Earth Our Home Too : Tapirs

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A tapir is a large herbivorous mammal, similar in shape to a pig, with a short,prehensile snout. Tapirs inhabit jungle and forest regions of South America, Central America, and Southeastern Asia. The five extant species of tapirs are the Brazilian tapir, the Malayan tapir, the Baird’s tapir, the kabomani tapir, and the mountain tapir. The four species that have been evaluated (the Brazilian, Malayan, Baird’s and mountain tapir) have all been classified as endangered or vulnerable. Their closest relatives are the other odd-toed ungulates, including horses and rhinoceroses.

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Tapirs weigh from 500-700 pounds and can reach 29-42 height at shoulders. Malayan tapir is the largest and Mountain tapir is the smallest species.

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Closest relatives of tapirs are horses and rhinos.

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Tapirs have not changed much for tens of millions of years.

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Tapirs have 4 toes on their front feet and 3 toes on their back feet.

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Tapirs are herbivorous. They eat leaves and fruit twice a day.

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These animals are ecologically very important because they disperse seeds with their feces as they move from one location to another.

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Their snout is a fusion of nose and upper lip. It facilitates eating. Tapirs use it to grab leaves from the nearby branches, pick up the fruit from the ground or to find aquatic plant on the bottom of the water.

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Group of tapirs is called a “candle”.

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Tapirs communicate verbally, via high pitched sounds and non-verbally, via urine droppings. By sniffing and recognizing urine marks, tapirs can know if there are other tapirs in the area.

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They like to spend time in the water because water cools them down and helps them in removing parasites.

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Tapirs can spend few minutes under the water. They can use their snouts as snorkels if they need to hide under the water longer period of time (in the case of danger).

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Jaguars, tigers, crocodile and anacondas hunt tapirs.

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After 13 months of pregnancy, one calf will be born. As long as mother produces milk, young tapir will eat it.

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Young tapirs have specific yellow and white stripes and spots on the reddish-brown fur which provide excellent camouflage. After few months (when they lose these marks), they look like miniature version of adult animal.

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Tapirs live 25-30 years in the wild and over 30 years in captivity.

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Source and Courtesy:

Softschools.com, Wikipedia and Click on the image for respective photographer’s profile/page

Know : A Big List of Animal Sounds

Here is a big list of how we call the sounds of Animals in English. If you want to know how they call the sounds in any other language, please use this useful website What is Called

Alligators hiss, grunt, roar, quak,
Antelopes snort,
Anteaters hrow, Lesser Anteater.jpg
Badgers growl,
Bats screech, Big-eared-townsend-fledermaus.jpg
Bears growl, groan, moan, roar,
Bees hum, buzz, Honeybee landing on milkthistle02.jpg
Beetles drone, click, Drawing-1.png
Birds chirrup, chirp, twitter, tweet, sing, whistle, Bird Diversity 2013.png
Bitterns boom,  American Bittern Seney NWR 1.jpg
Blackbirds whistle, Common Blackbird (turdus merula).jpg
Bonobos chirp, squeal, screech, shriek, squeak, hoot, Bonobo 0155.jpg
Calves bleat,
Camels grunt, 2011 Trampeltier 1528.JPG
Capuchins chirp, chatter, trill, Capuchin Costa Rica.jpg
Cats mew, purr, meow, miaow, hiss, yowl, screech, caterwaul, Cat poster 2.jpg
Chaffinch ow, Chaffinch (fringilla coelebs) m.jpg
Chickens cluck, cackle, bock, chirp, crow, screech, peep, cockadoodledoo, Female pair.jpg
Chimpanzees pant-hoot, grunt, scream, chatter, screech, bark, Pan troglodytes (male).jpg
Chinchillas squeak, Standardchinchilla.jpg
Cicadas chirp, Tibicen linnei.jpg
Cows moo, low, bawl (calf), bellow, CH cow 2.jpg
Coyotes yelp, cry, snarl, 2009-Coyote-Yosemite.jpg
Crickets chirp, creak,
Crows caw, cah, Corvus-brachyrhynchos-001.jpg
Cuckoos coo, cuckoo,
Curlews pipe, Curlew - natures pics.jpg
Deer bell,
Dingos bark, cry, Dingo walking.jpg
Dogs bark, woof, arf, bay, bow-wow, howl, yap, YellowLabradorLooking new.jpg
Dolphins click, Bottlenose Dolphin KSC04pd0178.jpg
Donkeys bray, hee-haw, Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
Doves coo-coo, Rock dove - natures pics.jpg
Ducks quack, Bucephala-albeola-010.jpg
Eagles scream,  
Elephants trumpet, roar, moan, rumble,
Emus drum, Emu-wild.jpg
Falcons chant, Brown-Falcon,-Vic,-3.1.2008.jpg
Ferrets dook, Ferret 2008.png
Flies buzz, hum, Diptera1.jpg
Foxes bark, yelp, simper, Fuzzy Freddy.jpg
Frogs croak, ribbit, gribbit, Caerulea3 crop.jpg
Geese cackle, gobble, hiss, honk, quack,
Gibbons whoop, chirp, screech, wail, Hylobates lar pair of white and black 01.jpg
Giraffes bleat,
Goats bleat, baa, Hausziege 04.jpg
Gorillas hoot, bark, grunt, whine, pock, pant, Male gorilla in SF zoo.jpg
Grasshoppers chirp, Young grasshopper on grass stalk02.jpg
Guinea pigs squeak, Two adult Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus).jpg
Hamsters squeak, Syrian hamster filling his cheek pouches with Dandelion leaves.JPG
Hares squeak, Hare.jpg
Hens cackle, cluck Female pair.jpg
Hermit crabs chirp,
Hippopotamuses bellow, rumble, roar, growl, Hippopotamus - 04.jpg
Hogs grunt, snort, Female pair.jpg
Horses neigh, snort, whinny, nicker, sputter, Nokota Horses cropped.jpg
Humans whisper, hum, whistle, cry, scream, sing, talk, moan, laugh, sputter, mimic other animals, coo, Akha cropped hires.JPG
Hummingbirds hum, twitter, Archilochus-alexandri-002-edit.jpg
Hyenas laugh, scream, whoop,
Jackals gecker, howl, Jackal Cape cross 2009.JPG
Jays chatter, screech, Garrulus glandarius 1 Luc Viatour.jpg
Kangaroos chortle,
Koalas scream, bellow, wail, Koala climbing tree.jpg
Komodo dragons growl, snarl, hiss, Komodo dragon with tongue.jpg
Lambs bleat, baa, Flock of sheep.jpg
Larks sing, warble, Alauda arvensis 2.jpg
Linnets chuckle, Carduelis cannabina -England -male-8.jpg
Lions roar, growl, Lion waiting in Namibia.jpg
Llamas maw, Llama lying down.jpg
Magpies chatter,
Mice squeak and squeal, Мышь 2.jpg
Monkeys chatter, gecker, gibber, whoop, screech,
Moose bellow, Moose superior.jpg
Mosquitoes whine, Mosquito 2007-2.jpg
Narwhals squeal,
Nightingales pipe, sing, warble, Nachtigall (Luscinia megarhynchos)-2.jpg
Okapis cough, bellow, Okapia johnstoni -Marwell Wildlife, Hampshire, England-8a.jpg
Orangutans Groan, grunt, smooch, wheeze, chirp, squeal, sputter, Orang Utan, Semenggok Forest Reserve, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia.JPG
Ostriches chirp, bark, hiss, low hum, Ostriches cape point cropped 2.jpg
Owls hoot, scream, screech, shriek Athene noctua (cropped).jpg
Oxen bellow, low,
Parrots mimic a variety of sounds, screech, squawk,
Peacocks scream, Paonroue.JPG
Peafowls scream,
Pigs snort, grunt, squeal, oink, Sow with piglet.jpg
Pigeons coo, Rock dove - natures pics.jpg
Porpoises whistle, click Harbor.Porpoise.4.jpg
Prairie dogs bark,
Puffins chirp, Puffin002.jpg
Queleas chatter,
Rabbits squeak, drum, growl (when cornered) Rabbit in montana.jpg
Raccoons trill, Raccoon climbing in tree - Cropped and color corrected.jpg
Rats squeak, eek, brux, Rattus norvegicus 1.jpg
Ravens croak,
Rhinoceros bellow, Diceros bicornis.jpg
Robins chirp, Rouge gorge familier - crop (WB correction).jpg
Rooks caw, Corvus frugilegus -Dartmoor, Devon, England-8.jpg
Roosters crow,
Seagulls scream, squawk, mew Seagull in flight by Jiyang Chen.jpg
Seals bark, Pinniped collage.png
Sheep bleat, baa,
Snakes hiss, Coast Garter Snake.jpg
Sparrows chirp, twitter, House Sparrow mar08.jpg
Squirrels squeak, chatter, click,
Stags bellow, Red deer stag 2009 denmark.jpg
Swallows twitter, squeal, Red-rumpedSwallow01.jpg
Swans cry, Cygnus olor 2 (Marek Szczepanek).jpg
Tapirs whistle, squeak, Tapirus terrestris.jpg
Tigers growl, roar, snarl, Tiger in the water.jpg
Thrushes whistle, sing, American Robin 0025.jpg
Tokay Geckos croak, Tokay.jpg
Turkeys gobble, 2006-ca-turkey.jpg
Vervets chirp, chatter, grunt, bark, coo, sputter,
Vultures scream, Eagle beak sideview A.jpg
Walruses groan, Noaa-walrus22.jpg
Whales sing, Eubalaena glacialis with calf.jpg
Wolves howl, cry, yell, Wolf, voor de natuur, Saxifraga - Jan Nijendijk.5097.jpg
Wrens trill, warble, Cistothorus palustris Iona.jpg
Yaks low, moan, Bos grunniens at Letdar on Annapurna Circuit.jpg
Zebras whinny, whoop,

Note : The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject says Wikipedia

Courtesy and Source : Wikipedia