Morons Destroy Public Property : A Common Man’s Reaction

Dharmapuri BusWonder why some stupid people burn public properties and kill innocent people in the name of what so ever the crap they call it? Especially in the name of Politics! Like in India…

It’s very simple. There are (ok! almost) no politicians here in the politics for the people, so as their party and their supporters. They are in politics for their own selfish motives. This is the bitter truth. Nobody can change them. Only individuals can be the change what he/she wants. Unfortunately, our society always runs on a consensus, without knowing the impacts in the future, without seeing the right or wrong. Just selfishness drives us. We follow the majority, even if they are walking towards a pile of crap.

Many of you aware of the arrest of a Cheif Minister (Tamilnadu, India) following that protests and riots in Tamilnadu. Without even thinking with common sense.

Just 5 points to ponder

1. She was a CM, not an ordinary person. If justice can treat her equal, be proud about India, at least we have such a judiciary system here.

2. We are no one to justify the judgement. It is up to the then CM, the Judge and advocates to prove the guilt or innocence in their side.

3. Many supporters disturbed public and destroyed their own properties, thinking that it belongs to the people/the govt. They are morons so no use of any discussion about them. Don’t know what is the logic behind their acts! Even we have the history of cruel acts of killing innocent people and burning them alive to death. We don’t care who kills the innocent, we question why the mind behind them who killed the innocents? “If you dare go and kill your enemies. You can’t! So you…burning them alive to death. We don’t care who kills the innocent, we question why the mind behind them who killed the innocents? “If you dare go and kill your enemies. You can’t! So you…

4. Oppositions parties 🙂 As expected the hypocrites did their job, with dirt on their own hands.

5. The most importantly missing common sense: If the then CM was innocent, who stopped her from proving her innocence? If it is not possible for a CM to justify! provided the accusations were wrong, as claimed by their supporters! Then imagine common people’s situation, anyone can frame any case on anyone at will, if they have money power.

If we people find profit in making patriotic movies against bad politicians, corruptions, we will make such movies, watch and celebrate 100 days. Also forget it next day. Who cares in Real life. Isn’t it? Our heroes protested for the release of the arrested. Why didn’t they appeal in court, filed a case against the judgement and everyone signed a petition? We have seen heroes who inspired us in such movies became victims of the situation in real life! If they didn’t join the protest supporting a corruption case, their films will face tough situations ahead. Maybe that’s why they had participated. So as hundreds of street side vendors and common people who closed their businesses, just to prevent some moron from throwing stones or setting fire to the life-source of their family. There was no sentiment at all, but just an enforced situation.

This is not just about this incidence, almost all the political parties in India would trigger the same reaction if they face any actions like this. So the points here are just for quoting an example. The picture is bigger.

We people all knew the true colors of politicians who accumulate wealth illegally. Some get caught, many are not. Even there are bad people among us who do the same, may be in a smaller scale, when compared to politicians. There are also good people who still believe in honesty and justice. But here, there is no use of raising voice or standing against the Politicians. Because the system of this selfish society supports them. They are the majority. They want the crumbs that fall from the politicians leftovers. So good people just need to stay aside and watch their games.

Evil will expose other evils and destroy one another, if not today some other day. But it will happen.


– Din


“Instead of putting a Band Aid on your cut finger, why not just amputate at the elbow? See, I’m a problem solver. I should go into politics.”
Jarod Kintz,

Note: This is unbiased, written on social interest and for educational purposes only

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Know : List of saying “Thanks” in Many Languages

THank you in all languages

Thanks is  one of the most Beautiful Words in any Language! Here is the big list of Thanks in many languages along with the regions / countries where it is spoken.

Help : Press ‘Ctrl’ + ‘F’ on your keyboard, and type to jump to the language / region you want. or SCROLL 🙂

Regions

Languages

HOW TO SAY THANKS

Afghanistan Pashto Tashakkur
Afghanistan, Pakistan Sta na shukria
Africa Kidavida Chavucha
Kiembu Ni waro
Kiga Kazaare
Mwebare
Osyo
Otyo
Webare
Yebare
Kikuyu Ni wega
Thengiu
Kikwe Niwega muno
Kinyamwezi Wabeeja
Kituba Melesí
Ngbaka Dé kãã
Ntomba Ebóto
Ewata
Alaska Ahtna Tsin’aen
Deg Xinag Dogedinh
Xisrigidisddhinh
Eyak ‘Awa’ahdah
Gwich’in Mahsi’
Mahsi’ choo
Haida Háw’aa
Hän Mahsi’
Inuktitut Taikkuu
Koyukon Anaa basee
Baasee’
Suqpiaq Quyanaa
Tanaina Chin’an
Tanana Basee choo
Maasee’
Tanana [Upper Tanana] Tsen’ii
Tsimshian Way dankoo
Unagan Qagaasakung
Qaqaasakuq
Yup’ik Quyana
Albania Albanian Faleminderit
Ju falem nderit
Albania & Kosovo & Serbia Albanian [Gheg]  Falimineres
Alberta Canada, Montana USA Blackfoot Nitsíniiyi’taki
Algeria Kabyle Tamemmirt
Amazon Pa’ikwene Kibeiné
Ancash Peru Quechua Ancashino Paylla
Andorra, Spain, France Catalan Gràcies
Mercès
Angola Kimbundu Matondo
Ngasakidila
Sakidila
Angola, Namibia Ambo Ondapandula unene
Kwanyama Nda pandula
Aragon Spain Aragonese Grazias
Arizona USA Apache Ashoge
Apache [Jicarilla] Ihe edn
Armenia Armenian Merci [colloquial]
Armenia, Russia, Middle East Shnorhagallem
Shterakravetsun
Arunachal Pradesh India Nisi Pajaliptso
Australia Gumatj Ga’
Gurrangung Yaddung jee
Kala Kawaw Ya Eso
Kaurareg Eso
Kutthung Murromboo
Mabuiag Eso
Meriam Mir Eswau
Warlpiri Wiyarrparlunpaju-yungu
Yolngu Matha Yo manymak
Austria German Dankschen [in spoken language]
Ayacucho Peru Quechua Ayacuchano Diyus pagapusonqa
Diyus pagapusonqacheh [plural]
Dyuspagrasunki
Yuspagrasunki
Azerbaijan Talysh Sağ bi
Azerbaijan, Iran Azerbaijani Sağ olun [plural]
Təşəkkür edirəm
Azerbaijani [Azeri] Sağ ol
Badia Valley Italy Ladin Dilan
Baffin Island Canada Inuktitut Qujannamiik
Baja Verapaz Guatemala Achí Mantiox chawe
Bali Balinese Matu suksama
Matur suksme
Baltic region Sudovian Denkâ
Denkauja
Barrow Alaska Inuktitut Quyanaq
Batanes Philippines Isamurongen Dios mamajes dinio
Itbayaten Ah Dios mamexes
Ah Dios mamexes dimo
Dios mamexes dimo
Ivasayen Dios mamajes dimo
Bavaria German Danksche [in spoken language]
Belarus Belorussian Dziákuj
Dziakuju
Belgium Walloon Mercè [pronounced]
Merci
Benin, Togo Fon A houanu
Ablo
Bhutan Dzongkha Kadinche
Kadinche la
Bolivia Cavineño Yusurupai
Bolivia, Peru Ese Ejja Jamayá acuá
Bolivia, Peru, Chile Aymará Dios pagarakátam
Juspajaraña
Juspajarkätam
Juspaxar
Yuspagara
Bosnia and Hercegovina Bosnian Hvala
Bosnia, Yugoslavia Croatian Hvala
Serbian Hvala
Botswana, South Africa Setswana Ke a leboga
Ke itumela
Ke itumetse
Brazil Guarani [Mbyá] Ha’evete
Brazil Tupi [Tembé Tenetéhar]  Azéharamo aypo-mia [by women]
Ipo [by men]
Britain Manx Gura mie ayd
Gura mie eu
Brittany France Breton Ho trugarekaat
Trugarez
Bulgaria Bulgarian Blagodarya
Mersi
Burkina Faso Mòoré [Mossi] Barka
Mpuus barka
Mpuusda barka
Burkina Faso, Ghana Dagaare Barka
Puorra bebe la
Burkina Faso, Mali Boboda Baraka
Burma Kachin Chyeju gaba sai
Chyeju kaba sai
Burma, Thailand Mon Tang kun
Burundi Kirundi Murakoze
Cajamarca Peru Quechua Cajamarca Dyusilupagi
Pagi
Yusilupagi
California USA Karuk [Karok] Yo-twa
Wintu Cala da mat doyut
Depelda cala da mat doyut
Depelda mat doyut
Cambodia Khmer [Cambodian] Ar kun
Cameroon Bakweri Masuma
Na somi saisai
Bulu Akeva
Eton Abuimgang
Abumgang
Ewondo Abui ngan
Canada Cree E’kosi
Mikwec
Nunasko’mowin keya
Têniki
Inuktitut Mutna
Nakorami
Qujanaq
Kaska Máhsi
Sógá sénlá
Mikmaq Weláliek
Welálin
Canada, Alaska Tlingit Gunalchéesh
Canada, northwest coast of USA Guneshcheesh
Canada, USA Abenaki, Western Alamisit
Kanienkehaka [Mohawk] Niawen
Cape Verde Kabuverdianu Obrigadu
Caribbean Taino [Arawak] Oáan
Carribbean, Florida USA Bo matum
Caucasus Ossetian Arfö
Buznyg
Central African Republic Sango Mèrèsi
Central Asia Khowar Mehrbani
Shukria
Kohistani Shukria
Tashkorghani Rahmat türi
Uyghur Rähmät sizgä
Rakhmat
Wakhi Shobosh
Shukria
Central Asia, India Shina Bakhshish
Shukria
Central Europe German Danke
Danke schön
Vielen Dank
Romani [Romany] [Gypsy] Nais
Nais tuke
Swabian Dankeschee
Dankschee
Central Europe, E Africa Italian Grazie
Chad Sara Angen
Chiang Rai Northern Thailand Akha Gu lah hu ma de
Chiapas Mexico Tojolabal Tzachatal
Yuj
Tzeltal Jocolawal
Wokolawal
Tzotzil Kolaval
Kolawal
Ois botik
China Cantonese [Chinese] Doh je [for gift]
M goi [for service]
Hmong [Eastern] Jid keub
Nax weix
Hoi San U de
Manchu Baniha
Mandarin [Chinese] Toa chie
Xie xie
Xiamen Kam sia
China, Burma, Thailand Lisu Atkel bboxmu
Dut zoil
Xual mu wa
China, Southeast Asia Akha Gui lah hui dui dui ma
Gui lah hui mi a de
Gui lah hui te ha
Lahu Aw bon uija
Da ja
Òboi jâ
Chuuk Lagoon Micronesia Chuukese Kini so
Cochabamba Bolivia Quechua Cochabambino Diuspagarapusunki
Diuspagarasunki
Pachi
Pachis
Colorado and Utah USA Ute Tog’oyak
Tograyock
Tokhoyak
Towayak
Comoros Comori Marahaba
Marahabha
Shimasiwa Marahaba
Congo Shi Koko
Congo, Angola Kikongo Merci mingi
Ntôndili kwami
Congo, Angola, Cuba Ndondele
Ntandele
Wuanka
constructed Interlingua Gratias
Cook Islands Maori Meitaki
Côte d’Ivoire Yacouba Balika
Cote d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso Dyula [Jula] I ni che
Cote d’Ivoire, Mali Senoufo Minkari
Minmonchar
Cuba Kikongo Manbote
Nkimandi
Cuba, United States Lucumí Moducué
Cuzco Peru Quechua Cuzqueño Añachaykin
Añay
Grasias
Yuspagarasunki
Yusulpaykinsunki
Cuzco Peru & Cochabamba Bolivia Quechua Yusulpayki
Czech Republic Czech Dêkuji
Denmark, Greenland Danish Tak
Dutch Antilles, Aruba Papiamentu Danki
East Africa Somali Mahad sanid
East Timor Tetum Obrigada [by a woman]
Obrigado  [by a man]
Easter Island Rapanui Maururu
Eastern Friesland, Germany Low Saxon Dank
eastern Germany Sorbian [Lower Sorbian] Z’e’kujom se
Sorbian [Upper Sorbian] Dz’akuju so
Eastern Sudan Gaam Àayyá
Áwdém áalò
eastern Uganda Dhopadhola Afwoyo swa
Walwa swa
Ecuador Huaorani Ewa ra
Quichua Diusulupagui
Pagui
Pagui shungulla
Yupaichani
Ecuador, Peru Achuar Maketai
Yuuminsame
Egypt Domari Daarim
El Salvador Pipil Paampa diyúx
Padiux
Eritrea Kunama Giraske
Estetla Mexico Mixtec Niku tab’i[formal-to one p.]
Niku tab’o[formal-to several]
Estonia Estonian Aitäh
Tänan
Setu Aiteh
Võro Aiteh
Aitjumma
Ethiopia Harari [Adare] Alla magah
Gaza yagabzal yushen
Ethiopia, Eritrea Tigrinya Yaqhanyelay
Yekanyelay
Yeqniyeley
Yrunyli
Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti Afar Gadda ge
Ethiopia, Israel, Egypt Amharic Amesegënallô
Amesegunalhun
Europe Romani [Romany] [Gypsy] Gestena
Yiddish a dank
a dank aykh
Europe, USA, other countries a dank dir
a dank enk
Faroe Islands Faroese Takk
Takk fyri
Fiji Fijian Vinaka
Finland Finnish Kiitoksia
Kiitos
Finland and Russia Karelian Kiitän
Kiitos
Passibo
Passipoičemma
Florida USA Apalachicola Mvto
France Corsican À ringraziavvi
À ringraziè vi
Grazia
Gallo Mèrczi
Gascon Merci
Provencal [Occitan] Gramaci
Mercé
France, Belgium, Africa, Canada French Merci
Merci beaucoup
French Guyana Taki-taki Ganta
French Polynesia Marquesan Koutai
Gabon Fang Abora
Mpongwe Kewa
Gansu China Yugur [Western Yugur] Çowattï
Sagha &ccedi;owattï
Gardena Valley Italy Ladin De gra
Georgia Georgian Gmadlobt [to more than 1 person]
Germany Low Saxon [Northern Low Saxon] Danke
Low Saxon [Westphalian] Ek dank auk schoin
Sind auk viellmaols bedankt
Plattdeutsch Dankscheen
Ghana Asante Meda w’asé
Meda wo ase
Ga Oyiwala dɔŋŋ
Mampruli Mossi
Ghana, Burkina Faso Fante Medagse
Medawagse
Kasem A ke lei naa
De N lei
Ghana, Togo Ewe Akpe
Mudo
Mudu, epenau
Goa India Konkani [Konknni] Dev borem korum
Great Britain Cornish Dew re-dallo dheugh-why [middle/unified]
Meur ras [Kemmyn]
Meur ras dhis
Cornish [modern] Durdaladawhy
Gwra’massi
Greece, Balkans Aromunian Haristo
Greece, Cyprus Greek Sas efharisto
Greek [Hellenic] Efcharisto
Greenland Inuttut [Greenlandic] Qujanaq
Guam Chamorro Si yu’os ma’ase’
Si yuus maasi
Guatemala Chortí Ch’ahp’ei’x ta’p’a
Chuj Yuj wal dios
Garifuna Téngi nían bún
Itzaj [Itzá Maya] D’yos b’o’tik
D’yos b’ot’ik ti’ij
D’yos b’o’tikil
Ixil Ta’n tiz
Jacalteca Nich’an tiox
Kanjobal [Q’anjob’al] Yuj wal ch’an tyoxh
Yuj wal tyoxh
Yujwal Dios
Kekchi B’antiox
Kekchi [K’ekchí] Bantiox
Mam Chjónta che  [to more than one person]
Chjónta tey
Chjoonta
Chjóonte
Mopá-maya B’o’tic
Pocomchí Rin dios awe
Quiché [K’iche] Maltiox
Maltiox nan  [to a woman]
Maltiox tat  [to a man]
Sibälaj maltiox
Guatemala Cheri cha ai [for work]
Guinea Susu Inwali
Gujerat State, India Gujarati Dhanyawaad
Haiti Kwéyòl Mèsi
Harjumaa Estonia Estonian Aitih
Hawaii Hawaiian Mahalo
Hiiumaa Estonia Estonian Kiidan
Himalayas Thangmi [Thami] Sewa
Huanca Peru Quechua Huancaño Rasyas
Huehuetenango Guatemala Aguacateco Ntyox teru’
Hungary Hungarian [Magyar] Köszi
Köszönöm
Iceland Icelandic Takk
Takk fyrir
Idaho United States Coeur d’Alene Limlemtsch
India Kannada Dhanyawaadagalu
Vandane
Vandanegalu
Konkani [Konknni] Dhanyawaada
Malayalam Nandi
Nanni
Valarey nanhi
Marathi Abhari ahi
Dhanyawaadh
Dhanyawaatha
Oriya Danna waat
Punjabi Dannaba
Dhannvaad
Miharbaanee
Shukria
Tuhaadee kirpaa hai
Telugu Dhanyavaadaalu
Tamara krutagntha
India Tulu Mast upakara
India, Bangladesh Bengali Dhanyabad
India, Bangladesh, S. Africa Gujarati Aabhar
India, East Asia, Suriname Hindi Dhanyawaad
India, Nepal Newari Su-bhaay
India, Nepal, Bhutan Lepcha Trok chi
India, Pakistan Ladakhi Jule
Od dju
Urdu Danyavad
Merbani
Shukriya
India, Pakistan, China Kashmiri Danawad
Shukria
India, Southeast Asia Tamil Nandri
Romba nanringa
Rumba nandri
Indonesia Aceh Teurimeung geunaseh
Javanese Matur nuwun
Suwun
Sasak Matur tampiasih
Tampi asiq
Sundanese [Basa Sunda] Hatur nuhun
Toraja Kurre sumange
Tukang Besi Tarima kasi
Indonesia, Sumatra, Philippines Batak Mauliate
international Esperanto Dankon
Dankon al vi
Ido Danko
Loglan Sia
Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan Persian Mamnoon
Motehshakeram
Tashakkur
Iraq, Iran Kurdi [Kurmanji] Shukur
Ireland Irish Go raibh maith agaibh [to more than one]
Ireland and Britain Go raibh maith ‘ad
Go raibh maith agat [to one]
Israel Hebrew Toda
Italy Camuno Gràsce
Napulitano Gràzzie
Sardinian Grassias
Japan Japanese Arigato
Domo arigato
Japanese [Izumo] Dan san
Japanese [Kumamoto] Kora doshi
Japan Japanese Arigato gozaimashita[act of thanks has ended]
Arigato gozaimasu [act of thanks not ended]
Jersey Jèrriais Mèrci bein des fais
Kalahari Africa G//ana [San] Kaen se !tau
G/wi [San] !kaen se !tau
Kazakhstan, Central Asia, China Kazakh Rahmet
Rahmet sizge
Kenya Ekegusii Imbuya mono
Nandi Asai
Kaigai
Kongoi
Kenya, Somalia Oromo Fayyaa ta’aa
Fayyaa ta’i
Galatomaa
Galatoomii
Maharaba
Ulfaad’d’a
Waaqni sii haa kennu
Kenya, Tanzania Luo Erokamano
Maasai Ashi
Maasai [Maa, Masai] Ashi oleng
Aske
Korea Korean Kamsahamnida
Komapsumnida
Kyoto Japan Japanese [Kyo Kotoba] Ohkini
Kyrgyzstan Kirgiz Chong rakhmat
Rakhmat
Labrador and Quebec Canada Innu Tshinashkumitan
Lao Cai Vietnam Hmong Uụ caox tsõus
Uụ tsõus
Laos Lao Khawp jai
Laos, Thailand Hmong Daw Ua koj tsaug
Ua tsaug
Hmong Njua Ua koj tsaug
Ua tsaug
Mien [Yao] Laengz zingh
Laengz zingh meih
Latvia Latvian Paldies
Latvia, Estonia Livonian Tienū
Lesotho, South Africa Sesotho Ke a leboha
Liberia, S.Leone Vai Bai-ka-way [for gift, to 1]
Ee-she [for favor, to 1]
Wo bai-kay-way [for gift,to group]
Wo-she [for favor,to group]
Lithuania Lithuanian Ačiū
Dėkoju
Dėkui
Labai dėkoju
Ludza Latvia Võro Aitüma
Luxembourg Luxembourgish Merci
Macedonia Macedonian Blagodaram
Madagascar Malagasy Misaotra
Magdalena Peñasco Oaxaca Mexico Mixtec Cacutahvixensa
Cutahvixieensa
Maine USA, Canada Abenaki, Eastern Wliwni
Malawi Chilomwe Zikomo
Chingoni Zikomo
Chitonga Yewo
Ngoni Zikomo
Malaysia Kimaragang Torimakasi
Malaysia, Brunei Malay Terima kasih
Maldives Dhivehi Shukuriyyaa
Maldivian Sabkaa
Mali Bambara Aw ni ce [plural]
I ni ce  [singular]
Sangha Birepo
Mali, Senegal Soninke Nawari
Malta Maltese Grazzi
Manitoba Canada Saulteaux Miigwech
Marshall Islands Marshallese Kommol
Mauratania Hassaniya Shukram
Mauritius Morisyen Mersi
Mediterranean Lingua Franca Gratzia
Mexico Amuzgo Quialva’
Cakchikel Matiosh chawe
Chol Wokol a wala
Wokolix awölö
Hñähñu Jamadi
Huastec C’ac’naamal yaan
Jalbinchi yaan
Huave Dios mangüy ic
Ixcatec Skanaa-ri
Mazahua Pöjö
Mazatec Natejchiri
Nkhi k’a ninashitechino
Náhuatl [Aztec] Icnelia
Tlazohcamati
Popoluca Ni’ctíyus
Tarahumara [Raramuri] Matétera
Tarahumara [Rarámuri] Matéterabá
Zoque Yuscotoya
Mexico, USA Paipai ‘Ara’ya:ikm
‘Ara’yai:km
‘Ara’ye:km
Micronesia Chuukese Kili so
Kosraean Kulo
Pohnpeian Kalangan
Puluwat Kilissow
Yapese Kam magar
Middle East Kurdi Sipas
Sipas dikim
Middle East, North Africa Arabic Shukran
Mokornulga Estonia Võro Tennä
Moldova Gagauz Saa olsun
Moldavian Multumesc
Monaco Monegasque Merçì
Mongolia Mongolian Saikhan zochluullaa  [for hospitality]
Mongolia Ta ikh tus bolloo [for help]
Mongolia, Northern China Bayarlalaa
Gyalailaa
Morocco Arabic Barak llahu fik
Mozambique Makhua Kooshukhuru
Marahaba
Mt. Elgon Kenya Bukusu Nasima
Orio muno
Wanyala
Webaale
Mulgi dialect, Karksi Estonia Estonian ‘Aituma
Myanmar Burmese Chezu ba
Chezu tinbade
Rakhin Chyee zu thon ree
Rohingya Shukuria
Namibia Nama Aio
Nauru Nauruan Tsuba kor
Nayarit and Jalisco Mexico Huichol Pam parios
Pan parius
Nebraska and Oklahoma, USA Omaha Wíbthahon
Nepal Gurung Dxanyaa’baad [to an equal or superior]
Syaabaas [to a child]
Nepal, Bhutan Nepali Dhanyabaad
Nepal, Tibet Sherpa [Helambu] Thuchi chea
Sherpa [Solu] Thuchi che
Netherlands Dutch Bedankt
Frisian [Westerlauwer] Tanke
Tanke wol
Tankje
Tankje wol
Netherlands, Belgium Dutch Dank u
Dank u wel
New Caledonia Houailou Ei
New Guinea Tok Pisin Tenkyu
Tenkyu tru
Tok Pisin [Pidgin English] Tenkiu
New Zealand Maori Ka pai
Tika hoki
New Zealand, Midland England English Cheers
Nias Island Indonesia Nias [North Nias] Sauha gölö
Nias [South Nias] Söwö gölö
Nicaragua Miskito Tingki
Panamahka Tingkih
Nigeria Bura Maraba
Edo Ù rú èsé
Igbo [Ibo] Dalu
Imela
Imena
Yâuwá
Kanuri Ardeneskin
Ngizim Ná goodoota-ngaa naa ci
Nigerian Pidgin Thank yu
Well done
Yoruba A dupe
E se é
Oshe
Niue, South Pacific Niuean Fakaaue
Noatak Alaska Inuktitut Taku
North Africa Arabic SaHHa
North America Chinook Jargon Mahsie
Masiem
Comanche Ura
Urako
Dakota Pidamaya ye  [by female]
Pidamaya yedo[by male]
Pidamayado
Hopi Askwali [said by women]
Kwakwhá [said by men]
Kiowa Aahóow
Kwakiutl Gilakas’la
Mohican Oneowe
Wneeweh
Natick Kuttabotomish
Tobotonoque
Ttaubotneanauayean
Nez Perce Qe’ci’yew’yew’
Okanogan Lim limt
North Caucasus Chechen Barkal
Barkalla
North Malawi Chitumbuka Yewo
northeast Japan Japanese [Tohoku Ben] Oshoshina
Northern Ghana Wali Bareka
Northern Ireland Scots [Ulster Scots] Thenks
northern Italy Friulian Graciis
Piedmontese Grasie
Northern Pakistan Burushashki Bakhshish
Juu goor maniSh
Juu na
Shukria
Northern Thailand Hmong Njua Zoo sab muab
Northweast Poland Cassubian Dzãkujã
Norway Finnish, Kven Kiitoksii
Kiitos
Norwegian [Nynorsk, Bokmaal] Takk
NW Caucasus Adyghe Thawerapsaw
Wapsaw
Oaxaca Mexico Mixtec Kúta’ùrí  [familiar]
Zapotec Guishepeli
Okinawa Japan Japanese [Uchinaaguchi] Nihwee-deebiru
Uchinaaguchi Ippe nihei deebiru
Nihei deebiru
Uchinaaguchi [Shuri] Nifee deebiru
Oklahoma & Florida USA Muskogee Akvsv’mkv
Henka
Ka
Mvto
Oklahoma United States Choctaw Yakoke
Yokoke
Pacific Islands Kiribati Ko rabwa
Rotuman Fại’ȧkse’ea
Filo’montou [said to child]
Noa’ia
Pakistan Balochi Tai merbani
Khowar Tazim
Sindhi Mehrbani
Palau Palauan Ke kmal mesaul
Msuulaang
Sulang
Panama Kuna Dot nuet
Papua Dani, Grand Valley Baliem Wah wah wah
Papua New Guinea Dani, Western Kaonak
Duna Tirja
Edolo Neseke
Enga Tángeyoo
Foe Kije
Hiri Motu Tanikiu
Koiari Maigo
Maiteka
Matukar Ujanamok
Motu Tanikiu
Nanubae Emba:m
Safeyoka Ìsámàyʌkà
Salt Yui Wai onia
Tabriak Jəpən
Jεpεn
Teop Mataa
Paraguay Guarani Aguyje
Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia Aguije
Peru Aguaruna Seé
Huambisa Maake
See
Quechua Cuzqueño Yuspagarasunkichis [to several people]
Resigaro Kashoonopihku
Shipibo Iráque
Philippines Aklanon Saeamat kimo
Ifugao [Tuwali] Munhana ak
Salamat
Ilokano Agyamanak
Dios ti agngina
Ilonggo Daghang salamat
Salamat
Kalagan Sokor
Kankanaey Salamat
Kapampangan Salamat
Tagalog Salamat
Salamat po
Salamat sa iyo
Tugalug Salamot
Visayan [Cebuano] Gracia
Salamat
Pohnpei Pohnpeian Kalangen en Komwi
Poland Polish Dzięki [familiar]
Dziękuję
Dziękujemy [spoken by several people]
Polynesia Polynesian Auw’e
Ponpei Ponpeian Kelangan
Qiandong China Hmong Bod hfud mongx
Bod hfut
Dub hseit
Romania Romanian Mulţumesc
Russia Altai Bïyan bolzïn
Bashkir Rekhmet
Chuvash Tav
Tavssi
Tavtapuch
Erzya Сюкпря
Ingush Barkal
Barkl [in spoken language]
Kalmyk Khanganav
Khanty Пумасипа
Komi-Permyak Attö
Ydzhyt attö
Komi-Zyryan Attö
Attöala
Attöalam [from a group]
Ludian Spassibo
Spassiboičem
Mansi Пумасипа
Mari Tau
Mari [Meadow] Taushtem
Taushtena [from a group]
Mordvin Syukprya
Nenets Nyarya bada
Nganasan Nägê
Xoasi
Russian Спасибо
Rutul Сагъул
Saami [Kildin] Пассьпе
Tatar Rekhmet
Tuvan Chettirdim
Udmurt Tau
Tau karisko
Veps Kitäm [from a group]
Kitän
Spasib
Votic Ciitän
Passibo
Suurõd passivad
Suurõt spassibad
Ryukyu Island Japan Miyako Nihedebil
Sabah Malaysia Dusun Pounsikou
Kadazan Kotohuadan
Salento Italy Griko Kali’ sso’rta-ssu
Samachique Mexico Tarahumara [Raramuri] Natérarabá
Samoa Samoan Fa’afetai
San Antonio Huitepec Mexico Mixtec Nakuu ta’viin
San Juan Colorado Mexico Tyáhvi nyóò
San Juan Mixtepec Mexico Tatsa’vi
Tatsa’vini
Scandinavia Saami [Davvi] Giitu
Giitus
Giitus dutnje
Giitus eatnat
Saami [Inari] Kijtto
Kjittoseh
Takkâ
Saami [Lule] Gijtto
Saami [Skolt] Spä’sseb
Spässep
Saami [South] Gäjhtoe
Saami [Ume] Gijtuov
Scotland Scots Thank ye
Thenk ye
Scottish Gaelic Tapadh leat
Seattle Washington USA Lushootseed Ck’wálidxw
Senegal Diola Emitekati
Mersi
Senegal, Gambia Serrere Dioka ndjiale
Senegal, Mali Malinké Ni ke
Seychelles Seselwa [Seychelles Creole] Gran mersi
Mersi
Shanghai China Shanghai Sha ja non
Sha sha
Shodoshima Japan Japanese [Shodoshima] Ookini
Siberia Yup’ik Igamsiqanaghhalek
Quyanaghhalek
Siberia Russia Khakas Aalghïstapcham
Ispasiba
Sicily Italy Sicilian Grazzii
Sierra Leone Krio Tenkey
Tenki ya
Mende Baiika
Baika
Bisse
Silesia region, southern Poland Polish Dziynki
Dziynkuja
Singapore, Indonesia Hokkien [Chinese] Gum xia
Slovakia Slovak Dakujem
Slovenia Slovenian Hvala
Solomon Islands Pijin Tanggio
Sonora Mexico Seri Yooz ma samsisíinxo
Sortland Norway Norwegian [Sortlandsk] Takk
South Africa Sepedi Ke a leboga
Tsonga I nkomu
Venda Ndi a livhuha
Ndo livhuwa
Ukhani
Xhosa Enkosi
Ndiyabulela
South Africa, Lesotho Zulu Ngiyabonga
Siyabonga  [plural]
South Africa, Malawi Chichewa Zikomo
South America Jaqaru [Jacaru] Jilatyi
Mapuche [Araucano] Chaltu
Chaltu may
Krasia may
Manumeimi
Traeltu
South Malawi Chiyao Asante
Sikomo
South Pacific Maohi Mauruuru
South Sierra USA Miwok [S Sierra] Tengkiju
South Uganda Lunyankole Webale
Southeast Africa Kisawhili Asanteni [to several]
Kiswahili Ahsante
Aksante
Asante
Nashukuru
Shukrani
Southeast Asia Cham Uan sagun
Uan tabuan
southeast Estonia Võro Aiten
Southern Africa Afrikaans Dankie
Southern Australia Kaurna Ngaityalya
Southern Qiandong China Hmong Deb hseit
Southern Scotland Scottish Gaelic Gun robh math agaibh
Southwestern United States Keres Da-waa-ee
Khuu’a
Tewa Kuunda
Southwestern USA Pueblo [Acoma] Da-wah-eh
Spain Asturian Gracies
Basque [Navarrese] Esker aunitz
Esker mila
Basque [Roncalais] Eskerrik anitx
Galician Grazas
Ladino Gracias
Munchas gracias
Romani [Caló] Najis tuke
Valencian Gracies
Moltes gracies
Spain, America Spanish Gracias
Spain, France Basque Eskerrik asko
Mila esker
Sri Lanka Sinhalese Istuti
Sudan Arabic Creole Shukran
Dinka Yin acaa muoc
Suriname Ndjuka A bigi ba
Gaantangi
Gaantangi fi ye
Saramaccan F&uacteu;únu
Gaantángí fii
Sranan Danki
Grantangi
Tangi
Suriname, Holland Sarnami Dhanbaad
Dhanjabaab
Soekoeria
Sukriya
Swaziland Siswati [Swazi] Ngiyabonga [by one person]
Siyabonga [more than one]
Sweden, Finland Swedish Jag tackar
Tack
Switzerland German Dank schön  [in spoken language]
Romansch Grazia
Sursilvan Engraziel
Swizterland Romansch Grazcha
Grazie
Syria Arabic Mamnuun
Syria, Turkey Suryoyo Tawdi
Tahiti Tahitian Mauruuru
Mauruuru roa
Taiwan Atayal Mhuway su’
Mhuway su’ balay
Muhuway su
Bunun Uninang
Paiwan Malimali
Masalu
Puyuma Tayu’an
Rukai Maulanenga
Saisiat Muhuway su
Yami Ayoi
Tajikstan Tajik Rakhmat
Tashakur
Tanzania Kichagga Haika
Kikamba Ni oseo
Makhua Asantte
Tanzania, Zambia Mambwe Sanco
Tataltepec Mexico Chatino Ngua tsaa xlay’be hii
Tepoztlan Mexico Náhuatl Tlazocama
Tlazocamati
Tlazocamatl
Texas United States English Thank ya  [Texan]
Texas USA Alabamu Alíila
Thailand Akha Ghu long khu me-ah
Gong Ang kêun
Karen Da blu
Lahu Ah bo
Lisu Ahku bumu
Mpi Mèu mèu
Pho Karen Hsà khawn hsá ta má’ lâw
Sgaw Karen Dah bluet
Tà byu’ dô law
Thai Kha [by woman]
Khawp khun
Khawp khun kha [by woman]
Khawp khun khrap [by man]
Khrap [by man]
Tibet Tibetan [Amdo dialect] Gwajinchi
Tibet, China Tibetan Tujechhe
Tihuanacu Bolivia Aymará Yusulupay
Timor, Semau Island Indonesia Helong Nodan mamomamo
to a group Yeyi [Botswana] Ta kumbiiri
to one person Nda kumbiiri
Togo Mina Akpe
Tonga South Pacific Island Tongan Malo
Torres Strait Australia Yumpla Tok Eso po yu
Trakai Lithuania Karaim Tabu
Turkey, Northern Cyprus Turkish Mersi
Tesekkür ederim
Tesekkurler
Turkmenistan Turkmen Sag bol
Sag bolung
Tangur
Tuvalu Tuvaluan Fakafetai
Uganda Ateso Eyalama
Icetot Ilakasugotia
Karamojong Alakara
Kipsigis Kongoi
Kupsapiny Keyi tapon
Luganda Webale
Uganda and Sudan Acholi Apwoyo
Ukraine Ukrainian Dyakooyu
Spasibi
United States Apsaaloke Ahó
Ahoo
Cahuila ‘Ácha-ma
Cherokee [eastern] Sgi
Cherokee [western] Wado
Cheyenne Hahóo [intertribal]
Néá’eshe
Néá’êshemeno [plural]
Ioway Aha [by women]
Aho [by men]
Kuskokwim Tsenanh
Lenape [Delaware] Wanìshi
Luiseno No$un looviq
Lummi Hy’shqe siam
Navajo Ahéhee’
Osage Thla-ho
We’-a-hnon
Potawatomi Iwgwien
Kcumigwe’c
Migwe’c
Spokane Chn lm-s-cút
Wampanoag Taubut
Yuki Mis tatk
USA, Canada Huron [Wyandotte] Ti-jiawen
Yontonwe
Nakota Pinamaya
Uzbekistan Karakalpak Rahmet
Uzbek Rakhmat
Tashakkur
Vancouver Island Canada Saanich Hay sxw q’a
Hay sxw q’e
Vanuatu Araki Ham meje [to a group]
Om meje
Bislama Tangkiu
Tangkyu
Futuna Aniwa Fafetai
Jinisa
Mwotlap Vēwē nēk
Paamese Hihuri
Namasmasuk
Vastseliina Estonia Võro Tehnän
Veracruz Mexico Totonac Paxkatkatzinil
Vietnam Bahnar Bone ko ih
Bru Sa-aun
Dega Lac jak
Hmong Du Ô chò
Mien Tö’ dun
Tay Day fon
Vietnamese Cám ơn
Cám ơn anh [to male equal]
Cám ơn bà [to married woman]
Cám ơn chị [to female equal]
Cám ơn cô [to unmarried woman]
Cám ơn em [to young person]
Cám ơn ông [to man]
Cám ơn quý vị rât nhiều
Ông quá tử tế với tôi
Villa Alta Mexico Zapotec Dishklenle [to several]
Dishkleno [to one]
Wales Welsh Diolch
Wallis and Futuna Futuna Malo
Wallis and Futuna Vanuatu Uvean Malo
Malo te ofa
Washington United States Klallam Há’neng cen
West Africa Fulani A jaaraama [to one person]
Jaaraama
On jaaraama [to several people]
Hausa Nagode
Mandinka Abaraka
Al ning bara [to several people]
I ning bara [to one person]
Tamashek [Tamahoq, Tuareg] Tanumert
Wolof Djere dief
Jerejef
Zarma [Dyerma] Fofo
West Indies Creole Mese
West Sumatra Indoensia [inf] Minangkabau Makasi yo
West Sumatra Indonesia Tarimo kasih
West Uganda Lunyoro Webale
western Ireland Brigidian Boche’
Xhina, Thailand, Myanmar Bisu Ang hmèn yá
Yatzachi Mexico Zapotec Choshcwlen chele [to several]
Choshcwleno’ [to one]
Choshcwlentio’ [to one]
Yemen Soqotri Yala bak allah
Yucatan Mexico Yucatec Dios bo’otik
Dios bootiki’
Dyos bo’otik
Hach dyos bo’otik
Ki’ bolal
Yum bo’otik
Yunnan China Hmong Uat gaox zhous
Uat zhous
Naxi Jjef bei seiq
Zambia Chitonga Twalumba
Lunda Kusakililaku
Luvale Gunasakulila
Silozi Litumezi
Ni itumezi
Nitumezi
Zambia, Mozambique Chinyanja Zikomo
Zimbabwe Chishona Maita basa
Maita zvenyu
Mazviita
Ndatenda [to one person]
Ndinotenda [to one person]
Tatenda [to a group]
Tinotenda [to a group]
Ndebele Ngeyabonga
Ngiyabonga
Ngiyathokaza
Siyabonga [plural]
Zoogocho Mexico Zapotec Choshklenle [to several]
Choshkleno’ [to one]
Zurich Switzerland German Dank schön [spoken]
Dankë [spoken]
Merci
Alabama & Oklahoma United States Koasati Alí:la mó
America, Australia, UK, New Zea. English Thank you
Angola, Congo Kinshasa Yaka Koloombo
Bukavu Congo Kinshasa Mashi Koko
Bunkeya Congo Kinshasa Kisanga Tua santa
Congo Kinshasa Kiluba Wafwa ko
Pende Hambadiahana
Congo Kinshasa, Congo Brazaville Lingala Matóndo
Melesí
Natondi yo
Fassa Valley Italy Ladin Detelpai [to one person]
Develpai [plural]
Guinea Bissau Crioulo Obrigado
Jakarta Indonesia Indonesian Trims [slang]
Kansai, Osaka Japan Japanese [Kansai Ben] Ookini
Ookini arigatou
Kasai Oc. Reg., Congo Kinshasa Tschiluba Twasakadila
Lodja Congo Kinshasa Otetela Losaka
N.America Ojibwe [Chippewa, Anishinaabe] Miigwech
N.Carolina USA Tuscarora [Southern Band] Nyeahweh
Portugal, Brazil Portuguese Obrigada [by female]
Obrigado [by male]
Rwanda, Congo Kinshasa Kinyarwanda Murakoze
Viru Nigula & Kodavere, Estonia Estonian Aiteh
Ylä Savo Finland Savonian Kiitoksija
Zambia, Congo Brazaville Bemba Tsikomo
Twa to te la

This list is a compiled and sequenced from the source : Jennifer’s Language Pages and this list is partial only. To view the complete list with the formal and informal way of telling Thanks please visit the source. We sorted it country-wise for easy learning purpose only. 

Disclaimer: It’s used for Educational purposes and non-profit reasons only. Any commercial usage should be done with proper approval from the original source Jennifer’s Language Pages

 

Tribute : U. V. Swaminatha Iyer : Grandfather of Tamil Language

UVSU. V. Swaminatha Iyer (Uttamadhanapuram Venkatasubbaiyer Swaminatha Iyer), 1855–1942 C.E., was a Tamil scholar and researcher who was instrumental in bringing many long-forgotten works of classical Tamil literature to light. His singular effort over five decades brought to light major literary works in Tamil and contributed vastly to the enrichment of its literary heritage. Iyer published over 91 books in his lifetime, on a variety of matters connected to classical Tamil literature, and collected 3,067 paper manuscripts, palm-leaf manuscripts and notes of various kinds. He is affectionately called Tamil Thatha (Grandfather of Tamil).

It was due to his efforts that the world came to know the literary output of the ancient Tamils and their past. Tamil poet and nationalist Subramania Bharati, who inspired the freedom movement with his songs, admired Swaminatha Iyer. Paying tribute to Swaminatha Iyer in one of his poems, Bharati equated Iyer with Saint Agasthya when he called him “Kumbamuni”. (Saint Agasthiar – Who was among the first exponents of Tamil – was supposed to have been born in a “Kumbha” – a kind of vessel- hence the name Kumbamuni) and said: “So long as Tamil lives, poets will venerate you and pay obeisance to you. You will ever shine as an immortal.”

The meeting of Ravindaranatha Tagore from Bengal and the grand old man of Tamil literature in 1926 in Chennai was a historic moment. Not only did Tagore call on U. Ve. Swaminatha Iyer but also penned a poem in praise of his efforts to salvage ancient classical Tamil literary works from palm leaf manuscripts.

The honorary doctoral degree (D.Litt.) was conferred on Iyer by the University of Madras in 1906. In recognition of his outstanding literary accomplishments and contributions, he was also honoured with the title, Mahamahopathiyaya, literally: “Greatest of great teachers”. In the same year, when the Prince and Princess of Walesvisited Madras, a function was arranged where Swaminatha Iyer was honoured. Iyer was awarded the title of Dakshinathya Kalanidhi in 1925. In 1932, the Madras University awarded an honorary PhD to him in recognition of his services in the cause of Tamil. Indian Postal department issued a commemorative postage stamp on 18 February 2006. His house in Uthamadhanapuram has been converted as a Memorial

Early life

Utthamadhanapuram Venkatasubramanian Swaminathan was born on February 19, 1855 C.E. in the village of Suriaymoolai in the house of his maternal grandfather near Kumbakonamin present-day Tamil Nadu. He belonged to the Ashtasahasram sub-sect of Iyers.

Academic career

Swaminatha Iyer learned Tamil literature and grammar for five years as a devoted student to Mahavidwan Meenakshisundaram Pillai, a great poet and scholar. He was also a beneficiary of the reputed Saiva Mutt at Thiruvavaduthurai. Tyagaraja Chettiar was the head of the Tamil Department at the Government Arts College, Kumbakonam. A student of Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai, he was a man of great erudition and was held in high esteem alike by his pupils and by the public. When Chettiar retired, he recommended that Swaminatha Iyer be invited to take his place. Swaminatha Iyer was duly appointed to that post on February 16, 1880. During his tenure at the College, Swaminatha Iyer met Salem Ramaswami Mudaliar, a civil munsif who had been recently transferred to Kumbakonam. The friendship between them proved to be a turning point in Swaminatha Iyer’s life. Mudaliar was responsible for persuading Iyer to edit and publish the ancient Tamil classics. Swaminatha Iyer had till then confined his enjoyment of Tamil literature to medieval works. Mudaliar also gave him a handwritten copy of Seevaga Sindhamani for publication.

Manuscript recovery

As the Civaka Cintamani was a Jain classic, Swaminatha Iyer went to the homes of learned member of the Jain community in Kumbakonam to get some doubts cleared. He also read the Jain epics and collated several manuscript versions and arrived at a correct conclusion. It was due to his efforts that the Cevaka Cintamani was published in 1887. From that time onwards, he began to search for Sangam classics with a view to editing and publishing them. After the Cevaka Cintamani, the Pattupattu was published.

Thus began Swaminatha Iyer’s long search for the original texts of ancient literary works during which he regularly worked with S. V. Damodaram Pillai. It was a search that lasted until his death. Many people voluntarily parted with the manuscripts in their possession. Swaminatha Iyer visited almost every hamlet and knocked at every door. He employed all the resources at his command to get at the works. As a result, a large number of literary works which were gathering dust as palm-leaf manuscripts in lofts, storerooms, boxes and cupboards saw the light of day. Of them, the CilappatikaramManimekalai and Purananuru were received by Tamil lovers with a lot of enthusiasm. Purananuru, which mirrored the lives of Tamils during the Sangam period, prompted scholarly research on the subject. In a span of about five decades, Swaminatha Iyer published about 100 books, including minor poems, lyrics, puranas and bhakti (devotional) works.

Swaminatha Iyer retired from active teaching in 1919. His research work increased several times after retirement. He travelled from place to place in search of palm leaf manuscripts so as to edit and publish them. From 1924 to 1927, Iyer was the Principal of the Meenakshi Tamil College in Annamalai UniversityChidambaram. On health grounds, he resigned the post, came to Madras and continued his research.

Contributions to Tamil music

Another significant contribution made by Swaminatha Iyer is in the realm of Tamil music. Until Swaminatha Iyer published the CilappatikaramPattupattu and Ettuthokai, music was a grey area in Tamil research. During the previous four centuries, Telugu and Sanskrit dominated the music scene in Tamil Nadu in the absence of any valuable information on Tamil music. Swaminatha Iyer’s publications threw light on the presence of Tamil music in the earlier centuries and paved the way for serious research on the subject. As the son of a famous musician of his time, Swaminatha Iyer learnt music from Gopalakrishna Bharathi, a musical exponent and the author of Nandan Sarithiram.

His autobiography

Swaminatha Iyer published his autobiography, En Sarithiram, serialised in the Tamil weekly Ananda Vikatan, from January 1940 to May 1942. It was later published as a book in 1950. Running into 762 pages, the book is an excellent account of the life and times of villages, especially in the Thanjavur district in the late 19th century. The Tamil is simple and peppered with many observations on people as well as descriptions of school life, life in monasteries (Maths). The book also reveals the enormous perseverance of U V Swaminatha Iyer in his quest to master Tamil and save manuscripts.

___

Courtesy : Wikipedia

Sunday Stuff : 99 flowers from Tamil Literature (100 BCE)

Here is the slideshow of 99 Flowers with pictures mentioned in Tamil Literature on 100 BCE-100 CE, with their botanical name

Kurincippattu (Tamil: குறிஞ்சிப்பாட்டு) is a Tamil poetic work of Tamil literature, belonging to the Sangam period corresponding to between 100 BCE – 100 CE.  “Kurincippattu” describes the kurinchi landscape of the mountainous terrain and mentions almost 100 different plant names along side the main storyline of the  the love affair between the hero and the heroine. The poems were written by the poet Kapilar

Source and Courtesy : KarkaNirka.org , Wikipedia

Know : What is Your Language’s Word Order?

In linguistic typology, subject–verb–object (SVO) is a sentence structure where the subject comes first, the verb second, and the object third.  SOV is the most common type (followed by subject–verb–object; the two types account for more than 75% of natural languages with a preferred order). 

Word Order

Source : Frequency distribution of word order in languages surveyed by Russell S. Tomlin in 1980s.

Languages that have SOV structure:

Ainu,  Akkadian,  Amharic,  Armenian,  Assamese,  Aymara, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bengali, Burmese, Burushaski, Dogon languages,  Elamite,  Ancient Greek,  Hindi, Hittite,  Hopi, Hungarian, Ijoid languages, Itelmen, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean,Kurdish, Classical Latin, Manchu, Mande languages,  Marathi, Mongolian,  Navajo, Nepali,  Newari,  Nivkh,  Nobiin,  Pāli,  Pashto,  Persian, Punjabi, Quechua,  Sanskrit, Senufo languages,  Seri,  Sicilian,  Sindhi,  Sinhalese  and  most  other  Indo-Iranian languages,  Somali and  virtually all other Cushitic languages, Sumerian, Tagalog, Tibetanand nearly all other Tibeto-Burman languages, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and all other Dravidian languages, Tigrinya, Turkic languages, Turkish, Urdu, Yukaghir, and virtually all Caucasian languages.

Languages that have SVO structure:

Albanian, Arabic, Assyrian (VSO and VOS are also followed, depending on the person), Berber, Bulgarian, Chinese, English, Estonian, Filipino, Finnish, French, Ganda, Greek, Hausa, Hebrew, Italian, Javanese, Kashmiri, Khmer, Latvian, Macedonian, Polish, Portuguese, Quiche, Romanian, Rotuman, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish, Swahili, Thai, Vietnamese, Yoruba and Zulu are examples of languages that can follow an SVO pattern

Languages that have VSO structure:

Semitic languages (including Arabic, Classical Hebrew, and Ge’ez (Classical Ethiopic) (dead language)), and Celtic languages (including Irish, Scottish Gaelic, Manx, Welsh, and Breton).

Other families where all or many of languages are VSO include the following

  • the Afroasiatic languages (including the Berber languages and the Egyptian language)
  • the Mayan languages (including Classic Maya)
  • the Otomanguean languages (including Zapotec languages and Mixtecan languages)
  • the Salishan languages
  • the Austronesian languages (including Tagalog, Cebuano, Hawaiian, Pangasinan, Māori, Malagasy, and Tongan).

Both the Spanish and Greek language resemble Semitic languages such as Arabic in allowing for both VSO and SVO structures: e.g. “Jesús vino el jueves” / Vino Jesús el jueves, “Tu madre dice que no vayas”/”dice tu madre que no vayas”. In Spanish, the only restriction on the VSO form is for the object to require a definite or indefinite article in the sentence

Languages that have VOS structure:

 Austronesian languages (such as Malagasy, Old Javanese, Toba Batak and Fijian) andMayan languages (such as Tzotzil). However, these have either (mixed) ergative or Austronesian alignment, and as such do not have a subject as it has been traditionally defined. Among languages with true subjects, in Hadza the word order VOS is extremely common, but is not the default, which is VSO

Languages that have OVS / OSV structure:

Object–verb–subject (OVS) or object–verb–agent (OVA) is a rare permutation of word order. OVS denotes the sequence object–verb–subject in unmarked expressions: Oranges ate SamThorns have roses. While the passive voice in English may appear to be in the OVS order, this is not an accurate description. In an active voice sentence, for example Sam ate the oranges, the grammatical subject, Sam, is the ‘agent’, who is acting on the ‘patient,’the oranges, which are the object of the verb ate. In the passive voice, The oranges were eaten by Sam, the order is reversed so that patient is followed by verb, followed by agent. However, the oranges become the subject of the verbwere eaten which is modified by the prepositional phrase by Sam which expresses the agent, maintaining the usual subject–verb–(object) order.

Star Wars franchise creator George Lucas attributed to his fictional character Yoda a native language featuring OSV grammatical order, as reflected in the character’s instinctive application of the OSV template to English vocabulary in generating statements such as “Your father he is, but defeat him you must.”