Know : List of Foods’ Storage Periods

 

Food-storage-shelf-items

Proper food storage helps maintain food quality by retaining flavor, color, texture and nutrients, while reducing the chance of contracting a food-borne illness. Foods can be classified into three groups.

  • Perishable foods include meat, poultry, fish, milk, eggs and many raw fruits and vegetables. All cooked foods are considered perishable foods. To store these foods for any length of time, perishable foods need to be held at refrigerator or freezer temperatures. If refrigerated, perishable foods should be used within several days.
  • Semi-perishable foods, if properly stored and handled, may remain unspoiled for six months to about one year. Flour, grain products, dried fruits and dry mixes are considered semi-perishable.
  • Staple, or non-perishable, foods such as sugar, dried beans, spices and canned goods do not spoil unless they are handled carelessly. These foods will lose quality, however, if stored over a long time, even if stored under ideal conditions.

There is no exact method to determine how long a food will maintain quality and be safe to eat, because many conditions affect the quality. The storage life of foods is affected by the:

  • freshness of the food when it reached the grocery store
  • length of time and the temperature at which it was held before purchase
  • temperature of your food storage areas
  • humidity level in your food storage areas
  • type of storage container or packaging the food is stored in
  • characteristics of the food item

 

Storage Periods for Retaining Food Quality
Food Room Temperature Refrigerator Freezer at 0°F
Milk/Milk Products
Milk 1 week 1 month
Butter 2 weeks 12 months
Canned or dry milk (unopened) 6 months
Cottage cheese 1 week 3 months
Cream 1-2 weeks
Ice cream 2-3 weeks
Margarine 1 month 12 months
Natural cheese 1 month 4-6 months
Processed cheese 1 month 4-6 months
Sour cream, buttermilk, cream cheese 2 weeks Not recommended
Yogurt 1 month
Meat
Fresh roasts, steaks, chops 3-4 days 2-3 months
Fresh livers, hearts, kidneys, other variety meats 1-2 days 3-4 months
Fresh ground meat, stew meat 1-2 days 3-4 months
Cured pork and lunch meat 1 week Not recommended
Cooked meat, gravies made with meat stock 2-3 days 2-3 months
Canned meat 1 year
Meat pies, stews, casseroles, meat salads 2-3 days 3 months
Hotdogs 1 week (opened) 2 weeks (unopened) 1-2 months
Bacon 7 days 1 month
Sausage, raw from pork, beef, turkey 1-2 days 1-2 months
Hard sausage-pepperoni, jerky sticks 2-3 weeks 1-2 months
Poultry/Eggs
Fresh poultry 2 days 6-8 months
Cooked poultry 2-3 days 6 months
Poultry stuffing 1 day
Poultry pies, stews, creamed dishes, gravies 1 day 6 months
Poultry salads 1 day
Eggs 2-4 weeks 1 year
Raw yolk, whites 2-4 days 1 year
Hardcooked eggs 1 week Not recommended
Liquid pasteurized eggs or egg substitutes 10 days (unopened) 3 days (opened) 1 year (unopened)
Egg-containing products: custards, custard sauces, puddings, custard-filled pastries or cakes 1-2 days Not recommended
Puddings, canned 1-2 days (opened)
Fish/Seafood
Fresh fish 1-2 days 3-6 months
Cooked fish 3-4 days 1 month
Fish salad 1 day
Smoked fish 10 days 4-5 weeks
Canned fish 1 year Not recommended
Dried or pickled fish 3-4 weeks
Clams, oyster (shucked) and scallops 7-9 days
Crab 7 days 2 months
Shrimp 3-5 days 6-12 months
Lobster (shelled or unshelled) 3-7 days 6-12 months
Wild Game
Venison 3-5 days 3-4 months
Rabbit, squirrel 1-2 days 12 months
Wild duck, pheasant, goose(whole) 1-2 days 6 months
Fruits
Apples Until ripe 1 month
Citrus fruits 2-6 weeks
Grapes 1-3 weeks
Melons, most varieties 1 week
Peaches, nectarines 2-3 weeks
Pears (mature but not fully ripe) 1-3 months
Pineapple, ripe 1 week
Other fresh fruit Until ripe 3-5 days 9-12 months
Canned fruit 1 year 2-4 days (opened)
Dried fruit 6 months 2-4 days (cooked)
Fruit juice concentrates 1 year
Canned fruit juices 1 year 3-4 days (opened)
Vegetables
Asparagus 2-3 days
Broccoli, brussels sprouts, green peas, green onions, lima beans, rhubarb, greens, summer squash, mushrooms 3-5 days
Cabbage, cauliflower, celery, cucumbers, snap beans, lettuce, peppers, tomatoes 1 week
Carrots, beets, parsnips, radishes, turnips 2 weeks
Corn 1 day
White potatoes, sweet potatoes, winter squash, rutabagas, dry onions 1 week (several months at 50-60°F)
Canned or dried vegetables 1 year 1-4 days (opened/cooked)
Cereal Products
Flour, white 1 year
Flour, whole or wheat 6-8 months 1 year
Rice, white 2 years
Rice, brown 6 months
Ready-to-eat cereals 1 year
Uncooked cereals 1 year
Pasta 1 year
Corn meal 1 year
Bakery Goods
Breads, baked with no preservatives 2-3 weeks 2-3 months
Breads, quick, baked 2 months
Cake, angel 6-12 months
Cake, baked, frosted 1 month
Cake, baked, unfrosted 2-4 months
Cakes, batter 1 month
Cakes, fruit 6-12 months
Cinnamon rolls, partially baked 2 months
Cookies, baked, homemade 2-3 weeks 6-12 months
Cookies, dough 1-2 days 3 months
Cookies, packaged 2 months 12-18 months
Crackers 2 months
Doughnuts, unfrosted 2-4 months
Muffins, baked 6-12 months
Pies, fruit 2-3 days (baked) 1-2 days (unbaked) 6-8 months (baked) 2-4 months (unbaked)
Pies, pumpkin or chiffon 2-3 days 1-2 months
Rolls and bread, unbaked 2-3 weeks 1 month
Waffles 1 month
Mixes/Packaged Foods
Biscuit, brownie, muffin mix 9 months
Cake mixes 6-9 months
Casserole mix 9-12 months
Cookies, homemade 2-3 weeks
Cookies, packaged 2 months
Crackers 3 months
Croutons and bread crumbs 6 months 6 months 1 year
Frosting, canned 3 months
Frosting, mix 8 months
Hot roll mix 18 months
Pancake mix 6-9 months
Piecrust, mix 6-9 months
Potatoes, instant 6-12 months
Rice mixes 6 months
Sauce and gravy mixes 6-12 months
Soup mixes 12 months
Toaster pastries 2-3 months
Other Foods
Baking powder 18 months
Baking soda 2 years
Chocolate syrup 2 years (unopened) 6 months (opened)
Cocoa mixes 8 months
Coffee, lighteners (dry) 9 months (unopened) 6 months (opened)
Cornstarch 18 months
Gelatin 18 months
Pectin 1 year
Salad dressings, bottled 12 months (unopened) 1-3 months (opened) Not recommended
Sugar, brown 18 months
Sugar, confectioners’ 18 months
Sugar, granulated 2 years
Vinegar 2 years (unopened) 1 year (opened)
Cheese, parmesan, grated 10 months (unopened) 2 months (opened)
Coconut, shredded 12 months (unopened) 6 months (opened)
Imitation bacon bits, etc. 4 months
Peas, beans, dried 12 months
Popcorn 2 years
Whipped topping, dry 12 months
Yeast, dry Expiration date on package
Honey, jams, syrups, molasses 1 year
Nuts, unshelled 6 months
Nuts, shelled 6 months
Peanut butter 6 months (unopened) 2 months (opened)
Chocolate 1 year
Coffee 1 year (unopened) 2-4 weeks (opened)
Coffee, instant 6 months (unopened) 2 months (opened)
Pudding mixes 1 year
Shortening, solid 8 months
Vegetable oils 1-3 months
Tea, bags or loose 1 year
Tea, instant 1 year
Soft drinks 3 months
Bouillon products 1 year
Mayonnaise 10-12 weeks Not recommended
Spices, Herbs, Condiments, Extracts
Catsup, chili sauce 12 months (unopened) 1 month (opened)
Mustard, prepared yellow (refrigerate 2 years (unopened) for longer storage) 6-8 months (opened)
Spices, whole 1-2 years
Spices, ground 6 months
Herbs 6 months
Herb/spice blends 2 years (unopened) 12 months (opened)
Other extracts 12 months

Exclusive Cupboard Storage Chart
• Store foods in cool cabinets and away from appliances which produce heat.
• Many staples and canned foods have a relatively long shelf life, but buy only what you can expect to use within the time recommended in the chart. Date food packages and use the oldest first. Foods stored for longer than recommended times or beyond date on the package may change quality, color and flavor.
• Buy fresh-looking packages. Dusty cans or torn labels can indicate old stock. Do not purchase dented or bulging cans.

Cupboard Storage Cupboard Storage2

Courtesy & Credits : UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA–LINCOLN &  North Dakota State University

Excerpts from original articles by


 

Earth Our Home Too : List of endangered Animals in India

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED SPECIES

Birds

  1. White-bellied Heron (Ardea insignis)

  2. Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps)

  3. Forest Owlet (Athene blewitti)

  4. Baer’s Pochard (Aythya baeri)

  5. Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus)

  6. Siberian Crane (Grus leucogeranus)

  7. White-rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis)

  8. Indian Vulture (Gyps indicus)

  9. Slender-billed Vulture (Gyps tenuirostris)

  10. Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis)

  11. Himalayan Quail (Ophrysia superciliosa)

  12. Jerdon’s Courser (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus)

  13. Pink-headed Duck (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea)

  14. Red-headed Vulture (Sarcogyps calvus)

  15. Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarius)

Fish

  1. Knifetooth sawfish (Anoxypristis cuspidata)

  2. Pondicherry shark (Carcharhinus hemiodon)

  3. Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus)

  4. Deccan labeo (Labeo potail)

  5. Largetooth sawfish (Pristis microdon)

  6. Longcomb sawfish (Pristis zijsron)

Reptiles and amphibians

  1. Northern river terrapin (Batagur baska)

  2. Red-crowned roofed turtle (Batagur kachuga)

  3. Leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)

  4. Hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata)

  5. Ghats wart frog (Fejervarya murthii)

  6. Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus)

  7. Gundia Indian frog (Indirana gundia)

  8. Toad-skinned frog (Indirana phrynoderma)

  9. Charles Darwin’s frog (Ingerana charlesdarwini)

  10. Rao’s torrent frog (Micrixalus kottigeharensis)

  11. Amboli bush frog (Pseudophilautus amboli)

  12. White-spotted bush frog (Raorchestes chalazodes)

  13. Griet bush frog (Raorchestes griet)

  14. Munnar bush frog (Raorchestes munnarensis)

  15. Ponmudi bush frog (Raorchestes ponmudi)

  16. Sacred Grove bush frog (Raorchestes sanctisilvaticus)

  17. Shillong bubble-nest frog (Raorchestes shillongensis)

  18. Anaimalai flying frog (Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus)

Mammals

  1. Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi)

  2. Himalayan wolf  (“Canis himalayensis“)

  3. Kashmir stag (Cervus canadensis hanglu)

  4. Elvira rat (Cremnomys elvira)

  5. Andaman shrew (Crocidura andamanensis)

  6. Jenkins’ shrew (Crocidura jenkinsi)

  7. Nicobar shrew (Crocidura nicobarica)

  8. Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis)

  9. Kondana soft-furred rat (Millardia kondana)

  10. Pygmy hog (Porcula salvania)

  11. Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus)

  12. Malabar large-spotted civet (Viverra civettina)

ENDANGERED

Fish

Birds

Mammals

Story :) How to Become Rich? Or How to become a Fool?

fisherman_silhouette_large

Once a man went to fish and he spotted another man holding a mirror in his hand. He was waving the mirror here and there to reflect the sunlight on the water. The other man got curious about what he was doing, walked to him and asked “what are you doing?”. He said “I would prefer to tell my secret only if you can pay me a 1000 bucks”. The other man thought for a while and paid him the money. 

The man with mirror explained “I am catching fish by a new method using this round mirror, what I do is I will reflect the sunlight in the direction where the fishes goes and they stop for a moment in confusion. I used that opportunity and catch them”. He showed a bucket full of fish which he told captured using this method!

The other man exclaimed “Wow! Do you have another round mirror? I can pay you for it”. “Yes, luckily I found the one I missed here yesterday, you can have it for 50 bucks!” he replied. He happily bought it and went a little distance from him and started reflecting the sunlight. 

The hours passed but he was unable to catch any fish and he asked the other guy “Why I am unable to catch fish? And how come you caught so many?”. “You need to try hard and focus some more time, maybe come back tomorrow and give a try” he replied and said to himself “I managed to catch 6 fishes including you today! :)” and walked away from that place,  counting the money!

And the fool was still trying his luck with the mirror!

Moral: This is the same scenario when many people want to become rich and read books on How to become rich in short time? How to become a billionaire?. In reality, those authors only can make some money using others and we can be rich if we do our business effective which we are good at, rather trying to find shortcuts.

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Read more Stories on our blog here

Earth our Home too : Colourful Fishes from the Sea World

Lion Fish with Sunburst

Lion Fish with Sunburst

Blue Parade

Blue Parade

Another Nemo

Another Nemo

Hippo and Fish

Hippo and Fish

Swarming

Swarming

Clownfish

Clownfish

Togetherness

Togetherness

Funny Mouth

Funny Mouth

After Plastic Surgery by Viktoria-a

After Plastic Surgery by Viktoria-a

Texture

Texture

A Yellow Fish

A Yellow Fish

Guppy

Guppy

Charm

Charm

Grouper Face

Grouper Face

Rainbow

Rainbow

Betta Splendens Halfmoon Orange

Betta Splendens Halfmoon Orange

Tropical Fish

Tropical Fish

Inflated

Inflated

Sipadan Diving

Sipadan Diving

The Red Sea

The Red Sea

Cool Ocean Blue

Cool Ocean Blue

Sinister Grin

Sinister Grin

Lion Fish

Lion Fish

Blue Dolphin

Blue Dolphin

Don’t Go

Don’t Go

Tropical Fish Profile

Tropical Fish Profile

Big Bad Grouper

Big Bad Grouper

1 cm Nemo

1 cm Nemo

Red Coris Wrasse

Red Coris Wrasse

Borbonius Anthias Fish

Borbonius Anthias Fish

Guinea Fowl Pufferfish

Guinea Fowl Pufferfish

Red Lionfish

Red Lionfish

Murena

Murena

Big Blue Fish

Big Blue Fish

Ooo

Ooo

Whitepatch Razorfish

Whitepatch Razorfish

Cubic and Dotty Fishes

Cubic and Dotty Fishes

Exotic Fish

Exotic Fish

46

47

48

49

50

Clown Fish

Clown Fish

Dragon Moray Eel

Dragon Moray Eel

Oppositin

Oppositin

The Cardinal & the Clowns

The Cardinal & the Clowns

Exotic Fish

Exotic Fish

Lionfish

Lionfish

Can You Help Me?

Can You Help Me?

_____

Courtesy and Source : Pxleyes

Story : Barriers are just in our thoughts! : Shark experiment

rate 5 if scared of sharksDuring a research experiment a marine biologist placed a shark into a large holding tank and then released several small bait fish into the tank.

As you would expect, the shark quickly swam around the tank, attacked and ate the smaller fish.

The marine biologist then inserted a strong piece of clear fiberglass into the tank, creating two separate partitions. She then put the shark on one side of the fiberglass and a new set of bait fish on the other.

Again, the shark quickly attacked. This time, however, the shark slammed into the fiberglass divider and bounced off. Undeterred, the shark kept repeating this behavior every few minutes to no avail. Meanwhile, the bait fish swam around unharmed in the second partition. Eventually, about an hour into the experiment, the shark gave up.

This experiment was repeated several dozen times over the next few weeks. Each time, the shark got less aggressive and made fewer attempts to attack the bait fish, until eventually the shark got tired of hitting the fiberglass divider and simply stopped attacking altogether.

The marine biologist then removed the fiberglass divider, but the shark didn’t attack. The shark was trained to believe a barrier existed between it and the bait fish, so the bait fish swam wherever they wished, free from harm.

The moral: Many of us, after experiencing setbacks and failures, emotionally give up and stop trying. Like the shark in the story, we believe that because we were unsuccessful in the past, we will always be unsuccessful. In other words, we continue to see a barrier in our heads, even when no ‘real’ barrier exists between where we are and where we want to go.