Know : List of saying “Thanks” in Many Languages

THank you in all languages

Thanks is  one of the most Beautiful Words in any Language! Here is the big list of Thanks in many languages along with the regions / countries where it is spoken.

Help : Press ‘Ctrl’ + ‘F’ on your keyboard, and type to jump to the language / region you want. or SCROLL 🙂

Regions

Languages

HOW TO SAY THANKS

Afghanistan Pashto Tashakkur
Afghanistan, Pakistan Sta na shukria
Africa Kidavida Chavucha
Kiembu Ni waro
Kiga Kazaare
Mwebare
Osyo
Otyo
Webare
Yebare
Kikuyu Ni wega
Thengiu
Kikwe Niwega muno
Kinyamwezi Wabeeja
Kituba Melesí
Ngbaka Dé kãã
Ntomba Ebóto
Ewata
Alaska Ahtna Tsin’aen
Deg Xinag Dogedinh
Xisrigidisddhinh
Eyak ‘Awa’ahdah
Gwich’in Mahsi’
Mahsi’ choo
Haida Háw’aa
Hän Mahsi’
Inuktitut Taikkuu
Koyukon Anaa basee
Baasee’
Suqpiaq Quyanaa
Tanaina Chin’an
Tanana Basee choo
Maasee’
Tanana [Upper Tanana] Tsen’ii
Tsimshian Way dankoo
Unagan Qagaasakung
Qaqaasakuq
Yup’ik Quyana
Albania Albanian Faleminderit
Ju falem nderit
Albania & Kosovo & Serbia Albanian [Gheg]  Falimineres
Alberta Canada, Montana USA Blackfoot Nitsíniiyi’taki
Algeria Kabyle Tamemmirt
Amazon Pa’ikwene Kibeiné
Ancash Peru Quechua Ancashino Paylla
Andorra, Spain, France Catalan Gràcies
Mercès
Angola Kimbundu Matondo
Ngasakidila
Sakidila
Angola, Namibia Ambo Ondapandula unene
Kwanyama Nda pandula
Aragon Spain Aragonese Grazias
Arizona USA Apache Ashoge
Apache [Jicarilla] Ihe edn
Armenia Armenian Merci [colloquial]
Armenia, Russia, Middle East Shnorhagallem
Shterakravetsun
Arunachal Pradesh India Nisi Pajaliptso
Australia Gumatj Ga’
Gurrangung Yaddung jee
Kala Kawaw Ya Eso
Kaurareg Eso
Kutthung Murromboo
Mabuiag Eso
Meriam Mir Eswau
Warlpiri Wiyarrparlunpaju-yungu
Yolngu Matha Yo manymak
Austria German Dankschen [in spoken language]
Ayacucho Peru Quechua Ayacuchano Diyus pagapusonqa
Diyus pagapusonqacheh [plural]
Dyuspagrasunki
Yuspagrasunki
Azerbaijan Talysh Sağ bi
Azerbaijan, Iran Azerbaijani Sağ olun [plural]
Təşəkkür edirəm
Azerbaijani [Azeri] Sağ ol
Badia Valley Italy Ladin Dilan
Baffin Island Canada Inuktitut Qujannamiik
Baja Verapaz Guatemala Achí Mantiox chawe
Bali Balinese Matu suksama
Matur suksme
Baltic region Sudovian Denkâ
Denkauja
Barrow Alaska Inuktitut Quyanaq
Batanes Philippines Isamurongen Dios mamajes dinio
Itbayaten Ah Dios mamexes
Ah Dios mamexes dimo
Dios mamexes dimo
Ivasayen Dios mamajes dimo
Bavaria German Danksche [in spoken language]
Belarus Belorussian Dziákuj
Dziakuju
Belgium Walloon Mercè [pronounced]
Merci
Benin, Togo Fon A houanu
Ablo
Bhutan Dzongkha Kadinche
Kadinche la
Bolivia Cavineño Yusurupai
Bolivia, Peru Ese Ejja Jamayá acuá
Bolivia, Peru, Chile Aymará Dios pagarakátam
Juspajaraña
Juspajarkätam
Juspaxar
Yuspagara
Bosnia and Hercegovina Bosnian Hvala
Bosnia, Yugoslavia Croatian Hvala
Serbian Hvala
Botswana, South Africa Setswana Ke a leboga
Ke itumela
Ke itumetse
Brazil Guarani [Mbyá] Ha’evete
Brazil Tupi [Tembé Tenetéhar]  Azéharamo aypo-mia [by women]
Ipo [by men]
Britain Manx Gura mie ayd
Gura mie eu
Brittany France Breton Ho trugarekaat
Trugarez
Bulgaria Bulgarian Blagodarya
Mersi
Burkina Faso Mòoré [Mossi] Barka
Mpuus barka
Mpuusda barka
Burkina Faso, Ghana Dagaare Barka
Puorra bebe la
Burkina Faso, Mali Boboda Baraka
Burma Kachin Chyeju gaba sai
Chyeju kaba sai
Burma, Thailand Mon Tang kun
Burundi Kirundi Murakoze
Cajamarca Peru Quechua Cajamarca Dyusilupagi
Pagi
Yusilupagi
California USA Karuk [Karok] Yo-twa
Wintu Cala da mat doyut
Depelda cala da mat doyut
Depelda mat doyut
Cambodia Khmer [Cambodian] Ar kun
Cameroon Bakweri Masuma
Na somi saisai
Bulu Akeva
Eton Abuimgang
Abumgang
Ewondo Abui ngan
Canada Cree E’kosi
Mikwec
Nunasko’mowin keya
Têniki
Inuktitut Mutna
Nakorami
Qujanaq
Kaska Máhsi
Sógá sénlá
Mikmaq Weláliek
Welálin
Canada, Alaska Tlingit Gunalchéesh
Canada, northwest coast of USA Guneshcheesh
Canada, USA Abenaki, Western Alamisit
Kanienkehaka [Mohawk] Niawen
Cape Verde Kabuverdianu Obrigadu
Caribbean Taino [Arawak] Oáan
Carribbean, Florida USA Bo matum
Caucasus Ossetian Arfö
Buznyg
Central African Republic Sango Mèrèsi
Central Asia Khowar Mehrbani
Shukria
Kohistani Shukria
Tashkorghani Rahmat türi
Uyghur Rähmät sizgä
Rakhmat
Wakhi Shobosh
Shukria
Central Asia, India Shina Bakhshish
Shukria
Central Europe German Danke
Danke schön
Vielen Dank
Romani [Romany] [Gypsy] Nais
Nais tuke
Swabian Dankeschee
Dankschee
Central Europe, E Africa Italian Grazie
Chad Sara Angen
Chiang Rai Northern Thailand Akha Gu lah hu ma de
Chiapas Mexico Tojolabal Tzachatal
Yuj
Tzeltal Jocolawal
Wokolawal
Tzotzil Kolaval
Kolawal
Ois botik
China Cantonese [Chinese] Doh je [for gift]
M goi [for service]
Hmong [Eastern] Jid keub
Nax weix
Hoi San U de
Manchu Baniha
Mandarin [Chinese] Toa chie
Xie xie
Xiamen Kam sia
China, Burma, Thailand Lisu Atkel bboxmu
Dut zoil
Xual mu wa
China, Southeast Asia Akha Gui lah hui dui dui ma
Gui lah hui mi a de
Gui lah hui te ha
Lahu Aw bon uija
Da ja
Òboi jâ
Chuuk Lagoon Micronesia Chuukese Kini so
Cochabamba Bolivia Quechua Cochabambino Diuspagarapusunki
Diuspagarasunki
Pachi
Pachis
Colorado and Utah USA Ute Tog’oyak
Tograyock
Tokhoyak
Towayak
Comoros Comori Marahaba
Marahabha
Shimasiwa Marahaba
Congo Shi Koko
Congo, Angola Kikongo Merci mingi
Ntôndili kwami
Congo, Angola, Cuba Ndondele
Ntandele
Wuanka
constructed Interlingua Gratias
Cook Islands Maori Meitaki
Côte d’Ivoire Yacouba Balika
Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso Dyula [Jula] I ni che
Cote d’Ivoire, Mali Senoufo Minkari
Minmonchar
Cuba Kikongo Manbote
Nkimandi
Cuba, United States Lucumí Moducué
Cuzco Peru Quechua Cuzqueño Añachaykin
Añay
Grasias
Yuspagarasunki
Yusulpaykinsunki
Cuzco Peru & Cochabamba Bolivia Quechua Yusulpayki
Czech Republic Czech Dêkuji
Denmark, Greenland Danish Tak
Dutch Antilles, Aruba Papiamentu Danki
East Africa Somali Mahad sanid
East Timor Tetum Obrigada [by a woman]
Obrigado  [by a man]
Easter Island Rapanui Maururu
Eastern Friesland, Germany Low Saxon Dank
eastern Germany Sorbian [Lower Sorbian] Z’e’kujom se
Sorbian [Upper Sorbian] Dz’akuju so
Eastern Sudan Gaam Àayyá
Áwdém áalò
eastern Uganda Dhopadhola Afwoyo swa
Walwa swa
Ecuador Huaorani Ewa ra
Quichua Diusulupagui
Pagui
Pagui shungulla
Yupaichani
Ecuador, Peru Achuar Maketai
Yuuminsame
Egypt Domari Daarim
El Salvador Pipil Paampa diyúx
Padiux
Eritrea Kunama Giraske
Estetla Mexico Mixtec Niku tab’i[formal-to one p.]
Niku tab’o[formal-to several]
Estonia Estonian Aitäh
Tänan
Setu Aiteh
Võro Aiteh
Aitjumma
Ethiopia Harari [Adare] Alla magah
Gaza yagabzal yushen
Ethiopia, Eritrea Tigrinya Yaqhanyelay
Yekanyelay
Yeqniyeley
Yrunyli
Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti Afar Gadda ge
Ethiopia, Israel, Egypt Amharic Amesegënallô
Amesegunalhun
Europe Romani [Romany] [Gypsy] Gestena
Yiddish a dank
a dank aykh
Europe, USA, other countries a dank dir
a dank enk
Faroe Islands Faroese Takk
Takk fyri
Fiji Fijian Vinaka
Finland Finnish Kiitoksia
Kiitos
Finland and Russia Karelian Kiitän
Kiitos
Passibo
Passipoičemma
Florida USA Apalachicola Mvto
France Corsican À ringraziavvi
À ringraziè vi
Grazia
Gallo Mèrczi
Gascon Merci
Provencal [Occitan] Gramaci
Mercé
France, Belgium, Africa, Canada French Merci
Merci beaucoup
French Guyana Taki-taki Ganta
French Polynesia Marquesan Koutai
Gabon Fang Abora
Mpongwe Kewa
Gansu China Yugur [Western Yugur] Çowattï
Sagha &ccedi;owattï
Gardena Valley Italy Ladin De gra
Georgia Georgian Gmadlobt [to more than 1 person]
Germany Low Saxon [Northern Low Saxon] Danke
Low Saxon [Westphalian] Ek dank auk schoin
Sind auk viellmaols bedankt
Plattdeutsch Dankscheen
Ghana Asante Meda w’asé
Meda wo ase
Ga Oyiwala dɔŋŋ
Mampruli Mossi
Ghana, Burkina Faso Fante Medagse
Medawagse
Kasem A ke lei naa
De N lei
Ghana, Togo Ewe Akpe
Mudo
Mudu, epenau
Goa India Konkani [Konknni] Dev borem korum
Great Britain Cornish Dew re-dallo dheugh-why [middle/unified]
Meur ras [Kemmyn]
Meur ras dhis
Cornish [modern] Durdaladawhy
Gwra’massi
Greece, Balkans Aromunian Haristo
Greece, Cyprus Greek Sas efharisto
Greek [Hellenic] Efcharisto
Greenland Inuttut [Greenlandic] Qujanaq
Guam Chamorro Si yu’os ma’ase’
Si yuus maasi
Guatemala Chortí Ch’ahp’ei’x ta’p’a
Chuj Yuj wal dios
Garifuna Téngi nían bún
Itzaj [Itzá Maya] D’yos b’o’tik
D’yos b’ot’ik ti’ij
D’yos b’o’tikil
Ixil Ta’n tiz
Jacalteca Nich’an tiox
Kanjobal [Q’anjob’al] Yuj wal ch’an tyoxh
Yuj wal tyoxh
Yujwal Dios
Kekchi B’antiox
Kekchi [K’ekchí] Bantiox
Mam Chjónta che  [to more than one person]
Chjónta tey
Chjoonta
Chjóonte
Mopá-maya B’o’tic
Pocomchí Rin dios awe
Quiché [K’iche] Maltiox
Maltiox nan  [to a woman]
Maltiox tat  [to a man]
Sibälaj maltiox
Guatemala Cheri cha ai [for work]
Guinea Susu Inwali
Gujerat State, India Gujarati Dhanyawaad
Haiti Kwéyòl Mèsi
Harjumaa Estonia Estonian Aitih
Hawaii Hawaiian Mahalo
Hiiumaa Estonia Estonian Kiidan
Himalayas Thangmi [Thami] Sewa
Huanca Peru Quechua Huancaño Rasyas
Huehuetenango Guatemala Aguacateco Ntyox teru’
Hungary Hungarian [Magyar] Köszi
Köszönöm
Iceland Icelandic Takk
Takk fyrir
Idaho United States Coeur d’Alene Limlemtsch
India Kannada Dhanyawaadagalu
Vandane
Vandanegalu
Konkani [Konknni] Dhanyawaada
Malayalam Nandi
Nanni
Valarey nanhi
Marathi Abhari ahi
Dhanyawaadh
Dhanyawaatha
Oriya Danna waat
Punjabi Dannaba
Dhannvaad
Miharbaanee
Shukria
Tuhaadee kirpaa hai
Telugu Dhanyavaadaalu
Tamara krutagntha
India Tulu Mast upakara
India, Bangladesh Bengali Dhanyabad
India, Bangladesh, S. Africa Gujarati Aabhar
India, East Asia, Suriname Hindi Dhanyawaad
India, Nepal Newari Su-bhaay
India, Nepal, Bhutan Lepcha Trok chi
India, Pakistan Ladakhi Jule
Od dju
Urdu Danyavad
Merbani
Shukriya
India, Pakistan, China Kashmiri Danawad
Shukria
India, Southeast Asia Tamil Nandri
Romba nanringa
Rumba nandri
Indonesia Aceh Teurimeung geunaseh
Javanese Matur nuwun
Suwun
Sasak Matur tampiasih
Tampi asiq
Sundanese [Basa Sunda] Hatur nuhun
Toraja Kurre sumange
Tukang Besi Tarima kasi
Indonesia, Sumatra, Philippines Batak Mauliate
international Esperanto Dankon
Dankon al vi
Ido Danko
Loglan Sia
Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan Persian Mamnoon
Motehshakeram
Tashakkur
Iraq, Iran Kurdi [Kurmanji] Shukur
Ireland Irish Go raibh maith agaibh [to more than one]
Ireland and Britain Go raibh maith ‘ad
Go raibh maith agat [to one]
Israel Hebrew Toda
Italy Camuno Gràsce
Napulitano Gràzzie
Sardinian Grassias
Japan Japanese Arigato
Domo arigato
Japanese [Izumo] Dan san
Japanese [Kumamoto] Kora doshi
Japan Japanese Arigato gozaimashita[act of thanks has ended]
Arigato gozaimasu [act of thanks not ended]
Jersey Jèrriais Mèrci bein des fais
Kalahari Africa G//ana [San] Kaen se !tau
G/wi [San] !kaen se !tau
Kazakhstan, Central Asia, China Kazakh Rahmet
Rahmet sizge
Kenya Ekegusii Imbuya mono
Nandi Asai
Kaigai
Kongoi
Kenya, Somalia Oromo Fayyaa ta’aa
Fayyaa ta’i
Galatomaa
Galatoomii
Maharaba
Ulfaad’d’a
Waaqni sii haa kennu
Kenya, Tanzania Luo Erokamano
Maasai Ashi
Maasai [Maa, Masai] Ashi oleng
Aske
Korea Korean Kamsahamnida
Komapsumnida
Kyoto Japan Japanese [Kyo Kotoba] Ohkini
Kyrgyzstan Kirgiz Chong rakhmat
Rakhmat
Labrador and Quebec Canada Innu Tshinashkumitan
Lao Cai Vietnam Hmong Uụ caox tsõus
Uụ tsõus
Laos Lao Khawp jai
Laos, Thailand Hmong Daw Ua koj tsaug
Ua tsaug
Hmong Njua Ua koj tsaug
Ua tsaug
Mien [Yao] Laengz zingh
Laengz zingh meih
Latvia Latvian Paldies
Latvia, Estonia Livonian Tienū
Lesotho, South Africa Sesotho Ke a leboha
Liberia, S.Leone Vai Bai-ka-way [for gift, to 1]
Ee-she [for favor, to 1]
Wo bai-kay-way [for gift,to group]
Wo-she [for favor,to group]
Lithuania Lithuanian Ačiū
Dėkoju
Dėkui
Labai dėkoju
Ludza Latvia Võro Aitüma
Luxembourg Luxembourgish Merci
Macedonia Macedonian Blagodaram
Madagascar Malagasy Misaotra
Magdalena Peñasco Oaxaca Mexico Mixtec Cacutahvixensa
Cutahvixieensa
Maine USA, Canada Abenaki, Eastern Wliwni
Malawi Chilomwe Zikomo
Chingoni Zikomo
Chitonga Yewo
Ngoni Zikomo
Malaysia Kimaragang Torimakasi
Malaysia, Brunei Malay Terima kasih
Maldives Dhivehi Shukuriyyaa
Maldivian Sabkaa
Mali Bambara Aw ni ce [plural]
I ni ce  [singular]
Sangha Birepo
Mali, Senegal Soninke Nawari
Malta Maltese Grazzi
Manitoba Canada Saulteaux Miigwech
Marshall Islands Marshallese Kommol
Mauratania Hassaniya Shukram
Mauritius Morisyen Mersi
Mediterranean Lingua Franca Gratzia
Mexico Amuzgo Quialva’
Cakchikel Matiosh chawe
Chol Wokol a wala
Wokolix awölö
Hñähñu Jamadi
Huastec C’ac’naamal yaan
Jalbinchi yaan
Huave Dios mangüy ic
Ixcatec Skanaa-ri
Mazahua Pöjö
Mazatec Natejchiri
Nkhi k’a ninashitechino
Náhuatl [Aztec] Icnelia
Tlazohcamati
Popoluca Ni’ctíyus
Tarahumara [Raramuri] Matétera
Tarahumara [Rarámuri] Matéterabá
Zoque Yuscotoya
Mexico, USA Paipai ‘Ara’ya:ikm
‘Ara’yai:km
‘Ara’ye:km
Micronesia Chuukese Kili so
Kosraean Kulo
Pohnpeian Kalangan
Puluwat Kilissow
Yapese Kam magar
Middle East Kurdi Sipas
Sipas dikim
Middle East, North Africa Arabic Shukran
Mokornulga Estonia Võro Tennä
Moldova Gagauz Saa olsun
Moldavian Multumesc
Monaco Monegasque Merçì
Mongolia Mongolian Saikhan zochluullaa  [for hospitality]
Mongolia Ta ikh tus bolloo [for help]
Mongolia, Northern China Bayarlalaa
Gyalailaa
Morocco Arabic Barak llahu fik
Mozambique Makhua Kooshukhuru
Marahaba
Mt. Elgon Kenya Bukusu Nasima
Orio muno
Wanyala
Webaale
Mulgi dialect, Karksi Estonia Estonian ‘Aituma
Myanmar Burmese Chezu ba
Chezu tinbade
Rakhin Chyee zu thon ree
Rohingya Shukuria
Namibia Nama Aio
Nauru Nauruan Tsuba kor
Nayarit and Jalisco Mexico Huichol Pam parios
Pan parius
Nebraska and Oklahoma, USA Omaha Wíbthahon
Nepal Gurung Dxanyaa’baad [to an equal or superior]
Syaabaas [to a child]
Nepal, Bhutan Nepali Dhanyabaad
Nepal, Tibet Sherpa [Helambu] Thuchi chea
Sherpa [Solu] Thuchi che
Netherlands Dutch Bedankt
Frisian [Westerlauwer] Tanke
Tanke wol
Tankje
Tankje wol
Netherlands, Belgium Dutch Dank u
Dank u wel
New Caledonia Houailou Ei
New Guinea Tok Pisin Tenkyu
Tenkyu tru
Tok Pisin [Pidgin English] Tenkiu
New Zealand Maori Ka pai
Tika hoki
New Zealand, Midland England English Cheers
Nias Island Indonesia Nias [North Nias] Sauha gölö
Nias [South Nias] Söwö gölö
Nicaragua Miskito Tingki
Panamahka Tingkih
Nigeria Bura Maraba
Edo Ù rú èsé
Igbo [Ibo] Dalu
Imela
Imena
Yâuwá
Kanuri Ardeneskin
Ngizim Ná goodoota-ngaa naa ci
Nigerian Pidgin Thank yu
Well done
Yoruba A dupe
E se é
Oshe
Niue, South Pacific Niuean Fakaaue
Noatak Alaska Inuktitut Taku
North Africa Arabic SaHHa
North America Chinook Jargon Mahsie
Masiem
Comanche Ura
Urako
Dakota Pidamaya ye  [by female]
Pidamaya yedo[by male]
Pidamayado
Hopi Askwali [said by women]
Kwakwhá [said by men]
Kiowa Aahóow
Kwakiutl Gilakas’la
Mohican Oneowe
Wneeweh
Natick Kuttabotomish
Tobotonoque
Ttaubotneanauayean
Nez Perce Qe’ci’yew’yew’
Okanogan Lim limt
North Caucasus Chechen Barkal
Barkalla
North Malawi Chitumbuka Yewo
northeast Japan Japanese [Tohoku Ben] Oshoshina
Northern Ghana Wali Bareka
Northern Ireland Scots [Ulster Scots] Thenks
northern Italy Friulian Graciis
Piedmontese Grasie
Northern Pakistan Burushashki Bakhshish
Juu goor maniSh
Juu na
Shukria
Northern Thailand Hmong Njua Zoo sab muab
Northweast Poland Cassubian Dzãkujã
Norway Finnish, Kven Kiitoksii
Kiitos
Norwegian [Nynorsk, Bokmaal] Takk
NW Caucasus Adyghe Thawerapsaw
Wapsaw
Oaxaca Mexico Mixtec Kúta’ùrí  [familiar]
Zapotec Guishepeli
Okinawa Japan Japanese [Uchinaaguchi] Nihwee-deebiru
Uchinaaguchi Ippe nihei deebiru
Nihei deebiru
Uchinaaguchi [Shuri] Nifee deebiru
Oklahoma & Florida USA Muskogee Akvsv’mkv
Henka
Ka
Mvto
Oklahoma United States Choctaw Yakoke
Yokoke
Pacific Islands Kiribati Ko rabwa
Rotuman Fại’ȧkse’ea
Filo’montou [said to child]
Noa’ia
Pakistan Balochi Tai merbani
Khowar Tazim
Sindhi Mehrbani
Palau Palauan Ke kmal mesaul
Msuulaang
Sulang
Panama Kuna Dot nuet
Papua Dani, Grand Valley Baliem Wah wah wah
Papua New Guinea Dani, Western Kaonak
Duna Tirja
Edolo Neseke
Enga Tángeyoo
Foe Kije
Hiri Motu Tanikiu
Koiari Maigo
Maiteka
Matukar Ujanamok
Motu Tanikiu
Nanubae Emba:m
Safeyoka Ìsámàyʌkà
Salt Yui Wai onia
Tabriak Jəpən
Jεpεn
Teop Mataa
Paraguay Guarani Aguyje
Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia Aguije
Peru Aguaruna Seé
Huambisa Maake
See
Quechua Cuzqueño Yuspagarasunkichis [to several people]
Resigaro Kashoonopihku
Shipibo Iráque
Philippines Aklanon Saeamat kimo
Ifugao [Tuwali] Munhana ak
Salamat
Ilokano Agyamanak
Dios ti agngina
Ilonggo Daghang salamat
Salamat
Kalagan Sokor
Kankanaey Salamat
Kapampangan Salamat
Tagalog Salamat
Salamat po
Salamat sa iyo
Tugalug Salamot
Visayan [Cebuano] Gracia
Salamat
Pohnpei Pohnpeian Kalangen en Komwi
Poland Polish Dzięki [familiar]
Dziękuję
Dziękujemy [spoken by several people]
Polynesia Polynesian Auw’e
Ponpei Ponpeian Kelangan
Qiandong China Hmong Bod hfud mongx
Bod hfut
Dub hseit
Romania Romanian Mulţumesc
Russia Altai Bïyan bolzïn
Bashkir Rekhmet
Chuvash Tav
Tavssi
Tavtapuch
Erzya Сюкпря
Ingush Barkal
Barkl [in spoken language]
Kalmyk Khanganav
Khanty Пумасипа
Komi-Permyak Attö
Ydzhyt attö
Komi-Zyryan Attö
Attöala
Attöalam [from a group]
Ludian Spassibo
Spassiboičem
Mansi Пумасипа
Mari Tau
Mari [Meadow] Taushtem
Taushtena [from a group]
Mordvin Syukprya
Nenets Nyarya bada
Nganasan Nägê
Xoasi
Russian Спасибо
Rutul Сагъул
Saami [Kildin] Пассьпе
Tatar Rekhmet
Tuvan Chettirdim
Udmurt Tau
Tau karisko
Veps Kitäm [from a group]
Kitän
Spasib
Votic Ciitän
Passibo
Suurõd passivad
Suurõt spassibad
Ryukyu Island Japan Miyako Nihedebil
Sabah Malaysia Dusun Pounsikou
Kadazan Kotohuadan
Salento Italy Griko Kali’ sso’rta-ssu
Samachique Mexico Tarahumara [Raramuri] Natérarabá
Samoa Samoan Fa’afetai
San Antonio Huitepec Mexico Mixtec Nakuu ta’viin
San Juan Colorado Mexico Tyáhvi nyóò
San Juan Mixtepec Mexico Tatsa’vi
Tatsa’vini
Scandinavia Saami [Davvi] Giitu
Giitus
Giitus dutnje
Giitus eatnat
Saami [Inari] Kijtto
Kjittoseh
Takkâ
Saami [Lule] Gijtto
Saami [Skolt] Spä’sseb
Spässep
Saami [South] Gäjhtoe
Saami [Ume] Gijtuov
Scotland Scots Thank ye
Thenk ye
Scottish Gaelic Tapadh leat
Seattle Washington USA Lushootseed Ck’wálidxw
Senegal Diola Emitekati
Mersi
Senegal, Gambia Serrere Dioka ndjiale
Senegal, Mali Malinké Ni ke
Seychelles Seselwa [Seychelles Creole] Gran mersi
Mersi
Shanghai China Shanghai Sha ja non
Sha sha
Shodoshima Japan Japanese [Shodoshima] Ookini
Siberia Yup’ik Igamsiqanaghhalek
Quyanaghhalek
Siberia Russia Khakas Aalghïstapcham
Ispasiba
Sicily Italy Sicilian Grazzii
Sierra Leone Krio Tenkey
Tenki ya
Mende Baiika
Baika
Bisse
Silesia region, southern Poland Polish Dziynki
Dziynkuja
Singapore, Indonesia Hokkien [Chinese] Gum xia
Slovakia Slovak Dakujem
Slovenia Slovenian Hvala
Solomon Islands Pijin Tanggio
Sonora Mexico Seri Yooz ma samsisíinxo
Sortland Norway Norwegian [Sortlandsk] Takk
South Africa Sepedi Ke a leboga
Tsonga I nkomu
Venda Ndi a livhuha
Ndo livhuwa
Ukhani
Xhosa Enkosi
Ndiyabulela
South Africa, Lesotho Zulu Ngiyabonga
Siyabonga  [plural]
South Africa, Malawi Chichewa Zikomo
South America Jaqaru [Jacaru] Jilatyi
Mapuche [Araucano] Chaltu
Chaltu may
Krasia may
Manumeimi
Traeltu
South Malawi Chiyao Asante
Sikomo
South Pacific Maohi Mauruuru
South Sierra USA Miwok [S Sierra] Tengkiju
South Uganda Lunyankole Webale
Southeast Africa Kisawhili Asanteni [to several]
Kiswahili Ahsante
Aksante
Asante
Nashukuru
Shukrani
Southeast Asia Cham Uan sagun
Uan tabuan
southeast Estonia Võro Aiten
Southern Africa Afrikaans Dankie
Southern Australia Kaurna Ngaityalya
Southern Qiandong China Hmong Deb hseit
Southern Scotland Scottish Gaelic Gun robh math agaibh
Southwestern United States Keres Da-waa-ee
Khuu’a
Tewa Kuunda
Southwestern USA Pueblo [Acoma] Da-wah-eh
Spain Asturian Gracies
Basque [Navarrese] Esker aunitz
Esker mila
Basque [Roncalais] Eskerrik anitx
Galician Grazas
Ladino Gracias
Munchas gracias
Romani [Caló] Najis tuke
Valencian Gracies
Moltes gracies
Spain, America Spanish Gracias
Spain, France Basque Eskerrik asko
Mila esker
Sri Lanka Sinhalese Istuti
Sudan Arabic Creole Shukran
Dinka Yin acaa muoc
Suriname Ndjuka A bigi ba
Gaantangi
Gaantangi fi ye
Saramaccan F&uacteu;únu
Gaantángí fii
Sranan Danki
Grantangi
Tangi
Suriname, Holland Sarnami Dhanbaad
Dhanjabaab
Soekoeria
Sukriya
Swaziland Siswati [Swazi] Ngiyabonga [by one person]
Siyabonga [more than one]
Sweden, Finland Swedish Jag tackar
Tack
Switzerland German Dank schön  [in spoken language]
Romansch Grazia
Sursilvan Engraziel
Swizterland Romansch Grazcha
Grazie
Syria Arabic Mamnuun
Syria, Turkey Suryoyo Tawdi
Tahiti Tahitian Mauruuru
Mauruuru roa
Taiwan Atayal Mhuway su’
Mhuway su’ balay
Muhuway su
Bunun Uninang
Paiwan Malimali
Masalu
Puyuma Tayu’an
Rukai Maulanenga
Saisiat Muhuway su
Yami Ayoi
Tajikstan Tajik Rakhmat
Tashakur
Tanzania Kichagga Haika
Kikamba Ni oseo
Makhua Asantte
Tanzania, Zambia Mambwe Sanco
Tataltepec Mexico Chatino Ngua tsaa xlay’be hii
Tepoztlan Mexico Náhuatl Tlazocama
Tlazocamati
Tlazocamatl
Texas United States English Thank ya  [Texan]
Texas USA Alabamu Alíila
Thailand Akha Ghu long khu me-ah
Gong Ang kêun
Karen Da blu
Lahu Ah bo
Lisu Ahku bumu
Mpi Mèu mèu
Pho Karen Hsà khawn hsá ta má’ lâw
Sgaw Karen Dah bluet
Tà byu’ dô law
Thai Kha [by woman]
Khawp khun
Khawp khun kha [by woman]
Khawp khun khrap [by man]
Khrap [by man]
Tibet Tibetan [Amdo dialect] Gwajinchi
Tibet, China Tibetan Tujechhe
Tihuanacu Bolivia Aymará Yusulupay
Timor, Semau Island Indonesia Helong Nodan mamomamo
to a group Yeyi [Botswana] Ta kumbiiri
to one person Nda kumbiiri
Togo Mina Akpe
Tonga South Pacific Island Tongan Malo
Torres Strait Australia Yumpla Tok Eso po yu
Trakai Lithuania Karaim Tabu
Turkey, Northern Cyprus Turkish Mersi
Tesekkür ederim
Tesekkurler
Turkmenistan Turkmen Sag bol
Sag bolung
Tangur
Tuvalu Tuvaluan Fakafetai
Uganda Ateso Eyalama
Icetot Ilakasugotia
Karamojong Alakara
Kipsigis Kongoi
Kupsapiny Keyi tapon
Luganda Webale
Uganda and Sudan Acholi Apwoyo
Ukraine Ukrainian Dyakooyu
Spasibi
United States Apsaaloke Ahó
Ahoo
Cahuila ‘Ácha-ma
Cherokee [eastern] Sgi
Cherokee [western] Wado
Cheyenne Hahóo [intertribal]
Néá’eshe
Néá’êshemeno [plural]
Ioway Aha [by women]
Aho [by men]
Kuskokwim Tsenanh
Lenape [Delaware] Wanìshi
Luiseno No$un looviq
Lummi Hy’shqe siam
Navajo Ahéhee’
Osage Thla-ho
We’-a-hnon
Potawatomi Iwgwien
Kcumigwe’c
Migwe’c
Spokane Chn lm-s-cút
Wampanoag Taubut
Yuki Mis tatk
USA, Canada Huron [Wyandotte] Ti-jiawen
Yontonwe
Nakota Pinamaya
Uzbekistan Karakalpak Rahmet
Uzbek Rakhmat
Tashakkur
Vancouver Island Canada Saanich Hay sxw q’a
Hay sxw q’e
Vanuatu Araki Ham meje [to a group]
Om meje
Bislama Tangkiu
Tangkyu
Futuna Aniwa Fafetai
Jinisa
Mwotlap Vēwē nēk
Paamese Hihuri
Namasmasuk
Vastseliina Estonia Võro Tehnän
Veracruz Mexico Totonac Paxkatkatzinil
Vietnam Bahnar Bone ko ih
Bru Sa-aun
Dega Lac jak
Hmong Du Ô chò
Mien Tö’ dun
Tay Day fon
Vietnamese Cám ơn
Cám ơn anh [to male equal]
Cám ơn bà [to married woman]
Cám ơn chị [to female equal]
Cám ơn cô [to unmarried woman]
Cám ơn em [to young person]
Cám ơn ông [to man]
Cám ơn quý vị rât nhiều
Ông quá tử tế với tôi
Villa Alta Mexico Zapotec Dishklenle [to several]
Dishkleno [to one]
Wales Welsh Diolch
Wallis and Futuna Futuna Malo
Wallis and Futuna Vanuatu Uvean Malo
Malo te ofa
Washington United States Klallam Há’neng cen
West Africa Fulani A jaaraama [to one person]
Jaaraama
On jaaraama [to several people]
Hausa Nagode
Mandinka Abaraka
Al ning bara [to several people]
I ning bara [to one person]
Tamashek [Tamahoq, Tuareg] Tanumert
Wolof Djere dief
Jerejef
Zarma [Dyerma] Fofo
West Indies Creole Mese
West Sumatra Indoensia [inf] Minangkabau Makasi yo
West Sumatra Indonesia Tarimo kasih
West Uganda Lunyoro Webale
western Ireland Brigidian Boche’
Xhina, Thailand, Myanmar Bisu Ang hmèn yá
Yatzachi Mexico Zapotec Choshcwlen chele [to several]
Choshcwleno’ [to one]
Choshcwlentio’ [to one]
Yemen Soqotri Yala bak allah
Yucatan Mexico Yucatec Dios bo’otik
Dios bootiki’
Dyos bo’otik
Hach dyos bo’otik
Ki’ bolal
Yum bo’otik
Yunnan China Hmong Uat gaox zhous
Uat zhous
Naxi Jjef bei seiq
Zambia Chitonga Twalumba
Lunda Kusakililaku
Luvale Gunasakulila
Silozi Litumezi
Ni itumezi
Nitumezi
Zambia, Mozambique Chinyanja Zikomo
Zimbabwe Chishona Maita basa
Maita zvenyu
Mazviita
Ndatenda [to one person]
Ndinotenda [to one person]
Tatenda [to a group]
Tinotenda [to a group]
Ndebele Ngeyabonga
Ngiyabonga
Ngiyathokaza
Siyabonga [plural]
Zoogocho Mexico Zapotec Choshklenle [to several]
Choshkleno’ [to one]
Zurich Switzerland German Dank schön [spoken]
Dankë [spoken]
Merci
Alabama & Oklahoma United States Koasati Alí:la mó
America, Australia, UK, New Zea. English Thank you
Angola, Congo Kinshasa Yaka Koloombo
Bukavu Congo Kinshasa Mashi Koko
Bunkeya Congo Kinshasa Kisanga Tua santa
Congo Kinshasa Kiluba Wafwa ko
Pende Hambadiahana
Congo Kinshasa, Congo Brazaville Lingala Matóndo
Melesí
Natondi yo
Fassa Valley Italy Ladin Detelpai [to one person]
Develpai [plural]
Guinea Bissau Crioulo Obrigado
Jakarta Indonesia Indonesian Trims [slang]
Kansai, Osaka Japan Japanese [Kansai Ben] Ookini
Ookini arigatou
Kasai Oc. Reg., Congo Kinshasa Tschiluba Twasakadila
Lodja Congo Kinshasa Otetela Losaka
N.America Ojibwe [Chippewa, Anishinaabe] Miigwech
N.Carolina USA Tuscarora [Southern Band] Nyeahweh
Portugal, Brazil Portuguese Obrigada [by female]
Obrigado [by male]
Rwanda, Congo Kinshasa Kinyarwanda Murakoze
Viru Nigula & Kodavere, Estonia Estonian Aiteh
Ylä Savo Finland Savonian Kiitoksija
Zambia, Congo Brazaville Bemba Tsikomo
Twa to te la

This list is a compiled and sequenced from the source : Jennifer’s Language Pages and this list is partial only. To view the complete list with the formal and informal way of telling Thanks please visit the source. We sorted it country-wise for easy learning purpose only. 

Disclaimer: It’s used for Educational purposes and non-profit reasons only. Any commercial usage should be done with proper approval from the original source Jennifer’s Language Pages

 

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Know : List of Percentage of Websites by Languages

Most web pages on the Internet are in English, with varying amounts of information available in many other languages. In April 2013, almost 55% of the most visited websites used English as their content language. Other top languages which are used at least in 2% of websites are RussianGermanSpanishChineseFrenchJapaneseArabic and Portuguese.

The list below shows the Estimates of the percentages of Web sites using various content languages as of 12 March 2014

Rank Language Percentage
1 English 55.7%
2 Russian 6.0%
3 German 6.0%
4 Japanese 5.0%
5 Spanish 4.6%
6 French 4.0%
7 Chinese 3.3%
8 Portuguese 2.3%
9 Italian 1.8%
10 Polish 1.7%
11 Turkish 1.3%
12 Dutch 1.3%
13 Arabic 0.8%
14 Persian 0.8%
15 Czech 0.7%
16 Swedish 0.6%
17 Indonesian 0.4%
18 Korean 0.4%
19 Vietnamese 0.4%
20 Romanian 0.4%
21 Greek 0.4%
22 Danish 0.3%
23 Hungarian 0.3%
24 Thai 0.3%
25 Finnish 0.2%
26 Slovak 0.2%
27 Bulgarian 0.2%
28 Norwegian 0.2%
29 Hebrew 0.1%
30 Lithuanian 0.1%
31 Croatian 0.1%
32 Bokmål 0.1%
33 Ukrainian 0.1%
34 Serbian 0.1%
35 Slovenian 0.1%
36 Catalan 0.1%

Note that these figures are based on the one million most visited web sites (e.g. 0.27% of the total web sites according to figures of December 2011), according to Alexa.com, and language is identified using only the home page of the sites in most cases. As a consequence, the figures show a significantly higher percentage for many languages (especially for English) as compared to the figures for all websites. The figures for all websites are unknown, but some sources estimate below 50% for English

The number of non-English pages is rapidly expanding. The use of English online increased by around 281% from 2001 to 2011, however this is far less than Spanish (743%), Chinese (1,277%), Russian (1,826%) or Arabic (2,501%) over the same period.


Courtesy : Wikipedia

Food We Eat : Top 50 Vegetarian Foods

Here are the delicious top 50 Vegetarian foods from across the world. Hope this makes you hungry 🙂 Eat Well Live Well. 

Which is your favourite among these? or any other food? Please comment below…


Courtesy : www.sbs.com.au ( You can learn how to cook all these foods from this website)

History : The Life of Alexander the Great

A Fascinating Documentary about The Life of Alexander the Great

Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great was a king of the Greek kingdom of Macedon. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, until by the age of thirty he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to Egypt and into present-day Pakistan. He was undefeated in battle and is considered one of history’s most successful commanders.

During his youth, Alexander was tutored by the philosopher Aristotle until the age of 16. When he succeeded his father to the throne in 336 BC, after Philip was assassinated, Alexander inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. He had been awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father’s military expansion plans. In 334 BC, he invaded the Achaemenid empire, ruled Asia Minor, and began a series of campaigns that lasted ten years. Alexander broke the power of Persia in a series of decisive battles, most notably the battles of Issus and Gaugamela. He subsequently overthrew the Persian King Darius III and conquered the entirety of the Persian Empire. At that point, his empire stretched from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River.

Seeking to reach the “ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea”, he invaded India in 326 BC, but was eventually forced to turn back at the demand of his troops. Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC, the city he planned to establish as his capital, without executing a series of planned campaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia. In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in several states ruled by the Diadochi, Alexander’s surviving generals and heirs.

Alexander’s legacy includes the cultural diffusion his conquests engendered. He founded some twenty cities that bore his name, most notably Alexandria in Egypt. Alexander’s settlement of Greek colonists and the resulting spread of Greek culture in the east resulted in a new Hellenistic civilization, aspects of which were still evident in the traditions of the Byzantine Empire in the mid-15th century. Alexander became legendary as a classical hero in the mold of Achilles, and he features prominently in the history and myth of Greek and non-Greek cultures. He became the measure against which military leaders compared themselves, and military academies throughout the world still teach his tactics.


Courtesy : Wikipedia and The History Channel (via YouTube)

Know : Beard and Shaving : Ultimate Facts from Ancient times!

Beard to Boy

There can be little doubt that facial hair played a significant role in past societies. Over the course of history, men with facial hair have been ascribed various attributes such as wisdom, sexual virility, masculinity, or a higher status; however, beards may also be perceived to be associated with a lack of general cleanliness and a loss of refinement, particularly in modern times.

Professional airline pilots are required to be clean shaven to facilitate a tight seal with auxiliary oxygen masks. Similarly, firefighters may also be prohibited from full beards to obtain a proper seal with SCBA equipment. This restriction is also fairly common in the oil & gas industry for the same reason in locations where hydrogen sulfide gas is a common danger. Other jobs may prohibit beards as necessary to wear masks or respirators. 

The presence or absence of a beard alternately embraced ‘notions of Eros and Thanatos, east and west, good and evil, youth and decrepitude, and masculinity and femininity’

The decision to wear a beard is often deliberate and may denote a man’s religious, political, cultural, social or sexual affiliation. Beards—or their removal—can serve to conceal or reveal and thus in the past may have been linked to concepts of transformation, disguise, metamorphosis or exposure.

From the point in time when humans first began to wear clothes, beards became the primary feature by which to distinguish visually between men and women and therefore possibly the primary defining feature of maleness. Irish folklore reveals that it is unlucky for a man to allow a woman to shave his beard, as he is in danger of losing his virility and strength. The Philosophy of Beards, published in 1880, similarly concluded that ‘the absence of beard is usually a sign of physical and moral weakness’

Religious Perspectives and beliefs about Beard

At different times in the Church’s history beardlessness was seen to reflect a celibate life, with the beard linked to sexual activity, the devil and evil. Removal of the beard was deemed necessary for salvation in the seventh century. However, by the ninth century Catholic priests wore beards while the Greek Church remained clean-shaven, but in medieval times the reverse was the case. In 1096 the archbishop of Rouen proclaimed that bearded men should be excluded from the church and in 1102 a decree from Venice banned long beards

One of the five obligations of a baptised Sikh male is ‘to keep his hair and beard uncut’.

In Hinduism, The ancient text followed regarding beards depends on the Deva and other teachings, varying according to whom the devotee worships or follows. Many Sadhus, Yogis, or Yoga practitioners keep beards, and represent all situations of life. Shaivite ascetics generally have beards, as they are not permitted to own anything, which would include a razor. The beard is also a sign of a nomadic and ascetic lifestyle.

As Mohammed did not shave, Orthodox Muslims follow suit and the greatest oath is to swear by the beard of the Prophet. Removal of facial hair is seen as a disobedience to Allah and is described as disfiguring, effeminate, an act of self-mutilation and an imitation of non-believers.

Similarly, Orthodox Jews wear their beards long, one explanation being that ‘God gave man a beard to distinguish him from woman and that it is therefore wrong to antagonise nature’. The growth of facial hair begins at puberty. It is one of the principal signals of maturity and the rite of passage from boyhood to manhood: ‘He that hath a beard is more than a youth, and he that hath no beard is less than a man’

In Greek art a beard equates with male maturity; thus a grown man is bearded while a youth/adolescent is unbearded. In depictions of the gods, Zeus is bearded while younger gods such as Apollo, Hermes and Dionysus are typically unbearded. For the Greeks the beard also represented wisdom. In the first century AD the philosopher Socrates was described as ‘the Bearded Master’.

During Egypt’s First and Second Dynasties the beard became a symbol of kingship. It was equally used on representations of female pharaohs, who wore a postiche—a false beard often manufactured from gold. Over a millennium later, however, during the Eighteenth to Twentieth Dynasties, facial hair denoted inferior status amongst mortals. Beards became associated with the deities and the pharaoh, establishing his/her status as a living god lists other examples where beardedness is equated with godliness: Poseidon, Pan,Thor, God and Jesus Christ.

In ancient Rome fashions for beards and beardlessness changed through time and, depending on the current fashion, the state of the facial hair of slaves always contrasted with that of the élite.

In early medieval Ireland beards were also an indicator of class distinction. Aristocratic men were clean-shaven or had both a beard and a moustache but never a moustache alone. Soldiers and lower-class males wore a long moustache but no beard.

Beard, War and Army:

Military leaders throughout time have made the trimming of beards and hair obligatory for soldiers for reasons of hygiene, as well as for military prowess. It was Alexander the Great who reputedly set a longlasting trend for clean-shaven faces in 323 BC when he ordered his soldiers to shave to prevent the Persians from gripping their beards in battle. Exacting taxes on the wearing of beards has at times provided a means of income. In sixteenth-century England Edward VI imposed a penalty of 40 shillings on commoners who wore a beard of more than three weeks’ growth. Subsequently, Elizabeth introduced taxes based on the age and social status of the beard-wearer.

Tax on Beard:

Similarly, in seventeenth-century Russia Peter the Great enforced a tax on bearded noblemen. Such taxes served to discourage certain trends and to promote particular fashions. Beards also provided a means of financial gain for the small number of historically recorded bearded women who toured with circuses, such as Frenchwoman Clementine Delait and American Annie Jones-Elliot, both born in 1865.

Celebrated Beard:

For many, wearing or not wearing a beard is simply a matter of personal taste, with particular culturally defined trends. Vikings wore their beards long, plaited, forked or trimmed, leading to nicknames such as Jutting-Beard, Silk-Beard and Old- Beardless.

The sixteenth-century German knight Andreas Eberhard Rauber Von Talberg wore his formidable beard down to the ground, back up to his waist and once around like a belt.

The varieties of beard are many. The late sixteenth-century Anatomie of Abuses lists numerous styles, including the bravado beard, the mean beard, the gentleman’s beard, the common beard, the court beard and the country beard. Beards of the past were decorated and adorned. Those of Egyptian kings, the Assyrians, the Persians, the Tyrians and Merovingian kings could be dyed, beaded, braided, painted, oiled, perfumed, woven with gold threads or dusted with gold.

History of Shaving:

For thousands of years man has been fighting a battle with his facial hair – over 25,000 hairs as hard as copper wire of the same thickness.

The hairs grow between 125mm and 150mm per year and man will spend an average of more than 3,000 hours of his life shaving them.

Egyptians shaved their beards and heads which was a custom adopted by the Greeks and Romans about 330BC during the reign of Alexander the Great.

This was encouraged for soldiers as a defensive measure to stop enemies from grabbing their hair in hand-to-hand combat.

As shaving spread through the world, men of unshaven societies became known as “barbarians” meaning the “unbarbered“. The practice of women shaving legs and underarms developed much later.

Men scraped their hair away in early times man with crude items such as stone, flint, clam shells and other sharpened materials. He later experimented with bronze, copper and iron razors.

In more recent centuries he used the steel straight razor (aptly called the “cut-throat” for obvious reasons).

For hundreds of years razors maintained a knife-like design and needed to be sharpened by the owner or a barber with the aid of a honing stone or leather strop.

These “weapons” required considerable skill by the user to avoid cutting himself badly.

The Saga of Shaving begun :

Shaving predates history but it was the early Egyptian men and women who really established shaving and hair removal as a regular part of daily grooming.

And the custom continues today for people all over the world.

The Egyptians had an almost unhealthy personal obsession with body hygiene – and curious customs to accompany it.

The Greek historian Herodotus (485-425BC) commented that the Egyptians bathed several times a day and “set cleanliness above seemliness”.

Being so clean all the time was associated with fanatical behaviour by outsiders. The ancient Romans thought that a lack of major body hair was some kind of terrible deformity.

But not in Egypt where priests believed that body hair was shameful and unclean.

Wild animals and barbarians had hair, not the sophisticated and advanced Egyptian civilisation. Being hairless was achieved by shaving, using depilatory creams and rubbing one’s hair off with a pumice stone.

Men, women, and even the children of ancient Egypt all shaved their heads bald and wore elaborate specially-made wigs, which were preferred over a natural head of hair for ultimate protection from the sun’s harmful solar rays.

These wigs were made of natural or artificial hair, and were strategically designed to keep the head cool.

It was rare to find a man or woman out in public totally bald-headed, not just for sun protection, but for making a fashion statement as well.

Another reason for removing all body hair, including that on the scalp was that being hairless gave people an excellent way to prevent various body infections and diseases.

Living in the Nile Valley wasn’t at all easy because it was so very hot and body hair and the heat could become an irritating combination.

Soap was not easily available to the masses and the Egyptians certainly didn’t have the hair care products available to us today.

Keeping shoulder length hair clean was very difficult and washing didn’t always clear up the lice problem that most people had. A bald head could be easily washed and dried.

A bald head didn’t feel itchy under a wig, or create a place for the lice to live. Everyone started shaving everything eventually, yes – everywhere. Being hairless kept people cooler, as well as bug and odour free.

The less hair one had the easier life was.

Celebrity barbers and bogus beards:

Items of Egyptian royalties personal care items found during archeological tomb excavations have thrown up such items as razors, manicure tools and other cosmetic implements made of jewel encrusted gold.

Excavations have uncovered works of Egyptian art that show in detail that only peasants, slaves, mercenaries, criminals, plunderers and barbarians were hairy faced.

Ever wonder why we started shaving our faces and heads?

Egyptian men thought that wearing facial hair was a sign of personal neglect. Egyptians who could afford to normally kept a barber on their household staff.

In Mesopotamia barbers were held in the highest regard by society like a doctor or dignitary.

Each town had a street or an area where a number of barber shops could be found. These barbers took great care of the general public by shaving their clients daily with razors and pumice stones then massaging perfumed oils and lotions into their skin.

The evidence we see on ancient wall murals proves that some Egyptians did have hair on their faces. Even with their obsession for personal cleanliness they also thought though that a beard was the sign of a real man, of masculinity and dignity since the beginning of time and that it could give a man status.

On certain occasions therefore the heads of Egypt wore artificial beards which they strapped on with string that fastened beneath their chins.

Timeline of Hairless Elite :

Prehistoric Times – shaving history takes us way back to the Stone Age, around 100,000BC, when Neanderthal Man started first pulling hair from his body.

Filing down his teeth was also a popular pastime.

Cave paintings show that early man discovered ways to remove hair from his face that are still being used today. In the beginning he simply plucked the hair out using seashells like tweezers.

Throughout history tweezers have remained the most popular ever grooming tool invented, used by both “civilized” men and women to painfully remove body and facial hair.

The earliest shaving razors discovered were flint blades from as far back as 30,000BC.

Flint can provide an extremely sharp edge, perfect at the time for shaving. These implements were the first disposable razors as flint dulls rather quickly.

Not only did your early man cut or shave off his body hair with flint he also enjoyed cutting unusual designs his skin. He added dyes and colours to the cuts and ended up tattooed.

Other shaving tools made of stone found were made during the Neolithic Period.

4000-3000BC Women are removing body hair with depilatory creams made from such combinations as arsenic, quicklime and starch.

3000BC marked the first permanent development of razors due to metalworking being invented. In both India and Egypt razors made from copper are found available.

1500-1200BC Some of the most elaborate razors in ancient times in Scandinavia were produced. Razors were found in leather carrying cases with scenes embossed in the bronze blades in excavations carried out in the Danish Mound Graves with the handles carved into horse head shapes.

500BC It became popular for men to crop their hair very short and shave the face in Greece. Alexander the Great is responsible for this as he is obsessed with shaving.

He shaves even during war and will not be seen going to battle with a five o clock shadow. Like the Middle East culture Greeks back then considered it an aesthetic approach to personal hygiene.

Around this time, Roman women remove their hair with razors and pumice stones. They even make their own depilatory creams from medicinal drugs such as Bryonia.

They also pluck their eyebrows using tweezers.

Roman men have a skilled live-in servant to shave them; otherwise they start their day with a trip to the tonsor, or barber, who will shave a face with an iron novacila, or Roman razor.

This type of shaver corrodes quickly and becomes blunt; so most customers usually, or eventually, get cut. But don’t worry – the tonsor can fix this by applying to the face a soothing plaster made from special perfumed ointment and spider webs soaked in oil and vinegar.

Despite the dangers of going to the barber shop, Roman men continue to flock in daily because they are also great centres for news and gossip.

400BC The typical man of India is found sporting a neatly trimmed, well-groomed beard, yet he shaves off all hair on his chest and pubic area.

The average woman is removing hair from her legs with razors and tweezers.

Greek women are removing hair from their legs by singeing it with a lamp. Most Greek men are shaving their faces on a regular basis.

300BC and one day Publicus Ticinius Maenas, a rich Greek businessman brings professional barbers from Sicily to Rome which introduces a new craze for shaving.

The barbers use thin bladed iron razors which are sharpened with water and a whetstone. They don’t always use soap or oil making it a long process of shaving a face.

300 BC During this time in Rome young men of about the age of 21 are required to have their first shave. They kick this off by celebrating their official entry into manhood with an elaborate party.

Other friends are invited to watch and give the novice a bunch of gifts. Only soldiers and those training to become philosophers are excused from participating in this cultural ordeal.

50BC In Rome men are following the example of Julius Caesar, who has his facial hairs plucked out individually by tweezing every day.

Depilatories are used as an alternative to the bloody mess that results from shaving with a blade. The latest available creams include some pretty wild ingredients such as resin, pitch, white vine or ivy gum extract, asses fat, she goats gall, bats blood and powdered viper.

100AD In Rome shaving the male face starts to become old hat thanks to Emperor Hadrian, 76-138AD, who is now reviving the growth of beards.

The truth though is that Hadrian grows a beard to hide the lousy complexion he has on his face.

476-1270AD European women carry out the bizarre beauty secret of removing all the hair from their eyebrows, eyelashes, temples, and necks.

The look to die for becoming trés chic. This is carried out masochistically by plucking and shaving every day, but a real lady who wants to represent herself in the ideal image of modern female beauty knows this is a necessity.

840AD In Spain, a famous musician and singer from Baghdad, Blackbird, opens the world’s first beauty institute.

Here, students learnt the secrets of hair removal as well as how to apply cosmetics, manufacture deodorants, use toothpowder and the basics of hairdressing.

1066AD Shaving and haircuts help William of Normandy invade England to overcome Harold the Saxon of Hastings. Harold’s spies ventured out before the attack and came back reporting a large group of priests seen nearby but no enemy.

The priests were William’s army who they mistook for Holy Men owing to their clean shaven appearance. They also carried exaggerated pageboy haircuts.

They shaved the hair on the back of their heads but kept a short back and sides which made them look like monks.

1770 French barber Jean-Jacques Perret writes The Art of Learning to Shave Oneself – La Pogonotomie – which gives advice for the use of different shaving products and equipment. The book is the first to propose the idea of a safety razor.

French women shave their heads completely so they can wear the huge powdered wigs of the latest hairstyles.

The Perret Razor is manufactured as an L-shaped wooden guard that holds a razor blade in place. It prevents the user cutting themselves too deeply.

It still does not have any real safety and is not considered to be the first true safety razor but this is the beginning of the safety razor.

1800s and shaving and grooming for men is now a self indulgent pastime thanks to George Bryan (Beau) Brummell who is a dandy known for his impeccable manners and style of dress.

Brummell is said to have shaved his face several times a day and pluck out any remaining hairs with tweezers. After inheriting a sizeable fortune Brummell dedicated himself to be known as a gentleman of fashion.

European women are still knocking up their own depilatory creams in their kitchens. The ingredients now contain such items as oak and French white wine to be taken in a hot bath for 24 hours.

In Sheffield production begins of straight steel razors and they are in constant demand until the middle of the 1800s. These razors dull very quickly however so they have to be honed and stropped frequently in order to use over and over again.

1840 After fleeing England in 1814 to escape from paying off tremendous gambling debts possessed shaver Beau Brummell died in a French lunatic asylum.

1847 William Henson created the first hoe razor which placed the blade perpendicular to its handle, just like a garden tool. This changes forever the way that man will grip his shaver and provides more control.

It is an overnight success.

By the late 1800s Victorian man is now extremely particular over his personal grooming and is starting to use shaving soaps and after shaving lotions which are usually home made in the kitchen using cherry laurel water.

In the United States the Kampfe Brothers file a patent for the first Safety Razor featuring a wire skin guard along one side of the blade’s edge. Only one side of the blade is used which has to be removed often for sharpening.

This is the best available shaving method on the market that won’t cut a user unlike straight steel razors. Blades are manufactured by forging which requires frequent sharpening.

1895 – In the United States King Camp Gillette, a salesman for the Baltimore Seal Company comes up with the idea for a new type of disposable razor blade.

Over the next six years he promotes and sells his idea to backers and toolmakers in order to make his dream shaver a reality.

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Courtesy and Source : Wikipedia, Moderngent, www.academia.edu