Eco Preservation : Palmyra Palm Trees

Borassus_flabelliferBorassus (Palmyra Palm) is a genus of six species of fan palms, native to tropical regions of AfricaAsia and New Guinea. They are tall palms, capable of growing up to 30 m high (98 ft). The leaves are long, fan-shaped, 2 to 3 m in length. The flowers are small, in densely clustered spikes, followed by large, brown, roundish fruits.

Palmyra palms are economically useful, and widely cultivated in tropical regions. The palmyra palm has long been one of the most important trees of Cambodia and India, where it has over 800 uses. The leaves are used for thatchingmatsbaskets,fanshatsumbrellas, and as writing material. In Cambodia, the tree is a national flora symbol/emblem that is seen growing around Angkor Wat. The sugar palm can live over 100 years. 

In ancient Indonesia and ancient India, the leaves were used as paper to write on, as a kind of papyrus. In India, leaves of suitable size, shape and texture, and sufficient maturity are chosen. They are then preserved by boiling in salt water with turmeric powder. The leaves are then dried; when they are dry enough, the faces of the leaves are polished with pumice stone. Then they are cut in the proper size. A hole is cut out in one corner. Each leaf will have four pages. The writing is done with a stylus. The writing is of a very cursive and interconnected style. The leaves are then tied up as sheaves.

palm_treeRiver will go dry if you destroy Palmyra palm trees:

“According to Tamil culture, Palmyra palm trees played an important role in water management in the ancient times. The ancestors had a planned vision for the future water needs of the generations that followed, but most importantly a well balanced ecosystem was maintained.

Unlike other trees, Palmyra palm’s roots go vertically into the ground, which in turn brought the ground water to various levels along the path. It irrigated the land, played a significant role in the circulation of water in the aquifers, river beds and rivers. Since the process is natural and balance of consumption was well maintained. Rivers remained perennial those times and these trees had its own significance. That is why these trees are considered as “celestial trees”  You could find all the traditional ponds or lakes they had dug with Palmyra palms around like a fence.”

The stalks are used to make fences and to make a strong, wiry fiber suitable for cordage and brushes. The black timber is hard, heavy, and durable and is highly valued for construction, such as for wharf pilings. The tree also yields many types of food. The young plants are cooked as a vegetable or roasted and pounded to make meal. The fruits are eaten roasted or raw, and the young, jellylike seeds are also eaten. A sugary sap, called toddy, can be obtained from the young inflorescence, either male or female ones. toddy is (called “kallu” in Telugu. The toddy is fermented to make a beverage called arrack, or it is concentrated to a crude sugar called jaggery/palm sugar. It is called Gula Jawa (Javanese sugar) in Indonesia and is widely used in the Javanese cuisine. The roots can be dried to form Odiyal, a hard chewable snack. In addition, the tree sap is taken as a laxative, and medicinal values have been ascribed to other parts of the plant.

In Tamil culture

The Palmyra tree is the official tree of Tamil Nadu. In Tamil culture, it is called karpaha,”Nungu” “celestial tree”, and is highly respected because all its parts can be used. The recently germinated seeds have formed fleshy sprouts below the surface which can be boiled and eaten as a fibrous, nutritious food. The germinated seed’s hard shell is also cut open to take out the crunchy kernel which tastes like a water chestnut but is sweeter. The ripe fibrous outer layer of the fruits is edible after boiling or roasting. When the fruit is tender, the kernel inside the hard shell is an edible jelly that is refreshing and rich in minerals. When the crown of the tree from which the leaves sprout is cut we get an edible cake. In ancient times, dried palm leaves were used to write manuscripts.


Palakkad District of Kerala State is popularly known as land of Palmyra trees.Palmyra trees are known as the Icon of this district and has got vast cultural, heritage & literary association. Many novels, stories and poems revolve around these trees. The path-breaking Malayalam novel written by the Indian writer O. V. Vijayan, ‘Khasakkinte Itihasam’ mentions Palmyra trees in various angles. Many people, especially in eastern Palakkad live on earnings by tapping Pamyra Toddy, which are sold in outlets controlled by Co-op Societies.The district authorities are taking the very action to preserve these trees & maintain Palakkad’s Identity.

A Traditional Irrigation System Using Palmyra Palm (Borassus flabellifer) in Kerala, India

traditional irrigation system palm

The multipurpose palmyra palm, is still very important in village culture in India. This paper describes a hitherto undocumented traditional water engineering system prevalent in the Palakkad District of Kerala, India, involving the palmyra palm. (Read more…)


Courtesy : Wikipediadavesgarden.comRamachandran :Palmyra Irrigation

Know : Long list of Petroleum based Products

plasticThe environmental impact of petroleum has been often negative because it is toxic to almost all forms of life. The possibility of climate change exists. Petroleum, commonly referred to as oil, is closely linked to virtually all aspects of present society, especially for transportation and heating for both homes and for commercial activities. 

One 42-gallon barrel of oil creates 19.4 gallons of gasoline/petrol. The rest (over half) is used to make things classified as follows (This is just a few of over 6000 items that are made of petroleum based products)



 Plastic Ties
 Row Cover
 Irrigation Piping
 Bags And Packaging
 Pesticides And Herbicides
 Food Preservatives

Clothing And Textiles

 Ballet Tights
 Nylon Cord
 Everything Polyester: Blouses, Pants, Pajamas Etc.
 Everything Permanent Press: Shirts, Dresses Etc.
 Nylon Zippers
 Plastic Hangers
 Thongs And Flip Flops
 Fake Fur
 Garment Bags
 Shoe Laces
 Rain Coats
 Iron-On Patches
 Sofa Pillow Material
 Tote Bags

Infants And Children

 Acrylic Toys
 Baby Oil
 Laundry Baskets
 Waterproof Pants
 Baby Aspirin
 Bath Soap
 Baby Blankets
 Doubleknit Shirts
 Baby Bottles
 Disposable Diapers
 Baby Shoes
 Teething Rings
 Nipples And Binkies
 Stuffed Animals
 Baby Lotion


 Allergy Medication
 Cotton-Tipped Swabs
 Liquid Pepto-Bismol
 First Aid Cream
 Pill Cases
 Band Aids
 First Aid Kits
 Latex Gloves
 Prescription Bottles
 Burn Lotion
 Mosquito Spray
 Rubbing Alcohol
 Chap Stick
 Heart Valve Replacement
 Nasal Decongestant
 Surgical Tape
 Hearing Aids
 Artificial Limbs
 Eyeglasses And Sunglasses
 Denture Adhesives
 Oxygen Masks
 Prescription Glasses
 Cough Syrup
 Hearing Aids

Kitchen And Household

 Vinegar Bottles
 Egg Cartons
 Meat Trays
 Trash Bags
 Freezer Containers
 Melamine Dishware
 Cake Decorations
 Microwave Dishes
 Freezer Bags
 Milk Jugs
 Vacuum Bottles
 Gelatin Molds
 Nylon Spatulas
 Wax Paper
 Coffee Pots
 Ice Cream Scoops
 Oven Bags
 Drinking Cups
 Ice Trays
 Plastic Containers
 Fabric Softener
 Detergent Bottles
 Plastic Table Service
 Drain Stoppers
 Dish Drainers
 Lunch Boxes
 Pudding Molds
 Dish Scrubbers
 Drinking Straws
 Paper Cup Dispensers
 Measuring Cups
 Teflon Coated Pans
 Table Cloths
 Refrigerator Shelves


 Hair Brushes
 Permanent Wave Curlers
 Hair Color
 Mascara Petroleum Jelly
 Foam Rubber Curlers
 Contact Lenses And Cases
 Hair Spray
 Hand Lotion
 Shaving Foam
 Hair Dryers
 Shoe Inserts
 Body Lotion
 Face Masks
 Skin Cleanser
 Moisturizing Cream
 Soap Holders
 Disposable Razors
 Leather Conditioner
 Facial Toner
 Lens Cleanser
 Nail Polish
 Tooth Brushes
 Toothpaste Tubes
 Synthetic Wigs
 Bubble Bath
 Soap Capsules


 Carpet Padding
 Venetian Blinds
 TV Cabinets
 Extension Cords
 Picture Frames
 Flocked Wallpaper
 Shower Doors
 Refrigerator Lining
 Vinyl Wallpaper
 Kitchen Carpet
 Shag Carpet
 Welcome Mats
 Fan Blades
 Shower Curtain
 Patio Furniture

Building And Home

 Caulking Material
 Light Switch Plates
 Faucet Washers
 Measuring Tape
 Polyurethane Stain
 Water Pipes
 Electric Saws
 Propane Bottles
 Wood Floor Cleaner/Wax
 Vinyl Electrical Tape
 Plastic Pipe
 Shingles (Asphalt)
 Light Panels
 Garden Hoses
 Plastic Wood Spackling Paste
 Glazing Compound
 Spray Paint
 Epoxy Paint
 Artificial Turf
 Folding Doors
 Floor Wax
 House Paint
 Paint Rollers
 Toilet Seats
 Water Pipes
 Roofing Material
 Plywood Adhesive


 Flat Tire Fix
 Street Paving (Asphalt)
 Car Battery Cases
 Motor Oil
 Loud Speakers
 Bearing Grease
 Sports Car Bodies
 Traffic Cones
 Car Enamel
 Brake Fluid
 Windshield Wipers
 Car Sound Insulation
 Oil Filters
 Car Seats
 Convertible Tops
 Fan Belts


 Ash Trays
 Dog Food Dishes
 Cds And Dvds
 Dog Leashes
 Tape Recorders
 Synthetic Rubber
 Bubble Gum
 Dog Toys
 Nylon Ropes
 Bungee Straps
 Flight Bags
 Disposable Lighters
 Cassette Player
 Flea Collars
 Lighter Fluid
 Cigarette Cases
 Electric Blankets
 Tool Racks
 Name Tags
 Cigarette Filters
 Newspaper Tubes
 Calibrated Containers
 Insect Repellent
 Phonograph Records (Vinyl)
 Ice Buckets
 Credit Cards
 Fly Swatters
 Plastic Cup Holders
 Movie And Camera Film
 Rain Bonnets
 Video Cassettes
 Charcoal Lighter
 Safety Glasses, Gloves, Hats
 Shoe Polish
 Cassette Tapes
 Watch Bands
 Waterproof Boots
 Shopping Bags
 Tobacco Pouches
 Clothes Hangers
 Flea Collars
 Masking Tape
 Safety Flares
Around The Office
 Ball Point Pens
 Business Card Holders
 Waste Baskets
 Printer Cartridges
 Name Tags
 Scotch Tape
 Magic Markers
Sports, Hobbies And Games
 Fishing Lures
 Air Mattresses
 Beach Balls
 Fishing Poles
 Hang Gliders
 Vinyl Cases
 Glue Containers
 Golf Ball And Golf Bags
 Shotgun Shells
 Ear Plugs
 Knitting Needles
 Waterproof Clothing
 Stadium Cushions
 Tennis Racquets
 Fabric Dye
 Nylon Strings
 Face Protectors
 Volley Balls
 Model Cars
 Plastic Water Guns
 Fishing Bobbers
 Soccer Balls
 Oil Paints
 Fishing Cylume
 Light Sticks
 Playing Cards
 Monofilament Fishing Lines
 Diving Boards
 Poker Chips
 Rollerskate And Skateboard Wheels
 Guitar Strings
 Ice Chests
 Sleeping Bags
 Pole Vaulting Poles
 Motorcycle Helmets
 Skis, Water Skis
 Rubber Cement
 Plastic Flowerpots
 Hot Tub Covers
 Monkey Bars
 Photo Albums
 Wet Suits
 Tennis Balls
 Insulated Boots


Always check the ingredients and avoid them as much as possible. We will come up with more data and facts on this soon.

Courtesy and Source : Illinois Oil and Gas Association