Documentary : Know Fiji

FijiFiji officially the Republic of Fiji is an island country in Melanesiain the South Pacific Ocean about 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) northeast of New Zealand‘s North Island. Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand‘s Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France‘s Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north.

The country comprises an archipelago of more than 332 islands, of which 110 are permanently inhabited, and more than 500 islets, amounting to a total land area of about 18,300 square kilometres (7,100 sq mi). The farthest island is Onu-i-Lau. The two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the population of almost 860,000. The capital and largest city, Suva, is on Viti Levu. About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu’s coasts, either in Suva or in smaller urban centres like Nadi (tourism) or Lautoka (sugar cane industry). Viti Levu’s interior is sparsely inhabited due to its terrain.

The majority of Fiji’s islands were formed through volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago. Today, some geothermal activity still occurs on the islands of Vanua Levu and Taveuni. Fiji has been inhabited since the second millennium BC. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Dutch and the British explored Fiji, which was a Crown Colony until 1970, this administration lasting almost a century. During World War II, thousands of Fijians volunteered to aid in Allied efforts via their attachment to the New Zealand and Australian army units. The Republic of Fiji Military Forces (RFMF) consist of land and naval units.

Fiji has one of the most developed economies in the Pacific island realm due to an abundance of forest, mineral, and fish resources. Today, the main sources of foreign exchange are its tourist industry and sugar exports. The country’s currency is the Fijian dollar.

In a coup in 2006, Commodore Frank Bainimarama seized power. When the High Court ruled in 2009 that the military leadership was unlawful, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal Head of State, formally abrogated the Constitution and reappointed Bainimarama. Later in 2009, Iloilo was replaced as President by Ratu Epeli Nailatikau.  Fiji’s local government, in the form of city and town councils, is supervised by the Ministry of Local Government and Urban Development

Bonus Video 🙂 


Courtesy : WD DocumentaryRick Howard and Wikipedia

<

p style=”text-align:justify;”> 

Know : What Colour is Lava? Blue!

Yes! This volcano in Kawah Ijen has some spectacular blue lava by night, but shows red during the day.

It is the sulfur inside the volcano that causes the change in color. What turns the waters of the largest acidic crater lake in the world, gives its beautiful turquoise color. The same acidic gases burns a bright blue color when ignited by miners while condensation turns it into liquid sulfur which mimics flowing blue lava. Condensation of molten sulfur also drives the business of a sulfur mining operation on Kawah Ijen.

Blue Lava- Indonesia (5)


Image Courtesy : Photographer: Olivier Grunewald (via Screen Captures from YouTube) and Google

Documentary : Know Chile

Chile mapChile, officially the Republic of Chile (SpanishRepública de Chile), is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan FernándezSalas y GómezDesventuradas, and Easter Island. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) ofAntarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.

Chile’s northern desert contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources, and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.

Spain conquered and settled Chile in the mid-16th century effectively replacing Inca rule in northern and central Chile but failed to conquer the independent Mapuche that inhabited south-central Chile. After declaring its independence from Spain in 1818, Chile emerged in the 1830s as a relatively stable authoritarian republic. In the 19th century, Chile experienced significant economic and territorial growth ending Mapuche resistance in the 1880s and gaining its current northern territory in the War of the Pacific (1879–83) after defeating Peru and Bolivia. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the country experienced severe left-right political polarization and turmoil. This development culminated with the 1973 Chilean coup d’état that overthrew Salvador Allende’s left-wing government and instituted a 16-year-long right-wing military dictatorship that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing. The dictatorship headed by Augusto Pinochet ended in 1990 after it lost a referendum in 1988 and was succeeded by a centre-left coalition which ruled through four presidencies until 2010.

Today, Chile is one of South America’s most stable and prosperous nations. It leads Latin American nations in human developmentcompetitivenessincome per capitaglobalizationstate of peaceeconomic freedom, and low perception of corruption. It also ranks high regionally in sustainability of the state, and democratic development. In May 2010, Chile became the first South American nation to join the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.Chile is a founding member of the United Nations, the Union of South American Nations and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States


Some Quick Facts about Chile

  • Chile is the longest north-south trending country in the world at over 4,600 km in length, however on average it is just 150 km wide from west to east.
  • Found in the north of Chile, the Atacama Desert is the driest place on Earth, with an average rainfall of less than 0.05 mm a year.
  • Chileans call their country: país de poetas (country of poets), for good reason too, the country’s two Nobel Prize winners both won in Literature. Gabriela Mistral in 1945, and the country’s most famous poet, Pablo Neruda in 1971.
  • Chile is one of the most stable and prosperous nations in South America.
  • Tennis is Chile’s most successful sport, however, football (soccer) is Chile’s most popular sport, the country has played in the World Cup 8 times including hosting the 1962 event. The national sport of Chile is Rodeo which is still very popular in rural areas of the country.

 

Click here for documentaries of more countries

Courtesy: Wikipedia, Expoza Travel (via YouTube) and www.sciencekids.co.nz