Know : Irom Sharmila – The world’s longest hunger striker

This solitary hunger striker is about to cross 15 years without food!

Irom Sharmila

Iron Lady of Manipur” – Irom Sharmila (born 14 March 1972) is a civil rights activist, political activist, and poet from the Indian state of Manipur. On 2 November 2000, she began a hunger strike which is still ongoing.

On 2 November 2000, in Malom, a town in the Imphal Valley of Manipur, ten civilians were shot and killed while waiting at a bus stop. The incident, known as the “Malom Massacre”, was allegedly committed by the Assam Rifles, one of the Indian Paramilitary forces operating in the state.The victims included Leisangbam Ibetombi, a 62-year old woman, and 18-year old Sinam Chandramani, a 1988 National Bravery Award winner.

Sharmila, who was 28 at the time, began to fast in protest of the killing, taking neither food nor water. As her brother Irom Singhajit Singh recalled, “It was a Thursday. Sharmila used to fast on Thursdays since she was a child. That day she was fasting too. She has just continued with her fast.”

She has not met her mother since the start of the fast as seeing her mother’s anguish may break her resolve. She said “The day AFSPA is repealed I will eat rice from my mother’s hand.

The Manipur High Court has ordered Rs. 5 lakh compensation for each of the families of 10 people killed by the Assam Rifles in November 2000, in what was later alleged to be a fake encounter. But for the families of those who were killed 14 years ago, compensation is just the first step towards justice.

Three days after she began her strike, she was arrested by the police and charged with an “attempt to commit suicide”, which was unlawful under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) at that time, and was later transferred to judicial custody. However, Amnesty International and the World Medical Association both dispute that a hunger strike is equivalent to suicide as hunger strikers “generally hope and intend to survive”. Her health deteriorated rapidly, and nasogastric intubation was forced on her in order to keep her alive while under arrest.

And her hunger strike continues still…

The following documentary by IBN talks about her life and the politics around her.

The sad thing it is 15 years now. Will the Indian government answer her? This is the land of Mahatma Gandhi who remarkably contributed towards the Indian Freedom via non-violence! Will the government consider her request? What is their answer to her?

You can buy her book Fragrance of Peace here at Amazon


Courtesy & Credits : IBM via Youtube, Wikipedia and Sakthivel

Advertisements

Know: Top 100 Inspiring Women

WISH YOU ALL A HAPPY WOMEN’S DAY 🙂

Activists & campaigners
Franny Armstrong Filmmaker behind The Age of Stupid, environmental activist and founder of the 10:10 campaign
Helen Bamber  Helen Bamber Founder of the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture, the Helen Bamber Foundation and campaigner for human rights.
Camila Batmanghelidjh  Kids Company founder Camila Batmanghelidjh The founder of Kid’s Company, which offers practical, emotional and educational support to vulnerable inner-city children
Shami Chakrabarti  Shami Chakrabarti of Liberty Director of Liberty, barrister and former lawyer for the Home Office
Margaret Chan  Margaret Chan the World Health Organisation Director of the World Health Organisation, battling international viruses, and championing improvements in all of our most pressing diseases
Sampat Pal Devi  Gulabi gang Leader of the Gulabi Gang in northern India, an all-women vigilante force
   
Shirin Ebadi  Shirin Ebadi at a media forum in Germany this month Iran’s first female judge, founder of the Human Rights Defenders Centre and the first Muslim woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
   
Aparajita Gogoi   arpajita Coordinator of the White Ribbon Alliance for Safe Motherhood in India
   
Lubna Hussein  Lubna Hussein at the cafe in Khartoum where she was arrested for wearing trousers. Sudanese writer and women’s rights campaigner, who asked to go to trial after being arrested for wearing trousers
   
Malalai Joya  Afghan Member of Parliament Malalai Joya Afghan politician and human rights campaigner who has shown phenomenal courage
   
Wangari Maathai  Wangari Maathai The Kenyan environmental and political activist who won a Nobel Peace prize for her work with the Green Belt Movement
   
Graca Machel  Graca Machel Former Mozambican education minister and advocate for the rights of southern African women and children
   
Somaly Mam   somlay mam Cambodian anti-sex trafficking campaigner and founder of AFESIP, rescuing women from brothels and supporting their recovery
   
Fatema Mernissi  Moroccan writer Fatema Mernissi Professor of sociology at Mohammed V University in Rabat
   
Pragna Patel  Pragna Patel, Chair of Southall Black Sisters Founding member of Southall Black Sisters, a landmark organisation in the history of black and Asian feminism
   
Lisa Robinson   Lisa Civil servant who made a stand and stopped a train carriage of sexist men
   
Nawal El Saadawi  Nawal El Saadawi Egyptian doctor, psychiatrist, feminist, university lecturer and writer
   
Zainab Salbi  zak Iraqi American CEO and founder of Women for Women International
   
Jasvinder Sanghera  Jasvinder Sanghera Director of Karma Nirvana, a charity helping victims of forced marriages and ‘honour‘ violence
   
Vandana Shiva  Vandana Shiva Environmentalist and founder of Diverse Women for Diversity
   
Art, film, music and fashion
Marina Abramovic Marina Abramovic with white lamb Yugoslavian Performance artist famed for her gruelling, intimate works that are legendary feats of endurance, self-exposure and risk
   
Marin Alsop Marin Alsop One of only a few female conductors and music director of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra
   
Kathryn Bigelow Kathryn Bigelow First woman to win the Oscar for best director in the 82 years of the Academy award’s history
   
Tacita Dean Tacita-Dean Turner nominated artist who is set to fill the Tate’s Turbine Hall
   
Zaha Hadid Architect Zaha Hadid at her Guangzhou Opera House Iraqi architect who has designed buildings all over the world and last year won the Stirling prize
   
Angelique Kidjo Angelique Kidjo Africa’s Grammy award-winning “premier diva”, who is politically outspoken and runs an education foundation
   
Lady Gaga Lady Gaga egg grammys Outlandish dresser, performer and politicised pop icon for the Twitter generation
   
Madonna Madonna The musical queen of reinvention – and still in the spotlight in her 50s on her own terms
   
Stella McCartney Stella McCartney The designer who has carved out her own successful career on her own merit, not just her connections
   
Mira Nair Mira-Nair--004 Film-maker behind The Namesake, Amelia and Monsoon Wedding, for which she became the first woman to win the Golden Lion at Cannes
   
Paula Rego paula rego Slade School of Art Turner prize nominated artist
   
Robyn Robyn Swedish electro-pop sensation who has topped the charts while keeping her clothes on
   
Cindy Sherman Cindy Sherman American artist and photographer, famed for her self-portraits in disguise, subverting notions of identity and gender
   
Patti Smith Patti Smith: Dream of Life The pioneering punk musician, poet and political activist broke through the male punk movement without chasing fame or money
   
Emma Thompson Emma Thompson Oscar-winning actor and human rights campaigner, recently working to raise awareness of sex trafficking
   
Rachel Whiteread Rachel Whiteread British artist who filled the Tate Turbine hall with boxes and took on Trafalgar Square’s fourth plinth
Xinran Xinran, author China’s first agony aunt broadcaster, and author of the Good Women of China
   
Business & trade unions
Carol Bartz Yahoo CEO Carol Bartz speaks during conference in San Francisco The first female CEO of a major software company, Yahoo
   
Andrea Jung Avon CEO Andrea Jung 11 years as chief executive of Avon make Jung the longest serving female head of a Fortune 500 company
   
Indra Nooyi Indra Nooyi PepsiCo’s boss is keen to help women – and other minorities – up the business ladder
   
Law
Louise Arbour louise arbour Human rights lawyer taking to task leaders from Kyrgyzstan to Sudan over abuses of power
   
Brenda Hale Brenda Hale, supreme court judge The first woman and youngest judge to become a law lord, Hale is currently the only female justice of the UK supreme court
   
Helena Kennedy  Helena Kennedy, human rights lawyer Human rights lawyer who originally worked on sex-discrimination cases before setting up Doughty Street chambers
   
Gareth Peirce Lawyer Gareth Pierce Lawyer whose battles against miscarriages of justice have changed legal history
   
Jayshree Satpute Jayshree Satpute Human rights advocate working to help poor women in India at risk of dying in childbirth
   
Sonia Sotomayor Judge Sonia Sotomayor Supreme court judge has used her experience of the real world in her rulings
   
Politics
Aung San Suu Kyi Aung San Suu Kyi in Yangon, Burma, November 2010 The Burmese pro-democracy leader who has inspired the world with her non-violent resistance to a brutal dictatorship
   
Michelle Bachelet The president of Chile, Michelle Bachelet Former president and defence minister of Chile who is now head of UN Women
   
Gro Harlem Brundtland Gro Harlem Brundtland A woman with a remarkable CV: former doctor, prime minister of Norway and director of the World Health Organisation
   
Hillary Clinton Hillary Clinton addresses the Munich security conference The US Secretary of State has outlasted her critics to become more popular than ever
   
Harriet Harman Harriet Harman. The woman who is deputy leader of the Labour party, shadow deputy prime minister and the first female solicitor general
   
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf Ellen Johnson Sirleaf President of Liberia, responsible for significant debt relief and instigating the investigation of civil war crimes
   
Christine Lagarde Christine Lagarde French finance minister – the first woman appointed to that role in a G8 country
   
Angela Merkel Angela Merkel The Chancellor of Germany who is arguably the most influential female politician in the world
   
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, managing director of the World Bank The former finance director of Nigeria who is now a managing director of the World Bank
   
Dilma Rousseff Dilma Rousseff The teenage socialist guerilla withstood imprisonment and torture and went on to become the first female president of Brazil
   
Margaret Thatcher Margaret Thatcher in 1983 Like her or loathe her, Britain’s first female prime minister made her way in a man’s world and changed the way we think of women politicians
   
Science & medicine
Hawa Abdi Dr. Hawa Abdi One of Somalia’s first female gynaecologists, Hawa Abdi now uses her own money to run a small hospital
   
Jocelyn Bell Burnell bell burnell Astrophysicist who discovered the first pulsar and was the first female president of the Institute of Physics
   
Athene Donald Athene Donald An expert in the structure of “soft” matter, Donald researches unconventional areas for a physicist – such as revolutionary treatments for Alzheimer’s
   
Fabiola Gianotti Fabiola Gianotti, particle physicist Physicist leading the team working on the Large Hadron Collider at Cern
   
Jane Goodall KISSING TESS Primatologist and environmental campaigner, who has conducted groundbreaking work on chimpanzees and shortened the gap between our species
   
Molly Stevens Molly Stevens Professor of Biomedical Materials and Regenerative Medicine, Imperial College London
   
Susan Wicklund Susan Wicklund Abortion provider Susan Wicklund has been forced to carry a gun and wear a bullet-proof vest to protect herself from protesters at her clinic in Montana
   
Sport & adventure
Rebecca Adlington rebecca adlington 100 top women Double Olympic gold swimmer aiming to increase her tally in 2012
   
Arlene Blum arlene blum Mountaineer Arlene Blum was the first American woman to attempt Mount Everest
   
Karren Brady Karren Brady The vice-chairman of West Ham United football club who became a champion of working women on The Apprentice
   
Eileen Collins Eileen Collins US astronaut who was the first female pilot of a space shuttle and the first female shuttle commander
   
Cathy Freeman Oly W 400m The first Aboriginal athlete to win an Olympic medal
   
Tanni Grey-Thompson Athletics - Dame Tanni Grey Thompson Press Conference - Sportcity Britain’s greatest Paralympian, changed the perception of Paralympic sport for ever
   
Kelly Holmes Sprinter Kelly Holmes The first British Olympian to win a double gold
   
Ellen MacArthur ellen macarthur top 100 women Sailor who completed solo circumnavigation race, the Vendée Globe, then broke the non-stop solo world record
   
Martina Navratilova martina navratilova 100 women One of the all-time greats of women’s tennis and gay-rights campaigner
   
Hope Powell hope powell top 100 women England women’s football manager who, this year, takes the team to the World Cup for the second time
   
Caster Semenya  caster semenya top 100 women Young athlete who overcame global gender taunts to win world championship
   
Venus Williams venus williams top 100 women First black woman tennis player to be world number one in the modern era
   
Technology
Martha Lane Fox martha lane fox 100 women Entrepreneur who founded lastminute.com and is leading the government’s campaign to get people online
   
Juliana Rotich Juliana Rotich A prolific blogger who founded Ushahidi.com as a means to uncover violence and crisis areas around the world
   
Television
Cerrie Burnell Cerrie Burnell TV presenter tackling prejudices of disability head on
   
   
Rachel Maddow rachel maddow top 100 women The only openly gay American to host a primetime news show
   
Miriam O’Reilly Miriam O'Reilly Television presenter who was the first to win a claim of age discrimation against the BBC after being dropped from Countryfile
   
Oprah Winfrey Oprah Winfrey The talkshow host, actress and philanthropist is not satisfied with having conquered the US and is now taking on the whole world
   
Victoria Wood Victoria Wood Bafta-winning comedian and writer, finding humour in everyday women’s lives
   
Writing & Academia
Maya Angelou Maya Angelou Writer, academic and activist, who chronicled the African American experience in literature
   
Margaret Atwood  Margaret Atwood Novelist behind The Handmaid’s Tale, a cautionary story of a world without feminism
   
Judith Butler Judith Butler Superstar academic whose influential work Gender Trouble changed the way we conceptualise gender
   
Carol Ann Duffy  Carol Anne Duffy First tipped for the job 10 years earlier, she finally became the first female poet laureate in 2009
   
Eve Ensler Eve Ensler Playwright and activist, most famed for her taboo-busting play, The Vagina Monologues
   
Susan Faludi Susan Faludi Social historian, political analyst, and fact checker extraordinaire, who has challenged the mainstream consensus about women’s status
   
Germaine Greer Author Germaine Greer poses for photographers during a media launch in Melbourne Academic and feminist commentator who bulldozed her way into women’s minds
   
Shere Hite Shere Hite, feminist writer Feminist sex researcher who debunked the myth that most women were able to have orgasms through intercourse alone
   
Lynda La Plante Lynda La Plante top 100 women Screenwriter responsible for Prime Suspect, a brilliant vision of a woman in a man’s workplace
   
Doris Lessing Doris Lessing novelist top 100 women Novelist celebrated as writing a pioneering work of female emancipation, then spent half a century trying to shake off the status of ‘feminist icon’
   
Onora O’Neill Onora O'Neill Cambridge philosopher and crossbench peer who addresses issues including freedom of speech and stem-cell research
   
JK Rowling JK Rowling Author of the Harry Potter series, inspiring young readers and improving literacy levels in the process
   
Arundhati Roy Arundhati Roy Booker prize-winning author and one of India’s most important polemicists
   
Marjane Satrapi Marjane Satrapi Graphic novelist behind Persepolis, an autobiographical account of an Iranian youth
   
Jessica Valenti Jessica Valenti at home Pioneering blogger whose online activism dragged feminism into the 21st century
   
Alice Walker Alice Walker Lifelong political and social activist whose novel The Color Purple won the Pulitzer prize
   
Mary Warnock Baroness Mary Warnock Philosopher and writer, who has shaped government policies and is an outspoken supporter of legalised euthanasia
   

Courtesy : theguardian.com

The 30 Human Rights Laws of the UN – Dec.10th Human Rights Day

THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is generally agreed to be the foundation of international human rights law. Adopted in 1948, the UDHR has inspired a rich body of legally binding international human rights treaties. It continues to be an inspiration to us all whether in addressing injustices, in times of conflicts, in societies suffering repression, and in our efforts towards achieving universal enjoyment of human rights.

It represents the universal recognition that basic rights and fundamental freedoms are inherent to all human beings, inalienable and equally applicable to everyone, and that every one of us is born free and equal in dignity and rights. Whatever our nationality, place of residence, gender, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status, the international community on December 10 1948 made a commitment to upholding dignity and justice for all of us.

How Does International Law Protect Human Rights?

The International human rights law lays down obligations which States are bound to respect. By becoming parties to international treaties, States assume obligations and duties under international law to respect, to protect and to fulfil human rights.  The obligation to respect means that States must refrain from interfering with or curtailing the enjoyment of human rights. The obligation to protect requires States to protect individuals and groups against human rights abuses. The obligation to fulfil means that States must take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of basic human rights.

Through ratification of international human rights treaties, Governments undertake to put into place domestic measures and legislation compatible with their treaty obligations and duties. The domestic legal system, therefore, provides the principal legal protection of human rights guaranteed under international law. Where domestic legal proceedings fail to address human rights abuses, mechanisms and procedures for individual and group complaints are available at the regional and international levels to help ensure that international human rights standards are indeed respected, implemented, and enforced at the local level.

Article 1. We are all free and equal

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2. Don’t discriminate

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3. The right to life

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 4. No slavery – past and present

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5. No Torture

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6. We all have the same right to use the law

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7. We are all protected by the law

All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8. Fair treatment by fair courts

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

Article 9. No unfair detainment

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 10. The right to trial

Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

Article 11. Innocent until proven guilty

(1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
(2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

Article 12. The right to privacy

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13. Freedom to move

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
(2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 14. The right to asylum

(1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
(2) This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15. The right to a nationality

(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

Article 16. Marriage and family

(1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
(2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
(3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17. Your own things

(1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18. Freedom of thought

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19. Free to say what you want

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 20. Meet where you like

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
(2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21. The right to democracy

(1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
(2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
(3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 22. The right to social security

Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 23. Workers’ rights

(1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
(2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
(3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
(4) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24. The right to play

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25. A bed and some food

(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
(2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26. The right to education

(1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
(2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
(3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Article 27. Culture and copyright

(1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
(2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 28. A free and fair world

Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29. Our responsibilities

(1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
(2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
(3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 30. Nobody can take away these rights and freedoms from us 

Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.

Courtesy and Source : UNO and Google

Song of the Week : UNITED : Human Rights

Music written and produced by Chris Thomas, Geoff Levin and Hiroko Hayata.
Lyrics and vocals by Charles Gee. Rap variation by Lai Lai

If U-N-I-T-E-D
 The world would be a better place … you know?
As ink pours from my pen, pain pours from my heart
Knowin’ there’s kids somewhere that actually starve.
Take the time out, close your eyes, just picture this:
No color, no hate, nemesis or differences.
TV is  yelling me with scenes of negativity
But we can control it if we cooperate willingly,
We came a long way, but got so much further to go.
Guns kill, but hatred destroys us the most.
And the problem could never be solved you see,
Human Rights de ne the word—EQUALITY
If we don’t respect and love each other, we’re just living a lie
Because UNITED starts with you and I.
You feel me?

(Chorus)
U-N-I-T-E-D
A better place this world would be
We’re all in this game, can’t you see?
We’re all a part of this family tree.
(Repeat Chorus)

(Lai Lai’s Rap)
We all are born free and equal,
Free to walk
And free to talk
Free to dance
Free to jump and free to prance
Know what I’m saying?
Got to keep it together
No matter how bad the weather
It will be all right
Keep it tight
’Cause we all got our freedom rights
Everyday from the night
To the broad daylight
Don’t discriminate
Learn to appreciate
So you don’t ha a imitate
Don’t be the one to hate
It’s never too late
You got the right to life
Innocent till proven guilty
You can say what you like
You gotta get the education
Don’t throw it away
Know your human rights
’Cause it can help you someday.

(Repeat Chorus)
U-N-I-T-E-D
A better place this world would be
We’re all in this game, can’t you see?
We’re all a part of this family tree.

Documentary : GENOCIDE: WORSE THAN WAR

Genocide is “the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, caste, religious, or national group”, though what constitutes enough of a “part” to qualify as genocide has been subject to much debate by legal scholars.

By the most fundamental measure — the number of people killed – the perpetrators of mass murder since the beginning of the twentieth century have taken the lives of more people than have died in military conflict. So genocide is worse than war,” reiterates Goldhagen.

“This is a little-known fact that should be a central focus of international politics, because once you know it, the world, international politics, and what we need to do all begin to look substantially different from how they are typically conceived.

Stage Characteristics Preventive measures
1.
Classification
People are divided into “us and them”. “The main preventive measure at this early stage is to develop universalistic institutions that transcend… divisions.”
2.
Symbolization
“When combined with hatred, symbols may be forced upon unwilling members of pariah groups…” “To combat symbolization, hate symbols can be legally forbidden as can hate speech”.
3.
Dehumanization
“One group denies the humanity of the other group. Members of it are equated with animals, vermin, insects, or diseases.” “Local and international leaders should condemn the use of hate speech and make it culturally unacceptable. Leaders who incite genocide should be banned from international travel and have their foreign finances frozen.”
4.
Organization
“Genocide is always organized… Special army units or militias are often trained and armed…” “The U.N. should impose arms embargoes on governments and citizens of countries involved in genocidal massacres, and create commissions to investigate violations”
5.
Polarization
“Hate groups broadcast polarizing propaganda…” “Prevention may mean security protection for moderate leaders or assistance to human rights groups…Coups d’état by extremists should be opposed by international sanctions.”
6.
Preparation
“Victims are identified and separated out because of their ethnic or religious identity…” “At this stage, a Genocide Emergency must be declared. …”
7.
Extermination
“It is ‘extermination’ to the killers because they do not believe their victims to be fully human”. “At this stage, only rapid and overwhelming armed intervention can stop genocide. Real safe areas or refugee escape corridors should be established with heavily armed international protection.”
8.
Denial
“The perpetrators… deny that they committed any crimes…” “The response to denial is punishment by an international tribunal or national courts”