‘Snoopy’ Digs the Archive for You: May 2013

Snoopy @ Work :)

Snoopy @ Work ūüôā

Visiting our blog now? Well, you could have missed a few interesting posts. Here we bring you “Snoopy” he will dig the archives and bring you the complete list of old posts in one place. Check out now what Snoopy found from May 2013.

 
job
One question poll : Know what others say: Love or Hate their Job?

300 3
5 Insights from the Movie 300 : A Recommended Reading

‚ÄúBeing happy doesn‚Äôt mean that everything is perfect. It means you‚Äôve decided to look beyond the imperfections.‚ÄĚ
Just one great Quote : Being HaPpY

jumping_frog cartoon
Understand Arguments : The Frog Story

ch5
Slums Of Chennai : Needs Action

arrest
Relax Off Serious Philosophies ūüôā Nothing but fun : A Teacher Terrorist¬†ūüôā

man dog
A Funny Story of a Man and his Dog: Sure It Will Leave You Thinking

Dalailama
Must Read : Inspirational Speech : Dalai Lama : Education & Warm Heart

student deaf
Three Life Changing Words : Teacher who made the Difference

dad son
EcHo Of You

attitude choice
Attitude n’ Choices

dream
Dream Thieves : Go Go.. Keep Going..

Missing flight
The Missed Flight : Writer’s Digest Entry

bethankful
Be Thankful : Insights

ugly cat
Bet you stay off tears? Ugly, The Cat : Value of Compassion & Love

time bank
Insights : Time Bank

pearl necklace
Story of Jenny : The Real Pearl Necklace

Darkness needs Light
Picture Speaks : Darkness Needs Light, Money blocks Accessibility

ul
What exactly is ‚ÄúPropel¬†Steps‚ÄĚ?

mam111
10 Unusually beautiful friends (Part 1) : We humans have lot to learn

save me tiger1
SAVE TIGER : Pictures Speak

victim vs creator
Choose one : You wanna be Victim or Creator : Personality Insights

shill
Instant Personality Self Test : Your brain thinks mostly left / right / both?

train
Dont Miss it : Which direction the Train moves? It will as you wish.. Magical¬†ūüôā

Blind-girl-gets-to-class-XII-merit-list-tops-Humanities-group
Blind girl gets to class XII merit list, tops humanities group

career vs money
Snippet Thoughts: Error at Start: Career Decision

taxi
The Cab Ride I will Never Forget : Great moment in Life

watch
The Lost Watch

child-playing-in-water-fountain-michele-stoehr
Limpid Life

miguel claro
You will say WOW : Miguel Claro’s Astrophotographs

man-dogs-best-friend
Why Dogs live less than us? : This Deserve a read.

earth-day
Who is the Daddy? Earth or Homo-Sapiens?

poverty_20130311
There’s More fruit in Rich Man’s Shampoo than a Poor man’s Plate

daddy kiss
Box Full of Kisses : While reading you too realize having one Box¬†ūüôā

piggy
Never Miss to Read this : A Miracle costs $1.11 : True Story

cropped-logo-of-ps2.png
Appreciate Talent : Siddhartha Rahi & Summa Hussain : Young Student Scientists From Ghazipur, India.

cropped-logo-of-ps2.png
Appreciate Talents : Adithyha Jayakumar ‚Äď A Musical Talent from South¬†India

walk-through
An Interesting Personality test : Just 5 mins

Cart fill
Life is similar to filling our cart. We pay and enjoy for what we fill our carts with…

firefighter__kid
The Little Firefighter : Relish helping others : Must feel Story

Peace is Cheaper than War Love is Precious of all Weapons
Pic : Peace is Cheaper than War! Love is Precious of all Weapons!

finland_education
Impressive Quotes from Finland Teachers

7. DICENTRA
Top 10 Beautiful flowers in the world

push
Snippet Thoughts : Push

beggar-01
Snippet Thoughts : A Humane day

walk-through
Poster #3 : Is there a True Friend?

592891
Poster #2 : Join Hands if you are against Caste Discrimination

Poster #1 : A Good Child is a Sign of a Good Society…

The Good Bye Kiss

Lesson to a Disciple Painter : Easy to point; hard to correct.

Just 3 words : Explains So much

The Cookie Thief : Must Read One

The empty soap box : Keep it simple lesson for every organisation

Need Expert Opinion: What will happen if there are no limitations to export / import taxes (arbitrage benefits)?

Four Fingered Pianist : Hee Ah Lee

Jessica Cox ‚Äď An Inspirational¬†Woman

18 Rules of HaPpInEsS¬†ūüôā

Our Life is Our Choice: Always do your best

Window of Happiness : Must Read One

Ways to judge people, things and life : Four Seasons’ Insight

Beautiful Oil Paintings : Realistic Ones

One of the most inspired story : Boy and Butterfly

Very Small Story, But Great Insight : Purpose of Goal

Home of Millions : Earth : Have no space for our little Sparrows?

Four Apples and Understanding others

Inability is just a belief : Story of Elephants

Hold on your emotions : This may make you feel the importance of understanding

Old one but Evergreen story : True Love is Unique

‚ÄúPaid in full with one glass of¬†milk‚ÄĚ

Difference : Optimist and Pessimist

Know Stats: List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions

Concert Freebies : Don‚Äôt miss to read¬†ūüôā

Funny Marriage of Princess : Cant stop laughing¬†ūüôā

Quotes from the Way of a Peaceful Warrior ‚Äď Dan¬†Millman

The Brick and the Jaguar : Listen to life

Reach and Touch Others’ life with Kindness : Story of Waldorf-Astoria Hotel

Appreciate Life : Story of a Blind Girl

A true story, happened in 1892 at Stanford University : Herbert Hoover & Paderewski

‚ÄĚHow heavy is this glass of water?‚ÄĚ : Stress is same as¬†this

Snippet Thoughts : Mistakes Matters @ workplace

50 Amazing Facts about Animals : I

“A Love Letter at my 60″ Heart melting Story. Never miss to read it.

Guys Vs Cats : These funny pics will relax mind¬†ūüôā

Please spare a minute, we need your help not money!!!

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Share anything you read, you liked, you want the world to know about. Ask anything you want to know about. 

“Education is Everything” – you might see this as our tag line, not just as words. We Propel Steps get all the inspiration from that strong belief. Through education, we can bring many positive changes. Wisdom, Humanity, Environmental issues, Fair use of Science, Good governance,Prevention of arts, Encouraging creativity… The list is big where your support is needed.¬†

We do not need money. Just your support and a few mins time whenever feasible for you. Help us to bring a change! Only You can make this reach millions of people.

forumWho can Educate and who can get Educated? Well, everyone of us has a Teacher and a Learner in us.

We are good at many things, skills that we possess naturally or developed over a period of time. When we share it with others, we become the provider of knowledge and help enabling others.

On the other end, every day we learn something new, get educated from some sources. 

Our areas of interest are wide. But Education is the common thing we find in everything we see in life. 

We believe Education is not just limited to, schools anymore, if we are determined to learn and share knowledge this modern world has plenty of opportunities.

We have made our Forum “Propel Steps” – here. Where you can share anything you want to share with the world. Ask anything you wish to know about. Not everyone is good at Googling to learn, also internet cannot self suffice. It’s all about knowledge/info reaching the right people who need them. We connect you with millions of school kids, students, teachers, professionals, activists, etc.

Share your links on our forum. Just a few clicks, you can share even anonymously. 

We have only one objective, education can be liberal and can be boundless.

We do not need money. Just your support and a few mins time whenever feasible for you. Help us to bring a change! We do not have millions of Dollars to to spend, but we have IDEAS and HOPE. Only You can make this reach millions of people.

Please do not forget to share this post.

Thanks and Regards

– Din

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Note: This is a non-profit initiative. You are welcome to ask more about our initiative, please contact me here dinesh@propelsteps.com

Find more about our objectives please refer to these articles

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Five Thoughts For you 

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Know : Romance Languages : List, Origin, Current Status

The Romance languages (more accurately the Romanic languages), are a group of languages known also as Latin languages, or Neo-Latin languages, and are descended from Vulgar Latin. They form a branch of the Italic languages within the Indo-European language family. The five most widely spoken Romance languages by number of native speakers are Spanish (410 million), Portuguese (220 million), French (75 million), Italian (60 million), and Romanian (25 million). The larger have many non-native speakers; this is especially the case for French, which is in widespread use throughout Central and West Africa and the Maghreb region.

The Romance languages developed from Latin in the sixth to ninth centuries. Today, there are more than 800 million native speakers worldwide, mainly in Europe and the Americas and many smaller regions scattered throughout the world, as well as large numbers of non-native speakers, and widespread use as lingua franca. Because of the difficulty of imposing boundaries on a continuum, there are various counts of the Romance languages; Dalby lists 23 based on mutual intelligibility:

GalicianPortuguese, Spanish, Asturian-Leonese, Aragonese, Catalan, Gascon, Provençal, Gallo-Wallon, French, Franco-Provençal,  Romansh,  Ladin,  Friulian,  Venetian,  Lombard,  Corsican, Italian, NeapolitanSicilian, Sardinian, Dalmatian, Istro-Romanian, Aromanian, and Daco-Romanian.

In several of these cases, more than one variety has been standardized, and is therefore considered a distinct language in the popular conception; this is true for example with Asturian and Leonese as well as Napolitan and Sicilian.

Origins

romance language origin

Romance languages are the continuation of¬†Vulgar Latin, the popular and colloquial¬†sociolect¬†of¬†Latin¬†spoken by¬†soldiers, settlers and¬†merchants¬†of the Roman Empire, as distinguished from the¬†Classical form of the language¬†spoken by the Roman upper classes, the form in which the language was generally written. Between 350 BC and AD 150,¬†the expansion of the Empire, together with its administrative and educational policies, made Latin the dominant native language in continental Western Europe. Latin also exerted a strong influence in¬†southeastern Britain,¬†the Roman province of Africa, and the Balkans north of the¬†Jireńćek Line.

During the Empire’s decline, and after its fragmentation and collapse in the fifth century, varieties of Latin began to diverge within each local area at an accelerated rate and eventually evolved into a continuum of recognizably different typologies. The overseas empires established by¬†Portugal,¬†Spain, and¬†France¬†from the fifteenth century onward spread their languages to the other continents to such an extent that about two-thirds of all Romance language speakers today live outside Europe.

Despite other influences (e.g.¬†substratum¬†from pre-Roman languages, especially¬†Continental Celtic languages; and¬†superstratum¬†from later¬†Germanic¬†or¬†Slavic¬†invasions), the¬†phonology,¬†morphology, and¬†lexicon¬†of all Romance languages are overwhelmingly evolved forms of Vulgar Latin. However, there are some notable differences between today’s Romance languages and their Roman ancestor. With only one or two exceptions, Romance languages have lost the¬†declension¬†system of Latin and, as a result, have¬†SVO¬†sentence structure and make extensive use of¬†prepositions.

Romance Languages in Europe

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Romance Languages – World

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Lexical and grammatical similarities among the Romance languages, and between Latin and each of them, are apparent from the following examples having the same meaning:

English: She always closes the window before she dines.

Latin (Ea) semper antequam cenat fenestram claudit.
Aragonese (Ella) zarra siempre a finestra antes de cenar.
Aromanian (Ea/N√Ęsa) √ģncljidi/nkidi totna firida ninti di tsin√Ę.
Asturian (Ella) pieslla siempres la ventana enantes de cenar.
Bergamasque (Lé) la sèra sèmper sö la finèstra prima de senà.
Bolognese (L√ģ) la s√®ra s√§nper la fn√®stra pr√©mma ed dsn√®r.
Catalan (Ella) sempre tanca la finestra abans de sopar.
Corsican (Ella/Edda) chjode sempre u purtellu nanzu di cenà.
Emilian (Lńď) la s√®ra s√®mpar s√Ļ la fn√®stra prima ad sn√†r.
Extremaduran (Ella) afecha siempri la ventana antis de cenal.
Franco-Proven√ßal (Le) sarre toltin/tojor la fen√©tra avan de gout√Ę/dinar/sopar.
French Elle ferme toujours la fen√™tre avant de d√ģner/souper.
Friulan (J√™) e siere simpri il barcon prin di cen√Ę.
Galician (Ela) pecha/fecha sempre a fiestra/xanela antes de cear.
Italian (Ella/Lei) chiude sempre la finestra prima di cenare.
Judaeo-Spanish Eya serra syempre la ventana antes de senar.
Ladin (√čra) stl√ľj dagnora la finestra impr√∂ma de cen√®.¬†(badiot)¬†(√čila) stluj for l viere dan mai√ę da c√ęina¬†(gherd√ęina)
Leonese (Eilla) pecha siempre la ventana primeiru de cenare.
Ligurian (Le) a saera sempre u barcun primma de cenà.
Lombard(west.) (Lee) la sara s√Ļ semper la finestra primma de disn√†/scen√†.
Magoua (Elle) √† f√†rm toujour l√† fn√®t √†van k’√† manj.
Mauritian Creole Li touzur pou ferm lafnet avan (li) manze.
Milanese (Le) la sara semper s√ľ la finestra prima de disn√†.
Mirandese (Eilha) cerra siempre la bentana/jinela atr√°s de jantar.
Mozarabic Ella cloudet sempre la fainestra abante da cenare. (reconstructed)
Neapolitan Essa nzerra sempe ‘a fenesta primma ‘e magn√†.
Norman Lli barre tr√©jous la crou√©sie devaunt de da√ģner.
Occitan (Ela) barra sempre/totjorn la fenèstra abans de sopar.
Picard Ale frunme tojours l’ creusèe édvint éd souper.
Piedmontese Chila a sara s√®mper la fnestra dnans √ęd f√© sin-a/dnans √ęd sin√©.
Portuguese Ela fecha sempre a janela antes de jantar/cear.
Romanian Ea √ģnchide totdeauna fereastra √ģnainte de cinare.
Romansh Ella clauda/serra adina la fanestra avant ch’ella tschainia.
Sardinian Issa sèrrat sémper/sémpri sa bentàna innantis de chenàre/cenài.
Sassarese Edda sarra sempri lu balchoni primma di zinà.
Sicilian Idda chiui sempri la finestra prima di pistiari/manciari.
Spanish (Ella) siempre cierra la ventana antes de cenar.
Umbrian Essa chjude sempre la finestra prima de cena’.
Venetian EŇāa Ňāa sara/sera sempre Ňāa fenestra vanti de xen√†r/disnar.
Walloon Ele sere todi li finiesse divant di soper.

Courtesy and Source : Wikipedia and Google

Know : What is Your Language’s Word Order?

In linguistic typology, subject‚Äďverb‚Äďobject (SVO) is a sentence structure where the subject comes first, the verb second, and the object third. ¬†SOV is the most common type (followed by¬†subject‚Äďverb‚Äďobject; the two types account for more than 75% of natural languages with a preferred order).¬†

Word Order

Source : Frequency distribution of word order in languages surveyed by Russell S. Tomlin in 1980s.

Languages that have SOV structure:

Ainu, ¬†Akkadian, ¬†Amharic, ¬†Armenian, ¬†Assamese, ¬†Aymara, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Burmese, Burushaski, Dogon languages, ¬†Elamite, ¬†Ancient Greek, ¬†Hindi, Hittite, ¬†Hopi, Hungarian, Ijoid languages, Itelmen, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean,Kurdish, Classical Latin, Manchu, Mande languages, ¬†Marathi, Mongolian, ¬†Navajo, Nepali, ¬†Newari, ¬†Nivkh, ¬†Nobiin, ¬†PńĀli, ¬†Pashto, ¬†Persian, Punjabi, Quechua, ¬†Sanskrit, Senufo languages, ¬†Seri, ¬†Sicilian, ¬†Sindhi, ¬†Sinhalese ¬†and ¬†most ¬†other ¬†Indo-Iranian languages, ¬†Somali and ¬†virtually all other Cushitic languages, Sumerian, Tagalog, Tibetanand nearly all other Tibeto-Burman languages, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and all other Dravidian languages, Tigrinya, Turkic languages, Turkish, Urdu, Yukaghir, and virtually all Caucasian languages.

Languages that have SVO structure:

Albanian, Arabic, Assyrian (VSO and VOS are also followed, depending on the person), Berber, Bulgarian, Chinese, English, Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, Ganda, Greek, Hausa, Hebrew, Italian, Javanese, Kashmiri, Khmer, Latvian, Macedonian, Polish, Portuguese, Quiche, Romanian, Rotuman, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish, Swahili, Thai, Vietnamese, Yoruba and Zulu are examples of languages that can follow an SVO pattern

Languages that have VSO structure:

Semitic languages¬†(including¬†Arabic,¬†Classical Hebrew, and¬†Ge’ez (Classical Ethiopic)¬†(dead language)), and¬†Celtic languages¬†(including¬†Irish,¬†Scottish Gaelic,¬†Manx,¬†Welsh, and¬†Breton).

Other families where all or many of languages are VSO include the following

  • the¬†Afroasiatic languages¬†(including the¬†Berber languages¬†and the¬†Egyptian language)
  • the¬†Mayan languages¬†(including¬†Classic Maya)
  • the¬†Otomanguean¬†languages (including¬†Zapotec languages¬†and¬†Mixtecan languages)
  • the¬†Salishan languages
  • the¬†Austronesian languages¬†(including¬†Tagalog,¬†Cebuano,¬†Hawaiian,¬†Pangasinan,¬†MńĀori,¬†Malagasy, and¬†Tongan).

Both the Spanish and Greek language resemble Semitic languages such as Arabic in allowing for both VSO and SVO structures: e.g. “Jes√ļs vino el jueves” / Vino Jes√ļs el jueves, “Tu madre dice que no vayas”/”dice tu madre que no vayas”. In Spanish, the only restriction on the VSO form is for the object to require a definite or indefinite article in the sentence

Languages that have VOS structure:

 Austronesian languages (such as Malagasy, Old Javanese, Toba Batak and Fijian) andMayan languages (such as Tzotzil). However, these have either (mixed) ergative or Austronesian alignment, and as such do not have a subject as it has been traditionally defined. Among languages with true subjects, in Hadza the word order VOS is extremely common, but is not the default, which is VSO

Languages that have OVS / OSV structure:

Object‚Äďverb‚Äďsubject¬†(OVS) or¬†object‚Äďverb‚Äďagent¬†(OVA) is a rare permutation of¬†word order. OVS denotes the sequence¬†object‚Äďverb‚Äďsubject¬†in unmarked expressions:¬†Oranges ate Sam,¬†Thorns have roses. While the¬†passive voice¬†in English may appear to be in the OVS order, this is not an accurate description. In an active voice sentence, for example¬†Sam ate the oranges,¬†the grammatical subject,¬†Sam, is the ‘agent’, who is acting on the ‘patient,’the oranges,¬†which are the object of the verb¬†ate. In the passive voice,¬†The oranges were eaten by Sam,¬†the order is reversed so that patient is followed by verb, followed by agent. However,¬†the oranges¬†become the subject of the verbwere eaten¬†which is modified by the prepositional phrase¬†by Sam¬†which expresses the agent, maintaining the usual subject‚Äďverb‚Äď(object) order.

Star Wars¬†franchise creator¬†George Lucas¬†attributed to his fictional character¬†Yoda¬†a native language featuring OSV grammatical order, as reflected in the character’s instinctive application of the OSV template to English vocabulary in generating statements such as “Your father he is, but defeat him you must.”

Know : Languages List and their Writing direction

Language direction

This is an index of the all the writing systems on this site arranged by the direction in which they are written. Some writing systems can be written in a number of different directions, others were originally written in various directions but eventually settled on one direction.

Why some writing systems are written in one direction, and others in other directions is a bit of a mystery. It might have something to do with the writing surfaces and implements originally used, fashion, the handedness of the creators of the writing systems, or other factors.

Directions

  • Left to right, horizontal
  • Right to left, horizontal
  • Left to right, vertical, top to bottom
  • Right to left, vertical, top to bottom
  • Left to right, vertical, bottom to top
  • Right to left, vertical, bottom to top
  • Boustrophedon
  • Variable


Example of Armenian written from left to right

Left to right, horizontal

The following writing systems are written from left to right in horizontal lines:

  1. Ahom
  2. Angelic
  3. Armenian
  4. Balinese
  5. Bassa (Vah)
  6. Beitha Kukju,Benjamin Franklin’s Phonetic Alphabet
  7. Bengali
  8. Blackfoot,Blissymbolics
  9. Brahmi
  10. Buhid
  11. Burmese
  12. Carrier
  13. Celtiberian
  14. Cham,Cherokee
  15. Chinese
  16. Coptic
  17. Cree
  18. Cyrillic
  19. Dehong Dai/Tai Le,Deseret
  20. Devanagari
  21. Dhives Akuru
  22. Elbasan
  23. Ethiopic
  24. Fraser
  25. Georgian (Asomtavruli)
  26. Georgian (Nuskhuri)
  27. Georgian (Mkhedruli)
  28. Glagolitic
  29. Gothic
  30. Grantha
  31. Greek
  32. Gujarati
  33. Gurmukhi (Punjabi),Hmong
  34. Iberian (Southern)
  35. International Phonetic Alphabet
  36. Inuktitut
  37. Irish Uncial
  38. Javanese
  39. Jenticha,Kannada
  40. Kayah Li
  41. Khitan
  42. Khmer
  43. Korean
  44. Kpelle
  45. Kulitan
  46. Jurchen
  47. Lanna
  48. Lao
  49. Latin
  50. Lepcha
  51. Limbu,Linear A
  52. Linear B
  53. Loma
  54. Lontara/Makasar
  55. Malachim
  56. Malayalam
  57. Manpuri
  58. Mayan
  59. Modi
  60. Mongolian Horizontal Square Script
  61. Naxi
  62. Ndjuk√°
  63. Ogham
  64. Ojibwe
  65. Old Church Slavonic
  66. Old Permic
  67. Oriya,Passing the River
  68. Pitman Initial Teaching Alphabet
  69. Pollard Miao
  70. Quikscript/Read Alphabet
  71. Ranjana,Redjang
  72. Runic
  73. Santali
  74. Sharda
  75. Shavian
  76. Shorthand
  77. Siddham
  78. Sinhala
  79. Solresol Somali
  80. Sorang Sompeng
  81. Sourashtra
  82. Soyombo
  83. Sundanese
  84. Sutton SignWriting
  85. Syloti Nagri
  86. Tagalog
  87. Tagbanwa
  88. Tai Dam
  89. Tai Lue
  90. Tamil
  91. Telugu
  92. Thai
  93. Theban
  94. Tibetan
  95. Tikamuli
  96. Todhri
  97. Tocharian
  98. Ugaritic
  99. Unifon
  100. Vai
  101. Varang Kshiti
  102. Visible Speech
  103. Yi


Example of Etruscan written from right to leftRight to left, horizontal

The following writing systems are written from right to left in horizontal lines:

 

  1. Ancient Berber
  2.  Ancient Egyptian (Demotic)
  3.  Ancient Egyptian (Hieratic)
  4. Ancient Egyptian (Hieroglyphic)
  5.  Aramaic
  6.  Arabic*
  7.  Avestan
  8.  Chinese **
  9. Cypriot
  10.  Enochian
  11.  Etruscan
  12.  Hebrew
  13.  Iberian (Northern)
  14.  Kharosthi
  15. Linear B
  16.  Old Italic
  17.  Orkhon
  18.  Mandaic
  19.  Mende
  20. ¬†Mero√Įtic (Cursive)
  21.  Middle Persian
  22.  Nabataean
  23. ¬†N’Ko
  24.  Parthian
  25.  Phoenician
  26.  Proto-Elamite
  27.  Psalter
  28.  Sabaean
  29.  Samaritan
  30.  Sogdian
  31. Tifinagh
  32.  Syriac
  33.  South Arabian
  34.  Thaana

*In Arabic numerals are written from left to right.

** In vertical Chinese texts the headings are sometimes written horizontally from right to left across the tops of the columns (see below). This direction is also occasionally used on shop signs.


Example of Mongolian written from left to right in vertical linesLeft to right, vertical, top to bottom

The following writing systems are written from left to right in vertical lines running from top to bottom:

  1. Old Elamite, 
  2. Manchu, 
  3. Mongolian, 
  4. Oirat Clear Script, 
  5. Phags-pa, 
  6. Sogdian,
  7. Sutton SignWriting, 
  8. Uyghur

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Example of Mongolian written from left to right in vertical linesRight to left, vertical, top to bottom

The following writing systems are written from right to left in vertical lines running from top to bottom:

  1. Chinese, 
  2. ChŠĽĮ-n√īm,
  3. Japanese, 
  4. Korean,
  5. Kulitan, 
  6. Mero√Įtic (Hieroglyphic script),
  7. Nushu, 
  8. Tangut (Hsihsia)

Notes

Until the 1980s Korean was usually written from right to left in vertical columns. Since then writing from left to right in horizontal lines has become popular, and today the majority of texts are written horizontally.

Chinese is often written vertically in Taiwan, while in China and Singapore it is usually written horizontally.

Vertical and horizontal texts are both used in Japan


Sample of Left to right, vertical, bottom to top writing in Hanunó'oLeft to right, vertical, bottom to top

The following writing systems are written from right to left in vertical lines running from bottom to top:

  1. Batak, 
  2. Hanuno’o,¬†
  3. Tagbanwa

Note

Tagbanwa is traditionally written in vertical columns running from bottom to top and from left to right, however it is read from left to right in horizontal lines.


Right to left, vertical, bottom to top in Ancient Berber (Punic)Right to left, vertical, bottom to top

The Ancient Berber developed from the Phoenician script and like Phoenician, was originally written from right to left in horizontal lines, but became more commonly written from bottom to top in vertical columns running from right to left.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Example of Hungarian Runes written in boustrophedon styleBoustrophedon

The following writing systems are written in horizontal lines running alternatively from right to left then left to right. This is called Boustrophedon, which comes from the Greek¬†ő≤őŅŌÖŌā¬†(bous) “ox” +ŌÉŌĄŌĀőĶŌÜőĶőĻőŬ†(strefein) “to turn”, because it resembles the path an ox makes when plowing field, turning at the end of each row to return in the opposite direction.

Székely-Hungarian Rovás (Hungarian Runes), Linear B, Rongo Rongo,Sabaean


Variable

Ancient Egyptian (Hieroglyphic)

The Ancient Egytian Hieroglyphic script was written in any direction the was convenient: horizontally from right to left or left to right or vertically from top to bottom. The arrangement of the glyphs was partly determined by aesthetic considerations. When written horizontally, you can tell the direction of a piece of writing by looking at the way the animals and people are facing: they look towards the beginning of the line.

Example of Egyptian Hieroglyphic writing

Source: http://hieroglyphs.net

Example of Chinese written horizontally and verticallyChinese

Chinese can be written from right to left in vertical columns, left to right in horizontal lines, or occasionally right to left in horizontal lines. In Taiwan it is often written vertically, while in China and Singapore it is usually written horizontally. In newspapers and magazines with vertical text, some of the headlines and titles are written horizontally right to left across the top of the main text.

Etruscan

Etruscan was sometimes written in boustrophedon fashion and sometimes from right to left in horizontal lines.

Japanese

Japanese can be written from right to left in vertical columns or left to right in horizontal lines. Horizontal writing was first used during the Meiji Period (1868-1912) in Western language dictionaries of Japanese. Today both orientations are used.

Example of Ogham writingKorean

Until the 1980s Korean was usually written from right to left in vertical columns. Since then writing from left to right in horizontal lines has become popular, and today the majority of texts are written horizontally.

Ogham

When inscribed on stones, Ogham was written around the edge starting at the bottom left and running upwards then back down the other side. In manuscripts it was written horizontally running from left to right.

Orkhon

Orkhon was written mainly from right to left in horizontal lines, though some inscriptions are written vertically with the letters rotated by 90¬ļ. When written vertically, it read from bottom to top and right to left.

 

Example of Mayan writing

Mayan

In inscriptions, Mayan was written in paired columns zigzagging downwards from left to right. Any faces on the glyphs generally look towards the beginning of the line, as with Egyptian Hieroglyphs. Elsewhere it was usually written horizontally from left to right

The image on the left shows a Mayan inscription from the museum at Tonina in Chiapas, Mexico.

 

 

 

 

 

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Source :  http://www.omniglot.com 

Courtesy : Omniglot is a wonderful site which serves as an encyclopedia of world languages. You could find almost every possible information about languages there. We convey our gratitude for their great and  impeccable services.

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