Know : List of Oldest & Continuously Inhabited Cities

This is a list of present-day cities by the time period over which they have been continuously inhabited.

The age claims listed are generally disputed and may indeed be obsolete. Differences in opinion can result from different definitions of “city” as well as “continuously inhabited” and historical evidence is often disputed.

Several cities listed here (Balkh, Byblos, Aleppo, Damascus, and Jericho) each popularly claim to be “the oldest city in the world”.

Name Continuously
inhabited since
Historical
region
Location
Aberdeen c. 580 Pictland UK
(Scotland)
Acoma
Puebloand Taos Pueblo,  New Mexico
c. 1075 Pueblo culture US
Albany, New York 1614 New Netherlands US
Aleppo Chalcolithic
(4300 BC or earlier)
Levant Syria
Alexandria 332 BC Egypt
Amesbury 8th
millennium BC.
Neolithic,
Britain
UK (England)
Amman c. 1878 Levant Jordan
Argos 5th
millennium BC.
Neolithic,
Mycenaean Greece
Greece
Århus c. 770 Denmark
Athens 5th–4th
Millennium BC
Neolithic, Mycenaean Greece Attica,
Greece
Axum c. 400 BC Kingdom of Axum Ethiopia
Bagan 849 AD Kingdom of Pagan Myanmar
Baku The 1st century AD. Azerbaijan Absheron peninsula
Balkh  (as Bactra) 1500 BC Bactria Balkh
Province, Afghanistan
Bamyan 1st century AD Bactria Bamyan Province, Afghanistan
Bandar Seri Begawan 977 AD Kingdom of
Po-ni
Brunei
Baracoa 1511 New Spain Cuba
Barcelona  (as
Barcino)
3rd century BC Iberia Catalonia, Spain
Bath  (as Aquae Sulis) 43 AD Britannia UK
(England)
Beijing c. 1045 BC Ji,
Yan
Beijing,
China
Beirut 3000 BC Levant Lebanon
Belgrade 279 BC Illyria Serbia
Berat 314 BC Macedonia (ancient
kingdom)
Albania
Berbera c. 400 BC Bilad al-Barbar Somalia
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi 6th century BC Bessarabia Ukraine
Butuan 1001 AD Kingdom of Butuan Philippines
Byblos (Jubayl) Chalcolithic (5000 BC or earlier) Levant Lebanon
Cádiz 1100 BC Iron Age Iberia Andalusia, Spain
Cagliari 8th century BC Sardinia Sardegna,
Italy
Cape Guardafui c. 500 BC Bilad al-Barbar Somalia
Cape Town 1652 Cape colony South Africa
Cartagena  (as
Carthago Nova)
228 BC Iberia Spain
Carthage 814 BC Tunisia
Chalcis before 1200 BC Mycenaean Greece Greece
Chania c. 1400 BC Crete Crete,
Greece
Chengdu c. 400 BC Shu Sichuan,
China
Chios c. 1100 BC Chios North Aegean, Greece
Cholula c. 2nd
century BC
Old Cholula Mexico
Chur 15 BC Raetia Prima Grisons,
Switzerland
Cologne 50 AD Germania Inferior Germany
Constanţa 6th century BC Dacia Romania
Corfu,  Kerkyra 700 BC Corfu Ionian Islands, Greece
Crotone  (as Kroton) 710 BC Calabria Magna Graecia, Italy
Cusco c. 1100 Inca Empire Peru
Damascus Chalcolithic Levant Syria
Djenné-Jeno c. 200 BC Mali
Dublin 841 Ireland Ireland
Durrës 627 BC Illyria Albania
Edessa, Greece before the 6th century BC Macedonia Greece
Edinburgh as Din
Eidyn
c. 580 Gododdin UK (Scotland)
Erbil 6000 BC or earlier Mesopotamia Iraqi Kurdistan, Iraq
Évora 53 BC (Roman conquest) Lusitania Portugal
Faiyum  (as Shediet,
Crocodilopolis,  Ptolemais Euergetis,  Arsinoe)
c. 4000 BC Lower Egypt Faiyum Governorate, Egypt
Feodosiya  (as
Theodosia)
7th century
BC
Crimea Russia/Ukraine
Fes  (as Fes-al-Bali) 789 Morocco
Gaza c. 1000 BC Levant Gaza Strip
Gaziantep c. 3650 BC Anatolia Southeastern Anatolia, Turkey
Ghadames  (as Cydamus) 19 BC Libya
Glasgow c. 6th century Dál Riata orAlt
Clut
UK
(Scotland)
Guangzhou
(as Panyu)
214 BC Qin Dynasty Guangdong, China
Gyeongju 57 BC Silla South Korea
Hamadan
(asEcbatana)
c. 800 BC Median Empire Iran
Hangzhou  (as Lin’an) c. 200 BC Qin Dynasty Zhejiang,
China
Hanoi 454 AD Jiaozhou Vietnam
Hebron c. 1500 BC Levant West Bank
Heraklion 824 Crete Greece
Ife c. 350 BC Osun State Nigeria
Igodomigodo c. 400 BC Kingdom of Benin Nigeria
Inverness c. 6th century Pictland UK
(Scotland)
Ioannina 527–565 Byzantine Empire Greece
Istanbul/Byzantion 685 BC Anatolia ThraceAnatolia Turkey
Jaffa c. 2000 BC Levant Israel
Jamestown,
Virginia
1607 Colony of Virginia US
Jenin c. 2450 BC Levant West Bank
Jericho Chalcolithic (3000 BC or earlier) Levant West Bank
Jerusalem (Old
City)
2800 BC Levant West Bank
Kaifeng  (as Daling, Bianzhou,
Dongjing, Bianjing)
c. 364 BC Wei Henan,
China
Kathmandu-Patan, Lalitpur c. 2nd
century AD
Nepal Kathmanduvalley,
Nepal
Kavala 6th century BC Macedonia Greece
Kediri 1042 AD Kediri Kingdom Indonesia
Kerch 7th century BC Crimea Russia/Ukraine
Kerikeri c. 1818 Northland New Zealand
Kiev 482 AD Medieval East Slavic civilization Ukraine
Kirkuk
(asArrapha)
3000–2200 BC Mesopotamia Kirkuk Governorate,
Iraq
Kismayo 4th century Bilad al-Barbar, after the 14th century part of theAjuuraan
Empire
Somalia
Kraków  (Wawel Hill) 7th century Lesser Poland Poland
Kumasi c. 1680 Ashanti
Empire
Ghana
Kutaisi c. 2000 BC Colchis Imeretiprovince,
Georgia
Kyoto
(as Heian-kyō, and sometimes
known in the west as Miyako)
794 AD Japan Japan
Lamia before the
5th century BC
Greece Greece
Lamu c. 1300 Kenya
Larnaca c. 1400 BC Alashiya Cyprus
Lisbon c. 1200 BC Iron Age Iberia Portugal
Ljubljana 50 BC Italia Slovenia
London  (asLondinium) 43 AD Britannia UK
(England)
Luang Prabang 698 AD Muang Sua Laos
Lund c. 990 Denmark Sweden
Luoyang  (as Zhenxun, Xibo) c. 2070 BC Xia Dynasty Henan,
China
Luxor  (as Waset, better known by its Greek nameThebes) c. 3200 BC Ancient Egypt Egypt
Madurai 500 BC Pandyan kingdom Tamil Nadu, India
Mahasthangarh, Bogra 4th century BC Pundravardhana Bogra District, Bangladesh
Málaga 8th century
BC
Iron Age Iberia Andalusia, Spain
Mangalia 6th century BC Dacia Romania
Manila 900 AD Kingdom of
Tondo and Kingdom of Maynila
Philippines
Mantua 6th century BC Po Valley Lombardy,
Italy
Marrakesh
(Murakuc)
1070 Morocco
Marseilles  (as
Massilia)
600 BC Gaul France
Messina  (as Zancle) 8th century
BC
Sicily Sicily, Italy
Metz 4th century BC Gaul France
Mexico City 1325 Mexica culture Mexico
Mogadishu c. 700 Sultanate of Mogadishu Somalia
Montreal 1642 New France Canada
Mtskheta c. 1000 BC Caucasian Iberia Georgia
Mytilene 10th century
BC
Lesbos North Aegean, Greece
Nablus  (asShechem) c. 100 Levant West Bank
Nanjing  (as Yecheng, Jianye,
Jiankang, Jinling)
c. 495 BC Wu Jiangsu,
China
Naples c. 680 BC Magna Graecia Italy
Nara  (as Heijō-kyō) 710 AD Japan Japan
Nijmegen 19 BC Germania Inferior Netherlands
Niš 279 BC Illyria Serbia
Nombre de Dios,
Colón
1510 New Granada Panama
Novi Sad 1st century
AD
Illyria Serbia
Old Cairo c. 100 Egypt
Oraibi, Arizona c. 1100 Hopi culture US
Osaka  (as Naniwa) c. 400 AD Japan Japan
Palembang c. 600 AD Srivijaya Indonesia
Panama City 1519 New Granada Panama
Paris 52 BC Lutetia France
Patna 5th century BC Magadha Bihar,
India
Patras c. 1100 BC Mycenaean Greece Greece
Peshawar c. 400–300 BC Gandhara Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Plovdiv 3000 –
4000 BC
Thrace Plovdiv
Province, Bulgaria
Plymouth,
Massachusetts
1620 Plymouth Colony US
Polatsk 862 Belarus
Prague c. 6th century Bohemia Czech Republic
Provadia 4700 BC. Neolithic,
Danubian Plain
Bulgaria
Ptuj 1st century BC Pannonia Slovenia
Pyeongyang
(as Wanggeom-seong)
194 BC Gojoseon North Korea
Qabala  (as Kabalaka) 4th century BC Caucasian Albania Azerbaijan
Quebec City 1608 New France Canada
Quito 980 Quitu culture Ecuador
Rajagriha
(Rajgir)
600 BC Magadha Bihar,
India
Reggio di Calabria (as Rhégion) 743 BC Magna Graecia Calabria,
Italy
Rey 3000 BC Media Iran
Reykjavík c. 871 Iceland Iceland
Rhodes c. 408 BC Rhodes,
Aegean Sea
Dodecanese, Greece
Ribe 704–710 Jutland Denmark
Rome 753 BC Latium Lazio,
Italy
Roses  (as
Rhode)
4th century BC Iberia Catalonia, Spain
Saint John 1631 New France Canada
Samarqand 700 BC Sogdiana Uzbekistan
San
Diego
1769 New
Spain
US
San Juan 1508 New Spain Puerto Rico (US)
Sant Martí d’Empúries  (as Emporion) ca. 575 BC Iberia Catalonia, Spain
Santa Fe de Bogota 1538 New Granada Colombia
Santa Fe, New
Mexico
1607 New Spain US
Santa Marta 1525 New Granada Colombia
Santiago del Estero 1553 Río de la Plata Argentina
Santo Domingo 1496 Hispaniola Dominican Republic
São Vicente, São
Paulo
1532 Governorate General of Brazil Brazil
Sault Ste. Marie,
Michigan
1668 New France US
Seoul
(as Wiryeseong)
18 BC Baekjae South Korea
Serres 5th century BC Macedonia Greece
Seville 8th century
BC
Iron Age Iberia Andalusia, Spain
Sidon 4000 BC Levant Lebanon
Siem Reap 801 AD Khmer Empire Cambodia
Singapore 1170 AD Kingdom of Singapura Singapore
Skara 988 Sweden
Skopje 81–96 AD Macedonia (Roman
province)
Republic of Macedonia
Smederevo 1st century
BC
Illyria Serbia
Sofala c. 700 Mozambique
Sofia 4th century
BC
Moesia Sofia
Valley, Bulgaria
Solothurn c. 20 AD Gaul Switzerland
Sremska Mitrovica 1st century
BC
Illyria Serbia
St. Augustine,
Florida
1565 New Spain US
St. John’s,
Newfoundland and Labrador
1540s Newfoundland Colony Canada
Stara Zagora 342 BC Thrace Bulgaria
Staraya Ladoga 753 Russia
Stobi/Gradsko 217 BC Macedonia Republic of Macedonia
Susa
(Shush)
4200 BC Khuzestan Iran
Suzhou  (as Gusu, Wu) 514 BC Wu Jiangsu,
China
Syracuse 734 BC Sicily Sicily,
Italy
Taranto  (as Taras) 706 BC Magna Graecia Puglia,
Italy
Tarragona  (as
Tarraco)
218 BC Iberia Catalonia, Spain
Tbilisi c. 500 Caucasian Iberia Kartli province, Georgia
Ternate 1109 AD Sultanate of Ternate Indonesia
Thanjavur 300 BC Early Chola kingdom Tamil Nadu, India
Thebes c. 1400 BC Mycenaean
Greece
Boeotia,
Greece
Thessaloniki 315 BC Macedonia (ancient
kingdom)
Greece
Tidore 1109 AD Sultanate of Tidore Indonesia
Tongeren 10 BC Germania Inferior Belgium
Trier 30 BC Gallia Belgica Germany
Trikala before 1200 BC Mycenaean Greece Thessaly,
Greece
Trois-Rivières 1634 New France Canada
Trondheim 997 Norway Norway
Tyre 2750 BC Levant Lebanon
Ujjain  (As Avanti) c. 800 BC Malwa India
Upper Xingu c. 800 AD Xingu culture Brazil
Vaisali 500 BC Magadha Bihar,
India
Varanasi c. 1200–1100
BC
Iron Age India Uttar Pradesh, India
Varna 585 BC – 570 BC Thrace Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, Bulgaria
Veliky Novgorod 859 Russia
Vera Cruz 1519 New Spain Mexico
Verdun 4th century Lotharingia France
Veria c. 432 BC Macedonia Greece
Vitebsk 947 Belarus
Volterra c. 725 BC Tuscany Tuscany,
Italy
Vukovar 3500 BC Illyria Croatia
Winchester  (asVenta Belgarum) c. 70 AD Britannia UK
(England)
Worms 14 BC Germania Superior Germany
Xanthi before 879 Thrace Greece
Xi’an  (as Haojing, Fenghao,
Chang’an, Daxing)
c. 1100 BC Zhou Dynasty Shaanxi,
China
Yeha c. 700 BC D’mt Ethiopia
Yerevan 782 BC Urartu Armenia
York  (asEboracum) c. 72 AD Britannia UK
(England)
Zagreb 1 st century Illyria Croatia
Zeila/Avalite c. 9th century BC Bilad al-Barbar Somalia
Zürich
(Lindenhof)
c. 50 BC Gaul Switzerland
c.
Citation needed
 

Courtesy & Source: Wikipedia 

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What’s Up : Say “Hi” to this World’s biggest Hedgehog :)

  • Seven feet high sculpture was unveiled on Clapham Common(UK) last Tuesday
  • It is made from 2,000 soft wood spikes and coconut fiber that resembles fur
  • A structure created to promote new TV program by Sir David Attenborough

A giant sculpture of a hedgehog has been unveiled on Clapham Common after a survey found that a quarter of people in the UK have never seen the animal in the wild.

The 12 foot long, eight foot wide, seven feet tall structure took a team of artists two months to build, and it has been keeping hundreds of visitors to the South London park entertained since being unveiled last week.

The sculpture is mainly made from 2,000 soft wood spikes that resemble a hedgehog’s spines, and a mixture of willow and coconut fiber that takes on the appearance of fur.


Source: User submitted (http://propelsteps.boards.net/)

Information Courtesy: Dailymail (read more)

Amazing Stephen Wiltshire : Just Look & Draw : Wins Autism

Stephen Wiltshire MBEHon.FSAI (born 24 April 1974) is a British architectural artist who has been diagnosed with autism. He is known for his ability to draw from memory a landscape after seeing it just once. His work has gained worldwide popularity.

English: Stephen Wiltshire receives his MBE aw...

English: Stephen Wiltshire receives his MBE award at Buckingham Palace (Copyright: The Stephen Wiltshire Gallery http://www.stephenwiltshire.co.uk) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Wiltshire can look at a subject once and then draw an accurate and detailed picture of it. He frequently draws entire cities from memory, based on double, brief helicopter rides. For example, he produced a detailed drawing of four square miles of London after a single helicopter ride above that city. His nineteen-foot-long drawing of 305 square miles of New York City is based on a single twenty-minute helicopter ride.  He also draws fictional scenes, for example,St. Paul’s Cathedral surrounded by flames.

Wiltshire’s early books include Drawings (1987), Cities (1989), Floating Cities (1991), and Stephen Wiltshire’s American Dream (1993). His third book, Floating Cities (Michael Joseph, 1991), was number one on the Sunday Times bestseller list.

In May 2005 Stephen produced his longest ever panoramic memory drawing of Tokyo on a 32.8-foot-long (10.0 m) canvas within seven days following a helicopter ride over the city.

Since then he has drawn RomeHong Kong,FrankfurtMadridDubai, Jerusalem and London on giant canvasses. When Wiltshire took the helicopter ride over Rome, he drew it in such great detail that he drew the exact number of columns in the Pantheon.

In October 2009 Stephen completed the last work in the series of panoramas, an 18-foot (5.5 m) memory drawing of his “spiritual home”, New York City. Following a 20-minute helicopter ride over the city he sketched the view ofNew JerseyManhattan, the Financial District, Ellis Island, the Statue of Liberty and Brooklyn over five days at thePratt Institute college of art and design in New York City.

In 2010, he made a series of drawings of Sydney, and visited Bermuda National Gallery where the sale of his drawing of Hamilton broke auction records. In June 2010, Christie’s auctioned off an oil painting of his “Times Square at Night”.

Cover of "Stephen Wiltshire's American Dr...

Wiltshire started a tour of China in September 2010, with a first project taking him to Shanghai.

A 2011 project in New York City involved Wiltshire’s creation of a 250-foot (76 m) long panoramic memory drawing of New York which is now displayed on a giant billboard at JFK Airport. It is a part of a global advertising campaign for the Swiss bank UBS that carries the theme “We will not rest”, The New York Times reported.

Wiltshire’s work has been the subject of many TV documentaries. Renowned neurologist Oliver Sacks writes about him in the chapter “Prodigies” in his bookAn Anthropologist on Mars.

In 2006, Wiltshire was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for services to art. In September 2006 Stephen opened his permanent gallery in the Royal Opera Arcade, Pall Mall, London.

On 15 February 2008, ABC News named him Person of the Week. In his first intimate interview with The Independent in 2009 he revealed his dreams, aspirations, idols and biggest regrets.

In July 2009 he acted as ambassador of the Children’s Art Day in the United Kingdom.

In 2011, Stephen Wiltshire was made an honorary Fellow of the Society of Architectural Illustration (SAI).

Newyork2Newyork3newyork4

Listening intently to his ipod throughout the artistic process – because music helps him – London-born Stephen uses only graphic pens as he commits his photographic memory to the high-grade paper.

‘Stephen sketches his layout in pencil first and then scales it within the border, first adding in landmarks before filling out in more intricate detail,’ said Iliana Taliotis, who works with Stephen and his family.

‘He works methodically in short sharp bursts and is even being put on webcam by CBS as he puts his art to paper.’ 

On his third visit to New York, this is Stephen’s first panorama of the world’s most iconic cityscape.

‘Stephen feels this is his spiritual home,’ said Iliana.

‘There are many similarities between his home, London, and New York that he can relate to. 

‘The only difference is that everything is on a bigger scale and with taller, more modern buildings. 

‘Cities have always been his passion, and he is drawn to cosmopolitan lifestyles.’ 

Diagnosed with autistism at an early age, Stephen’s talent for drawing emerged as a way of expressing himself.

Using his drawing’s to help him learn and encouraged by his family, Stephen created a series of 26 coded pictures to help him speak, all of which corresponded to a letter in the alphabet.

Going through up to 12 pens during his sketches which can take a week to finish, Stephen also draws heavily on music which he carries everywhere.

‘He always listens to music while he works,’ said Iliana.

Newyork‘This work will encompass the five boroughs of New York, New Jersey, Ellis Island and The Statue of Liberty.‘This one is extra special and unique. ‘Due to his personal love of New York it contains far more detail and the perspective of the panorama is much more in-depth, giving a more realistic, 3-D view of the city.’

Courtesy : Wikipedia, Daily Mail UK and Google.