Documentary : Israel and Arabs Conflict : Unbiased

Before you watch the 300 minutes detailed documentary, watch this Quick Introduction if you want to know the ABCs of the conflict. Understand, War never helps humanity or peace. Say no to war and be whatever the reason say no to violence.

The 50 Years War: Israel and the Arabs

The conflict in the Middle East between Israel and its neighbors is given comprehensive treatment in this award-winning documentary produced by PBS. Using archival footage and extensive interviews with participants, the production begins by explaining conditions in Palestine at the end of World War II and the crisis created by the exodus of European Jews who went to the Middle East after the Holocaust. The withdrawal of the British, who had controlled Palestine for decades, is detailed, as is the creation of the state of Israel. Much of the region’s history is complex, with the local struggles being conducted at times as a part of the cold war between the United States and the Soviet Union, but these videos do an admirable job of explaining the complexities of the situation.

The segment on the Six Day War, for example, is masterful, with the scenes shifting from Israel to Egypt to Washington to Moscow, the story developing before the viewer’s eyes. The 50 Years War is often a tale of mistrust and betrayal, but this production strives to present a balanced view of history, and is not only impressive for its command of the facts but for its skillful and often dramatic presentation of history.

Whatever your views are on the conflict, all should watch this masterful, detailed, and insightful documentary on the Arab-Israeli war.

Part 1

Part 2


Courtesy : PBS via Youtube and SAY

A Letter To Dirty Politicians “SHUT UP”

A Letter to Dirty Politicians… (Indian)shutup_03

Hey Dirty Indian Politicians! Shut up! We cannot hear your idiotic bashing anymore on other parties whenever a bomb blast occurs! Stop your dirty games! You all have similar faces, but different masks!

The country knows the timeline of bomb blasts very well than you politicians, because it was always us who lost our brothers, sisters, husbands, wives, fathers, mothers and beloved friends. When was the last time any of your relative or a family member was killed in a bomb blast along with the public? Seldom you can show proof. It is always us, our ‘common people’ were chosen as victims! Even when people were burnt alive in train/bus or mass murders in any religious riots, we common people are the targets!

None of such incidents had any names of your families. Go back and search the list of Thousands of victims, we challenge you to find a dozen names from your families! It never happened and will never happen. Because accidents will never occur as planned!

We people are aware that every bomb blast has some political motive behind and any one of your dirty minds behind that work either directly or indirectly. Because it’s you who are going to get the benefits of all the chaos such incidents creates. We have seen nothing but only opposition bashing in most of our political history. You blame them, they blame you and make us fools.

There is no poor or a middle class politician in this country. All of you are either rich or in that process of becoming so. We are tired of your political business. It is becoming so clear day by day that your purpose of politics is your own selfishness, but not the Public interest or a National service. After your personal agenda if you have space, you may think of us and throw some left over crumbs to us. We do not need it anymore.

Democracy means people taking care of people, even a class 3 student can define it to us. If you do not understand or act so smart like you are living for us!, please stop this nonsense. You look so ugly when you play blame games after some of our citizens get killed!

Terrorists, Extremists and Naxals are better names for scapegoats in your dictionary. They do not seem to have any personal agenda of bombing a random train or shooting innocent people in a train station. If we sum up everything and deduce factors, then all the benefits converge at your dirty political business. Even if those anti-social groups actually done such things as their modus operandi, why the hell you are taking advantage of the situation?

We are tired of the political culture of blaming the one other party! For gaining political advantages, please do not play with innocent people’s lives.

Again, we are making this statement “YOU LOOK SO UGLY WHEN YOU PLAY DIRTY BLAME GAMES” SO STOP IT. CHANGE OR THE PEOPLE WILL REMOVE YOU FROM POLITICS!

*Conditions applied. This is not directly intended on any politician in particular, but addressed to all bad politicians. Who ever are bad, they know themselves well.

– Din

Know : Intergovernmental Organizations

world_flagsAn intergovernmental organization (or international governmental organizationIGO) is an organization composed primarily of sovereign states (referred to as member states), or of other intergovernmental organizations. Intergovernmental organizations are often called international organizations, although that term may also include international nongovernmental organization such as international nonprofit organizations or multinational corporations.

Intergovernmental organizations are an important aspect of public international law. IGOs are established by treaty that acts as a charter creating the group. Treaties are formed when lawful representatives (governments) of several states go through a ratification process, providing the IGO with an international legal personality.

Intergovernmental organizations in a legal sense should be distinguished from simple groupings or coalitions of states, such as the G8 or the Quartet. Such groups or associations have not been founded by a constituent document and exist only as task groups.

Intergovernmental organizations must also be distinguished from treaties. Many treaties (such as the North American Free Trade Agreement, or the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade before the establishment of the World Trade Organization) do not establish an organization and instead rely purely on the parties in their administration, becoming legally recognized as an ad hoc commission. Other treaties have established an administrative apparatus which was not deemed to have been granted international legal personality.

Types and Purposes

Intergovernmental organizations differ in function, membership and membership criteria. They have various goals and scopes, often outlined in the treaty or charter. Some IGOs developed to fulfill a need for a neutral forum for debate or negotiation to resolve disputes. Others developed to carry out mutual interests with unified aims to preserve peace through conflict resolution and better international relations, promote international cooperation on matters such as environmental protection, to promote human rights, to promote social development (education, health care), to render humanitarian aid, and to economic development. Some are more general in scope (the United Nations) while others may have subject-specific missions (such as Interpol or the International Organization for Standardization and other standards organizations). Common types include:

Worldwide or global organizations – generally open to nations worldwide as long as certain criteria are met. This category includes the United Nations (UN) and its specialized agencies, the Universal Postal UnionInterpol, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Customs Organization (WCO), World Nature Organization (WNO), and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Regional organizations – open to members from a particular region or continent of the world. This category includes the Council of Europe (CoE), European Union(EU), NATOOrganization for Security and Co-operation in EuropeAfrican Union (AU), Organization of American States (OAS), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Arab League, and Union of South American Nations.

Cultural, linguistic, ethnic, religious, or historical organizations – open to members based on some cultural, linguistic, ethnic, religious, or historical link. Examples include the Commonwealth of NationsOrganisation internationale de la FrancophonieCommunity of Portuguese Language CountriesLatin UnionTurkic Council,International Organization of Turkic Culture, or Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

Economic organizations – based on economic organization. Some are dedicated to free trade, the reduction of trade barriers (the World Trade Organization) and International Monetary Fund. Others are focused on international development. International cartels, such as OPEC, also exist. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development was founded as an economics-focused organization. An example of a recently formed economic IGO is the Bank of the South.

Educational organizations – centered around tertiary level studyAcademy of European Law offers training in European law to lawyers, judges, barristers, solicitors, in-house counsel and academics. EUCLID (university) chartered as a university and umbrella organization dedicated to sustainable development in signatory countries and United Nations University efforts to resolve the pressing global problems that are the concern of the United Nations, its Peoples and Member States.
Health and Population Organizations- based on the common perceived health and population goals and to address those challenges collectively. An example is the intergovernmental partnership for population and development”Partners in Population and Development

Some organizations, such as NATO, have collective security or mutual defense provisions.

The Union of International Associations publishes an annual directory of organizations and provides ancillary information on most international organizations, both intergovernmental and non-governmental.

Participation and involvement

There are several different reasons a state may choose membership in an intergovernmental organization. But there are also reasons membership may be rejected. These reasons are explored in the sections below.

Reasons for participation:

  1. Economic rewards: In the case of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), many different countries receive economic benefits from membership in the free trade agreement. For example, Mexican companies are given better access to U.S. markets due to their membership.
  2. Political influence: Smaller countries, such as Portugal and the Netherlands, who do not carry much political clout on the international stage, are given a substantial increase in influence through membership in IGOs, such as the European Union. Also for countries with more influence such as France and Germany they are beneficial as the nation increases influence in the smaller countries’ internal affairs and expanding other nation’s dependence on themselves, so to preserve allegiance
  3. Security: Membership in an IGO such as NATO gives security benefits to member countries. This provides an arena where political differences can be resolved.
  4. Improve democracy and the likelihood of democratic survival: It has been noted that member countries experience a greater degree of democracy and those democracies survive longer.

Reasons for rejecting membership:

  1. Loss of sovereignty: Membership often comes with a loss of state sovereignty as treaties are signed which require cooperation on the part of all member states.
  2. Insufficient benefits: Often membership does not bring about substantial enough benefits to warrant membership in the organization.

Privileges and immunities

Intergovernmental organizations are provided with privileges and immunities that are intended to ensure their independence and effective functioning. They are specified in the treaties that give rise to the organization (such as the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations and the Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Criminal Court), which are normally supplemented by further multinational agreements and national regulations (for example the International Organizations Immunities Act in the United States). The organizations are thereby immune from the jurisdiction of national courts.

Rather than by national jurisdiction, legal accountability is intended to be ensured by legal mechanisms that are internal to the intergovernmental organization itself and access to administrative tribunals. In the course of many court cases where private parties tried to pursue claims against international organizations, there has been a gradual realization that alternate means of dispute settlement are required, as states have fundamental human rights obligations to provide plaintiffs with access to court in view of their right to a fair trial. Otherwise, the organizations’ immunities may be put in question in national and international courts. Some organizations hold proceedings before tribunals relating to their organization to be confidential, and in some instances have threatened disciplinary action should an employee disclose any of the relevant information. Such confidentiality has been criticized as a lack of transparency.

The immunities also extend to employment law. In this regard, immunity from national jurisdiction necessitates that reasonable alternative means are available to effectively protect employees’ rights; in this context, a first instance Dutch court considered an estimated duration of proceedings before the Administrative Tribunal of the International Labour Organisation of 15 years to be too long.

Strengths and weaknesses

These are some of the strengths and weaknesses of IGOs:

Strengths:

  1. They hold state authority.
  2. Their institutions are permanent.
  3. They provide a forum for discussion.
  4. They are issue specific.
  5. They provide information.
  6. They allow multilateral cooperation.

Weaknesses:

  1. Membership is limited. Prohibits the membership of private citizens. This makes IGOs undemocratic. In addition, not all IGOs allow universal membership.
  2. IGOs often overlap resulting in a complex network.
  3. States have to give up part of their sovereignty, which weakens the state’s ability to assert its authority.
  4. Inequality among state members creates biases and can lead powerful states to misuse these organizations.

They can be deemed unfair as countries with a higher percentage voting power have the right to veto any decision that is not in their favor, leaving the smaller countries powerless.


Source and Courtesy :Wikipedia

Chief Minister Sleeps on Street! : What We Miss to Learn!!!

kejivarl

Delhi’s Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal slept on the road, a bitterly cold January night, right next to where his blue Wagon R car was parked near India Gate. After a night out on the streets, Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal resumed his protest against the city’s police in the heart of Delhi today, his supporters staying put despite sudden winter rain and bad weather.

Mr Kejriwal woke up at 5.20 in the morning, every move captured on camera. With “good morning” out of the way, he fired his first salvo, attacking Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde. “How can Home Minister (Sushil Kumar) Shinde sleep when so many crimes are happening in Delhi? Is he a dictator? We won’t negotiate, this is not a grocery store,” he said. – Courtesy : NDTV

What is happening in India? A Chief Minister has to come down to the streets to dharna (protest) for bringing an official procedure / change of control over administering the Police department of the state! How people of India are seeing it? Moments after the media captured this act by AAP leader and the Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal, the result is much expected. People started praising it on the social media and giving supporting voice. Well, I must be synonymous with everyone when I talk about their intention to bring an effective system in place to protect women and ensure they are safe in the Capital City. I am 100% with their intended purpose.

But on the other hand, if we see it as a democratic procedure or a process oriented functioning of a government, What a CM doing is totally not good for the country! For each and every thing we cannot enter into the streets to protest and demand justice in this way! If it is a civilized country under democracy, then this is not at all needed.

Instead of all this attention grabbing things, why not the concerned people come out with the proposed solution, with explanation that details Why the Current procedure toothless against prevention of crimes and how a control shift can make it efficient? Make a public statement, file a case with top priority on the Supreme Court, or a special request to the President of India and make the public & media to cover the complete proceedings, as they do like now covering this story and hyping in the news media. Let us people watch the court hearing, what and how you politicians and lawmakers are making decisions behind the walls. We get to know all your efficiency! We will be glad and proud if you make India such a powerful democracy and make people a part of the governance in reality. 

Even for a successful long-term running of a small organisation, we need visibility and proper procedures. But for administering the country you politicians are doing so many publicity stunts and again and again guiding the nation on the wrong path. If everyone gets on the roads and start protesting for every demand, India would turn like a riot ground and a battlefield. Is that what you politicians want to cash in? Sorry, we are not ready to believe in any of the usual political gimmicks. We have been seeing enough in the last 60+ years. We need change! 

So for the people who supports such kind of propaganda, please grow up and make a decision in the upcoming elections. 49 O is the tool to reject them. We have limited powers as citizens of this country. Our Vote is the Primary weapon against the corrupt, bad politics and stupid administration. So use that effectively. The world will be watching the elections. Because many countries want to invest and take profits from our populous market, they can’t do it without the politicians, they will wait to know whom we choose so that they can deal with them. 

 SO. MAKE YOUR CHOICE WISELY. As far as Mr.Arvind Kejriwal is concerned, we need to wait and watch, allow time to conclude a result about that gentleman. Will he stand out different or join the club of the political predecessors of this biggest democracy! 

– Words by Din

Note: I am not politically supporting anyone or any party but democracy.