Tribute : Irena Sendler (1910 – 2008) : Saved 2500 Children!

English: Irena Sendlerowa, chairman of childre...

Irena Sendlerowa (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

When Hitler and his Nazis built the Warsaw Ghetto and herded 500,000 Polish Jews behind its walls to await liquidation, many Polish gentiles turned their backs or applauded. Not Irena Sendler. An unfamiliar name to most people, but this remarkable woman defied the Nazis and saved 2,500 Jewish children by smuggling them out of the Warsaw Ghetto. As a health worker, she sneaked the children out between 1942 and 1943 to safe hiding places and found non-Jewish families to adopt them.

Sendler was born in 1910 in Otwock, a town some 15 miles southeast of Warsaw. She was greatly influenced by her father who was one of the first Polish Socialists. As a doctor his patients were mostly poor Jews.

In 1939, Germany invaded Poland, and the brutality of the Nazis accelerated with murder, violence and terror.

At the time, Irena was a Senior Administrator in the Warsaw Social Welfare Department, which operated the canteens in every district of the city. Previously, the canteens provided meals, financial aid, and other services for orphans, the elderly, the poor and the destitute. Now, through Irena, the canteens also provided clothing, medicine and money for the Jews. They were registered under fictitious Christian names, and prevent inspections, the Jewish families were reported as being afflicted with such highly infectious diseases as typhus and tuberculosis.

But in 1942, the Nazis herded hundreds of thousands of Jews into a 16-block area that came to be known as the Warsaw Ghetto. The Ghetto was sealed and the Jewish families ended up behind its walls, only to await certain death.

Sendler was so appalled by the conditions that she joined Zegota, the Council for Aid to Jews, organized by the Polish underground resistance movement, as one of its first recruits and directed the efforts to rescue Jewish children.

To be able to enter the Ghetto legally, Irena managed to be issued a pass from the Warsaws Epidemic Control Department and she visited the Ghetto daily, reestablished contacts and brought food, medicines and clothing. But 5,000 people died a month from starvation and disease in the Ghetto, and she decided to help the Jewish children to get out.

For Sendler, a young mother herself, persuading parents to part with their children was in itself a horrendous task. Finding families willing to shelter the children, and thereby willing to risk their life if the Nazis ever found out, was also not easy.

Sendler, who wore a star armband as a sign of her solidarity to Jews, began smuggling children out in an ambulance. She recruited at least one person from each of the ten centers of the Social Welfare Department. With their help, she issued hundreds of false documents with forged signatures and successfully smuggled almost 2,500 Jewish children to safety and gave them temporary new identities.

Some children were taken out in gunny sacks or body bags. Some were buried inside loads of goods. A mechanic took a baby out in his toolbox. Some kids were carried out in potato sacks, others were placed in coffins, some entered a church in the Ghetto which had two entrances. One entrance opened into the Ghetto, the other opened into the Aryan side of Warsaw. They entered the church as Jews and exited as Christians. “Can you guarantee they will live?” Irena later recalled the distraught parents asking. But she could only guarantee they would die if they stayed. “In my dreams,” she said, “I still hear the cries when they left their parents.”

Irena Sendler accomplished her incredible deeds with the active assistance of the church. “I sent most of the children to religious establishments,” she recalled. “I knew I could count on the Sisters.” Irena also had a remarkable record of cooperation when placing the youngsters: “No one ever refused to take a child from me,” she said.

The children were given false identities and placed in homes, orphanages and convents. Sendler carefully noted, in coded form, the children’s original names and their new identities. She kept the only record of their true identities in jars buried beneath an apple tree in a neighbor’s back yard, across the street from German barracks, hoping she could someday dig up the jars, locate the children and inform them of their past. In all, the jars contained the names of 2,500 children.

But the Nazis became aware of Irena’s activities, and on October 20, 1943 she was arrested, imprisoned and tortured by the Gestapo, who broke her feet and legs. She ended up in the Pawiak Prison, but no one could break her spirit. Though she was the only one who knew the names and addresses of the families sheltering the Jewish children, she withstood the torture, refusing to betray either her associates or any of the Jewish children in hiding.

Sentenced to death, Irena was saved at the last minute when Zegota members bribed one of the Germans to halt the execution. She escaped from prison but for the rest of the war she was pursued by the Gestapo.

After the war she dug up the jars and used the notes to track down the 2,500 children she placed with adoptive families and to reunite them with relatives scattered across Europe. But most lost their families during the Holocaust in Nazi death camps.

irena

The children had known her only by her code name Jolanta. But years later, after she was honored for her wartime work, her picture appeared in a newspaper. “A man, a painter, telephoned me,” said Sendler, “`I remember your face,’ he said. It was you who took me out of the ghetto.’ I had many calls like that!”

Irena Sendler did not think of herself as a hero. She claimed no credit for her actions. “I could have done more,” she said. “This regret will follow me to my death.”

She has been honored by international Jewish organizations – in 1965 she accorded the title of Righteous Among the Nations by the Yad Vashem organization in Jerusalem and in 1991 she was made an honorary citizen of Israel.

Irena Sendler was awarded Poland’s highest distinction, the Order of White Eagle in Warsaw Monday Nov. 10, 2003. 

This lovely, courageous woman was one of the most dedicated and active workers in aiding Jews during the Nazi occupation of Poland. Her courage enabled not only the survival of 2,500 Jewish children but also of the generations of their descendants.

She passed away on May 12, 2008, at the age of 98.

Irena Sendler (1910-2008)

Irena Sendler (1910-2008) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Her achievement went largely unnoticed for many years. Then the story was uncovered by four young students at Uniontown High School, in Kansas, who were the winners of the 2000 Kansas state National History Day competition by writing a play Life in a Jar about the heroic actions of Irena Sendler. The girls – Elizabeth Cambers, Megan Stewart, Sabrina Coons and Janice Underwood – have since gained international recognition, along with their teacher, Norman Conard. The presentation, seen in many venues in the United States and popularized by National Public Radio, C-SPAN and CBS, has brought Irena Sendler’s story to a wider public.

 

Courtesy and Source : http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org , Karthik Balajee L, Google

Inspirational : Incredible People who returned Money they found!

Money

Imagine you’re in a department store looking through handbags and stumble across one loaded with $100 bills. Or the new house you just moved into has a hidden door in the ceiling, behind which you discover trash bags stuffed with cash. What would you do? Pay off a few bills? Fix the car? Get that special something you’ve been wanting for a long time?

But what about that little voice in the back of your head telling you that money doesn’t just grow in handbags or attics? Someone probably lost or misplaced it, and they’d appreciate having it back. Could you fight off the temptation to keep it, and return the money?

10. An Unknown Homeless Woman

Homeless

A 62-year-old homeless woman from Calgary, Canada found a purse stuffed with over $10,000 in cash, and even though she was living at the local YWCA shelter at the time, she chose to turn it in. “It never crossed my mind to keep the money,” she said. “It’s not mine to keep.”

The incident caused an outpouring of compassion for the woman, and the story made headlines across Canada. Many people came forward to offer her cash rewards—which she didn’t collect on, since she was embarrassed about being homeless, and insisted on remaining anonymous. However, the owner of the purse set up a trust fund worth $500 for the woman, and combined with other local donations, it was enough for her to finally move into her own apartment.

9. A Walmart Employee

walmart

Bismark Mensah, a Walmart employee from Federal Way, Washington, was collecting carts in the parking lot when he found an envelope containing $20,000 in cash. He quickly chased down the car of the customer who had left it and returned the envelope full of money, which had fallen from her purse. For his good deed, Bismark received Walmart’s “Integrity In Action” award.

The money belonged to Leona Wisdom and Gary Elton, a couple who hadstopped at the store after getting the cash from a finance company as a down payment on a house. Mensah refused to take any reward and also declined an offer of being taken out to dinner. He currently makes around nine dollars an hour working at Walmart.

8. An Honest Grandmother

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Billie Watts, a 75-year-old grandmother from Tennessee, was using the ladies’ room at a local Cracker Barrel restaurant when she spotted a bag hanging from a hook on one of the stall doors. Inside was a picture of two women in an envelope, along with $97,000 in $1,000 bills. She informed the restaurant staff that she had found something and gave her number, but left with the bag in her possession.

Soon after, a woman called and identified the bag’s contents, including the picture. Watts went back to the Cracker Barrel parking lot to return it to her. Surprisingly, the woman seemed most grateful for the return of the photograph, which was the only picture she had of her recently deceased daughter. The money had been the contents of her daughter’s safe, which she was going to use to start a new life in Florida with her son. Watts was offered a $1,000 reward, but refused to take it.

7. A New Homeowner

BarretStrongWarnedUs

After buying his family’s first home, Josh Ferrin of Utah stopped by the property one day prior to moving in. Inside the garage, he noticed a piece of cloth hanging from an attic door, which he used to open the hatch. In the attic he found eight metal boxes, resembling World War II ammunition cases, all of which were stuffed with rolls of cash wound in twine.

Ferrin immediately freaked out, called his wife, and began counting the money, stopping at $40,000, and leaving an estimated $5,000 more uncounted. Ferrin remembered that the home’s previous owner, Arnold Bangerter, had died not long ago and left the house to his children. So he decided to call and inform them of what he had found.

Arnold’s son confirmed his father had a tendency to hide money away, having once found a small bundle under a dresser drawer. Ferrin returned the money, saying, “I’m a father, and I worry about the future for my kids. I can see him putting that money away for a rainy day and it would have been wrong of me to deny him that thing he worked on for years. I felt like I got to write a chapter in his life, a chapter he wasn’t able to finish and see it through to its conclusion.”

6. A Cab Driver

Yellow taxi sign at night

A 42-year-old Las Vegas cab driver named Adam Woldemarim was cleaning out his taxi prior to a shift one day when he came across a black laptop case in the back seat. Inside was $221,510 in cash. He asked the driver from the previous shift if he’d forgotten anything, before ultimately taking the money to the cab company’s security desk.

Around an hour later, the Ethiopian immigrant received a dispatch to return to the company office, where a man who had won the money at a local casino hugged and thanked him. Woldemarim was given a $2,000 tip by the man for returning his laptop case full of money.

5. A Struggling Landscaper

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Eli Estrada of Long Beach had a lot of credit card debt, not to mention the cost of his upcoming wedding and a struggling landscaping business. So when he stumbled upon a bag filled with $144,000 in cash, the thought occurred to him that his money problems might be over with.

“That’s just your first reaction,” Estrada said, “but it’s not yours and you feel nervous and you feel like you did something wrong, even though you didn’t.”

He ended up turning the money over to police, who responded to one of his landscaping jobs to collect it. The money had been lost by Brinks armored truck drivers and ended up in the street, where Estrada noticed it on his way to work. And despite his debt, along with having to care for his mother who moved in with him after losing her home, Eli knew he had to do the right thing and turn the money in.

Brinks later gave him a reward of $2,000 for returning the money (although his mother thought they should have given him 10 percent).

4. A Movie Theater Employee

Movie

While cleaning between theater seats after a showing of the movie Happy Feet, 19-year-old cinema worker Christopher Montgomery found a pouch that contained $24,000 in cash. And instead of stuffing it in his pants, he immediately turned it over to his manager, who made sure it got back to its rightful owner.

The money belonged to small business owner RoseMarie Limoncelli, who was watching the movie when the pouch fell out of her purse and onto the floor. It contained takings that she hadn’t yet been able to deposit. Montgomery was offered a cash reward, but declined it.

3. An Unemployed Teacher

Chase-Bank-Court-Street

Candace Scott of College Station, Texas was driving her car one day when she spotted a bag lying by the side of the road. Despite the fact that she initially mistook it for a dirty diaper, Scott pulled over to check it out. The bag turned out to be full of cash—$20,000 to be exact. She contemplated whether to call 911 or drive it to a police station, but says she never thought about keeping it.

Noticing a Chase Bank logo, Scott decided to drive it to a local branch andhand it over to a teller, who thanked her for honesty with a $500 gift card.

According to Scott, “the teller told me I’m the most honest person in the world, and I said, ‘Or the dumbest.’ ”

2. A Waitress

Envelope

Jennifer Shaw, a waitress at Mercer’s in Savannah, Georgia found an envelope stuffed with $5,000 in cash after a group of men left a booth she was serving—and she immediately returned it. The man whose envelope it was thanked her, and gave her a $100 tip as a reward.

“I mean, you don’t really know what to think at the moment. My knees where actually shaking once I realized exactly how much it was,” she said. Mark Egan, the owner of the restaurant was proud of the move she made, too.

“Very rarely do people lose things in a restaurant facility like this, but when it happens it makes you feel wonderful that our staff are trustworthy,” he said.

1. A 10-Year-Old Boy

The young boy holds money in hands

Ten-year-old Tyler Schaefer, from Kansas City, was overnighting at the KC Hilton airport hotel with his parents, when he suddenly made a loud announcement: “I found money!”

His father, Cody Schaefer, walked over to find a drawer full of neatly stacked $100 bills, which totaled over $10,000 in cash. Worried that it could be drug money or any number of other terrifying things, Schaefer handed the money over to hotel security, who handed it over to the police. Nobody had come forward to claim the money, and Missouri law says if no claims are made within seven months, 10-year-old Tyler gets to keep it for himself. His dad, however, doesn’t seem to mind turning the money in.

“I didn’t come there with $10,000 and I didn’t leave with $10,000, so it was a wash,” he said.

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Source & Courtesy : Listverse & the author SHAWN W. LARSON