Know : List of Citrus Fruits

 

List of Citrus Fruits

Citrus fruits are notable for their fragrance, partly due to flavonoids and limonoids (which in turn are terpenes) contained in the rind, and most are juice-laden. The juice contains a high quantity of citric acid giving them their characteristic sharp flavour. The genus is commercially important as many species are cultivated for their fruit, which is eaten fresh, pressed for juice, or preserved in marmalades and pickles.

They are also good sources of vitamin C and flavonoids. The flavonoids include various flavanones and flavones. Citrus trees hybridise very readily – depending on the pollen source, plants grown from a Persian Lime‘s seeds can produce fruit similar to grapefruit. Thus all commercial citrus cultivation uses trees produced by grafting the desired fruiting cultivars onto rootstocks selected for disease resistance and hardiness.

Common
name(s)
Image Taxonomic
name/constituents
Amanatsu Citrus kawanonatsudaidai fruit.jpg Citrus natsudaidai
Balady citron
Israel citron
Braverman1.JPG Citrus medica
Bergamot orange Bergamotfruit.jpg Citrus bergamia
Bitter orange
Seville orange
Sour orange
Bigarade orange
Marmalade orange
Citrus aurantium.jpg Citrus × aurantium
Blood orange BloodOrange.jpg Citrus × sinensis
Buddha’s hand
Bushukan
Fingered citron
Buddhas hand 2.jpg Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis
Calamondin
Calamansi
Mixed Calamondin-Calamansi.jpg × Citrofortunella mitis
Cam sành CamSanh (9).JPG Citrus reticulata ×maxima
Citron Citrus medicus fruit.jpg Citrus medica
Yuzufruit.jpg Citrus subg. Papeda
Clementine Clementines whole, peeled, half and sectioned.jpg Citrus reticulata
Corsican citron
Desert Lime Citrus glauca bushes.jpg Citrus glauca
Etrog Etrog without Pitom.jpg Citrus medica
Finger lime Citrus australasica green fruit1.JPG Citrus australasica
Florentine citron Citrus medica
Grapefruit Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit, pink) white bg.jpg Citrus × paradisi
Greek citron Ordang multi.JPG Citrus medica
Hyuganatsu
Konatsu
Tosakonatsu
New Summer Orange
Hyuganatsu cut.jpg Citrus tamurana
Iyokan
Anadomikan
Iyokan on tree.jpg Citrus × iyo
Kabosu Kabosu.jpg Citrus sphaerocarpa
Kaffir lime Citrus hystrix dsc07772.jpg Citrus hystrix
Key lime Ripekeylime.jpg Citrus aurantiifolia
Kinnow Harvest Kinnow.jpg Citrus nobilis × Citrus deliciosa
Kiyomi Kiyomi.JPG Citrus unshiu × Citrus sinensis
Kumquat Quinotos.jpg Citrus japonica
Lemon Lemon.jpg Citrus limon
Lime Limes whole and halved.jpg
Mandarin orange
Mandarin
Mandarine
Mandarin Oranges (Citrus Reticulata).jpg Citrus reticulata
Meyer lemon Meyer Lemon.jpg Citrus × meyeri
Moroccan citron MoroccoEtrog.JPG Citrus medica
Myrtle-leaved orange tree Citrus myrtifolia 2.jpg Citrus myrtifolia
Orange
Sweet orange
OrangeBloss wb.jpg Citrus × sinensis
Oroblanco
Sweetie
Sweetie (Citrus).jpg Citrus grandis × C. Paradisi/Citrus maxima/Citrus grandis
Persian lime
Tahiti lime
Bearss lime
Limes.jpg Citrus × latifolia
Pomelo
Pummelo
Pommelo
Shaddock
Citrus grandis - Honey White.jpg Citrus maxima orCitrus grandis
Ponderosa lemon PonderosaLemon.jpg Citrus limon × medica
Rangpur
Lemandarin
Rangpur limette.jpg Citrus × limonia
Round lime
Australian lime
Australian round lime
Citrus australis
Satsuma
Cold hardy mandarin
Satsuma mandarin
Satsuma orange
Christmas orange
Tangerine
Citrus unshiu 20101127 c.jpg Citrus unshiu
Shangjuan
Ichang lemon
Ichangfruit.jpg Citrus ichangensis ×C. maxima
Shonan Gold 湘南ゴールド 結果状況2.JPG Citrus flaviculpus hort. ex Tanaka (Ōgonkan)× Citrus unshiu
Sudachi Sudachi.png Citrus sudachi
Sweet limetta
Mediterranean sweet lemon
Sweet lemon
Sweet lime
Citrus limetta.jpeg Citrus limetta
Taiwan tangerine
Flat lemon
Hirami lemon
Thin-skinned flat lemon
Shikwasa-1.jpg Citrus × depressa
Tangelo
Honeybell
Minneola fruit 3.jpg C. reticulata × C. maxima or × C. paradisi
Tangerine TangerineFruit.jpg Citrus tangerina
Tangor Photo ortanique.JPG C. reticulata × C. sinensis
Ugli fruit Ugli.jpg Citrus reticulata ×Citrus paradisi
Yuzu Yuzufruit.jpg Citrus ichangensis ×C. reticulata

More…

Oranges were historically used for their high content of vitamin C, which prevents scurvy. Scurvy is caused by vitamin C deficiency, and can be prevented by having 10 milligrams of vitamin C a day. An early sign of scurvy is fatigue. If ignored, later symptoms are bleeding and bruising easily. British sailors were given a ration of citrus fruits on long voyages to prevent the onset of scurvy, hence the British nickname of Limey.

Pectin is a structural heteropolysaccharide contained in the primary cell walls of plants. Limes and lemons as well as oranges and grapefruits are among the highest in this level.

After consumption, the peel is sometimes used as a facial cleanser. A peel of lemons or orange is commonly used as a means to moisten medical cannabis when stored with it.

Before the development of fermentation-based processes, lemons were the primary commercial source of citric acid.

Citrus fruit intake is associated with a reduced risk of stomach cancer.Also, citrus fruit juices, such as orange, lime and lemon, may be useful for lowering the risk of specific types of kidney stones.

Grapefruit is another fruit juice that can be used to lower blood pressure because it interferes with the metabolism of calcium channel blockers.

Lemons have the highest concentration of citrate of any citrus fruit, and daily consumption of lemonade has been shown to decrease the rate of stone formation.

Know : List of Largest Producers of Vegetables and Fruits

Here are the lists of top two vegetables and fruits producing countries.

Note: Not all the vegetables and fruits are listed.

Vegetables

 

Vegetable Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Dry Bean  India  Brazil
Onion and Garlic  China  India
Cabbage  China  India
Green Bean  China  Indonesia
Chick peas  India  Pakistan
Pulses  India  Mozambique
Cauliflowers and Broccoli  China  India
Brinjal  China  India
Potato  China  India
Tomato  China  United States
Spinach  China  United States
Cassava  Nigeria  Thailand
Soybean  United States  Brazil
Carrot  China  Russia
Cucumber  China  Iran

Fruits

Fruit Largest Producer Second Largest Producer
Apricot  Turkey  Iran
Banana  India  China
Mango  India  China
Coconut  Philippines  Indonesia
Sugar cane  Brazil  India
Grapes  China  Italy
Oranges  Brazil  United States
Papaya  India  Brazil
Peach  China  Italy
Apple  China  United States
Pineapples  Philippines  Thailand
Almond  United States  Spain
Sweet Potato  China  Tanzania
Lemon  Mexico  India
Raspberry  Russia  Poland
Stone fruits  Iran  China
Strawberry  United States  Spain
Blueberry  United States  Canada
Kiwifruit  Italy  New Zealand
Currant  Russia  Poland
Date  Egypt  Saudi Arabia
Cherry  Turkey  United States
Avocado  Mexico  Chile
Watermelon  China  Iran

Courtesy and Source : Wikipedia

 

 


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Food We Eat : Top 50 Vegetarian Foods

Here are the delicious top 50 Vegetarian foods from across the world. Hope this makes you hungry 🙂 Eat Well Live Well. 

Which is your favourite among these? or any other food? Please comment below…


Courtesy : www.sbs.com.au ( You can learn how to cook all these foods from this website)