Earth Our Home Too : Tapirs

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A tapir is a large herbivorous mammal, similar in shape to a pig, with a short,prehensile snout. Tapirs inhabit jungle and forest regions of South America, Central America, and Southeastern Asia. The five extant species of tapirs are the Brazilian tapir, the Malayan tapir, the Baird’s tapir, the kabomani tapir, and the mountain tapir. The four species that have been evaluated (the Brazilian, Malayan, Baird’s and mountain tapir) have all been classified as endangered or vulnerable. Their closest relatives are the other odd-toed ungulates, including horses and rhinoceroses.

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Tapirs weigh from 500-700 pounds and can reach 29-42 height at shoulders. Malayan tapir is the largest and Mountain tapir is the smallest species.

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Closest relatives of tapirs are horses and rhinos.

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Tapirs have not changed much for tens of millions of years.

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Tapirs have 4 toes on their front feet and 3 toes on their back feet.

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Tapirs are herbivorous. They eat leaves and fruit twice a day.

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These animals are ecologically very important because they disperse seeds with their feces as they move from one location to another.

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Their snout is a fusion of nose and upper lip. It facilitates eating. Tapirs use it to grab leaves from the nearby branches, pick up the fruit from the ground or to find aquatic plant on the bottom of the water.

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Group of tapirs is called a “candle”.

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Tapirs communicate verbally, via high pitched sounds and non-verbally, via urine droppings. By sniffing and recognizing urine marks, tapirs can know if there are other tapirs in the area.

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They like to spend time in the water because water cools them down and helps them in removing parasites.

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Tapirs can spend few minutes under the water. They can use their snouts as snorkels if they need to hide under the water longer period of time (in the case of danger).

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Jaguars, tigers, crocodile and anacondas hunt tapirs.

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After 13 months of pregnancy, one calf will be born. As long as mother produces milk, young tapir will eat it.

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Young tapirs have specific yellow and white stripes and spots on the reddish-brown fur which provide excellent camouflage. After few months (when they lose these marks), they look like miniature version of adult animal.

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Tapirs live 25-30 years in the wild and over 30 years in captivity.

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Source and Courtesy:

Softschools.com, Wikipedia and Click on the image for respective photographer’s profile/page

Earth Our Home Too : Quokka : The Happiest Animal

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Quokka – Sounds like an Avatar animal’s name? No! They are living along with us in our very mother Earth. One of the friendliest animals to human beings. Referred to as the happiest animal on the earth. But they are an endangered species. 😦

The quokka the only member of the genus Setonix, is a small macropod about the size of a domestic cat. Like other marsupials in the macropod family (such as the kangaroos and wallabies), the quokka is herbivorous and mainly nocturnal. It can be found on some smaller islands off the coast of Western Australia.

The quokka was one of the first Australian mammals seen by Europeans. The word quokka is derived from a Nyungar word, which was probably gwaga.

Setonix brachyurus distribution.svgThe quokka weighs 2.5 to 5 kilograms (5.5 to 11.0 lb) and is 40 to 90 centimetres (16 to 35 in) long with a 25 to 30 centimetres (9.8 to 11.8 in)-long tail, which is fairly short for a macropod. It has a stocky build, rounded ears, and a short, broad head. Although looking rather like a very small kangaroo, it can climb small trees and shrubs. Its coarse fur is a grizzled brown colour, fading to buff underneath.

The quokka has no fear of humans and it is common for it to approach them closely, particularly on Rottnest Island. It is, however, illegal for members of the public on Rottnest Island to handle the animals in any way. An infringement notice carrying aA$300 fine can be issued by the Rottnest Island Authority for such behaviour. In addition, prosecution of the offense can result in a fine of up to $2,000.

In the wild, its roaming is restricted to a very small range in the South-West of Western Australia, with a number of small scattered populations on the mainland, one large population on Rottnest Island and a smaller population on Bald Island near Albany. The islands are free of foxes and cats. On Rottnest, quokkas are common and occupy a variety of habitats ranging from semi-arid scrub to cultivated gardens.

Although numerous on the small offshore islands, it has a very restricted range and is classified as vulnerable. On the mainland, where it is threatened by most introduced predatory species such as foxes, it requires dense ground cover for refuge. Clearfell logging and agricultural development have reduced this habitat, thus contributing to the decline of the species. The introduction of cats and dogs, as well as dingoes, has added to the problem, as has the clearing and burning of the remaining (swamp) lands. Moreover, Quokkas usually have a litter size of one and successfully rear one young each year. Although these animals are constantly mating, usually one day after their young is born, the small litter size paired with the restricted space and threatening predators contribute to the scarcity of these marsupials on the mainland.


Courtesy : Wikipedia


Documentary : The Life of Turtles and Tortoises

This is a fascinating as well as an educational documentary about Turtles and Tortoises.

Tortoises and Turtles are both reptiles from the family of Testudines, the major difference being that the land dwelling ones are called Tortoises and water dwelling are called Turtles. The body of a tortoise and a turtle both is shielded by a shell, the upper part of which is called Carapace and the lower portion is called Plastron. The Carapace and the Plastron are attached at the end by a bridge which means that though the head and limbs may be withdrawn from the shell, the whole body can never be totally detached from it. These reptiles are generally reclusive and shy in nature.

Major Differences & Similarities between Tortoises and Turtles (Source)

Turtles and Tortoises

 

Courtesy : PBS, Nature Documentary via Youtube, www.diffen.com

Know : Two Reasons to Stop Drinking Milk (Part 2 of 2)

They are huge, but very docile. The native breed is creamy white in colour, with a distinctive hump. Sometimes the pious people of India can be seen feeding a roadside cow with a carrot or chappati or some water.

The two reasons to stop drinking milk are The Health perspective and The Moral perspective to save the cows. This is the second part we see the Moral perspective

Even if the Indian cow eats paper and plastic surprisingly there is negligible effect on its milk and urine as they take all ill effects in its own body.

Even if the Indian cow eats paper and plastic surprisingly there is negligible effect on its milk and urine as they take all ill effects in its own body.

What happens in Dairy farming?

Crated_CalvescowFor many people, dairy farming conjures up images of small herds of cows leisurely grazing on open pastures. Although scenes like this still exist, most milk is produced by cows raised in intensive production systems. Some cows are housed indoors year-round and lactating cows are often kept restrained in tie stalls or stanchions.

Although they don’t reach mature size until at least 4 years old, dairy cows first give birth at about 2 years of age and are usually bred again beginning at about 60 days after giving birth, to maintain a yearly schedule.

Most dairy calves are removed from their mothers immediately after birth. The males are mainly sold for veal or castrated and raised for beef. “Bob veal” calves are killed as soon as a few days after birth; those used to produce “special-fed veal” are typically kept tethered in individual stalls until slaughtered at about 16 to 20 weeks of age. The female calves are commonly subjected to tail docking, dehorning, and the removal of “extra” teats. Until weaned at 8 weeks of age, most female calves are fed colostrum, then a milk replacer or unsaleable waste milk. Each year hundreds of thousands of these female calves die between 48 hours and 8 weeks of age, mostly due to scours, diarrhea, and other digestive problems.

What about Cows in India?

People for Ethical Treatment of Animals (Peta), backed up by The Independent’s own investigation, which reveals the Indian treatment of its holiest animal as a scandal of cruelty, greed and corruption.

The cow’s special status in India is enshrined in law. Some States allow the slaughter of cattle with restrictions like a “fit-for-slaughter” certificate which may be issued depending on factors like age and gender of cattle, continued economic viability etc. Others completely ban cattle slaughter, while there is no restriction in a few states, most notably Kerala. By default, Bulls and bullocks and she-buffaloes are protected up to 15 years of age. But all this apparent reverence and protection masks a trade in cows and cow products which involves unbelievable barbarity and cruelty. 

The issues of slaughtering

Cows are routinely shipped to states with lower or no requirement for slaughter, even though most States make it illegal to transport the animals for slaughter across State borders. Many illegal slaughterhouses operate in large cities such as Chennai and Mumbai. While there are approximately 3,600 slaughterhouses operating legally in India, there are estimated to be over 30,000 illegal slaughterhouses.

Much of the abuse stems from the fact that the trade in and slaughter of cows is almost entirely clandestine and illegal – but the authorities which should be stopping it are routinely bribed to let it continue. There is, therefore, no scrutiny or regulation of the trade anywhere along the line. Much Indian beef finds its way to the Middle East and Europe from Kerala and Bangladesh

Some cruel stats

cow2The slaughter of cows has been banned in all Indian states and territories except West Bengal, in the north-east, and Kerala in the far south. But the main result is an appalling traffic of cattle. There is a huge amount of trafficking of cattle to both West Bengal and Kerala. The ones going to West Bengal go by truck and train and they go by the millions. The law says you cannot transport more than 4 per truck but they are putting in up to 70. When they go by train, each wagon is supposed to hold 80 to 100, but they cram in up to 900, 400 to 500 of them go out dead.

Insane practice

“In Kerala they also have a unique way of killing them – they beat their heads to a pulp with a dozen hammer blows. A well-intentioned visitor from the West, trying to improve slaughterhouse practice in Kerala, exhorted them to use stun guns, saying that the meat of an animal killed in this fashion (rather than having its throat slit) tasted sweeter. The stun guns that she left behind quickly broke and fell into disuse, but the belief that the meat was sweeter took hold – which explains this horrible method of slaughtering.” 

US Statistics

cow_downed6Between 1940 and 2012, the average amount of milk produced per cow rose from 2 tons per year to 10 tons. Although genetic selection and feeding are used to increase production efficiency, cows do not adapt well to high milk yields or their high grain diets.7 Metabolic disorders are common, and millions of cows suffer from mastitis (a very painful infection of the udder), lameness, and infertility problems.

The term “downer” refers to an animal who is too injured, weak, or sick to stand and walk. The exact number of downer cattle on U.S. farms or feedlots or sent to slaughter facilities is difficult to ascertain, but estimates approach 500,000 animals per year; most are dairy cows. Complications associated with calving and injuries from slipping and falling are leading causes, and the condition most often occurs within one day of giving birth.

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Courtesy : ajitvadakayil.blogspot.com, veganoutreach.org, independent.co.uk

Read the Part 1: The Health perspective to stop drinking milk


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‘Snoopy’ Digs the Archive for You: May 2013

Snoopy @ Work :)

Snoopy @ Work 🙂

Visiting our blog now? Well, you could have missed a few interesting posts. Here we bring you “Snoopy” he will dig the archives and bring you the complete list of old posts in one place. Check out now what Snoopy found from May 2013.

 
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One question poll : Know what others say: Love or Hate their Job?

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5 Insights from the Movie 300 : A Recommended Reading

“Being happy doesn’t mean that everything is perfect. It means you’ve decided to look beyond the imperfections.”
Just one great Quote : Being HaPpY

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Understand Arguments : The Frog Story

ch5
Slums Of Chennai : Needs Action

arrest
Relax Off Serious Philosophies 🙂 Nothing but fun : A Teacher Terrorist 🙂

man dog
A Funny Story of a Man and his Dog: Sure It Will Leave You Thinking

Dalailama
Must Read : Inspirational Speech : Dalai Lama : Education & Warm Heart

student deaf
Three Life Changing Words : Teacher who made the Difference

dad son
EcHo Of You

attitude choice
Attitude n’ Choices

dream
Dream Thieves : Go Go.. Keep Going..

Missing flight
The Missed Flight : Writer’s Digest Entry

bethankful
Be Thankful : Insights

ugly cat
Bet you stay off tears? Ugly, The Cat : Value of Compassion & Love

time bank
Insights : Time Bank

pearl necklace
Story of Jenny : The Real Pearl Necklace

Darkness needs Light
Picture Speaks : Darkness Needs Light, Money blocks Accessibility

ul
What exactly is “Propel Steps”?

mam111
10 Unusually beautiful friends (Part 1) : We humans have lot to learn

save me tiger1
SAVE TIGER : Pictures Speak

victim vs creator
Choose one : You wanna be Victim or Creator : Personality Insights

shill
Instant Personality Self Test : Your brain thinks mostly left / right / both?

train
Dont Miss it : Which direction the Train moves? It will as you wish.. Magical 🙂

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Blind girl gets to class XII merit list, tops humanities group

career vs money
Snippet Thoughts: Error at Start: Career Decision

taxi
The Cab Ride I will Never Forget : Great moment in Life

watch
The Lost Watch

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Limpid Life

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You will say WOW : Miguel Claro’s Astrophotographs

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Why Dogs live less than us? : This Deserve a read.

earth-day
Who is the Daddy? Earth or Homo-Sapiens?

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There’s More fruit in Rich Man’s Shampoo than a Poor man’s Plate

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Box Full of Kisses : While reading you too realize having one Box 🙂

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Never Miss to Read this : A Miracle costs $1.11 : True Story

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Appreciate Talent : Siddhartha Rahi & Summa Hussain : Young Student Scientists From Ghazipur, India.

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Appreciate Talents : Adithyha Jayakumar – A Musical Talent from South India

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An Interesting Personality test : Just 5 mins

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Life is similar to filling our cart. We pay and enjoy for what we fill our carts with…

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The Little Firefighter : Relish helping others : Must feel Story

Peace is Cheaper than War Love is Precious of all Weapons
Pic : Peace is Cheaper than War! Love is Precious of all Weapons!

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Impressive Quotes from Finland Teachers

7. DICENTRA
Top 10 Beautiful flowers in the world

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Snippet Thoughts : Push

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Snippet Thoughts : A Humane day

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Poster #3 : Is there a True Friend?

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Poster #2 : Join Hands if you are against Caste Discrimination

Poster #1 : A Good Child is a Sign of a Good Society…

The Good Bye Kiss

Lesson to a Disciple Painter : Easy to point; hard to correct.

Just 3 words : Explains So much

The Cookie Thief : Must Read One

The empty soap box : Keep it simple lesson for every organisation

Need Expert Opinion: What will happen if there are no limitations to export / import taxes (arbitrage benefits)?

Four Fingered Pianist : Hee Ah Lee

Jessica Cox – An Inspirational Woman

18 Rules of HaPpInEsS 🙂

Our Life is Our Choice: Always do your best

Window of Happiness : Must Read One

Ways to judge people, things and life : Four Seasons’ Insight

Beautiful Oil Paintings : Realistic Ones

One of the most inspired story : Boy and Butterfly

Very Small Story, But Great Insight : Purpose of Goal

Home of Millions : Earth : Have no space for our little Sparrows?

Four Apples and Understanding others

Inability is just a belief : Story of Elephants

Hold on your emotions : This may make you feel the importance of understanding

Old one but Evergreen story : True Love is Unique

“Paid in full with one glass of milk”

Difference : Optimist and Pessimist

Know Stats: List of countries by carbon dioxide emissions

Concert Freebies : Don’t miss to read 🙂

Funny Marriage of Princess : Cant stop laughing 🙂

Quotes from the Way of a Peaceful Warrior – Dan Millman

The Brick and the Jaguar : Listen to life

Reach and Touch Others’ life with Kindness : Story of Waldorf-Astoria Hotel

Appreciate Life : Story of a Blind Girl

A true story, happened in 1892 at Stanford University : Herbert Hoover & Paderewski

”How heavy is this glass of water?” : Stress is same as this

Snippet Thoughts : Mistakes Matters @ workplace

50 Amazing Facts about Animals : I

“A Love Letter at my 60″ Heart melting Story. Never miss to read it.

Guys Vs Cats : These funny pics will relax mind 🙂