Know : Countrywise Percentage of Arable Land

Arable land is land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.

Non-arable land: Land which is unsuitable for arable farming usually has at least one of the following deficiencies: no source of fresh water; too hot (desert); too cold (Arctic); too rocky; too mountainous; too salty; too rainy; too snowy; too polluted; or too nutrient poor. Clouds may block the sunlight plants need for photosynthesis, reducing productivity. Starvation and nomadism often exists on marginally arable land. Non-arable land is sometimes called wasteland, badlands,worthless or no man’s land.

A permanent crop is one produced from plants which last for many seasons, rather than being replanted after each harvest. Traditionally, “arable land” included any land suitable for the growing of crops, even if it was actually being used for the production of permanent crops such as grapesor peaches. Modern agriculture—particularly organizations such as the CIA and FAO—prefer the term of art permanent cropland to describe such “cultivable land” that is not being used for annually-harvested crops such as staple grains. In such usage, permanent cropland is a form of “agricultural land” that includes grasslandsand shrublands used to grow grape vines or coffee; orchards used to grow fruit or olives; and forested plantations used to grow nuts or rubber. It does not include, however, tree farms intended to be used for wood or timber.

Arable_land_percent_world

Arable_land_percent_world

Country / Region Area (km²) Arable Land % Permanent Crops  Arable Land (km²)
European Union* 7708000 25%  2.75 1920063
United States 9826675 16.29%  0.26% 1600765
India 3287590 47.87%  3.74% 1573769
Russia 17098242 7.11%  0.1% 1215685
China 9615767 11.62%  1.53% 1117352
Brazil 8515767 8.45%  0.83% 719582
Australia 7692024 6.16%  0.05% 473829
Canada 9889000 4.30%  0.49% 425227
Argentina 2780400 13.68%  0.36% 380359
Nigeria 923768 38.97%  3.46% 359992
Ukraine 603628 53.85%  1.48% 325054
Mexico 1964375 12.98%  1.36% 254976
Kazakhstan 2717300 8.82%  0.03% 239666
Indonesia 1904556 12.34%  10.5% 235022
France 675417 33.45%  1.86% 225927
Pakistan 803940 26.02%  1.05% 209185
Turkey 780580 26.21%  3.94% 204590
Iran 1648000 10.05%  1.08% 165624
Thailand 514000 30.71%  8.77% 157849
Niger 1267000 11.79%  0.05% 149379
Ethiopia 1127127 13.19%  1.01% 148668
Sudan 1861484 6.76%  0.07% 125836
Spain 504781 24.75%  9.29% 124933
South Africa 1219912 9.87%  0.34% 120405
Germany 357021 33.25%  0.56% 118709
Tanzania 947303 12.25%  1.79% 116045
Poland 312685 35.49%  1.25% 110972
Myanmar 678500 15.94%  2.16% 108153
Romania 237500 37.73%  1.86% 89609
Morocco 446550 17.79%  2.6% 79441
Bangladesh 147570 52.97%  6.25% 78168
Afghanistan 647500 11.95%  0.18% 77376
Algeria 2381740 3.15%  0.38% 75025
Mali 1240000 5.53%  0.1% 68572
Democratic Republic of the Congo 2345410 2.90%  0.32% 68017
Italy 301230 22.57%  8.37% 67988
Uganda 241038 27.94%  9.11% 67346
Vietnam 329560 19.64% 11.18% 64726
Cameroon 475440 13.04%  2.94% 61997
United Kingdom 243610 24.88%  0.18% 60610
Rwanda 126338 46.32%  9.49% 58520
Burkina Faso 274200 20.79%  0.24% 57006
Belarus 207600 26.63%  0.59% 55284
Kenya 581309 9.48%  1.12% 55108
Philippines 300000 18.00% 17.33% 54000
Mozambique 801590 6.51%  0.25% 52184
Chad 1284000 3.82%  0.02% 49049
Ghana 238540 20.12% 11.74% 47994
Syria 185180 24.90%  5.69% 46110
Hungary 93030 47.24%  1.97% 43947
Uzbekistan 447400 9.61%  0.8% 42995
Japan 377835 11.26%  0.81% 42544
Angola 1246700 3.29%  0.23% 41016
Zimbabwe 390580 10.49%  0.31% 40972
Iraq 437072 9.19%  0.48% 40167
Cambodia 181035 22.09%  0.86% 39991
Paraguay 406750 9.59%  0.22% 39007
Senegal 196190 19.57%  0.28% 38394
Bolivia 1098580 3.49%  0.2% 38340
Peru 1285220 2.84%  0.66% 36500
Malawi 118480 30.38%  1.1% 35994
Madagascar 587040 5.96%  1.02% 34988
Zambia 752614 4.52%  0.05% 34018
Serbia 88361 37.28%  3.41% 32941
Cuba 100860 32.31%  3.55% 32588
Bulgaria 110910 29.28%  1.44% 32474
Czech Republic 78867 40.12%  0.96% 31641
Saudi Arabia 2149690 1.45%  0.11% 31171
Ivory Coast 322460 8.99% 13.65% 28989
Egypt 1001450 2.87%  0.79% 28742
Guinea 245857 11.59%  2.81% 28495
Tunisia 163610 17.35% 14.63% 28386
Sweden 449964 5.80%  0.02% 26098
Venezuela 912050 2.85%  0.71% 25993
Benin 112620 22.48%  2.61% 25317
Togo 56785 44.20%  3.7% 25099
Greece 131940 18.95%  8.73% 25003
Denmark 43094 57.99%  0.09% 24990
Nepal 147181 16.00%  0.8% 23549
North Korea 120540 19.08%  1.7% 22999
Finland 337030 6.65%  0.01% 22412
Colombia 1197411 1.84%  1.66% 22032
Lithuania 65201 33.48%  0.47% 21829
Turkmenistan 488100 3.89%  0.12% 18987
Nicaragua 129494 14.57%  1.76% 18867
Azerbaijan 86600 21.78%  2.62% 18861
Moldova 33843 53.47%  8.77% 18096
Uruguay 176220 10.25%  0.22% 18063
Central African Republic 622984 2.89%  0.13% 18004
Malaysia 329750 5.44% 17.49% 17938
Libya 1759540 0.99%  0.19% 17419
Guatemala 108890 13.78%  8.68% 15005
South Korea 98480 14.93%  2.06% 14703
Laos 236800 5.91%  0.42% 13995
Slovakia 48845 28.36%  0.41% 13852
Austria 83858 16.25%  0.77% 13627
Chile 756950 1.74%  0.6% 13171
Ecuador 283560 4.51%  5.38% 12789
Kyrgyzstan 198500 6.38%  0.37% 12664
Sri Lanka 65611 18.29% 14.94% 12000
Yemen 527970 2.20%  0.55% 11615
Latvia 64589 17.96%  0.11% 11600
Sierra Leone 72740 15.33%  1.88% 11151
Somalia 637657 1.73%  0.05% 11031
Ireland 71273 15.11%  0.01% 10769
Portugal 88267 11.88%  7.71% 10486
Netherlands 41526 25.08%  0.88% 10415
Honduras 112090 9.07%  3.91% 10167
Bosnia and Herzegovina 51129 19.63%  1.99% 10037
Haiti 27750 36.04% 10.09% 10001
Burundi 27834 33.06% 14.37% 9202
Croatia 56542 15.85%  1.47% 8962
Belgium 32545 27.06%  0.72% 8807
Taiwan 36193 24%  1% 8686
Tajikistan 143100 5.96%  0.91% 8529
Norway 324220 2.52%  0.01% 8170
Dominican Republic 48730 16.44%  9.25% 8011
Namibia 825418 0.97%  0.01% 8007
Eritrea 121320 5.87%  0.02% 7121
El Salvador 21040 31.61% 10.93% 6651
Estonia 45226 13.97%  0.13% 6318
Albania 28748 21.63%  2.57% 6218
Mongolia 1565000 0.39%  0% 6104
Panama 78201 7.16%  2.51% 5599
Republic of the Congo 342000 1.46%  0.18% 4993
New Zealand 269190 1.76%  0.27% 4738
Mauritania 1030700 0.44%  0.01% 4535
The Gambia 11300 39.82%  0.44% 4500
Liberia 111370 4.04%  1.62% 4499
Armenia 29800 14.47%  1.8% 4312
Guyana 214970 1.95%  0.13% 4192
China 35980 11.62%  1.53% 4181
Georgia 69701 5.94%  1.65% 4140
Macedonia 25333 16.10%  1.36% 4079
Switzerland 41210 9.80%  0.57% 4039
Israel 26990 13.68%  3.69% 3692
Gabon 267667 1.21%  0.64% 3239
Lesotho 30355 10.14%  0.13% 3078
Papua New Guinea 462840 0.65%  1.51% 3008
Guinea-Bissau 36120 8.30%  6.92% 2998
Botswana 600370 0.45%  0% 2702
Costa Rica 51100 4.89%  6.46% 2499
Jordan 92300 1.97%  0.95% 1818
Swaziland 17363 10.08%  0.86% 1750
Montenegro 13812 12.45%  1.16% 1720
Slovenia 20253 8.31%  1.33% 1683
Fiji 18270 9.17%  4.65% 1675
East Timor 15007 10.09%  4.03% 1514
Equatorial Guinea 28051 4.63%  2.5% 1299
Iceland 103000 1.19%  0% 1226
Jamaica 10990 10.92%  9.1% 1200
Bhutan 47000 2.49%  0.46% 1170
Lebanon 10452 10.72% 12.06% 1120
Comoros 2170 44.06% 31.17% 956
Cyprus 9250 9.06%  3.54% 838
Belize 22966 3.27%  1.39% 751
Mauritius 1860 38.24%  1.96% 711
Luxembourg 2586 23.90%  0.58% 618
Puerto Rico 9104 6.76%  4.51% 615
Suriname 163270 0.36%  0.04% 588
United Arab Emirates 82880 0.61%  0.5% 506
Cape Verde 4033 11.66%  0.74% 470
West Bank 5640 7.39% 10.96% 417
Oman 309500 0.10%  0.12% 310
Isle of Man 572 43.86%  0% 251
Trinidad and Tobago 5128 4.87%  4.29% 250
Vanuatu 12200 1.64% 10.25% 200
Solomon Islands 28450 0.62%  2.25% 176
Tonga 748 21.33% 14.67% 160
Qatar 11437 1.21%  0.17% 138
Barbados 430 27.91%  2.33% 120
Kuwait 17820 0.62%  0.28% 110
São Tomé and Príncipe 1001 9.06% 40.62% 91
Bahamas 13940 0.65%  0.29% 91
Malta 316 28.12%  4.06% 89
Samoa 2860 2.82%  7.75% 81
New Caledonia 18576 0.38%  0.27% 71
Dominica 754 8.00%  24% 60
Hong Kong 1104 5.05%  1.01% 56
Western Sahara 266000 0.02%  0% 53
Saint Kitts and Nevis 261 19.23%  0.38% 50
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 389 12.82%  7.69% 50
Curacao 444 10%  0% 44
Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha 394 10.26%  0% 40
Antigua and Barbuda 442 9.09%  2.27% 40
Liechtenstein 160 21.88%  0% 35
Faroe Islands 1399 2.15%  0% 30
Saint Lucia 620 4.84% 11.29% 30
Brunei 5770 0.52%  0.87% 30
Maldives 300 10.00%  10% 30
Grenada 340 8.82% 20.59% 30
French Polynesia 4167 0.68%  6.28% 28
Gaza Strip 360 7.39% 10.96% 27
Andorra 468 5.32%  0% 25
Aruba 193 11.11%  0% 21
Montserrat 102 20%  0% 20
Marshall Islands 181 11.11% 44.44% 20
Micronesia 702 2.86% 24.29% 20
Cook Islands 240 8.33%  4.17% 20
Djibouti 22000 0.09%  0% 20
American Samoa 199 9.50%  15% 19
Kiribati 717 2.47% 39.51% 18
Bahrain 665 1.79%  3.95% 12
Northern Mariana Islands 475 2.17%  2.17% 10
San Marino 61 16.67%  0% 10
Wallis and Futuna 142 7.14% 35.71% 10
Guam 541 1.85% 16.67% 10
Niue 260 3.85% 11.54% 10
Palau 458 2.17%  4.35% 10
Seychelles 455 2.17%  4.35% 10
Bermuda 53 14.80%  0% 8
Turks and Caicos Islands 616 1.05%  0% 6
Singapore 693 0.89%  0.14% 6
Greenland 2166086 0%  0% 0
Tuvalu 26 0.00%  60% 0
Nauru 21 0.00%  20% 0
Gibraltar 7 0%  0% 0
Monaco 2 0.00%  1% 0
Vatican City 0 0.00%  0% 0
World 510072000 10.43%  1.15% 53200510

Courtesy & Source: Wikipedia and The World Factbook

Know : March Against Monsanto

March Against Monsanto

On May 24, millions of activists from around the world will once again March Against Monsanto, calling for the permanent boycott of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) and other harmful agro-chemicals. Currently, marches will occur on six continents, in 52 countries,with events in over 400 cities. In the US, solidarity marches are slated to occur in 47 states.

Monsanto is a multinational agricultural biotechnology corporation based in the United States. Monsanto is also the largest producer of genetically engineered (GE) seeds on the planet, accounting for over 90% of the GE seeds planted globally in 2003. Throughout its history, Monsanto has developed chemical products which have eventually become controversial or been banned, including DDT, Agent Orange, Bovine Growth Hormone, and PCBs.

GMOs are not adequately monitored to ensure public safety. Long term, independent, peer reviewed studies were not conducted before GMOs were introduced for human or animal consumption.

Monsanto has spent hundreds of millions of dollars to obstruct all labeling attempts; they also suppress any research containing results not in their favor. The scientifically established health risks include, but are not limited to: organ damage, sterility, infant mortality, birth defects, auto-immune conditions, allergies and increased cancer risks. GMOs have been partially banned by Austria, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Japan, Luxembourg, Madeira, New Zealand, Peru, South America, Russia, France, Switzerland and Costa Rico, and are currently labelled in 62 countries. Despite this, factory farm animals throughout the world are still fed GMOs.

In India, more than 250,000 farmers have committed suicide after Monsanto’s Bt cotton seeds did not perform as promised. Farmers, left in desperate poverty, are opting to free their families of debt by drinking Monsanto pesticide, thereby ending their lives. Many farmers in other countries are also stripped of their livelihood as a result of false promises, seed patenting and meticulous legal action on the part of Monsanto and other big-ag interests. In many parts of Africa, farmers and their communities are left to choose between starving or eating GMOs.

An “Open Letter from World Scientists to All Governments Concerning Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs),” http://www.i-sis.org.uk/list.php, signed by 828 scientists from 84 countries, detailed concern regarding GMOs coupled with a call for immediate 5 year suspension of GMO crops in order to conduct “a comprehensive public enquiry of agriculture and food security for all.”

Josh Castro, organizer for Quito, Ecuador’s march observes, “Ecuador is such a beautiful place, with the richest biodiversity in the world. We will not allow this Garden of Eden to be compromised by the destructive practices of multinational corporations like Monsanto. Biotechnology is not the solution to world hunger. Agroecology is. Monsanto’s harmful practices are causing soil infertility, mono-cropping, loss of biodiversity, habitat destruction, and contributing to beehive collapse. GMO crops cross pollinate with traditional crops, risking peasant farmers’ livelihood.”


Courtesy and Source : http://www.march-against-monsanto.com/

Documentary : The Fastest Changing Place on Earth

China: White Horse Village is a tiny farming community deep in rural China. A decade ago, it became part of the biggest urbanisation project in human history, as the Chinese government decided to take half a billion farmers and turn them into city-dwelling consumers. White Horse Village was to become a city of 200,000 in just a few years.

Filmed over the past six years, Carrie Gracie follows the lives of three local people during this upheaval. She meets Xiao Zhang, a mother and rice farmer, desperate to see her children have a better life, Xie Tingming, an entrepreneur determined to make money and push the development forward and the local Communist Party Secretary, who is caught between what the party wants and a way of life that has endured for centuries.

The Fastest Changing Place on Earth, is an extraordinary story of ordinary people in one tiny village as the Government’s epic plans sweep through China at a speed and scale unimaginable anywhere else on earth. In just ten years they plan to build thousands of new cities, a new road network to rival the USA’s and three hundred of the world’s biggest dams.

Kisan Divas : Farmers Day, India, Dec 23.

Our Sincere thanks to farmers all around the globe who are supporting everyone to live and make living possible on the earth! Propel Steps salutes all Agriculturists!

Naveen's p h o t o g r a p h y

India is a land of villages and most of the population residing in villages are farmers. Agriculture employs more than half of the Indian population. Though, there was a time when approximately 75% of the Indian population were living on agricultural income. But the emergence of the service sector and strong manufacturing industry has helped in attracting people from agriculture to these sectors. Yet, agriculture is the main occupation of the country. India had an interesting agricultural journey. The green revolution changed the agricultural landscape of the nation. Productivity increased and India became self-reliant in many agro-commodities. States like Punjab thrive on agricultural income. However, a lot needs to be done in improving the state of the farmers.

Chaudhary-Charan-SinghFarmers are the backbone of the nation. India celebrates Farmers Day in the memory of Chaudhary Charan Singh, the ex-Prime Minister. He was primarily a farmer and his personal life-style was extremely simple. He was a son of the soil and contributed a lot to improve the situation of the Indian farmers. His brief stay at the top witnessed a slew of agricultural reforms and policies being introduced in India. Charan Singh’s peasantry background helped him understand real problems of the farmer and he did his best to help them.

Chaudhary Charan Singh is credited to formulate and implement the famous Zamindari Abolition Act. His passionate appeal and magnetic persona united all the farmers against the moneylenders and landlords. He was also a very effective writer and penned his thoughts on farmers and their problems and solutions. Charan Singh passed away on 29 May 1987. Kisan Divas is recognition of his valuable services rendered to the farmers of India. Entire India celebrates Farmers day on Dec 23. Farmers and members of rural community organize agricultural shows, functions and pay homage to their beloved leaders. New policies concerning farming, agriculture, seeds etc are also announced by the governments.