Documentary : Know : Canada

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world’s second-largest country by total area. Canada’s southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world’s longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, with 70% of citizens residing within 100 kilometres (62 mi) of the southern border. Canada’s climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.

Know : List of People with or had Autism

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior. Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child’s life. These signs often develop gradually, though some children with autism reach their developmental milestones at a normal pace and then regress. The diagnostic criteria require that symptoms become apparent in early childhood, typically before age three.

However, there are people who overcame or learned to live with Autism yet remain successful and an inspiration for all. Here is a list of people with or had Autism (collected from Internet if any factual error is there let us know)

50 Tyson – rapper and autism activist
Albert Einstein – Einstein had difficulty with social interactions, was very intelligent but had difficulty learning in school.
Alexis Wineman – The first Miss America contestant with autism to compete in the Miss Montana pageant.
Alonzo Clemons – American clay sculptor
Amadeus Mozart – Famous musician.
Amanda Baggs – advocate of rights for autistic people
Bhumi Jensen – grandson of Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand
Birger Sellin – German author
Christopher Knowles – American poet
Daniel Tammet – British autistic savant
Daryl Hannah – The actress talked to People Magazine about being diagnosed with autism as a child, and how it contributed to a fear of fame as an adult.
Derek Paravicini – blind British musician
Elisabeth Hughes – Author
Evgeny Kissin – Russian pianist
Gary Numan – Singer and songwriter
Henriett Seth F. – Hungarian autistic savant, poet, writer and artist
James Durbin – American Idol frontrunner
James Hobley – British dancer and 2011 Britain’s Got Talent finalist
James Henry Pullen – gifted British carpenter
Jason McElwain – high school basketball player
Jessica-Jane Applegate – Paralympic swimmer
Jonathan Jayne – contestant on American Idol
Jonathan Lerman – American artist
Leslie Lemke – blind American musician
Luca Brecel – Belgian professional snooker player.
Lucy Blackman – university educated author
Marty Balin – singer and songwriter with Jefferson Airplane and Jefferson Starship
Matthew Laborteaux – Actor
Matt Savage – U.S. jazz prodigy
Peter Tork – Musician
Richard Wawro – Scottish artist
Stephen Wiltshire – British architectural artist
Temple Grandin – The Colorado State University calls her “the most accomplished and well-known adult with autism in the world.”
Thristan Mendoza – Filipino marimba prodigy
Tito Mukhopadhyay – author, poet, and philosopher
Todd Hodgetts – Paralympic shot putter
Tony DeBlois – blind American musician
Vincent Philip D’Onofrio – (born June 30, 1959) is an American actor, director, film producer, writer, and singer.
Caiseal Mor – author, musician, and artist
Courtney Love – frontwoman of Hole
Dylan Scott Pierce – wildlife illustrator
Hikari Oe – Japanese composer
Jim Sinclair – autism rights activist
Michelle Dawson – autism researcher and autism rights activist
Temple Grandin – food animal handling systems designer and author

Know : Countries with Capitals which is not their Largest City

Capital_not_largest_city

Country Capital Largest city
 Australia Canberra Sydney
 Belize Belmopan Belize City
 Benin Porto-Novo Cotonou
 Bolivia Sucre Santa Cruz de la Sierra
 Brazil Brasília São Paulo
 Cameroon Yaoundé Douala
 Canada Ottawa Toronto
 People’s Republic of China Beijing Shanghai
 Republic of China(Taiwan) Taipei New Taipei
 Côte d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro Abidjan
 Ecuador Quito Guayaquil
 India New Delhi Mumbai
 Kazakhstan Astana Almaty
 Liechtenstein Vaduz Schaan
 Malta Valletta Birkirkara
 Federated States of Micronesia Palikir Weno
 Monaco Monaco (Monaco-Ville) Monte Carlo
 Morocco Rabat Casablanca
 Myanmar Naypyidaw Yangon
 New Zealand Wellington Auckland
 Nigeria Abuja Lagos
 Pakistan Islamabad Karachi
 Palau Ngerulmud Koror
 Philippines Manila Quezon City
 San Marino San Marino Serravalle
 South Africa Pretoria Johannesburg
 Sudan Khartoum Omdurman
 Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Colombo
  Switzerland Bern Zürich
 Syria Damascus Aleppo
 Tanzania Dodoma Dar es Salaam
 Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain Chaguanas
 Turkey Ankara Istanbul
 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Dubai
 United States Washington, D.C. New York City
 Vietnam Hanoi Ho Chi Minh City

Alert! : River Pollution in India

India is a blessed country when we consider its rich natural sources of water in the form of numerous rivers and lakes. The country has rightly been referred to as the “Land of Rivers” and the people worship the rivers as gods and goddesses. But what is ironical is that in spite of our profound respect and reverence for our rivers, we have not been able to maintain their purity, cleanliness and the physical well-being. Be it Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra or Kaveri or any other river flowing in the soil of our motherland, not a single river is free from pollution. River pollution has been causing serious water-borne diseases and health problems affecting human population as well as animals, fish, and birds in the environment.

Causes of river pollution

River pollution is increasing day by day. In spite of various governmental projects going on in many rivers, there is no sign of water pollution being prevented or stopped. Whom do we blame? Lots of factors lead to water pollution and reducing overall quality of river water. Some of the most serious contributing factors are:

  • Industrial wastes, mixtures of chemicals, heavy metals are all discharged in water and these are difficult to clean up.
  • Agricultural wastes, chemicals, feritilisers, pesticides used in agriculture have made the river water bodies contaminated.
  • Nature’s rain also brings with it pollutants as it falls through polluted air. We call this acid rain, which when reached the soil, releases harmful substances.
  • Domestic wastes from households and the sewage that we throw into rivers increases the pollution levels.
  • Regular disposal of plastic bags and plastic objects, solid wastes, flowers, garlands is another cause of pollution.
  • People responding to nature’s call in open spaces near the water bodies also contribute to river pollution.
  • Animals washing, car washing, clothes washing are other causes.
  • Another cause of river pollution is the dumping of human remains, partially burned bodies, dead bodies, which pose serious health threats.

Some hard facts about river pollution

Surveys undertaken by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) have come up with some hard facts on river pollution, in terms of statistical figures, which makes it a matter of really serious concern:

  • Out of the 445 rivers surveyed, not even a quarter of them are fit for bathing.
  • Indian cities generate 10 billion gallons or 38 billion litres of municipal waste water every day, out of which only 29% of it is treated.
  • The Central Pollution Control Board also stated that there were only 160 sewerage systems and sewage treatment plants in nearly 8,000 towns surveyed in 2011.
  •  Only 20% out of nearly 40,000 million litres of sewage produced daily in Indian cities are treated.

Extreme cases of pollution in river Ganga and Yamuna

  • Yamuna has become a garbage dump area with more than 57 % of Delhi’s waste thrown into it.
  • Only 55% of Delhi’s residents are connected to a proper sewerage system.
  • According to the CSE, around 80% of Yamuna’s pollution is due to raw sewage.
  • Ganga is considered to be the most polluted river in India.
  • Approximately 1 billion litres of raw, untreated sewage is dumped in Ganga regularly.
  • Ganga contains 60,000 faecal coliform bacteria per 100 ml, which is a threat to human health.

Effects of river pollution

River pollution is a big menace to the economy, the environment and, of course, human health and the other living organisms. It is a big contributor to a number of health problems and disorders in humans. River pollution also affects aquatic life, leading to growth of unhealthy fish unsuitable for human consumption and also mass fish death. Polluted river waters have affected the lives of animals and birds as well, sometimes threatening their very existence. In the long term, continuous river pollution can lead to loss of biodiversity and even extinction of some species and can disrupt the ecosystem as a whole.


Courtesy and Credits : This article was written by  originally here and she discusses about possible solutions as well. Shared here on our blog for educational purposes only.

Know : Make an Automatic Diary using Notepad.

Did you know that you can also use Notepad as a simple digital diary or a personal Log-Book ? Well, if you didn’t then follow the below mentioned steps to make one for yourself !

  • Open Notepad.
  • Type .LOG (in capital letters) and hit enter.
  • Save it with any name and close it.
  • Open it again.

When you open the file again you will see the current date and time being inserted automatically after the .LOG line. This will happen automatically every time you reopen the the notepad file.

Notepad