Know : National Trees List

Arbol de Artiga

Arbol de Artiga – Uruguay’s National Tree

Do you know? The Oak Tree(sub species included) is the national tree for 15 countries which is the most, followed by the Olive Tree which is the national tree for 4 countries. Almost all are officially announced except a few. Please find the complete list below.

Country Name of tree Scientific name Picture
 Albania Olive Olea europaea Olea europea 3.jpg  
 Antigua and Barbuda Whitewood Bucida buceras Starr 080530-4639 Bucida buceras.jpg
 Argentina Ceibo and Red Quebracho Erythrina crista-galliSchinopsis balansae Erythrina crista-galli 2-3.jpg Schinopsis balansae.jpg
 Australia Golden Wattle Acacia pycnantha Acacia pycnantha Golden Wattle.jpg  
 Bahamas Lignum Vitae Guaiacum sanctum Guaiacum sanctum.jpg
 Bangladesh Mango tree Mangifera indica Mango blossoms.jpg  
 Belize Honduras Mahogany Swietenia macrophylla Leaves I IMG 8668.jpg  
 Bhutan Bhutan Cypress Cupressus cashmeriana CupressusCashmerianaSochi.JPG  
 Brazil Brazilwood Caesalpinia echinata Brazilwood tree in Vitória, ES, Brazil.jpg  
 Cambodia Palmyra palm Borassus flabellifer Borassus flabellifer fruit on the tree.JPG
 Canada Maple Aceraceae Acer saccharum.jpg  
 Chile Monkey-puzzle Araucaria araucana IMG 6492 monkey puzzle.JPG  
 China Ginkgo Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo Biloba Leaves - Black Background.jpg  
 Colombia Quindio wax palm Ceroxylon quindiuense Ceroxylon quindiuense 2.png  
 Costa Rica Guanacaste Enterolobium cyclocarpum Árbol de Guancaste.jpg
 Croatia Pedunculate oak Quercus robur Quercus robur.jpg
 Cuba Palma Real Roystonea regia Roystonea regia.jpg
 Cyprus Golden oak Quercus alnifolia Golden oak.JPG  
 Czech Republic Small-leaved Lime/Small-leaved Linden Tilia cordata Tilia cordata 60.jpg
 Denmark Beech Fagus CemeteryBeech.jpg  
 Dominican Republic West Indian Mahogany Swietenia mahagoni Tree in new leaves I IMG 6222.jpg
 Ecuador Cinchona pubescens Cinchona pubescens  
 El Salvador Maquilishuat Tabebuia rosea    
 England Royal Oak Quercus robur Baginton oak tree july06.JPG  
 Estonia Pedunculate Oak Quercus robur Baginton oak tree july06.JPG  
 Finland BirchSilver Birch BetulaBetula pendula Betula pendula Finland.jpg  
 Germany Oak Quercus Ivenacker Eichen 1000 Jahre alt.JPG  
 Greece Olive Olea europaea Olea europea 3.jpg  
 Guatemala Kapok Ceiba pentandra Kapok tree Honolulu.jpg  
 India Banyan Tree Ficus benghalensis Banyantree.jpg
 Indonesia Teak Tectona Tree in new leaves (Tectona grandis) I IMG 8133.jpg  
 Ireland Sessile Oak Quercus petraea Quercus petraea 06.jpg  
 Iran Cedrus Cupressus sempervirens Cypress of Abarqu.JPG  
 Israel Olive Olea europaea Olea europea 3.jpg  
 Italy OliveOak Olea europaeaQuercus Olea europea 3.jpg  
 Jamaica Blue Mahoe (national tree) Talipariti elatum  
 Japan Cherry blossom Prunus serrulata Sakura and Moss Pink - 桜(さくら)と芝桜(しばざくら).jpg  
 North Korea Magnolia Magnolia Magnlia sieboldii visby.JPG  
 South Korea Hibiscus syriacusPinus densiflora Hibiscus syriacus “Pinus densiflora” Kumgangsan-11.jpg  
 Laos Frangipani Plumeria Frangipani flowers.jpg  
 Latvia Oak Quercus robur Baginton oak tree july06.JPG  
 Lebanon Lebanon Cedar Cedrus libani Libanonzeder.jpg  
 Macedonia Macedonian Pine Pinus peuce Pinus peuce Habitus BotGardBln0906.jpg  
 Madagascar Baobab Adansonia KayesBaobab.jpg  
 Maldives Coconut palm Cocos nucifera Kerala Backwaters Sunset.JPG  
 Malta Għargħar Tetraclinis articulata Tetraclinis articulata8.jpg  
 Mexico Ahuehuete Taxodium mucronatum Árbol-del-Tule-Oaxaca-Mexico.jpg
 Moldova Oak Quercus Raunkiaer.jpg  
   Nepal Rhododendron Rhododendron Rhododendron-by-eiffel-public-domain-20040617.jpg  
 New Zealand Silver fern Cyathea dealbata Silver-fern.jpg  
 Pakistan Deodar Cedrus deodara Pedrengo cedro nel parco Frizzoni.jpg
 Palestine Olive Olea europaea Olea europea 3.jpg  
 Panama Panama tree Sterculia apetala    
 Paraguay Lapacho Handroanthus impetiginosus Tabebuia impetiginosa hábito 2.jpeg  
 Peru CinchonaKiwicha CinchonaAmaranthus caudatus Amaranthus caudatus0.jpg
 Philippines Narra Pterocarpus indicus Pterocarpus indicus Blanco1.205.png  
 Poland Oak Quercus Raunkiaer.jpg
 Portugal Cork oak Quercus suber Cork tree.jpg
 Romania Oak Quercus Raunkiaer.jpg  
 Russia Birch tree Betula Betula pendula 001.jpg  
 Saudi Arabia Phoenix palm Phoenix Phoenix dactylifera100 4209.JPG  
 Scotland Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris Pinus sylvestris Glenmuick.jpg  
 Senegal Baobab Adansonia KayesBaobab.jpg  
 Serbia OakSerbian Spruce QuercusPicea omorika Picea omorika2.jpg  
 Slovakia Small-leaved Lime/Small-leaved Linden Tilia cordata Tilia cordata 60.jpg
 Slovenia Tilia (Linden) Tilia Tilia tomentosa.jpg  
 South Africa Real yellowwood Podocarpus latifolius Podocarpus latifolius - Cape Town - 3.JPG
 Sri Lanka Na Mesua ferrea MesuaFerrea IronWood.jpg  
 Tanzania African Blackwood Dalbergia melanoxylon    
 Thailand Rachapruek Cassia fistula Konnamaram.JPG  
 Ukraine PineWillow PinusSalix Salix alba Morton.jpg  
 United Kingdom Royal Oak Quercus robur Baginton oak tree july06.JPG  
 United States Oak Quercus Raunkiaer.jpg  
 Uruguay Arbol de Artiga Peltophorum dubium תמונה 1014.jpg  
 Venezuela Araguaney Tabebuia chrysantha Araguaney.jpg  
 Vietnam BambooRice Bambuseae, Oryza sativa BambooKyoto.jpg  
 Wales Sessile Oak Quercus petraea Quercus petraea 06.jpg

Courtesy : Wikipedia

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Eco Preservation : Palmyra Palm Trees

Borassus_flabelliferBorassus (Palmyra Palm) is a genus of six species of fan palms, native to tropical regions of AfricaAsia and New Guinea. They are tall palms, capable of growing up to 30 m high (98 ft). The leaves are long, fan-shaped, 2 to 3 m in length. The flowers are small, in densely clustered spikes, followed by large, brown, roundish fruits.

Palmyra palms are economically useful, and widely cultivated in tropical regions. The palmyra palm has long been one of the most important trees of Cambodia and India, where it has over 800 uses. The leaves are used for thatchingmatsbaskets,fanshatsumbrellas, and as writing material. In Cambodia, the tree is a national flora symbol/emblem that is seen growing around Angkor Wat. The sugar palm can live over 100 years. 

In ancient Indonesia and ancient India, the leaves were used as paper to write on, as a kind of papyrus. In India, leaves of suitable size, shape and texture, and sufficient maturity are chosen. They are then preserved by boiling in salt water with turmeric powder. The leaves are then dried; when they are dry enough, the faces of the leaves are polished with pumice stone. Then they are cut in the proper size. A hole is cut out in one corner. Each leaf will have four pages. The writing is done with a stylus. The writing is of a very cursive and interconnected style. The leaves are then tied up as sheaves.

palm_treeRiver will go dry if you destroy Palmyra palm trees:

“According to Tamil culture, Palmyra palm trees played an important role in water management in the ancient times. The ancestors had a planned vision for the future water needs of the generations that followed, but most importantly a well balanced ecosystem was maintained.

Unlike other trees, Palmyra palm’s roots go vertically into the ground, which in turn brought the ground water to various levels along the path. It irrigated the land, played a significant role in the circulation of water in the aquifers, river beds and rivers. Since the process is natural and balance of consumption was well maintained. Rivers remained perennial those times and these trees had its own significance. That is why these trees are considered as “celestial trees”  You could find all the traditional ponds or lakes they had dug with Palmyra palms around like a fence.”

The stalks are used to make fences and to make a strong, wiry fiber suitable for cordage and brushes. The black timber is hard, heavy, and durable and is highly valued for construction, such as for wharf pilings. The tree also yields many types of food. The young plants are cooked as a vegetable or roasted and pounded to make meal. The fruits are eaten roasted or raw, and the young, jellylike seeds are also eaten. A sugary sap, called toddy, can be obtained from the young inflorescence, either male or female ones. toddy is (called “kallu” in Telugu. The toddy is fermented to make a beverage called arrack, or it is concentrated to a crude sugar called jaggery/palm sugar. It is called Gula Jawa (Javanese sugar) in Indonesia and is widely used in the Javanese cuisine. The roots can be dried to form Odiyal, a hard chewable snack. In addition, the tree sap is taken as a laxative, and medicinal values have been ascribed to other parts of the plant.

In Tamil culture

The Palmyra tree is the official tree of Tamil Nadu. In Tamil culture, it is called karpaha,”Nungu” “celestial tree”, and is highly respected because all its parts can be used. The recently germinated seeds have formed fleshy sprouts below the surface which can be boiled and eaten as a fibrous, nutritious food. The germinated seed’s hard shell is also cut open to take out the crunchy kernel which tastes like a water chestnut but is sweeter. The ripe fibrous outer layer of the fruits is edible after boiling or roasting. When the fruit is tender, the kernel inside the hard shell is an edible jelly that is refreshing and rich in minerals. When the crown of the tree from which the leaves sprout is cut we get an edible cake. In ancient times, dried palm leaves were used to write manuscripts.

Palakkad,Kerala

Palakkad District of Kerala State is popularly known as land of Palmyra trees.Palmyra trees are known as the Icon of this district and has got vast cultural, heritage & literary association. Many novels, stories and poems revolve around these trees. The path-breaking Malayalam novel written by the Indian writer O. V. Vijayan, ‘Khasakkinte Itihasam’ mentions Palmyra trees in various angles. Many people, especially in eastern Palakkad live on earnings by tapping Pamyra Toddy, which are sold in outlets controlled by Co-op Societies.The district authorities are taking the very action to preserve these trees & maintain Palakkad’s Identity.

A Traditional Irrigation System Using Palmyra Palm (Borassus flabellifer) in Kerala, India

traditional irrigation system palm

The multipurpose palmyra palm, is still very important in village culture in India. This paper describes a hitherto undocumented traditional water engineering system prevalent in the Palakkad District of Kerala, India, involving the palmyra palm. (Read more…)

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Courtesy : Wikipediadavesgarden.comRamachandran :Palmyra Irrigation Systemwww.eegarai.net