Know : Milk – Some Interesting facts

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Cows – Nine out of every ten glasses of milk consumed by people come from cows.

Water Buffalo – Water buffalo produce half of the milk consumed in India. Ghee, a kind of liquid butter, is made from water buffalo milk.

Goat – Some people find goat’s milk easier to digest than cow’s milk. The fat globules in goat’s milk are smaller than in cow’s milk.

Reindeer – The fat content of reindeer milk is 22%, six times as much as cow’s milk. It is the only source of milk for Laplanders in northern Scandinavia, because no other dairy animal can survive in such a cold, hostile environment. It takes two people to milk a reindeer – one to do the milking and the other to hold the reindeer’s horns.

Horse – Over 700 years ago, Mongolian warriors made a dried-out concentrated paste from horse milk. When they were on the march, they added it to water and drank it. In southeastern Russia, people use horse milk to make a slightly alcoholic drink called kumiss.

Sheep – Milk from sheep has twice the fat content of cow’s milk. Sheep milk is used to make French Roquefort and chevre cheeses.

Camel – In the hot desert, camel milk lasts longer than other types of milk. It can last for seven days at 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius), and will last for three months when properly refrigerated.

Yak – In the cold mountains of Tibet, people make yak butter tea. It tastes like a salty, creamy soup that has been whipped to a froth.

Content of Milk by Species

Content of Milk by Species

Milk is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of nutrition for young mammals before they are able to digest other types of food. Early-lactation milk contains colostrum, which carries the mother’s antibodies to the baby and can reduce the risk of many diseases in the baby. It also contains many other nutrients.

As an agricultural product, milk is extracted from mammals during or soon after pregnancy and used as food for humans. Worldwide, dairy farms produced about 730 million tonnes of milk(2011). India is the world’s largest producer and consumer of milk, yet neither exports nor imports milk. New Zealand, the European Union’s 28 member states, Australia, and the United States are the world’s largest exporters of milk and milk products. China and Russia are the world’s largest importers of milk and milk products.

Throughout the world, there are more than 6 billion consumers of milk and milk products. Over 750 million people live within dairy farming households. Milk is a key contributor to improving nutrition and food security, particularly in developing countries. Improvements in livestock and dairy technology offer significant promise in reducing poverty and malnutrition in the world

The females of all mammal species can by definition produce milk, but cow milk dominates commercial production. 85% of all milk worldwide was produced from cows. Other animals include buffalo, goat, sheep, camel, donkey, horse, reindeer, yak also used for milk consumption. The first four respectively produced about 11%, 2%, 1.4% and 0.2% of all milk worldwide (2011).

However Consumption of milk is debated as a dangerous practice. We try to come back with solid info on that soon.

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Courtesy: Wikipedia, Havemilkmilk.procon.org

Eco Preservation : Sheperd Dogs helps for Cheetah Conservation

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Winding through the parched Namibian farmland, Bonzo, an Anatolian shepherd dog, has a singular focus: protecting his herd of goats from lurking predators.

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He pads along, sniffing the air and marking the scrubby landscape, just like a bodyguard ready to ward off any threat to his charges, which he considers family.

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“They’re not pets. They’re not allowed to be pets,” said Bonzo’s owner farmer Retha Joubert.

The breed descends from ancient livestock dogs used thousands of years ago in what is now central Turkey. And they not only save sheep and goats, but have handed a lifeline to Namibia’s decimated cheetah numbers by reducing conflicts between farmers and predators.

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“The dogs are protecting the flock in such a way that the farmers don’t have to kill predators,” said Laurie Marker of the Cheetah Conservation Fund (CCF) which breeds the dogs near the northern city Otjiwarongo.

“It’s a non-lethal predator control method so it is green, it’s happy, it’s win-win.”

The concept is simple : The dogs are placed with a flock when a few weeks old to bond with the livestock. They live permanently with the animals, loyally heading out with them every day to deter hunters, and bedding down with them at night.

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Marker’s centre started breeding the livestock dogs to promote cheetah-friendly farming after some 10,000 big cats — the current total worldwide population — were killed or moved off farms in the 1980s. 

Up to 1,000 cheetahs were being killed a year, mostly by farmers who saw them as livestock killers.

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But the use of dogs has slashed losses for sheep and goat farmers and led to less retaliation against the vulnerable cheetah.

“We see about 80 to 100 percent decrease of livestock loss from any predator when the farmers have the dogs,” said Marker.

In the last 19 years, around 450 dogs have been placed with farmers and more than 3,000 farmers trained.

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Courtesy, Source and for Full article : Click here AFP

Know : Life Span of Animals : List

Life Span of Animal : List

Animal

Average Life Span of Animal (Years)

African Grey Parrot

50

Alligator

68

Amazon Parrot

80

American Alligator

56

American Box Turtle

123

American Newt

3

American Toad

15

Angleworm

15

Anole

3

Ant (Queen)

3

Ant (Worker)

1/2

Asian elephant

40

B

 

Bare Eyed Cockatoo

40

Bat

24

Bear

40

Beaver

20

Bee (Queen)

5

Bee (Worker)

1

Binturong

18

Bison

30

Blackbird

18

Boa Constrictor

23

Bottlenose Dolphin

20

Box Turtle

123

Budgerigar

18

Bull

28

Bull Frog

16

Bull Snake

18

C

 

Caiman

28

Camel

50

Canada Goose

33

Canary

20

Canvasback duck

19

Capybara

12

Carp

100

Cat

25

Catfish

60

Chicken

15

Chinchilla

20

Chimpanzee

40

Chipmunk

12

Cicada

17

Civet

13

Cobra

28

Cockatiel

32

Common Goldeneye

17

Congo Eel

27

Conure

25

Cottonmouth Mocassin

21

Cottontail

10

Cow

22

Crocodile

45

D

 

Deer

35

Dog, large

10

Dog

22

Domestic Pigeon

26

Donkey

45

E

 

Eagle

55

Eclectus Parrot

20

Eel

55

Egyptian Goose

28

Elephant

70

Elk

22

English Sparrow

23

F

 

Fence Lizard

4

Ferret

12

Flying Squirrel

14

Fox

14

G

 

Galah

26

Galapagos Land Tortoise

193

Gerbil

5

Giant Salamander

55

Giant Tortoise

152

Goat 

15

Golden Hamster

4

Gorilla

20

Gouldian finch

6

Great Horned Owl

68

Green Frog

10

Grey Cheeked Parrot

15

Grey Squirrel

20

Grizzly bear

32

Grouse

10

Guinea Pig

8

H

 

Hare

10

Hellbender

29

Hippopotamus

45

Hog 

18

Horse

40

House Mouse

4

Human

70-80

Humming Bird

8

I

 

 

 

J

 

 

 

K

 

Kangaroo

9

Koala

8

L

 

Leopard

17

Leopard Frog

6

Lion 

35

Lobster

15

M

 

Macaw

50

Mallard

20

Mongoose

12

Mosquitofish

2

Mountain Lion

20

Mouse 

4

Mudpuppy

9

Muscrat

6

Mynah 

8

N

 

Newt

7

Norwegian Rat

4

Nutria 

15

O

 

Opossum

4

Ox 

20

P

 

Painted Turtle 

11

Parrot

80

Pea Fowl 

20

Pheasant 

18

Pig (wild) 

25

Pigeon 

11

Pionus Parrot 

15

Platypus 

10

Polar bear

20

Porcupine 

20

Prarie Dog 

10

Q

 

Quail 

6

R

 

Rabbit 

9

Rainbow Lorikeet

15

Rat Snake 

23

Rattlesnake 

22

Red Eared Turtle

7

Redhead Duck 

17

Rhinoceros 

40

Rosella 

15

S

 

Sea Lion

14

Sheep

15

Snapping Turtle

57

South African Clawed Toad

15

Squirrel

16

Sulphur Crested Cockatoo

40

Superb Parrot

36

Swan 

10-12

T

 

Tapir 

30

Tasmanian Tiger

7

Teal 

20

Tiger 

22

Tiger Salamander

11

Toad 

36

Toucan 

6

Tree Frog 

14

Trumpeter Swan

33

Turkey Buzzard

18

U

 

 

 

V

 

 

 

W

 

Whistling Duck

15

Wombat 

15

Wolf 

18

Woodchuck

15

X

 

 

 

Y

 

 

 

Z

 

Zebra Finch 

17

Note: Since this is just an average life expectancy, no doubt you will always have some exceptions. You will definitely have a few animals exceeding their life span.

Some animals life span might seem very short while others are reasonably long when compared to other animal species. However, the average life expectancy of a given animal is determined by factors such as genetic makeup, metabolic rate, body size, age of sexual maturity etc. It is important to note also that some domesticated animal can live longer or shorter than if they were living in their natural environment (habitat). The reason for this may due to conditions such as new lifestyle, change of diet, disease, predator (absent), etc. Therefore, in spite of the fact that many of these values given in the list below are based on the records taken from various sources, it should not be seen as the absolute maximum lifespan.

Courtesy and Source : My Universal Facts