopsis balansae Erythrina crista-galli 2-3.jpg Schinopsis balansae.jpg
 Australia Golden Wattle Acacia pycnantha Acacia pycnantha Golden Wattle.jpg  
 Bahamas Lignum Vitae Guaiacum sanctum Guaiacum sanctum.jpg
 Bangladesh Mango tree Mangifera indica Mango blossoms.jpg  
 Belize Honduras Mahogany Swietenia macrophylla Leaves I IMG 8668.jpg  
 Bhutan Bhutan Cypress Cupressus cashmeriana CupressusCashmerianaSochi.JPG  
 Brazil Brazilwood Caesalpinia echinata Brazilwood tree in Vitória, ES, Brazil.jpg  
 Cambodia Palmyra palm Borassus flabellifer Borassus flabellifer fruit on the tree.JPG
 Canada Maple Aceraceae Acer saccharum.jpg  
 Chile Monkey-puzzle Araucaria araucana IMG 6492 monkey puzzle.JPG  
 China Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo Biloba Leaves - Black Background.jpg  
 Colombia Quindio wax palm Ceroxylon quindiuense Ceroxylon quindiuense 2.png  
 Costa Rica Guanacaste Enterolobium cyclocarpum Árbol de Guancaste.jpg
 Croatia Pedunculate oak Quercus robur Quercus robur.jpg
 Cuba Palma Real Roystonea regia Roystonea regia.jpg
 Cyprus Golden oak Quercus alnifolia Golden oak.JPG  
 Czech Republic Small-leaved Lime/Small-leaved Linden Tilia cordata Tilia cordata 60.jpg
 Denmark Beech Fagus CemeteryBeech.jpg  
 Dominican Republic West Indian Mahogany Swietenia mahagoni Tree in new leaves I IMG 6222.jpg
 Ecuador Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens  
 El Salvador Maquilishuat Tabebuia rosea    
 England Royal Oak Quercus robur Baginton oak tree july06.JPG  
 Estonia Pedunculate Oak Quercus robur Baginton oak tree july06.JPG  
 Finland BirchSilver Birch BetulaBetula pendula Betula pendula Finland.jpg  
 Germany Oak Quercus Ivenacker Eichen 1000 Jahre alt.JPG  
 Greece Olive Olea europaea Olea europea 3.jpg  
 Guatemala Kapok Ceiba pentandra Kapok tree Honolulu.jpg  
 India Banyan Tree Ficus benghalensis Banyantree.jpg
 Indonesia Teak Tectona Tree in new leaves (Tectona grandis) I IMG 8133.jpg  
 Ireland Sessile Oak Quercus petraea Quercus petraea 06.jpg  
 Iran Cedrus Cupressus sempervirens Cypress of Abarqu.JPG  
 Israel Olive Olea europaea Olea europea 3.jpg  
 Italy OliveOak Olea europaeaQuercus Olea europea 3.jpg  
 Jamaica Blue Mahoe (national tree) Talipariti elatum  
 Japan Cherry blossom Prunus serrulata Sakura and Moss Pink - 桜(さくら)と芝桜(しばざくら).jpg  
 North Korea Magnolia Magnolia Magnlia sieboldii visby.JPG  
 South Korea Hibiscus syriacusPinus densiflora Hibiscus syriacus “Pinus densiflora” Kumgangsan-11.jpg  
 Laos Frangipani Plumeria Frangipani flowers.jpg  
 Latvia Oak Quercus robur Baginton oak tree july06.JPG  
 Lebanon Lebanon Cedar Cedrus libani Libanonzeder.jpg  
 Macedonia Macedonian Pine Pinus peuce Pinus peuce Habitus BotGardBln0906.jpg  
 Madagascar Baobab Adansonia KayesBaobab.jpg  
 Maldives Coconut palm Cocos nucifera Kerala Backwaters Sunset.JPG  
 Malta Għargħar Tetraclinis articulata Tetraclinis articulata8.jpg  
 Mexico Ahuehuete Taxodium mucronatum Árbol-del-Tule-Oaxaca-Mexico.jpg
 Moldova Oak Quercus Raunkiaer.jpg  
   Nepal Rhododendron Rhododendron Rhododendron-by-eiffel-public-domain-20040617.jpg  
 New Zealand Silver fern Cyathea dealbata Silver-fern.jpg  
 Pakistan Deodar Cedrus deodara Pedrengo cedro nel parco Frizzoni.jpg
 Palestine Olive Olea europaea Olea europea 3.jpg  
 Panama Panama tree Sterculia apetala    
 Paraguay Lapacho Handroanthus impetiginosus Tabebuia impetiginosa hábito 2.jpeg  
 Peru CinchonaKiwicha CinchonaAmaranthus caudatus Amaranthus caudatus0.jpg
 Philippines Narra Pterocarpus indicus Pterocarpus indicus Blanco1.205.png  
 Poland Oak Quercus Raunkiaer.jpg
 Portugal Cork oak Quercus suber Cork tree.jpg
 Romania Oak Quercus Raunkiaer.jpg  
 Russia Birch tree Betula Betula pendula 001.jpg  
 Saudi Arabia Phoenix palm Phoenix Phoenix dactylifera100 4209.JPG  
 Scotland Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris Pinus sylvestris Glenmuick.jpg  
 Senegal Baobab Adansonia KayesBaobab.jpg  
 Serbia OakSerbian Spruce QuercusPicea omorika Picea omorika2.jpg  
 Slovakia Small-leaved Lime/Small-leaved Linden Tilia cordata Tilia cordata 60.jpg
 Slovenia Tilia (Linden) Tilia Tilia tomentosa.jpg  
 South Africa Real yellowwood Podocarpus latifolius Podocarpus latifolius - Cape Town - 3.JPG
 Sri Lanka Na Mesua ferrea MesuaFerrea IronWood.jpg  
 Tanzania African Blackwood Dalbergia melanoxylon    
 Thailand Rachapruek Cassia fistula Konnamaram.JPG  
 Ukraine PineWillow PinusSalix Salix alba Morton.jpg  
 United Kingdom Royal Oak Quercus robur Baginton oak tree july06.JPG  
 United States Oak Quercus Raunkiaer.jpg  
 Uruguay Arbol de Artiga Peltophorum dubium תמונה 1014.jpg  
 Venezuela Araguaney Tabebuia chrysantha Araguaney.jpg  
 Vietnam BambooRice Bambuseae, Oryza sativa BambooKyoto.jpg  
 Wales Sessile Oak Quercus petraea Quercus petraea 06.jpg

Courtesy : Wikipedia

Know : About Daylight Saving Time

Daylight saving time (DST) or summer time is the practice of advancing clocks during the summer months that have more sunlight so that people get up later in the morning and go to bed later at night. Typically clocks are adjusted forward one hour near the start of spring and are adjusted backward in the autumn.

The modern idea of daylight saving was first proposed in 1895 by George Vernon Hudson, and it was first implemented by Germany and Austria-Hungary starting on 30 April 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, most consistently since the energy crisis of the 1970s.

DaylightSaving-World-Subdivisions

The practice has been both advocated and criticized. Putting clocks back benefits retailing, sports, and other activities that exploit sunlight after working hours, but can cause problems for evening entertainment and other activities tied to the sun (such as farming) or to darkness (such as firework shows). Although an early goal of DST was to reduce evening use of incandescent lighting (formerly a primary use of electricity), modern heating and cooling usage patterns differ greatly, and research about how DST currently affects energy use is limited or contradictory.

Other problems sometimes caused by DST clock shifts are: they complicate timekeeping, and can disrupt meetings, travel, billing, record keeping, medical devices, heavy equipment, and sleep patterns. Software can often adjust computer clocks automatically, but this can be limited and error-prone, particularly when DST dates are changed.

Country/Territory Continent Summer/Hemisphere DST start
(adjust clocks forward)
DST end
(adjust clocks backward)
Notes and other mentions
Afghanistan Asia Does not use DST
Akrotiri and Dhekelia(UK) Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October
Albania Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1940-1943, and since 1974.
Algeria Africa Observed DST in 1916-1921, in the autumn of 1939, in 1944-1945, 1971, 1977-1978 and 1980-1981 .
American Samoa (US) Oceania Does not use DST
Andorra Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST since 1985.
Angola Africa Does not use DST
Anguilla (UK) Central America Does not use DST
Antigua and Barbuda Central America Does not use DST
Argentina South America Observed DST in 1930-1969, 1974, 1988-2000, 2007-2009.
Armenia Europe Observed DST in 1981-1995, 1997-2011.
Aruba (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Australia Oceania Austral/South First Sunday October First Sunday April

DST used only in Australian Capital Territory,VictoriaNew South WalesTasmaniaSouth Australia and Lord Howe Island.

Austria Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1918, 1920, 1940-1948 and since 1980.
Azerbaijan Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1981-1992 and since 1996.Nagorno-Karabakh abolished DST in 2012.
Bahamas North America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST since 1964.
Bahrain Asia Does not use DST
Bangladesh Asia Observed DST in 2009.
Barbados Central America Observed DST from 1977-1980.
Belarus Europe Observed DST in 1941-1944, 1981-2010.
Belgium Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1940, 1942-1946 and since 1977.
Belize Central America Observed DST in 1973-1974 and 1982-1983.
Benin Africa Does not use DST
Bermuda (UK) North America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST since 1974.
Bhutan Asia Does not use DST
Bolivia South America Observed DST in 1931-1932.
Bonaire (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Botswana Africa Observed DST in 1943-1944.
Brazil South America Austral/South Third Sunday October Third Sunday February

DST end delays one week during Carnival week. Only these south and central states use DST: São PauloRio de JaneiroFederal District Brasilia,Santa CatarinaParanáGoiásRio Grande do Sul,Mato Grosso do SulEspírito SantoMinas Geraisand Mato Grosso (some exceptions).

British Virgin Islands(UK) Central America Does not use DST
Brunei Asia Does not use DST
Bulgaria Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1943-1944 and since 1979.
Burkina Faso Africa Does not use DST
Burma Asia Does not use DST
Burundi Africa Does not use DST
Cambodia Asia Does not use DST
Cameroon Africa Does not use DST
Canada North America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November

Some regions in Quebec, east of 63° westlongitude, most of SaskatchewanSouthampton Island and some areas in British Columbia do not observe DST. Saskatchewan however, observes Central Time even though it is located in the Mountain Time Zone, meaning it effectively observes DST year round.

Cape Verde Africa Observed DST in 1942-1945.
Cayman Islands (UK) Central America Does not use DST
Central African Republic Africa Does not use DST
Chad Africa Observed DST in winter 1979-1980.
Chile South America Austral/South Second Sunday September Last Sunday April Observed DST in 1927-1946 (excluding Easter Island which observed it in 1932-1946 ) and since 1968. Easter Island starts on Saturday to sync withChile
China Asia Observed DST in 1986-1991.
Christmas Island (AU) Asia Does not use DST
Cocos Island (AU) Asia Does not use DST
Colombia South America Observed DST in 1992-1993.
Comoros Africa Does not use DST
Congo Africa Does not use DST
Cook Islands (NZ) Oceania Observed DST in 1978-1991.
Costa Rica Central America Observed DST in 1954, 1979-1980 and 1991-1992.
Croatia Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Cuba Central America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST in 1928, 1940-1942, 1945-1946 and since 1965.
Curacao (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Cyprus Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST since 1975.
Czech Republic Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1918, 1940-1949 and since 1979.
Democratic Republic of Congo Africa Does not use DST
Denmark Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916, 1940-1948 and since 1980.
Djibouti Africa Does not use DST
Dominica Central America Does not use DST
Dominican Republic Central America Observed DST in 1966-1967, 1969-1974.
East Timor Asia Does not use DST
Ecuador South America Does not use DST
Egypt Africa/Asia Boreal/North Last Friday April Last Friday September Observed DST in 1940-1945 and 1957-2010. Re-introduces DST in 2014. DST is stopped during Ramadan
El Salvador Central America Observed DST in 1987-1988.
Equatorial Guinea Africa Does not use DST
Eritrea Africa Does not use DST
Estonia Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1918, 1940-1944 and since 1981.
Ethiopia Africa Does not use DST
Falkland Islands (UK) South America Keeps on continuous DST since 2011
Faroe Islands (DK) Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST since 1981.
Fiji Oceania Austral/South Last Sunday October Third Sunday January Observed DST in 1998-2000 and since 2009.
Finland Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1942 and since 1981.
France Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1945 and since 1976.
French Guyana (FR) South America Does not use DST
French Polynesia (FR) Oceania Does not use DST
French Southern and Antarctic Lands (FR) Antarctica Does not use DST
Gabon Africa Does not use DST
Gambia Africa Does not use DST
Georgia Europe Observed DST in 1981-2005.
Germany Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1918, 1940-1949, and since 1980.
Ghana Africa Observed DST from 1936-1942.
Greece Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1968 and since 1971.
Greenland North America Boreal/North 22:00 local time on Saturday before last Sunday March 23:00 local time on Saturday before last Sunday October Observed DST since 1980.Follows European Union practice, although not a member: hence start & end times correspond to 01:00 UTC on the respective Sunday. See Daylight saving time in the Americas—Greenland Qaanaaquses US and Canada rules. Danmarkshavn does not use DST.
Grenada Central America Does not use DST
Guadeloupe (FR) Central America Does not use DST
Guam (US) Oceania Does not use DST
Guatemala Central America Observed DST in 1973-1974, 1983, 1991 and 2006.
Guernsey (UK) Europe Boreal/North 01:00 GMT on last Sunday March 01:00 GMT on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1968 and since 1972.
Guinea Africa Does not use DST
Guinea-Bissau Africa Does not use DST
Guyana South America Does not use DST
Haiti Central America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST in 1983-1997, 2005-2006 and from 2012 onwards.
Heard and McDonald Islands (AU) Antarctica Does not use DST
Holy See Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
Honduras Central America Observed DST in 1987-1988 and 2006 .
Hong Kong Asia Observed DST in 1941, 1945-1976 and 1979.
Hungary Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1920, 1941-1950, 1954-1957 and since 1980.
Iceland Europe Observed DST in 1917-1918 and 1939-1968.
India Asia Observed DST in 1942-1945.
Indonesia Asia Does not use DST
Iran Asia Boreal/North March 21–22 September 21–22 Observed DST in 1977-1980, 1991-2005 and since 2008.
Iraq Asia Observed DST in 1982-2007.
Ireland Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1968 and since 1972.
Isle of Man (UK) Europe Boreal/North 01:00 GMT on last Sunday March 01:00 GMT on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1968 and since 1972.
Israel Asia Boreal/North Friday before last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1940-1946, 1948-1957, 1974-1975 and since 1985.
Italy Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
Ivory Coast Africa Does not use DST
Jamaica Central America Observed DST in 1974-1983.
Japan Asia Observed DST in 1948-1951.
Jersey (UK) Europe Boreal/North 01:00 GMT on last Sunday March 01:00 GMT on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1968 and since 1971.
Jordan Asia Boreal/North Last Friday March Last Friday October Returned again to UTC+2 on Dec, 20 2013, Previsible with DST
Kazakhstan Asia Observed DST in 1981-1990 and 1992-2004.
Kenya Africa Does not use DST
Kiribati Oceania Does not use DST
Kosovo Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST since 1983.
Kuwait Asia Does not use DST
Kyrgyzistan Asia Observed DST in 1981-2005.
Laos Asia Does not use DST
Latvia Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1918-1919, 1941-1944 and since 1981.
Lebanon Asia Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1920-1923, 1957-1961, 1972-1978 and since 1984.
Lesotho Africa Observed DST in 1943-1944.
Liberia Africa Does not use DST
Libya Africa Observed DST in 1951, 1955, 1957, 1982-1989,1997.and 2013.
Liechtenstein Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST since 1981.
Lithuania Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1944, 1981-1999 and since 2003.
Luxembourg Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1946 and since 1977.
Macao (CH) Asia Observed DST in 1961-1980.
Macedonia Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Madagascar Africa Observed DST in 1954.
Malawi Africa Does not use DST
Malaysia Asia Observed DST in 1933-1935.
Maldives Asia Does not use DST
Mali Africa Does not use DST
Malta Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
Marshall Islands Oceania Does not use DST
Martinica (FR) Central America Observed DST in 1980.
Mauritania Africa Does not use DST
Mauritius Africa Observed DST in 1982-1983 and 2008-2009.
Mexico North America Boreal/North First Sunday April Last Sunday October Observe DST since 1996, but Baja Californiaobserve DST since 1942. Sonora observed DST 1996–1997. Locations less than 20 km from the US border use US DST.
Micronesia Oceania Does not use DST
Midway (US) Oceania Observed DST in 1956.
Moldova Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1932-1944, 1981-1989 and since 1991.
Monaco Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1945 and since 1976.
Mongolia Asia Observed DST in 1983-1998 and 2001-2006.
Montenegro Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Montserrat (UK) Central America Does not use DST
Morocco Africa Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1939-1945, 1950, 1967, 1974, 1974-1976 and since 2008. DST stops during Ramadan.
Mozambique Africa Does not use DST
Namibia Africa Austral/South First Sunday September First Sunday April Observed DST in 1942-1943 and since 1994.
Nauru Oceania Does not use DST
Nepal Asia Does not use DST
Netherlands Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1945 and since 1977.
New Caledonia (FR) Oceania Observed DST in 1977-1979 and 1996-1997.
New Zealand Oceania Austral/South Last Sunday September First Sunday April Observed DST in 1927-1946 and since 1974.
Nicaragua Central America Observed DST in 1973-1975, 1979-1980, 1992-1994 and 2005-2006.
Niger Africa Does not use DST
Nigeria Africa Does not use DST
Niue (NZ) Oceania Does not use DST
North Korea Asia Does not use DST
Northern Mariana Islands (US) Oceania Does not use DST
Norway Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916, 1940-1945, 1959-1965 and since 1980.Follows European Union practice, although not a member.
Oman Asia Does not use DST
Pakistan Asia Observed DST in 1942-1945 (as belonging to India) and 2002.
Palau Oceania Does not use DST
Palestine Asia Boreal/North Last Friday March Last Friday September Observed DST in 1940-1946, 1957-1967, 1974-1975 and since 1985.
Panama Central America Does not use DST
Papua New Guinea Oceania Does not use DST
Paraguay South America Austral/South First Sunday October Fourth Sunday March Observed DST since 1975. Current start and end dates last updated in 2013.
Peru South America Observed DST in 1938-1940, 1986-1987, 1990 and 1994.
Philippines Asia Observed DST in 1936-1937, 1954, 1978 and 1990.
Pitcairn Islands (UK) Oceania Does not use DST
Poland Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1919, 1940-1949, 1957-1964 and since 1977.
Portugal Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1921, 1924, 1926-1929, 1931-1932, 1934-1949, 1951-1965 and since 1977.
Puerto Rico (US) Central America Observed DST in 1942-1945.
Qatar Asia Does not use DST
Romania Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1932-1939 and since 1979.
Russia Asia/Europe Observed DST in 1917-1919 and 1921 (some areas), 1981-2010 . Since 2011 abolishes DST.
Rwanda Africa Does not use DST
Saba (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Saint Barthélemy (FR) Central America Does not use DST
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) Africa/South America Does not use DST
Saint Kitts and Nevis Central America Does not use DST
Saint Lucia Central America Does not use DST
Saint Martin (FR) Central America Does not use DST
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FR) North America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST since 1987.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Central America Does not use DST
Samoa Oceania Austral/South Last Sunday September First Sunday April Observed DST since 2011
San Marino Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
Sao Tome and Príncipe Africa Does not use DST
Saudi Arabia Asia Does not use DST
Senegal Africa Does not use DST
Serbia Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Seychelles Africa Does not use DST
Sierra Leone Africa Observed DST in 1935-1942 and 1957-1962.
Singapore Asia Observed DST in 1933-1935 by adding 20 minutes to standard time. On January 1, 1936, country changed their time zone to UTC+7:20.
Sint Eustatius (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Sint Maarten (NL) Central America Does not use DST
Slovakia Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916-1918, 1940-1949 and since 1979.
Slovenia Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Solomon Islands Oceania Does not use DST
Somalia Africa Does not use DST
South Africa Africa Observed DST in 1942-1944.
South Georgia Islands(UK) Antarctica Does not use DST
South Korea Asia Observed DST in 1948-1951, 1955-1960 and 1987-1988.
South Sandwich Islands (UK) Antarctica Does not use DST
South Sudan Africa Observed DST in 1970-1985.
Spain Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1917-1919, 1924, 1926-1929, 1937-1946, 1949 and since 1974. On Canary Islands DST observed since 1980.
Sri Lanka Asia Observed DST in 1942-1945.
Sudan Africa Observed DST in 1970-1985.
Suriname South America Does not use DST
Swaziland Africa Does not use DST
Sweden Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST 15 May–30 September 1916, and since the first Sunday of April in 1980. Before 1996 it ended on the last Sunday of September.
Switzerland Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1942 and since 1980.Follows European Union practice, although not a member.
Syria Asia Boreal/North Last Friday March Last Friday October Observed DST in 1920-1923, 1962-1968 and since 1983.
Taiwan Asia Observed DST in 1945-1962, 1974, 1975 and 1979.
Tajikistan Asia Observed DST in 1981-1991.
Tanzania Africa Does not use DST
Thailand Asia Does not use DST
Togo Africa Does not use DST
Tokelau (NZ) Oceania Does not use DST
Tonga Oceania Observed DST from 1999-2002.
Trinidad and Tobago Central America Does not use DST
Tunisia Africa Observed DST in 1939-1945, 1977-1978, 1988-1990 and 2005-2008.
Turkey Asia/Europe Boreal/North 01:00 UTC on last Sunday March 01:00 UTC on last Sunday October Observed DST in 1916, 1920-1922, 1924-1925, 1940-1942, 1945-1951, 1962, 1964, 1970-1983 and since 1985.Follows European Union practice, although not a member.
Turkmenistan Asia Observed DST in 1981-1991.
Turks and Caicos (UK) Central America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November Observed DST since 1979.
Tuvalu Oceania Does not use DST
Uganda Africa Does not use DST
Ukraine Europe Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST in 1941-1943, 1981-1989 and since 1992.The Crimean Supreme Council announced thatCrimea will switch to Moscow time (which does not observe DST) in March 2014 .
United Arab Emirates Asia Does not use DST
United Kingdom Europe Boreal/North 01:00 GMT on last Sunday March 01:00 GMT on last Sunday October
Main article: British Summer Time

Observed DST (British Summer Time (BST)) since 1916.Year-round Summer Time (BST) + Double Summer Time (BDST) 1940-1945. Two-stage Double Summer Time (BDST) 1947. Year-round Summer Time (BST) 1968-1971.

United States North America Boreal/North Second Sunday March First Sunday November

Arizona (except the Navajo Nation Community) and Hawaii do not use DST.[10]

United States Virgin Islands (US) Central America Does not use DST
Uruguay South America Austral/South First Sunday October Second Sunday March Observed DST in 1923-1926, 1933-1943, 1959-1960, 1965-1970, 1972, 1974-1980, 1987-1993 and since 2004.
Uzbekistan Asia Observed DST in 1981-1991.
Vanuatu Oceania Observed DST in 1983-1993.
Venezuela South America Does not use DST
Vietnam Asia Does not use DST
Wallis and Futuna(FR) Oceania Does not use DST
Western Sahara Africa Boreal/North Last Sunday March Last Sunday October Observed DST since 2008. DST is stopped during Ramadan. Only areas controlled by Morocco uses DST.
Yemen Asia Does not use DST
Zambia Africa Does not use DST
Zimbabwe Africa Does not use DST

Courtesy : CGP Grey via Youtube and Wikipedia

Know : FIFA World Cup Qualifiers Facts

Totally 204 Countries across the world aimed for a spot to play the FIFA World Cup 2014, played 820 matches and scored 2350 Goals! Finally 32 countries made it to the Group Stages! No Wonder why Football has more fans around the globe.

 Group A
Brazil
Croatia
Mexico
Cameroon
 Group B
Spain
Netherlands
Chile
Australia
 Group C
Colombia
Greece
Côte d’Ivoire
Japan
 Group D
Uruguay
Costa Rica
England
Italy
 Group E
Switzerland
Ecuador
France
Honduras
 Group F
Argentina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Iran
Nigeria
 Group G
Germany
Portugal
Ghana
USA
 Group H
Belgium
Algeria
Russia
Korea Republic

Qualifiers

Continent wise Qualified / Unqualified Teams

(Click on the link of the countries for more details)

AFRICA

QUALIFIED TEAMS (5)

  1. AlgeriaAlgeria
  2. CameroonCameroon
  3. Côte d'IvoireCôte d’Ivoire
  4. GhanaGhana
  5. NigeriaNigeria

NOT QUALIFIED TEAMS (47)

  1. AngolaAngola
  2. BeninBenin
  3. BotswanaBotswana
  4. Burkina FasoBurkina Faso
  5. BurundiBurundi
  6. Cape Verde IslandsCape Verde Islands
  7. Central African RepublicCentral African Republic
  8. ChadChad
  9. ComorosComoros
  10. CongoCongo
  11. Congo DRCongo DR
  12. DjiboutiDjibouti
  13. EgyptEgypt
  14. Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinea
  15. EritreaEritrea
  16. EthiopiaEthiopia
  17. GabonGabon
  18. GambiaGambia
  19. GuineaGuinea
  20. Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau
  21. KenyaKenya
  22. LesothoLesotho
  23. LiberiaLiberia
  24. LibyaLibya
  25. MadagascarMadagascar
  26. MalawiMalawi
  27. MaliMali
  28. MauritiusMauritius
  29. MoroccoMorocco
  30. MozambiqueMozambique
  31. NamibiaNamibia
  32. NigerNiger
  33. RwandaRwanda
  34. Sao Tome e Principe Sao Tome e Principe
  35. SenegalSenegal
  36. SeychellesSeychelles
  37. Sierra LeoneSierra Leone
  38. SomaliaSomalia
  39. South AfricaSouth Africa
  40. SudanSudan
  41. SwazilandSwaziland
  42. TanzaniaTanzania
  43. TogoTogo
  44. TunisiaTunisia
  45. UgandaUganda
  46. ZambiaZambia
  47. ZimbabweZimbabwe


ASIA

QUALIFIED TEAMS (4)

  1. AustraliaAustralia
  2. IranIran
  3. JapanJapan
  4. Korea RepublicKorea Republic

NOT QUALIFIED TEAMS (39)

  1. AfghanistanAfghanistan
  2. BahrainBahrain
  3. BangladeshBangladesh
  4. CambodiaCambodia
  5. China PRChina PR
  6. Chinese TaipeiChinese Taipei
  7. Hong KongHong Kong
  8. IndiaIndia
  9. IndonesiaIndonesia
  10. IraqIraq
  11. JordanJordan
  12. Korea DPRKorea DPR
  13. KuwaitKuwait
  14. KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstan
  15. LaosLaos
  16. LebanonLebanon
  17. MacauMacau
  18. MalaysiaMalaysia
  19. MaldivesMaldives
  20. MongoliaMongolia
  21. MyanmarMyanmar
  22. NepalNepal
  23. OmanOman
  24. PakistanPakistan
  25. PalestinePalestine
  26. PhilippinesPhilippines
  27. QatarQatar
  28. Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabia
  29. SingaporeSingapore
  30. Sri LankaSri Lanka
  31. SyriaSyria
  32. TajikistanTajikistan
  33. ThailandThailand
  34. Timor-LesteTimor-Leste
  35. TurkmenistanTurkmenistan
  36. United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates
  37. UzbekistanUzbekistan
  38. VietnamVietnam
  39. YemenYemen