Statistical Study : Poor Farmers & Dirty Indian Politics

India farmer kills himself at Delhi AAP rally

cartoon_politics_india2This is the most debated news on Indian media now! Maybe for this week, till we get another sensational news. Political parties are taking their respective pickings to do politics. Blaming one another and trying to follow their traditional strategy to make people fools. None of the political parties ever tried to resolve the agricultural issues on a serious move. So many projects are been dragged for political and business reasons. Meanwhile, farmers are continuing to commit suicide across the country. When the media covered a single farmer’s suicide on daylight, the politicians are ‘ullu banaving’ making fool of us.

Delhi BJP demands AAP Govt to give compensation of Rs 5 crore to farmer’s family – What about thousands of farmers who died without making a political impact as the farmer who committed suicide in Delhi recently? Our politicians are exposing themselves by making such statements and irresponsible blaming on each other.

Why no Indian Political party is focusing on the solution to end this? They are fighting over how to acquire lands from farmers by various laws to favours industries. Why no one is talking about Indian Rivers Inter-link project?

The Indian Rivers Inter-link is a proposed large-scale civil engineering project that aims to link India‘s rivers by a network of reservoirs and canals and so reduce persistent floods in some parts and water shortages in other parts of India. Which can address the causes of farmer suicides and also enrich the Environment of the whole country!

The raw truth is, projects like inter-linking rivers would unite the people of India together. Maybe while executing the project some politics may happen but once the project gets completed the whole nation will get the benefits of it. People will come together ahead of their regional and states differences. Which will revamp agriculture, India will become more of a Green Nation than an industrial nation. This of course, will prevent Industrialists to an extent and prevent politicians’ tie up with Industries and they cannot make easy money. That’s why such effective projects are kept on hold or progressing at snail pace!

As of 2013, a total of 296,438 farmers had killed themselves in India since 1995.[4] Most farm suicides have been linked to debt, a sharp rise in input costs, serious water crises, price volatility and crop failure due to pest attacks and disease. India is an agrarian country with around 60% of its people depending directly or indirectly upon agriculture. Farmer suicides account for 11.2% of all suicides in India.[1]

In Britain farmers are taking their own lives at a rate of one a week. ƒ In India, one farmer committed suicide every 32 minutes between 1997 and 2005. Read more from UN’s article here 

The following data is bit old, but shared here for analytical purpose.

Reasons for farm suicides.
(in 2002)[27]
Percent
(of suicides)
Habits like drinking, gambling, etc. 20.35
Failure of crops 16.81
Other reasons (e.g. chit fund) 15.04
Family problems with spouse, others 13.27
Chronic illness 9.73
Marriage of daughters 5.31
Political affiliation 4.42
Property disputes 2.65
Debt burden 2.65
Price crash 2.65
Borrowing too much (e.g. for house construction) 2.65
Losses in non-farm activities 1.77
Failure of bore well 0.88
Note: “Reasons were given by close relatives and friends. There are multiple reasons for suicides. Not even one case was given only one reason.”[27]

Indian Politicians must understand that people are no fools and we can read their minds so well! Instead of blaming one another, they must act upon solutions. Shame on them if they continue doing politics with Farmers and commoners of this country.


Courtesy and Sources : Source 1, Source 2, Source 3, Source 4

Blow the Whistle : Two Sides of Rajiv Gandhi Assassination

Is nothing but, Politics happening around the death of the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi? 

The court had convicted seven people and gave judgement decades before, now the issue is raised again. Following all the news you probably well aware of- after the TN government decided to release the seven- then the court kept that decision on hold.

Here comes the two sides of the coin where a part of the country, says they should not release and the other part of the country, says they should be released. What actually behind this story is a mystery. Yet the majority of the people go biased either supporting or opposing the decision to free them. We must see both the sides!

Please read both versions here in detail and you will come to know that the case appears to be not at all solved clear and so many things are forbidden.

ONE SIDE OF THE COIN 

WHAT THE COURT JUDGEMENT ON THE SEVEN ACCUSED SAYS

Here are the seven persons who stand to be released from jail and their role in the assassination:

Santhan alias T. Suthenthiraraja: A Sri Lankan national in his twenties at the time of the assassination, Santhan was allegedly a member of the intelligence wing of the LTTE and was close to the prime accused Sivarasan. He was sent to Madras to continue his studies and after coming to India, studied in the Madras Institute of Engineering Technology, where his fees were allegedly paid by the LTTE. Santhan was allegedly a crucial cog in the planning of the assassination and was one of the few conspirators who was informed early on about the fact that their target was Rajiv Gandhi. He had also met with Sivarasan on the day of the assassination and seen him off.

Nalini: The sole survivor of the suicide assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, Nalini is also the wife of Murugan, another convict in the case. Nalini hosted two women who were brought from Sri Lanka to carry out the attack. They stayed with her and her husband while the plan was laid out. Nalini also accompanied the women and prime accused Sivarasan to attend the rally of the then Prime Minister VP Singh in order to assess security arrangements for such events. Nalini is also accused of having taken the two women bombers, Suba and Thanu, to a garments store to buy the clothes they wore on the day of the killing and is accused of having being informed in advance that they would be targeting Rajiv Gandhi. Nalini accompanied the team to the Sriperempudur rally of the former Prime Minister. After the blast killed Rajiv Gandhi, Thanu and another conspirator, she and Suba met with Sivarasan and fled the spot.

Murugan: Twenty one years old at the time of the incident, Murugan was a part of the LTTE in Sri Lanka and was allegedly sent to India to carry out the assassination. In a confession given to the police, Murugan admitted that he was a part of the ‘suicide squad’ and had come to India in January 1991 and even motivated Nalini to join the LTTE. He had also aided in a recce carried out before the assassination attempt in which the eventual bombers had attended a rally of the then Prime Minister VP Singh.  Following the successful assassination, Murugan went with wife Nalini to give thanks at the Tirupati temple according to investigators. He was convicted on the basis of his confessional statement which a court observed showed his role as one of the key conspirators.

AG Perarivalan: A 20-year-old at the time, Perarivalan, is the son of a Tamil poet and had been a part of the LTTE from 1989. He was involved in the sale of LTTE literature and even met LTTE chief Veluppillai Prabhakaran and other leaders of LTTE when he went to Sri Lanka. He was accused of aiding the movement of LTTE cadres into India and even preparing a sketch of the Vellore fort to free prisoners of the terror group. Perarivalan was also allegedly involved in getting equipment for the bomb used to kill Rajiv Gandhi and also carrying out a reece of VP Singh’s rally to assess security arrangements.

Robert Pious: A Sri Lankan Tamil, he is alleged to have landed with his wife and others as part of a batch of LTTE commandos in September 1990. Pious had claimed his child had died due to atrocities perpetrated by the IPKF sent to Sri Lanka due to which he wanted to seek revenge. Pious, in his confession statement, has admitted to being part of the key planners for the assassination and was convicted for his role in the conspiracy.

Jayakumar: The brother in law of Pious, Jayakumar was also sent to India by the LTTE in 1990. Jayakumar is said to have arranged for a house in Tamil Nadu where the other accused would stay and prepared the plan for the assassination.

Ravichandran: A Sri Lankan national, Ravichandran landed in India in December 1990 and was actively funded by prime accused Sivarasan while being asked to carry out various tasks. He was also reportedly given money to set up a travel agency and buy a vehicle that would be used by other LTTE cadre.

Source : http://www.firstpost.com/india/rajiv-gandhi-murder-who-are-the-7-convicts-the-tn-govt-wants-to-free-1398193.html

THE OTHER SIDE OF THE COIN

WHAT THE CLAIMED “Mysteries of Rajiv Gandhi Assassination” says

The shortcomings in this investigation, the various strange happenings around the time of Rajiv’s murder have been grouped under few major categories.

1. The unorthodox circumstances leading to Rajiv’s appearance in the Sriperumbudur meeting pops up naturally as the first question.

a. Rajiv started his propaganda from Delhi and reached Chennai through Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. Yet the question remains as to why Rajiv would agree to attend the Sriperumbudur meeting which was not at all in the agenda of Tamilnadu Congress Party?

b. While other Senior Leaders of Tamilnadu Congress like Vazhappadi Ramamurthy and G.K.Mooppanaar showed no interest in bringing Rajiv for propaganda in Sriperumbudur, what made Mrs.Maragadham Chandrasekar to travel to Delhi to invite him? Did she fall prey to a larger conspiracy, unknowingly?

2. The second was with a ‘no-show’ from Rajiv’s security guard at a time when there was a definite threat to Rajiv’s life and the so-called reporters who popped up from nowhere and disappeared to nowhere but have always kept themselves at a safe distance from Rajiv during his Sriperumbudur visit.

a. When Rajiv was making his propaganda rounds in Bhuvaneshwar and Vishakapattinam, it was his Security officer O.P.Sagar who stood guard. Why did not he turn up for Chennai?

b. Unidentified television reporters from Bulgaria accompanied Rajiv in his propaganda. Their primary job was to make video recordings of Rajiv’s propaganda. Though they participated in the initial propaganda rounds of Rajiv in Orissa and Andhra, they chose to skip all of his public meetings. Instead they stayed back in their luxury hotel with the pilot of their special flight in Vishakapattinam. What could be the purpose of their visit if they are not covering his public meetings, which is supposed to be their key job?

c. In Vizag, Rajiv had to turn back to his Circuit House due to a technical snag in his flight. Rajiv returned to the flight after receiving the news through the then Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Vijaya Baskara Reddy that the problem has been solved. In the midst of this mess, the two Bulgarian reporters reached the airport very late along with Rajiv’s Security Officer O.P.Sagar and consequentially missed the flight. Thus the security officer did not fly with Rajiv. What circumstances led an experienced officer like Sagar to miss the flight with Rajiv?

d. Meanwhile Rajiv reached Chennai without his security officer. The security officer who takes charge in Chennai P.C.Gupta who was waiting to receive Rajiv could not receive the Pistol from O.P.Sagar as the later did not come in that flight. As a result, Gupta traveled along with Rajiv with out the pistol.

e. After Rajiv left the Chennai Meenabakkam airport in his motorcade two so-called women journalists boarded Rajiv’s car near Ramavaram. Whether their identity was ever verified by SIT is still a question. Why they were not subjected to any kind of investigation is a bigger question.

f. Where are the Bulgarians? Who are the two foreign journalists and where did they go after the incident?

3. How Pirabaharan and LTTE were linked to this case without any acceptable evidence?

a. Except for the fact that Dhanu, Subha and Sivarasan all hail from Yalpanam(Jaffna), what made the SIT believe that they acted only on the behest of LTTE. Why they couldn’t have been hired by any other foreign power for this assassination? Why the SIT investigation around them was concluded only by linking them with LTTE and excluding any other possibility?

b. The SIT’s claim for having overheard a radio conversation between PottuAmman and Sivarasan seems to be an imaginary story built to sustain their stand. What is the proof for this claim?

c. There are many facts that can be derived by comparing Rajiv’s murder with that of Padhmanaba. While the latter’s murder was investigated by the Tamilnadu Q branch police, the SIT investigated Rajiv’s murder. Both the teams point the place of origin of the conspiracy to Yalpanam(Jaffna). While Sivarasan was a prime accused in both the cases, Pirabaharan was not an accused at all in Padhmanaba’s murder. It only leads us to a conclusion that the inclusion of Pirabahran’s name in Rajiv’s murder is not a consequence of any findings of investigation rather it seems to be truly politically motivated. The inclusion was done only with a cruel intention to add ‘life’ to this case.

d. India and especially Tamilnadu are well known vocal supporters and sympathizers of the liberation struggle of Tamils. Given this obvious fact, it will be a historical blunder to kill Rajiv in Tamilnadu and get themselves kicked out of India and face a legal ban, if ever they had such an intention. Will Pirabaharan, the leader of a liberation struggle of its stature be stupid enough to take such a decision?

e. How come an old photograph where Pirabaharan posed alongside Sivarasan is the only solid evidence to prove that Pirabaharan had a hand in this murder?

f. Even if Dhanu, Subha and Sivarasan had been with the LTTE earlier. What proves that they were associated with the LTTE at the time of assassination? Why they can’t have moved out of LTTE and acted as paid-assassins for any other Western, European or Indian mafia?

4. The most important question is with the strangest circumstances under which Congress leaders and their family members cleared all the security hurdles and lead the assassins and their aides gain such a close proximity with a former Prime Minister and the running Prime Ministerial candidate Rajiv. (In fact Dhanu was only at arm’s reach when the bomb exploded). This won’t have been possible even for long time Congress workers. This is accompanied by the unnatural silence maintained by Congress leaders about the questions lingering around the strange circumstances of the murder.

a. The two so-called women foreign journalists interviewed Rajiv in the car, but Mrs.Marakatham Chandrasekar (Senior Congress Leader of TamilNadu Congress Committee )  who accompanied Rajiv in his car declined to comment stating that she did not know anything about the discussion. Why this strange behavior was not put to any investigation?

b. Mrs.Maragadham Chandrasekar came to the venue of the Sriperumbudur Public meeting. Her daughter Latha Priyakumar came from Arakkonam along with her husband Lawyer Magendiran. Her son Lalith Chandrasekar came to the venue with his wife Vinothini. But they never revealed where they started from. Given the fact that Vinothini is the very daughter of Julius Jayewardene, why she was never interrogated? When the entire family was at the venue, why no one was ever interrogated?

c. Sivarasan’s mother and Vinothini’s father are Sinhalese. Both of them were at the murder site, why they can’t have acted on the behest of Srilankan Supremo Premadasa who has an apparent apprehension against Rajiv for having sent the IPKF to Srilanka.

d. Rajiv was intercepted on his way to the podium was interrupted for a while by Latha Kannan who read out a poem. It this timeframe, that was utilized by the assassin Dhanu to trigger the bomb. Why she was never included in the list of accused? Dhanu entered the security ring and got so close to Rajiv only using Latha Kannan. If Haribabu could be accused, why not Latha Kannan? Why should the SIT show such a blatantly kind attitude towards people who had a Congress connection?

e. Vazhappadi Ramamurthy, who accompanied Rajiv to the stage in the two street-corner meetings just preceding the Sriperumudur meeting, was too far from Rajiv in this meeting alone. Why is that?

f. Many innocent civilians and security personnel died alongside Rajiv but it is too strange to observe that not even a single Congress worker died or even had a minor injury in this incident?

g. It was considered that Latha Priyakumar brought Dhanu, Subha and Sivarasan to Sriperumbudur. More importantly Latha Priyakumar(Daughter of Maragadham Chandrasekar) brought them to the Women’s section and asked Latha Kannan to help them. Why she was never interrogated as to the purpose of letting them have access to former PM?

h. Renganathan testified that he rented the house out to Sivarasan only at the instance of Margaret Alwa. How was she related to Sivarasan? Was the validity of this claim ever verified by SIT?

5. Based on various statements by notable leaders, evidences and prevalent circumstances there are many possible conspirators. It is very strange that the Congress who should have had the biggest interest in uncovering this conspiracy never questioned the SIT for not considering those more probable alternatives?

a. Chandraswamy, Subramania Swamy (both accused by the Jain commission) and arms dealer Kasoki were all possible candidates for interrogation. Was any investigation done considering them?

b. During the Gulf war, India under leadership of Mr.Chandrasekar supplied fuel to the American fighter crafts. Rajiv heavily criticized this and there is every reason for America to be angry at Rajiv. Why there is no investigation done considering the possibility of a CIA hand behind the assassination?

c. Before being killed, Rajiv told that the CIA is responsible for the assassination of then Pakistani Prime Minister Zia-Ul-Huq. What forced him make such a statement? Did he suspect a similar attempt at his life as well by CIA?

d. In the aftermath during July 1991 the then Home Minister S.P.Chavan opined that there are other foreign groups and powers which are behind Rajiv’s assassination. Was any investigation done to assess the reason behind the Home Minister’s statement?

e. CIA, notorious for its interest in the departures of many of the third world leaders was never considered a possible conspirator. Why was that?

f. The leader of Palestinian liberation struggle Mr. Yasar Arafat warned the then PM Mr.Chandrasekar that there is a threat to Rajiv’s life. What was the source of this warning? Was there any investigation done in that direction? Considering the fact that the possibility of Mr.Yasar Arafat receiving any intelligence is possible only if the conspiracy was hatched in the Middle East or the Western Europe, did the SIT investigate such a possibility?

g. If there is one thing that the Srilankan government would share with the LTTE, it is the hatred towards Rajiv for messing up their lives in Srilanka by sending the IPKF. Considering this fact, the opposition lawyer Chandrasekar challenged the SIT that his party would accept all the claims against them if the SIT could prove that Vinothini and her family are innocent and they did not have anything to do in the murder. The SIT safely chose to skip this very important challenge from opposition and hence no one from that family was ever interrogated

h. The Srilankan government would have obviously been threatened by Rajiv’s statement that IPKF will make another visit to Srilanka if he came back to power. Why the possibility that they had an interest in his death, was never considered?

i. Premadasa was popularly blamed for the assassination of many of the political leaders of his time including Kamini Thissanayaka, Adhulath Mudhali and Vikrama Singhe. Why there was no investigation done considering this possibility?

j. Politicians with vested interest or even his party leaders who may find him as a hurdle in their political career could have used assassins to execute Rajiv out of political enmity. Why this angle was never considered?

k. Rajiv as a Prime Minister had close links with so many international weapon dealers. Why they couldn’t have had a hand in this assassination?

We don’t need reputed agencies like the CBI or SIT to conduct the investigation if the end result is only to file a report blaming a few individuals without considering any of the obvious possibilities.

Though we all agree that “not every question turns out to be a fact” But if these strong suspicious circumstances are not investigated there is every chance that the real conspirators protected by powerful groups get away easily. Those real culprits who go uncaught will turn out to be a true threat to the safety of the leaders of this nation.

Source : http://www.confront2change.blogspot.in/2014/02/mysteries-of-rajiv-gandhi-assassination.html

  1. Why the Government / Congress / Court is not open to re-investigate on those rightful speculations by the supporters of the release of the seven?
  2. Why these many claims by supporters of their freedom has not come out till this issue of freeing them raised?
  3. What is the REAL truth behind the assassination?

Will we people always be kept in a blind spot? Mystery continues…

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Arvind Kejriwal’s Shocking Speech : Exposes Congress, Ambani & BJP?

arvindArvind Kejriwal, on role as Chief minister of Delhi for 49 days, resigned today. This news along with his address to his party members spread a shockwave in Indian Media and Politics. He claims BJP and Congress are together behind the screens and Ambani is behind them.. ! We people do not know who is playing with whom. But One thing is sure that they all are playing with India and we the people. Even Arvind Kejriwal could play behind the screen? Who knows? All these politicians have no clue of what they are doing to the country, except for dealing with their own problems and ensure they are in power to do any non sense they want!

Here is Arvind Kejriwal’s speech

  • We had sworn to not accept BJP, Congress’ support
  • We asked the people and they asked us to accept support aand work for them
  • Out biggest promise was to pass Janlokpal bill and to pass laws against corruption
  • Congress gave it to us in writing and said they would support it
  • They didn’t even let us introduce the Bill
  • They joined hands with BJP
  • BJP and Congress meet every day behind a curtain. Their true face was face revealed today
  • Ambani said ‘Congress meri dukaan hae, can buy whenever I want’
  • Ambani has been running the UPA for the last 10 years 
  • The moment we laid hands on Ambani, BJP and Congress joined hands
  • For the last on year, Ambani is behind Modi too. Where is Modi getting so much money from
  • I am against those who rule the government out of fear for Mukesh Ambani 
  • After FIR, Mukesh Ambani said AAP government is a thorn in my side 
  • They fear that more than half of them will go to jail if bill gets passed
  • So far, we have only attacked Ambani and Moily. So they decided to join hands against us
  • I haven’t come here for power. Today we resigned
  • I am willing to let go off my seat 100 times for  Janlokpal bill
  • Hold elections immediately in Delhi 
  • I will go to the Lieutenant Governor next and recommend dissolution of the assembly and fresh elections
  • Our cabinet has taken this decision
  • We have been working day and night since we formed government
  • We have spent sleepless nights and worked sincerely
  • Forgive us for mistakes, if any
  • We are humans
  • They say we don’t know how to govern
  • They would have reduced power tariff in 5 years. We managed it in 5 days
  • If we would have accepted bribes and offered some to BJP, Congress, then they would’ve appreciated us
  • They broke mikes and tore papers yesterday
  • Gave bangles to one of our ministers. Does BJP respect women?
  • Centre sees itself as the British goverment. Delhi’s Lieutenant General sees himself as the viceroy

– Courtesy and Source : http://www.ndtv.com/

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India : Assembly Elections : Updates

Click on the Image to see live status and Updates

Click on the Image to see live status and Updates

BJP LEADS almost in all the four states, however one among it is a neck to neck between them and Ruling Congress Party. Will this Change of Rule Bring any positives to India?

Modi’fication has begun…

Courtesy and Source : Times of India

Know : What is a Government Shutdown?

For the Non-US people around the world few may not be aware of what a shutdown of government means and what it does! You are not the only person to have this doubt many has it. A basic stuff here…

us

In U.S. politics, a government shutdown is a situation in which the government stops providing all but “essential” services. Typically, federal services that continue despite a shutdown include the National Weather Service and its parent agencies, medical services at federal facilities, the postal service, armed forces, air traffic management, and corrections (the penal system). A government shutdown is similar to a lockout in the private sector.

 

Effects :

A federal government shutdown causes a large number of civilian federal employees to be furloughed. Military personnel and essential employees are not furloughed, but may not be paid as scheduled.

The exact details of which government functions would stop during a shutdown is determined by the Office of Management and Budget. However, some specific aspects have applied to all shutdowns in the past. Among these is the closure of national parks and passport offices. “Emergency personnel” continue to be employed, including the military, federal law enforcement agents, doctors and nurses working in federal hospitals, and air traffic controllers. Members of Congress continue to be paid, because their pay cannot be altered except by direct law. Mail delivery is not affected as it is self-funded.

Shutdowns in the past have also affected the Washington, D.C., municipal government, putting a stop to schools and to utilities such as garbage collection.

Find Answers more for questions like (click the question)

List of similar Shutdowns 

Year Start date End date Total days Explanation
1976 September 30 October 11 10 Citing out of control spending, President Gerald Ford vetoed a funding bill for the United States Department of Labor and the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW), leading to a partial government shutdown. On October 1, the Democratic-controlled Congress overrode Ford’s veto but it took until October 11 for a continuing resolution ending funding gaps for other parts of government to become law.
1977 September 30 October 13 12 The Democratic-controlled House continued to uphold the ban on using Medicaid dollars to pay for abortions, except in cases where the life of the mother was at stake. Meanwhile, the Democratic-controlled Senate pressed to loosen the ban to allow abortion funding in the case of rape or incest. A funding gap was created when disagreement over the issue between the houses had become tied to funding for the Departments of Labor and HEW, leading to a partial government shutdown. A temporary agreement was made to restore funding through October 31, 1977, allowing more time for Congress to resolve its dispute.
1977 October 31 November 9 8 The earlier temporary funding agreement expired. President Jimmy Carter signed a second funding agreement to allow for more time for negotiation.
1977 November 30 December 9 8 The second temporary funding agreement expired. The House held firm against against the Senate in its effort to ban Medicaid paying for the abortions of victims of statutory rape. A deal was eventually struck which allowed Medicaid to pay for abortions in cases resulting from rape, incest, or in which the mother’s health is at risk.
1978 September 30 October 18 18 Deeming them wasteful, President Carter vetoed a public works appropriations bill and a defense bill including funding for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. Spending for the Department of HEW was also delayed over additional disputes concerning Medicaid funding for abortion.
1979 September 30 October 12 11 Against the opposition of the Senate, the House pushed for a 5.5 percent pay increase for congress members and senior civil servants. The House also sought to restrict federal spending on abortion only to cases where the mother’s life is in danger, while the Senate wanted to maintain funding for abortions in cases of rape and incest.
1981 November 20 November 23 2 President Ronald Reagan pledged that he would veto any spending bill that failed to include at least half of the $8.4 billion in domestic budget cuts that he proposed. Although the Republican controlled Senate passed a bill that met his specifications, the Democratic House insisted on larger cuts to defense than Reagan wanted and for congressional and civil servant pay raises. A compromise bill fell $2 billion short of the cuts Reagan wanted, so Reagan vetoed the bill and shut down the federal government. A temporary bill restored spending through 15 December and gave Congress the time to work out a more lasting deal.
1982 September 30 October 2 1 Congress passed the required spending bills a day late.
1982 December 17 December 21 3 The Democratic controlled House and the Republican controlled Senate wished to fund jobs, but President Reagan vowed to veto any such legislation. The House also opposed plans to fund the MX missile. The shutdown ended after Congress abandoned their jobs plan, but Reagan was forced to yield on funding for both the MX and Pershing II missiles. He also accepted funding for the Legal Services Corporation, which he wanted abolished, in exchange for higher foreign aid to Israel.
1983 November 10 November 14 3 The Democratic controlled House increased education funding, but cut defense and foreign aid spending, which led to a dispute with President Reagan. Eventually, the House reduced their proposed education funding, and also accepted funding for the MX missile. However, the foreign aid and defense cuts remained, and oil and gas leasing was banned in federal wildlife refuges. Abortion was also prohibited for being paid for with government employee health insurance.
1984 September 30 October 3 2 The House wished to link the budget to both a crime-fighting package President Reagan supported and a water projects package he did not. The Senate additionally tied the budget to a civil rights measure designed to overturn Grove City v. Bell. Reagan proposed a compromise where he abandoned his crime package in exchange for Congress dropping theirs. A deal was not struck, and a three-day spending extension was passed instead.
1984 October 3 October 5 1 The three-day spending extension expired, forcing a shutdown. Congress dropped their proposed water and civil rights packages, while President Reagan kept his crime package. Funding for aid to the NicaraguanContras was also passed.
1986 October 16 October 18 1 A dispute over multiple issues between the Democratic controlled House and President Reagan and the Republican Senate forced a shutdown. The Democratic controlled House dropped many of their demands in exchange for a vote on their welfare package, and a concession of the sale of then-government-ownedConrail.
1987 December 18 December 20 1 Democrats, who now controlled both the House and the Senate, opposed funding for the Contras, and wanted the Federal Communications Commission to begin reenforcing the “Fairness Doctrine“. They yielded on the “Fairness Doctrine” in exchange for non-lethal aid to the Contras.
1990 October 5 October 9 4 President George H.W. Bush vowed to veto any continuing resolution that was not paired with a deficit reduction package, and did so when one reached his desk. The House failed to override his veto before a shutdown occurred. Congress then passed a continuing resolution with a deficit reduction package that Bush signed to end the shutdown.
1995 November 13 November 19 5 In the shutdown of 1995 and 1996 President Bill Clinton vetoed a continuing resolution passed by the Republican-controlled Congress. A deal was reached allowing for 75 percent funding for four weeks, and Clinton agreed to a seven-year timetable for a balanced budget.
1995 December 16 January 6, 1996 21 Subsequently the Republicans demanded President Clinton propose a budget with the seven-year timetable using Congressional Budget Office numbers, rather than Clinton’s Office of Management and Budget numbers. However, Clinton refused. Eventually, Congress and Clinton agreed to pass a compromise budget.
2013 October 1 Ongoing Ongoing Due to disagreement regarding inclusion of language delaying the Affordable Care Act, the Government has not passed a funding bill. Negotiations have come to a stop and government shutdown is in progress. See also United States federal government shutdown of 2013.