Food We Eat : List of Edible Seeds (Gallery)

This list of edible seeds includes seeds that are directly foodstuffs, rather than yielding derived products. A variety of species can provide edible seeds. Of the six major plant parts, seeds are the dominant source of human calories and protein.Most edible seeds are angiosperms, but a few are gymnosperms. The most important global seed food source, by weight, is cereals, followed by legumes, and nuts.

Edible Seeds List

Beans and other legumes are protein-rich soft seeds.

Bambara groundnut

File:Bambara nut unearthed..JPG
Chickpea

File:India - Varanasi green peas - 2714.jpg
Cowpeas

File:BlackEyedPeas.JPG

Dry beans, including Common bean several species of Vigna, such as the lentil
Fava or broad bean

File:Broad-beans-after-cooking.jpg

Hyacinth bean

File:Lablab purpureus Steve Hurst 1.jpg

Lupin

File:Lupinus albus.JPG

Moringa 

File:Starr 080609-7915 Moringa oleifera.jpg
Pea

File:Peas in pods - Studio.jpg

Peanut, also known as groundnut

File:Peanut 9417.jpg

Pigeon pea

File:Cajanus cajan Steve Hurst 1.jpg
Sterculia species

Velvet bean

File:Mucuna-pruriens-seeds.jpg

Winged bean

File:Japanese Psophocarpus tetragonolobus.jpg

Yam beans

Yam beans

Soybean

File:Soybeanvarieties.jpg

Although some beans can be consumed raw, some need to be heated before consumption. In certain cultures, beans that need heating are initially prepared as a seed cake. Beans that need heating include:


 

Cereals (or grains) are grass-like crops that are harvested for their dry seeds. These seeds are often ground to make flour. Cereals provide almost half of all calories consumed in the world. Botanically, true cereals are members of the Poaceae, the true grass family.
Pseudocereals are cereal crops that are not grasses.

True cereals are the seeds of certain species of grass. Maize, wheat, and rice account for about half of the calories consumed by people every year. Grains can be ground into flour for breadcakenoodles, and other food products. They can also be boiled or steamed, either whole or ground, and eaten as is. Many cereals are present or past staple foods, providing a large fraction of the calories in the places that they are eaten.

Cereals include:

Barley

File:BarleyEars.JPG

Fonio

Fonio
Maize (corn)

File:Corncobs.jpg

Pearl millet

File:Pennisetum glaucum MHNT.BOT.2013.22.56.jpg

Oats

File:Haverkorrels Avena sativa.jpg
Palmer’s grass

Rice

Brown-Rice-INSIDE

Rye

File:Secale cereale - cereal rye - Steve Hurst USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database.jpg

Sorghum

File:Sorghum.jpg

Spelt

File:2009-06-20 Silvolde 02 dinkel.jpg

Teff

File:Teff pluim Eragrostis tef.jpg

Triticale

File:Triticale.jpg

Wheat

File:Wheat close-up.JPG

Wild rice

File:Wildricecooked.jpg

Other grasses with edible seeds include:

Pseudocereals

Breadnut

File:Ramon nuts 05.jpg

Buckwheat

Buck wheat

Cattail

Cattail Chia

File:Semillas de Chía.jpg

Flax

File:Flax seeds.jpg

Grain amaranth

amaranth Kañiwa

KAniwa Pitseed goosefoot

Quinoa

File:Harvested seeds of homegrown Chenopodium quinoa.jpg

Sesame

File:Sa white sesame seeds.jpg

 


Nuts are botanically a specific type of fruit, but the term is also applied to many edible seeds that are not nuts in a botanical sense.
Gymnosperms produce nut-like seeds but neither flowers nor fruits.

According to the botanical definition, nuts are a particular kind of seed. Chestnuts, hazelnuts, and acorns are examples of nuts under this definition. In culinary terms, however, the term is used more broadly to include fruits that are not botanically qualified as nuts, but that have a similar appearance and culinary role. Examples of culinary nuts include almonds, coconuts, and cashews.

List of Nuts

Acorn

File:Acorns small to large.jpg

Almond

File:Mandel Gr 99.jpg

Beech

File:Beechnuts in an autumn.jpg

Brazil nut

File:Brazil nuts.jpg

Candlenut

File:Starr 020803-0119 Aleurites moluccana.jpg

Cashew

File:CashewSnack.jpg

Chestnuts, including:

File:Aesculus hippocastanum fruit.jpg

File:Chestnuts.jpg

Chilean hazel

File:Gevuina avellana-fruto (avellana).JPG
Coconut

File:Coconut.png
Egusi and other melon seeds, including:Colocynth

File:EGUSI UNSHELLED.JPG

Malabar gourd
Pepita

File:Pumpkin seeds in hand.jpg

Ugu

File:Telfairia occidentalis.jpg

Hazelnuts, including:

File:Owoce Orzech laskowy.jpg

Hickory, including:

File:Hickory nuts 6060.JPG

Indian beech

Kola nut

File:Kolanut.jpg

Macadamia

File:Macadamia nuts on tree.JPG

Malabar almond

File:Terminalia catappa fruits at various stages of ripeness-1.JPG

Malabar chestnut

File:Pachira aquatica (fruit) edit1.jpg

Mamoncillo

File:Melicoccus bijugatus.jpg

Mongongo

File:Mongongo nut2.png

Ogbono

File:OGBONO.JPG

Paradise nut

File:Sapucaia1.jpg

Pili

File:Pili nut (Canarium ovatum).jpg

Pistachio

File:Pistachios in shells.jpg

Walnuts, including:

File:Black Walnut Juglans nigra Nut 2400px.jpg

Water chestnut

File:Trapa natans seeds.jpg

Nut-like gymnosperm seeds

Cycads

File:Cycas circinalis.jpg

Ginkgo

File:Gingko fg01.jpg

Gnetum

File:Gnetum gnemon BotGardBln1105C.JPG

Juniper

File:Juniperseeds.jpg

Monkey-puzzle

File:Araucaria araucana0.jpg
Pine nuts, including

File:KoreanPineSeeds.jpg

Know : Two Reasons to Stop Drinking Milk (Part 2 of 2)

They are huge, but very docile. The native breed is creamy white in colour, with a distinctive hump. Sometimes the pious people of India can be seen feeding a roadside cow with a carrot or chappati or some water.

The two reasons to stop drinking milk are The Health perspective and The Moral perspective to save the cows. This is the second part we see the Moral perspective

Even if the Indian cow eats paper and plastic surprisingly there is negligible effect on its milk and urine as they take all ill effects in its own body.

Even if the Indian cow eats paper and plastic surprisingly there is negligible effect on its milk and urine as they take all ill effects in its own body.

What happens in Dairy farming?

Crated_CalvescowFor many people, dairy farming conjures up images of small herds of cows leisurely grazing on open pastures. Although scenes like this still exist, most milk is produced by cows raised in intensive production systems. Some cows are housed indoors year-round and lactating cows are often kept restrained in tie stalls or stanchions.

Although they don’t reach mature size until at least 4 years old, dairy cows first give birth at about 2 years of age and are usually bred again beginning at about 60 days after giving birth, to maintain a yearly schedule.

Most dairy calves are removed from their mothers immediately after birth. The males are mainly sold for veal or castrated and raised for beef. “Bob veal” calves are killed as soon as a few days after birth; those used to produce “special-fed veal” are typically kept tethered in individual stalls until slaughtered at about 16 to 20 weeks of age. The female calves are commonly subjected to tail docking, dehorning, and the removal of “extra” teats. Until weaned at 8 weeks of age, most female calves are fed colostrum, then a milk replacer or unsaleable waste milk. Each year hundreds of thousands of these female calves die between 48 hours and 8 weeks of age, mostly due to scours, diarrhea, and other digestive problems.

What about Cows in India?

People for Ethical Treatment of Animals (Peta), backed up by The Independent’s own investigation, which reveals the Indian treatment of its holiest animal as a scandal of cruelty, greed and corruption.

The cow’s special status in India is enshrined in law. Some States allow the slaughter of cattle with restrictions like a “fit-for-slaughter” certificate which may be issued depending on factors like age and gender of cattle, continued economic viability etc. Others completely ban cattle slaughter, while there is no restriction in a few states, most notably Kerala. By default, Bulls and bullocks and she-buffaloes are protected up to 15 years of age. But all this apparent reverence and protection masks a trade in cows and cow products which involves unbelievable barbarity and cruelty. 

The issues of slaughtering

Cows are routinely shipped to states with lower or no requirement for slaughter, even though most States make it illegal to transport the animals for slaughter across State borders. Many illegal slaughterhouses operate in large cities such as Chennai and Mumbai. While there are approximately 3,600 slaughterhouses operating legally in India, there are estimated to be over 30,000 illegal slaughterhouses.

Much of the abuse stems from the fact that the trade in and slaughter of cows is almost entirely clandestine and illegal – but the authorities which should be stopping it are routinely bribed to let it continue. There is, therefore, no scrutiny or regulation of the trade anywhere along the line. Much Indian beef finds its way to the Middle East and Europe from Kerala and Bangladesh

Some cruel stats

cow2The slaughter of cows has been banned in all Indian states and territories except West Bengal, in the north-east, and Kerala in the far south. But the main result is an appalling traffic of cattle. There is a huge amount of trafficking of cattle to both West Bengal and Kerala. The ones going to West Bengal go by truck and train and they go by the millions. The law says you cannot transport more than 4 per truck but they are putting in up to 70. When they go by train, each wagon is supposed to hold 80 to 100, but they cram in up to 900, 400 to 500 of them go out dead.

Insane practice

“In Kerala they also have a unique way of killing them – they beat their heads to a pulp with a dozen hammer blows. A well-intentioned visitor from the West, trying to improve slaughterhouse practice in Kerala, exhorted them to use stun guns, saying that the meat of an animal killed in this fashion (rather than having its throat slit) tasted sweeter. The stun guns that she left behind quickly broke and fell into disuse, but the belief that the meat was sweeter took hold – which explains this horrible method of slaughtering.” 

US Statistics

cow_downed6Between 1940 and 2012, the average amount of milk produced per cow rose from 2 tons per year to 10 tons. Although genetic selection and feeding are used to increase production efficiency, cows do not adapt well to high milk yields or their high grain diets.7 Metabolic disorders are common, and millions of cows suffer from mastitis (a very painful infection of the udder), lameness, and infertility problems.

The term “downer” refers to an animal who is too injured, weak, or sick to stand and walk. The exact number of downer cattle on U.S. farms or feedlots or sent to slaughter facilities is difficult to ascertain, but estimates approach 500,000 animals per year; most are dairy cows. Complications associated with calving and injuries from slipping and falling are leading causes, and the condition most often occurs within one day of giving birth.

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Courtesy : ajitvadakayil.blogspot.comveganoutreach.orgindependent.co.uk

Read the Part 1: The Health perspective to stop drinking milk


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Know : Two Reasons to Stop Drinking Milk (Part 1 of 2)

The two reasons to stop drinking milk are The Health perspective and The Moral perspective to save the cows.

This is the first part we see the health perspective

Milk nutritional factChoose Vegetable Calcium Over Animal Calcium

A lot of people believe a vegetable-based diet, which excludes milk and cheese, doesn’t provide enough calcium. Fruits and vegetables contain ample amounts of calcium and this veggie-calcium is actually retained more efficiently in our bodies.

Green vegetables, beans, tofu, sesame seeds, and even oranges contain lots of usable calcium, without problems associated with dairy. Keep in mind that you retain the calcium better and just do not need as much when you don’t consume a diet heavy in animal products , sugar and sodium, and caffeine.

Despite its reputation, milk’s calcium-absorption rate is lower than what you might think:

Many green vegetables have calcium-absorption rates of over 50 percent, compared with about 32 percent for milk. 1 Additionally, since animal protein induces calcium excretion in the urine, the calcium retention from vegetables is higher. All green vegetables are high in calcium.

Cow’s Milk and Kids Aren’t Made for Each Other

The leading cause of digestive intolerance leading to stomach complaints is dairy products. Many kids have subtle allergies to cow’s milk that perpetuate their nasal congestion, leading to ear infections.

0404_milkMilk, which is designed by nature for the rapidly growing cow, has about half its calories supplied from fat. The fatty component is concentrated more to make cheese and butter. Milk and cheese are the foods that many encourage their children to eat, believing them to be healthy foods. Fifty years of heavy advertising by economically powerful industries has shaped the public’s perception, illustrating the power of one-sided advertising, but the reality and true health effects on our children is a different story. Besides the link between high-saturated-fat foods (dairy fat) and cancer, there is a body of scientific literature linking the consumption of cow’s milk to many other diseases. If we expect our children to resist many common illnesses, they simply must consume less milk, cheese, and butter. Dairy foods should be consumed in limited quantity or not at all.

Cow’s milk contains the calcium people need, but other foods are rich in calcium, too, including vegetables, beans, nuts, and seeds. Today we do not need to rely on cows for our calcium. We can eat greens directly for calcium, the place where cows get it to begin with, and orange juice and soy milks are fortified with calcium and vitamin D, too. It is easy to meet our nutrient needs for these substances without the risks of cow’s milk.

So, health wise, we have enough alternatives to choose than milk. Then what is the Moral perspective to stop drinking milk. Just wait for our update tomorrow.

Courtesy : Excerpts from Dr. Fuhrman’s www.diseaseproof.com

Read the Part 2: The Moral perspective to stop drinking milk

______________________

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One Line Story : “Dump Me” – Seed

“If you want to dump someone in a pit? Please do it to me !

Not to someone who believes in you”, said a Seed

– Words by Din ( Inspired Thoughts )

germination_gem_5